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ancient Rome Facts for Kids

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ancient Rome Facts for Kids

C O N T E N T S:

  • Ancient Rome was a civilization that began on the Italian peninsula as early as the 8th century B.C. The Roman Empire was considered one of the greatest and most influential empires in history, covering most of continental Europe, parts of western Asia and northern Africa, as well as the Mediterranean islands.(More...)
  • In Ancient Rome it was common for people to vomit between meals so they could eat more.(More...)
  • Filled with up-to-date information, photos, illustrations, and fun tidbits from Jack and Annie, the Magic Tree House Fact Trackers are the perfect way for kids to find out more about the topics they discovered in their favorite Magic Tree House adventures.(More...)

  • This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Ancient Civilization of Rome across 22 wonderful pages.(More...)
  • Rome was first ruled by kings, then by the Roman Republic, then by an emperor.(More...)


Ancient Rome was a civilization that began on the Italian peninsula as early as the 8th century B.C. The Roman Empire was considered one of the greatest and most influential empires in history, covering most of continental Europe, parts of western Asia and northern Africa, as well as the Mediterranean islands. [1] Ancient Rome began in 753 BCE with the founding of Rome which started out as a small town on the Tiber River in Italy, but the Roman Empire eventually grew to be most of Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia. [2]

The decline of the republic had already begun and in 27 BCE, the second period of ancient Rome, known as the Roman Empire, officially began with the republic form of government being replaced with emperors - Augustus being the first Roman Emperor. [2] The history of ancient Rome is divided into three main periods: Before the rise of Rome, the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire. [1]

While the initial government of ancient Rome was a monarchy, ruled by kings, ancient Rome is best known for their republic form of government, where citizens elected representatives to rule for them. [2] When the government collapsed in 476 CE, ancient Rome came to an end. [2] In ancient Rome, senators were the only people allowed to wear togas edged in purple cloth, and Emperors were the only ones allowed to wear all purple. [1] One group of people that was unique to Ancient Rome were the gladiators. [3] Can you imagine have to pay a fee for going to the bathroom? Ancient Rome had what was called a urine tax that people had to pay for using public restrooms. [3] When Ancient Rome was at its largest, it spanned all of Europe, as well as parts of Africa and the Middle East. [3] Do you think that it is right for a woman to be forbidden from crying at a funeral? Of course not! Well, in ancient Rome, this was one of their laws as written on the Twelve Tables, the official laws of ancient Rome that were written on bronze tablets and, most importantly, applied equally to all citizens. [2] While there were around one million people living in the main city of Ancient Rome, most of the people lived in farms outside of town. [3] Hundreds of years ago, Ancient Rome was much larger than that. [3] Ancient Rome was considered to be the leader of the world for hundreds of years. [3] The average life expectancy in Ancient Rome was from 25-30 years. [4] Ancient Rome had many impressive buildings, including the Colosseum, which was an amphitheater. [3] Here we take a look at some of the really important historical events that makes up the history of Ancient Rome. [5] Ancient Rome used to be covered in graffiti, just like today. [6] If you are headed to Rome with children, you might think it difficult to keep their attentions on the wonders of Ancient Rome. [6] If you were invited to a dinner party in Ancient Rome, you would be shown to a room lined with couches, not tables and chairs. [6] There are other geographical features of Ancient Rome that gave them an edge compared to other places, including the protection that it received from its two neighboring mountain ranges: the Apennines and the Alps. [3] Another geographical advantage that Ancient Rome had was that it was near a volcano, so the soil was great for growing crops. [3] The marshes, or swampy land, around Ancient Rome made it difficult for intruders to enter. [3] Ancient Rome is well-known for many of its inventions and contributions to society that can still be found all over the world. [2] Ancient Rome has much harsher punishments than what we have in the United States. [2] When someone talks about ancient Rome, they are talking about something different. [2] His military leadership was admired by some as it made ancient Rome even stronger than it had previously been. [2] Julius Caesar is one of the most well-known figures of ancient Rome. [2]

Bottom Line: Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome is an uncomplicated reference tool for looking up facts and vocabulary. [7] The Pantheon Facts The Pantheon is a Roman temple built during ancient Rome to honor the pagan gods of Rome. [8]

In Ancient Rome it was common for people to vomit between meals so they could eat more. [9] Ancient Rome had its fair share of batty emperors, but Caligula (12 - 41AD) really took the biscuit. [10] The food of Ancient Rome was pretty weird compared to what we eat these days. [10] Women in ancient Rome dyed their hair with goat fat and beech wood ashes. [9]

The Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome app is well organized and easy to use. [7] Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome contains articles adapted from the Britannica Student Encyclopedia on ancient Rome. [7] Teachers looking for a kid-friendly reference tool might find Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome helpful, but it's best used as a supplement to more involved activities. [7] Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome is a handy reference tool, and kids can read a wealth of historical information, but there's little support for students to make connections to events in their own lives. [7]

Ancient Rome was a civilization that developed from a tiny settlement to one of the largest empires in the ancient world between the 10th and 1st century BC. The Roman Empire extended its political control over all of Italy, and at its peak, stretched from England to North Africa and from the Atlantic Ocean to Arabia. [11] Seventy-five color images of gods, architecture, and other aspects of Ancient Rome enliven things a bit, and there's a video showing scenes of Roman landmarks. [7] Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Roman schools - education in ancient Rome. [12] Take a look at the lives of typical young, wealthy women in ancient Rome two thousand years ago. [11] The heart of the app is a collection of articles on a variety of topics relating to ancient Rome, including the Republic, the Caesars, gladiators, art and architecture and mythology. [7] Hadrian had the Pantheon rebuilt, and today it is the most preserved building of ancient Rome still in existence. [8] Here the second part discovering the world of toys in ancient Rome. [13] In ancient Rome, childbirth brought upon high risk to both mother and child due to a greater chance of complications, which included infection, uterine hemorrhage, and the young age of the mothers. [14] Infants in ancient Rome were not named until days after they were born (females 8 days, males 9 days) due to a high infant mortality rate. [14] The legal system in ancient Rome was no different from today's legal system in this regard. [15] They can also test their memories with an Ancient Rome image concentration game. [7]

In times dominated by swords and arrows, how did the basic civil service of education function in ancient Rome? Let's take a look. [16] As with many societies, education in ancient Rome was mostly available to the rich. [17] The class-based society in ancient Rome meant that only the elite could afford higher education. [16] This education improved their oratory skills, helping them become better politicians or lawyers -- the premium jobs in ancient Rome. [16] At its peak, ancient Rome was home to over one million people, a feat that would not be repeated in Europe until Industrial-era London. [17] In ancient Rome, the pater familias was the uncontested head of the household. [17] It was, by far, the most popular pet of ancient Rome, featuring in literature, pottery, paintings, and bas-reliefs. [17] Adoption in ancient Rome was not for the benefit of orphaned children. [18] Childbirth in ancient Rome: the birthing chair and midwife. [18] Our fascination with Ancient Rome has inspired a glut of books, documentaries, movies and even games. [19]

It is the most popular tour on Viator for families who are visiting Rome! You’ll explore the sites of Ancient Rome with your kids in an interactive way that includes visual aids, role playing and games. [20] How did ancient Rome become an emipre? Where did ancient Romans go for fun? What happened to the Roman town of Pompeii? What have we learned from it? Find out the answers to these questions and more as Jack and Annie track the facts. [21] Your "ten facts" series is such a fun read! This is my first visit to Rome (we travelled all the way from Barbados to visit your spectacular, iconic ancient city). [22]

The historic and majestic Trevi Fountain in Rome, Italy, is one of the most famous fountains in the world! Our family was fortunate to visit this beautiful site, and our kids loved it as much as we did! In fact, a few years ago, we found ourselves standing at the Trevi Fountain in Rome, with our two boys, making wishes and counting our blessings. [23] With "Kids’ Travel Guide - Rome" Your kids will become the family tour guide! They enjoy fun facts, challenging tasks, useful tips, coloring pages and exciting quizzes. [20]

We hope you find our comprehensive Rome with kids guide beneficial! We have included a list of the top things for kids in Rome, helpful info on where to stay in Rome with kids as well as highly recommended Rome kids tours. [20] These books are specially designed with Rome for kids in mind and it will educate them and help them fall in love with Rome - as well as keep them busy while the parents relax. [20] Probably the best way to learn about the history of Rome at a level suitable for kids!! Hop on a 3D ride that will allow you to travel through time, from Romulus and Remus to Julius Caesar to the Renaissance. [20] Whilst I haven’t done this tour myself, I found this tour guide who specialises in Rome tours for kids aged between 7 and 12. [20] These things for kids to do in Rome are probably more suited to kids who are a bit older in age, although you could get away with visiting these sights if you go-with-the-flow of your child or if you choose to hop on a tour that has specifically been designed for families. [20] Below you will find our favourite Rome tours for kids! These tours have all been designed for families and are run by tour guides who especially love working with kids. [20]

History can be boring for kids, and not every child enjoys ancient architecture. [20]

Athletics, Leisure, and Entertainment in Ancient Rome (Article) - Ancient History Encyclopedia Athletics, Leisure, and Entertainment in Ancient Rome Steven Fife Although much of ancient Roman life revolved around negotium (work and business), there was also time available for otium (leisure). [24] Let’s visit Ancient Rome, and have some great learning fun with the Romans.​ [20] It’s pretty shocking when we look at Ancient Rome and realize all the disgusting things that they used to do. [25] Investigate the fascinating civilization of ancient Rome through 25 hands-on projects and activities for young readers ages 6-9. [20] The use of cosmetics in ancient Rome was not exclusively for women. [26] When a child was born in ancient Rome, the birth took place at home while the protection of the goddess Juno Lucina ("she is the goddess who brings children into light") was invoked. [26] It truly is magnificent; one of the true wonders of ancient Rome. [20] Running: Running was another favorite activity in ancient Rome. [24]

Filled with up-to-date information, photos, illustrations, and fun tidbits from Jack and Annie, the Magic Tree House Fact Trackers are the perfect way for kids to find out more about the topics they discovered in their favorite Magic Tree House adventures. [21]

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Ancient Civilization of Rome across 22 wonderful pages. [1] Three levels down in the Ancient Roman houses, you can really get a sense for how stacked up Rome actually is. [6]

Please can you post some more facts about Rome as it would be really helpful. [6]

The Roman Empire grew and grew and grew, and as it did the city of Rome became very difficult to manage. [5] One was the Western Roman Empire and was ruled out of the city of Rome and the other was the Eastern Roman Empire and was ruled out of Constantinople, which is what we now know as Istanbul in Turkey. [5] When we talk about the fall of Rome, it generally means the fall of the Western Roman Empire, which happened in 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, still carried on ruling parts of Eastern Europe for another 1000 years. [5]

Rome reached its peak of power in the year 117 AD under the rule of the great Roman emperor Trajan. [5] During the first 150 years of imperial rule, Rome reached the height of its power. [4] The first inhabitants of the area that is now Rome lived on Palatine Hill, about one thousand years B.C. Evidence suggests that they were farmers. [1] The Republic ruled Rome for hundreds of years from around 509 BC to 45 BC. [5] The Republic of Rome was ruled by 300 senators who were elected to the Senate for life. [1]

Rome was named after Romulus after he killed his brother and ruled the city. [1] Romulus killed Remus and became ruler of Rome and named the city after himself. [5] When the city of Rome was founded in 753 B.C., legends had it that Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars (god of war), founded Rome. [1] Romulus became ruler and named the city after himself: Rome. [6]

In 509 B.C., Rome became a republic and showed their power by beginning to conquer most of Italy. [1] In 45 B.C., Caesar became the first dictator of Rome after he defeated Pompey in a civil war. [1] In 45 BCE, he became the first dictator of Rome (no more co-consuls). [2]

With nearly 3,000 years of rich history, Rome is often called the "Eternal City." [6] It took around 30 years for Rome to gain control of the southern part of the island. [5] There was a very diverse population in Rome because people immigrated there from different parts of the world. [3]

What did they do? Well they literally split Rome into two empires. [5] Can you imagine killing your own brother? How cruel! Rome was ruled by kings for the next 240 years. [5] Voted one of the best things to do in Rome, Eating Italy Food Tours offer Rome tours through the city's oldest and most characteristic neighborhoods. [6] Today, when someone talks about Rome, they are talking about the capital of Italy. [2]

This form of government continued until 476 CE, when Rome fell and the last emperor gave up his crown. [2] The Fall of Rome didn’t happen in a day, it happened over a long period of time. [5]

Ancient Rome's republic form of government is one that influenced many governments in the world today. [2] The Romans adapted the ancient Greek culture but they used the Roman law. [4] Have you ever wondered why all the ancient stuff is so much lower than street level? That's because after so many hundreds of years, the city has piled up, building on top of building. [6] The Colosseum is one of the most famous buildings left by the ancient Romans. [4]

Although it sounds unfair it was certainly better than other civilizations where average people had no say at all and in fact were treated really badly. [5] It was the funny stories and fun little facts and tips that went along with each tasting that really put it over the top. [6]

Rome was first ruled by kings, then by the Roman Republic, then by an emperor. [27] Rome built the first-ever shopping mall between 107 and 110 AD! It was built by Emperor Trajan in Rome. [9]

Rome became the capital city of a unified Italy in 1870 after taking the title from Florence. [9] Rome is known as the "Eternal city" and also "Caput Mundi," coming from Latin and meaning capital of the world. [9] The city of Rome was taken over several times by barbarians, notably in 410 AD when the Goths sacked the city ( looting ). [27] Trade was most important for Rome, a city of more than a million people, by far the largest city in the world. [27]

Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based on the Mediterranean. [27] Rome's mascot is a she-wolf that cared for the brothers Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. [9]

There is so much more to know about this ancient amphitheater than just gladiator fights! The Colosseum has been standing for almost 2000 years and has been a central part of Roman culture throughout its time. [28] The Roman Empire ( Latin : imperium romanum ) was the largest empire of the ancient world. [27]

IMPORTANT: Please don’t forget that when you book a Colosseum & Ancient Forum "kid-friendly" tou r, this is entirely focused on children! If you wish to have a deeper exploration of the archaeological area, please book a Standard Ancient City Tour. [29]

Learn about aqueducts, a hallmark of Roman engineering that satisfied ancient Rome's great thirst for water. [11] It covers the senate, the Roman people, Rome, Julius Caesar, the Julian calendar and more. [11] A look at the Legions of Rome, the Roman army that shaped western history with its enormous military successes over the centuries. [11]

Fun facts about the Colosseum which is a huge open auditorium or amphitheater in the center of Rome, Italy. [11] During the Medieval and Renaissance periods some of the superficial metals, sculptures and marble were pillaged and much of it was used in the creation of other buildings in Rome. [8] There are quite a few fun facts about Roman law that are not very well recognized today. [15] Let's delve deeper into the world fun facts about Roman law. [15]

An interesting fact is that when Greek and Roman girls, "came of age" (at 12-14 years old) it was customary for them to sacrifice the toys of their childhood to the gods. [13]

A multiple-choice review quiz includes questions like, "What does the emperor Caligula's name mean?" and "What were the Roman household gods called?" Unfortunately, kids get no constructive or informative feedback on quiz results -- that's up to you. [7] Kids can turn any image into jigsaw or sliding puzzles and map landmarks on an interactive map to get a more realistic sense of the Roman Empire's size. [7]

You do get a few fun activities that encourage kids to spend more time interacting with the material. [7] Common Sense is the nation's leading nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of kids and families by providing the trustworthy information, education, and independent voice they need to thrive in the 21st century. [7] Common Sense, Common Sense Media, Common Sense Education, and Common Sense Kids Action, associated names, associated trademarks, and logos are trademarks of Common Sense Media, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (FEIN 41-2024986). [7]

Families, educators, and policymakers turn to Common Sense for unbiased information and trusted advice to help them learn how to harness the positive power of media and technology for all kids. [7]

You should also read Henri Marrou’s A History of Education in Antiquity, and William Harris’ excellent book Ancient Literacy. [12] Dionysius of Halicarnassus in his Roman Antiquities writes that in many periods of ancient Roman history, parents had the right to kill their children without explanation. [15]

Therefore, when Rome finally fell forever from the power of the emperors, the change in circumstances must mark the end of the Roman empire, right? However, while it is often recognised that in the late Roman era Constantinople was the more important city, what almost nobody realises is that by the early 5th century AD, the western Roman emperors had moved the capital from the ancient and illustrious city of Rome. [19] Rome, the "Eternal City," brims with ancient history, from the Colosseum to the port of Ostia Antica to majestic Vatican City and the Sistine Chapel. [30] According to a famous legend, oft repeated in ancient texts (and a popular subject with Renaissance artists), the Romans abducted the Sabine women for breeding purposes, in order to increase the population of Rome. [19] This ancient and noble civilisation transplanted itself in Italy and founded Rome. [19] The ancient Romans built systems called aqueducts to bring water to the capital city of Rome. [31] The other problem is that while Rome was the cradle of the empire, by the 5th century it was neither the most important city (Constantinople), nor the capital of the Western Roman Empire (Ravenna). [19] Rome (Roman Empire) never had any law requiring its citizens to obtain any minimum level of education. [16] Many of the first teachers in Rome were Greek slaves, which could have precipitated the introduction of the Greek customs of education into the Roman system. [16]

Some of the most celebrated gladiator games were held at the great Roman Colosseum built in Rome. [32] Toga Praetexta Toga Virilis Between the ages of 14-17, a Roman boy became a man and a citizen of Rome. [33] Barbarian groups had already sacked Rome twice, and any real power was held by these tribes and not by the Roman court in Ravenna. [19]

It wouldn’t have taken much to snuff out Rome at this time, in which case this article you are reading could have been about the empire of the Frentani, yet another Italic people then located on the east coast of the peninsula. [19] Rome became the capital city of unified Italy in 1870, taking the title from Florence. [30] This led to a fight in which Romulus killed Remus, and that founded the new city of Rome in 753 BC. What’s stranger still is that there was a later "founding of Rome’ story. [19] The mascot of Rome is a she-wolf that cared for brothers Romulus and Remus, the mythological founders of Rome. [30] The legend of Romulus and Remus tells the story of twin brothers raised by wolves who become the founding fathers of Rome. [19]

The first ever shopping mall was built in Rome between 107 and 110 AD by Emperor Trajan. [30] The traditional date for the first sacking of Rome is 390 BC, but modern historians agree that a date of 387 BC is more likely. [19] By the 5th century BC, Rome was one of many tiny states on the Italian peninsula. [19]

Fires were a common occurrence in Rome, and tenants living on the top floors were often trapped in burning buildings. [17]

The formation of the Roman Republic in the 4th century BC saw the emergence of ludi, the ancient equivalents of modern-day play schools. [16] Written around the 8th century BC, Homer’s Iliad recalls the story of the Trojan War but Rome’s origins are linked to the second telling of this same story by another giant of ancient writing, Virgil, in his book The Aeneid. [19]

People built aqueducts in ancient Greece, Babylonia, Persia (now Iran), and India. [31]

Ancient Roman civilization was founded on the western coast of the Italian peninsula in the 8th century BC. Initially, Roman civilization was a small agricultural community on the banks of river Tiber. [16] As part of education in ancient Roman culture, the girls were trained by their mothers to cook and weave. [16]

It’s a forgotten fact that the Romans had to conquer the rest of Italy, and one of the first tribes to fall was the Sabines. [19]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(33 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (14) Ancient Rome Lesson for Kids: Government & Laws |

2. (14) Britannica Kids: Ancient Rome Review for Teachers | Common Sense Education

3. (13) 7 surprising Ancient Rome facts - History Extra

4. (12) Essential Hints for Families when traveling to Rome with Kids!

5. (12) Ancient Rome | Cool Kid Facts

6. (11) Ancient Rome Lesson for Kids: Facts & Geography |

7. (10) Ancient Rome Facts, Information & Worksheets | Teaching Resources

8. (10) 10 Fun Facts about Ancient Rome for Kids (plus cool places to visit)

9. (8) Little-known Facts About Ancient Roman Education That'll Amaze You

10. (6) Ancient Rome for Kids - History Games and Videos

11. (6) 30 Interesting Facts about Rome, Italy | Around Rome Tours

12. (5) 10 Harsh Realities Of Growing Up In Ancient Rome - Listverse

13. (5) Roman Empire Facts for Kids |

14. (4) Fun Facts About Ancient Roman Law and Punishment | Owlcation

15. (4) 12 Interesting Facts About Rome - WorldStrides

16. (4) Facts for Kids about Ancient Rome

17. (3) The Pantheon Facts

18. (2) Gary Northfield's top 10 fun Roman facts | Children's books | The Guardian

19. (2) Roman schools - education in ancient Rome - Study Guides

20. (2) Kids will be Kids, Even in Ancient Rome: Roman Toys & Games

21. (2) Children of Ancient Rome - Wikipedia

22. (2) Women in Ancient Rome: Mothers and Children

23. (2) Ancient Rome and Pompeii | Magic Tree House (R) Fact Tracker | Magic Tree House | Penguin Random House

24. (2) Athletics, Leisure, and Entertainment in Ancient Rome (Article) - Ancient History Encyclopedia

25. (2) Wikijunior:Ancient Civilizations/Romans - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

26. (2) aqueduct - Kids | Britannica Kids | Homework Help

27. (1) 10 Facts About The Pantheon | Rome Guide - The Pantheon

28. (1) 10 Facts About the Trevi Fountain for Kids

29. (1) 10 Truly Disgusting Facts About Ancient Roman Life

30. (1) 5 Cool Colosseum Facts for Kids - The Roman Guy

31. (1) ANCIENT ROME - KIDS FRIENDLY - Joy of Rome Tour | Guided Tours of Vatican and Rome with Official, Local Guides

32. (1) Gladiators - History for Kids | Mocomi

33. (1) Roman Children Clothing

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