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Atomic Age (after 1945)

Atomic Age (after 1945)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • The name also recognized the Atomic Age - just three days after Sweet Adelines was founded (July 13, 1945), the first nuclear bomb, Trinity, was detonated.(More...)
  • In this novel, in the 31st century, Earth uses a dating system based on what is called the Atomic Era, in which the year one is 1945.(More...)
  • In a 1958 handwritten document on the rise of the atomic age, he later stated, "Now we are faced with total destruction.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • Laurence, the only journalist the U.S. government permitted to witness the bombing of Nagasaki, is also the reporter who first coined the term "Atomic Age."(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
The name also recognized the Atomic Age - just three days after Sweet Adelines was founded (July 13, 1945), the first nuclear bomb, Trinity, was detonated. [1] The Atomic Age, also known as the Atomic Era, is the period of history following the detonation of the first nuclear ("atomic") bomb, Trinity, on July 16, 1945, during World War II. [1]

In 1945, the pocketbook The Atomic Age heralded the untapped atomic power in everyday objects and depicted a future where fossil fuels would go unused. [1] At the peak of the Atomic Age, the United States government initiated Operation Plowshare, involving "peaceful nuclear explosions". [1] This use would render the Atomic Age as significant a step in technological progress as the first smelting of Bronze, of Iron, or the commencement of the Industrial Revolution. [1]

KEY TOPICS The name also recognized the Atomic Age - just three days after Sweet Adelines was founded (July 13, 1945), the first nuclear bomb, Trinity, was detonated. [2] Im a prosaic soul and I go along with the crowd in the popularity stakes that the Atomic Age began on 16 July 1945, the date the first atomic bomb (Trinity) test-detonated. [2] The detonation of the first atomic bomb in July 1945 started the Atomic Age, an era in which the fear of nuclear attack and the promise of nuclear power pervaded American culture. [2] KEY TOPICS With the detonation of atomic bombs over Nagasaki and Hiroshima in 1945, the world lurched uncertainly into an Atomic Age. [2] Public awareness of the Atomic Age began with the horrendous explosions in 1945 over Hiroshima and Nagasaki that ended the war. [2] III. WARFARE IN THE ATOMIC AGE A. INTRODUCTION The August 1945 explosions over Hiroshima and Nagasaki did more than end World War II, they marked the beginning of a new era in warfare. [2] August 6, 1945: The atomic age begins when the U.S. drops an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan, ending World War II in the Pacific theatre. [2] On August 6, 1945, an atomic bomb fell on Hiroshima, and the atomic age was born. [2]

I am continuing to explore these ideas and dreams I've been having involving nuclear detonations, tears in the fabric of our dimension and what has happened in our "world" since 1945 - the start of the Atomic Age and what it means today. [2] In 1945, the world changed as the first nuclear weapons were openly used, taking the world into the Atomic Age. 2012 saw London "s Tricycle Theatre explore this momentous period in history through The Tricycle Goes Nuclear festival, which featured plays, films, talks, discussions and exhibitions about the Nuclear Warfare. [2] Peace and a New World and Atomic Age 1945 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. [2] Many scholars date the origins of the atomic age to the 1940s, but Matthew Lavine challenges that periodization in his well-crafted study of the American public's reaction to radiation and radioactivity from 1895 to 1945. [2] Describe the major arguments made in the 1945 pocketbook The Atomic Age. [2] November 17, 2016 elizabeth.wasson An early "instant book" swept together a potpourri of popular articles greeting the atomic age with both fear and exhilaration and was available on the newsstands by the end of August, 1945. [2] I think the atomic age began in 1945, when members of the armed forces returned home with undiagnosed PTSD, which they inadvertently channeled into creating and reading violent comics. [2] On August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m local time, the world entered the atomic age. [2] At 5:30 a.m. on July 16, 1945, scientists, army personnel, and technicians donned special goggles to watch the beginning of the Atomic Age. [2] At precisely 5:30 a.m. on Monday, July 16, 1945, the atomic age began. [2]

The phrase "Atomic Age" was coined by New York Times journalist, William Laurence, who was the official journalist for the U.S. Manhattan Project which developed the first nuclear weapons, and tested them in 1945. [2]


In this novel, in the 31st century, Earth uses a dating system based on what is called the Atomic Era, in which the year one is 1945. [1] The promise of an "atomic age," with nuclear energy as the global, utopian technology for the satisfaction of human needs, has been a recurring theme ever since. [1] The term "atomic age" was initially used in a positive, futuristic sense, but by the 1960s the threats posed by nuclear weapons had begun to edge out nuclear power as the dominant motif of the atom. [1] In the 21st century, the label of the "Atomic Age" connotes either a sense of nostalgia or naïveté, and is considered by many to have ended with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, though the term continues to be used by many historians to describe the era following the conclusion of the Second World War. [1]

There would be an age of peace and plenty in which atomic energy would "provide the power needed to desalinate water for the thirsty, irrigate the deserts for the hungry, and fuel interstellar travel deep into outer space". [1]

A prominent nuclear disarmament campaigner who was delivering mail in Nagasaki when the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb in 1945, has died at the age of 88. [2] The first atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, ended World War II and created a new, more nervous age. [2] F ive Years ago on 06 August 2010 I wrote The Atomic Age Turns 65, on the 65th anniversary of the use of the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima, Japan the first atomic bomb of the first nuclear war. [2] The Nuclear Age, sometimes called the Atomic Age or the Atomic Era, refers to the period of time following the first atomic bomb during the Second World War. [2] As early as the first accounts of the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, conflicting interpretations of what the atomic age would bring were voiced in the influential and widely distributed African-American newspapers of the time. [2] Today marks 65 years since the first atomic bomb was detonated as an airburst over Hiroshima, annihilating the city in one fell swoop and marking the advent of the Atomic Age. [2] The war may have ended shortly after the first offensive uses of the atomic bomb, but these attacks were just the beginning of the Atomic Age. [2] The same month, Science Comics, in "The Exciting Story of the Atomic Bomb," proclaimed: "the world entered a new era: the Atomic Age!" For most Americans, the Hiroshima weapon was simply "the bomb that won the war." [2] They narrowed their focus to concentrate on films about the birth of the atomic age, at a time when the American government needed to both develop support for its own nuclear tests and allay fears that such weapons would inevitably lead to Armageddon. [2] This Project Trinity test, which was part of the Manhattan project, marked the beginning of the atomic age and in the subsequent decades around 2,000 nuclear tests were carried out with increasing energy, and thus more deadly atomic weapons. [2]

In the 1940's and 1950's the development of the "atomic" nuclear fission bombs, nuclear reactors, and the much more powerful "hydrogen" or "thermonuclear" fusion bombs ushered in hopes and also fears of an Atomic Age of plenty in which nuclear reactors would produce terawatts of "electricity too cheap to meter." [2] Not only did this testing, codenamed Trinity, lead to the building of the two bombs that would later be dropped on Japan, but it officially ushered in the Atomic Age. [2] Tibbetts reflects on how he felt about dropping the bomb, saying, "We're all living in the Atomic Age together, and the atom bomb was made and dropped for the people of the United States." [2] Many of the items in this case are from the Atomic Age Collection, which contains pamphlets, brochures, flyers, and other ephemera dealing with issues of radiation and fallout, bomb shelters, civil defense, U.S. -Soviet relations, government and religious response to the development of the atom bomb. [2] Many early Atomic Age songs were in the genre of "Atomic Bomb Baby" (1948), which used the bomb as a metaphor for sex. [2]

Early scholarship on environmental science in the atomic age by historians of science focused on how nuclear technologies enabled ecologists to pursue big-science projects that revealed the workings of ecosystems for the first time. [2] With the release of the first atomic bomb, nicknamed "Little Boy," dropped from the B-29 Enola Gay, the world had entered the atomic age. [2] On that day, at Alamogordo, New Mexico, the first atomic bomb blast the world had ever witnessed occurred, ushering in the Atomic Age. [2] As the gigantic ants--mutations born of the first nuclear weapon test in New Mexico--are exterminated by U.S. army flame-throwers in the climactic scene of 1954’s Them!, Dr. Harold Medford reflects: "When man entered the atomic age, he opened the door to a new world. [2] Where the atomic age was bipolar (U.S. and U.S.S.R.), the nuclear age is global. [2] A majority of members of the Ecological Society of America (ESA) voted to restrict any involvement of the organization in the protection of nature, politically or otherwise, in the years between the World Wars. 1 Our association of ecology with environmentalism is a phenomenon that owes a great deal to the atomic age, which brought new concerns about nuclear fallout and waste and dramatically reshaped ecology into a "Cold War" science. [2] From visions he has experienced for many years, he has left behind a book written far into the future: a history of humanity from the date of his death up to 2105.Whilst written before the dawn of the Atomic Age, The Shape of Things to Come accurately predicts the coming Second World War as well as weapons capable of demolishing entire cities, and also points to a utopian future. [2]

It opened the world to the Atomic Age and killed or injured over 200,000 people in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. [2]

The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the resulting deaths of tens of thousands of Japanese citizens in the summer of 1945 did more than decisively end World War II. The U.S. strikes that brought nuclear destruction of those two cities also thrust the world onto a new trajectory--one that led to the terrifying development of the far more powerful hydrogen bomb and the ruinous arms races of the cold war it entailed. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The United States dropped the bomb on Nagasaki, a port city, on Aug. 9, 1945, three days after it had leveled the city of Hiroshima in the first atomic attack in history. [2] A U.S. B-29 plane dropped a bomb over the city at 8:15am on August 6, 1945, marking the first use of an atomic weapon, which ultimately claimed the lives of some 140,000 people. [2] After debate among his advisers and objections from some of the scientists who had worked on the Manhattan Project, President Truman decided to go ahead with the attack, and the first atomic weapon was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, by the B-29 bomber named Enola Gay. [2]

The grim 70th anniversary of the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki should remind us to stop and take stock of the Atomic Age that wasn't, of the "electricity too cheap to meter" that never came. [2] As societies grapple with the possible role of nuclear technology in our future energy economy, these issues of the atomic age will remain with us. [2] Cite this chapter as: Schmid S.D. (2012) Shaping the Soviet Experience of the Atomic Age: Nuclear Topics in Ogonyok, 1945-1965. [2] In total, thirteen countries participated in the disposal of nuclear waste at sea since the start of the atomic age. [2] Our ongoing attempts to harness the benefits of the atomic age while lessening its negative impacts will need to confront the substantial environmental and public-health issues that have plagued nuclear technology since its inception. [2]

The Atomic Age was the first time period when the industry published comics in every genre targeting every age group from young kids to adults. [2] The world needs an object lesson to show how far it has strayed from those first wonderful days of the atomic age. [2] April 7, 2001 From the automobile and Tupperware to paintings by Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko, Vital Forms: American Art in the Atomic Age, 1940-1960, an exhibition of some 200 objects, will explore how the use of organic forms crossed the boundaries between fine art and popular culture and was used by leading painters and sculptors of the day as well as by designers of industrial products. [2] The dual imperatives of national security and energy cast the atomic age in a positive light among most Americans for nearly a decade after the conflict, even as the Soviet Union and other countries began their own programs to develop nuclear weapons. [2] I n this previous post on the 65 th anniversary of the Atomic Age I discussed the failure of philosophers to think clearly about nuclear weapons and nuclear war. [2] Not everyone, of course, awaited this new era with relish: philosopher Robert M. Hutchins suggested that the easy living promised by atomic energy might give rise to terminal boredom: "The leisure of the atomic age will create a peace more horrible than war. [2] The later was published by the United States Atomic Energy Commission and the United States Geological Survey it was sold to those citizens who had an interest in hitting it rich in the Atomic Age 'gold rush' for Uranium ore. [2] Six days later a New York Times editorial framed the dilemma of the new Atomic Age for its readers: "Here the long pilgrimage of man on Earth turns towards darkness or towards light." [2] Now, five years later, the Atomic Age has reached its three score and ten, and we have another five years of historical perspective on what it means to live in the Atomic Age. [2] I f we had cultivated the ability to think clearly and dispassionately about nuclear weapons and nuclear warfare instead of heaping shame, scorn, and disapproval on those who did so driving it underground into secret military and government think tanks we would be capable of a more clear-headed assessment of where we are seventy years into the Atomic Age. [2] In the Atomic Age, the hope is that the fear of mutually assured destruction would deter any state from deploying its nuclear weapons. [2] Examining the history of the environment through the lens of nuclear weapons and power raises a number of questions about the relationship of the earth and environmental sciences to the military-industrial complex, the extent to which nuclear technology gave rise to the environmental movement, and the degree to which the atomic age reconfigured humanity’s relationship with nature. [2] "The narrative is one of a new epoch, the atomic age, in which American technological and cultural might won World War II and, by implication, won the Cold War too. [2] The last chapter of World War II marked the beginning of the atomic age. [2] Several Provoke photographers were children during World War II and were obviously influenced by the atomic age. [2] The impact of the atomic age on thinking about pollution was especially profound in relation to the environmental impact of the chemical industry, which had ballooned in size since the Second World War. [2] In addition to the environmental repercussions of testing, nuclear power and weapons production caused considerable damages to nature and human health during the atomic age. [2] The atomic age was set forth by the United States on those two fateful days in August. [2]

AUGUST 6 1945: Less than an hour after an atom bomb flattened Hiroshima, the nattily-attired barmen of the Washington Press Club began shaking up a gin, Pernod and vermouth concoction they called the Atomic Cocktail. [2] In October 1945 we had a great transition issue with Captain America #51 "mystery of the atomic boomerang" which still had Japanese soldiers with their "atom water" in it but ended with mention of the new Atom bomb. [2] Development of fission atomic weapons like Little Boy and Fat Man and eventually fusion weapons (thermonuclear or hydrogen bombs) continued after 1945. [2] People offer prayers at the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, western Japan, on Aug. 6, 2017, to mark the 72nd anniversary of the world's first atomic bombing that killed 140,000 people in 1945. [2] White Sands, the site of the Trinity detonation in 1945, was originally in the middle of nowhere, where rancher Joe Clancy was running around at the beginning of Oda’s HIROSHIMA. Sumiteru Taniguchi, once considered a frontrunner for the Nobel peace prize, died of cancer at a hospital in the south-western Japanese city, according to Nihon Hidankyo, a group that represents survivors of the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. [2]

When the two atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan in August of 1945 the world was brought into the nuclear age. [2] Only one large data set includes all ages and both genders exposed together to a single flash of gamma and neutron radiation: the survivors of the U.S. nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. [2]

On August 6, 1945, during World War II, the U.S. B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb code-named "Little Boy" on Hiroshima, Japan, resulting in an estimated 140,000 deaths. (Three days later, the United States exploded a nuclear device over Nagasaki; five days after that, Imperial Japan surrendered.) [2] Hiroshima is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on the city at 8:15a.m. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped its first atomic bomb from a B-29 bomber plane called the Enola Gay on Japanese city of Hiroshima. [2] On August 6, 1945, in an attempt to bring an end to World War II, the United States dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a Japanese city and military center. [2]

It's been 70 years since the United States used the atomic bomb as a weapon of war - it was dropped over Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, and over Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945 - and Americans have been debating ever since: immoral war crimes that killed up to about 246,000 people, mostly civilians; or necessary acts that saved millions more lives than they took - including those of up to 1 million American servicemen - by ending the war in the Pacific. [2] Seventy years after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, the debate continues about whether or not the United States should have unleashed such fury on two cities with largely civilian populations. [2]

There has never been a pause as more than 2,000 atomic tests since 1945 have been spreading radioactivity worldwide and hundreds of nuclear factories have proliferated. [2] "Nuclear" just wasn't a word well-known by the general public in 1945, whereas "atomic" has been common currency for a long time. [2] The term "cold war" first appeared in a 1945 essay by the English writer George Orwell called "You and the Atomic Bomb." [2] The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, where I work, published its first newsletter in December 1945. [2]

After Hiroshima was annihilated in 1945 and other nations developed atomic capabilities, there was a radical change in films regarding super-weapons, as science fiction became science fact. [2] Station WEAF began transcribing their broadcast under the assumption the atomic detonation on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 would be the final day of the war. [2] "That brilliant flash which illuminated the pre-dawn desert on July 16, 1945, could well be called "the dawn of the nuclear age,’" Gregory Walker, who’s Trinity Atomic website chronicles the early days of nuclear weapons development, told War Is Boring. [2] A fireball begins to rise, and the world's first atomic mushroom cloud begins to form, nine seconds after Trinity detonated on July 16, 1945. [2] This really is a desert, and it was here on July 16, 1945, that the first atomic bomb--the Gadget--was exploded. [2]

After the first successful test of the atomic bomb in 1945, U.S. officials immediately considered the potential non-military benefits that could be derived from the American nuclear monopoly. [2] This week, President Obama makes the first presidential visit to Hiroshima, Japan, since the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb there in 1945. [2] There's almost a sense of irony that one native son of Independence, President Harry S. Truman, gave the order to drop the atomic bombs first on Hiroshima and then on Nagasaki, Japan, and another native son, Michael Scheibach, Ph.D., captures the impact the atomic bomb had on children and adolescents during the first decade after the bombings in 1945. [2] It was called "tickling the dragon’s tail," and it was critical to the successful construction of the first atomic bombs, the one tested at Trinity in New Mexico in July 1945 and the two dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki the following month. [2] That goal would be realized in 1945, when the United States dropped atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki, bringing a deadly and provocative end to the war. ("Woe is me," Einstein is reported to have said upon hearing the news.) [2] The U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, killing about 140,000 people. [2] On August 6 th, 1945, an American plane dropped the first ever atomic bomb on Hiroshima. [2] When word reached the nations of the world on 6 August 1945 that the 509th Composite Group had dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, most of the personnel of Wendover Army Air Base were just as surprised as anyone, even though the 509th had trained at Wendover, Utah, in Tooele County and practiced with test bombs on the surrounding ranges. [2] On 6 August 1945, the "Enola Gay," piloted by Colonel Tibbets, dropped the first atomic bomb, called "Little Boy," on Hiroshima, Japan. [2]

The first working atomic bombs only became available for use in the summer of 1945, after the Germans had surrendered and World War II in Europe was over; a weapon built to stop Hitler thus ended up being dropped on the Japanese instead.) [2] The American public was first introduced to the awesome reality of the atomic bomb courtesy of an Associated Press bulletin transmitted on August 6th, 1945 at 11:03 AM Eastern War Time. [2] This past week marks the seventieth anniversary of the dropping of the first atomic bomb used in war, code-named "Little Boy," on the Japanese city of Hiroshima (August 6, 1945). [2] On 6 August 1945, the U.S. attacked the Japanese city of Hiroshima with an atomic bomb in a bid to end the second world war. [2] Oleander ( Nerium ) is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb in 1945. [2] Tourists at the Trinity Site in New Mexico, where the first atomic bomb was exploded in a test, examine a "Fat Man" bomb casing like the one that detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945, three days after the bombing of Hiroshima. [2] Very soon after the Trinity test, the United States detonated two atomic bombs over Japan--"Little Boy," a uranium bomb over Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and, 3 days later, "Fat Man," a plutonium bomb, over Nagasaki. [2] The atomic bombs "Little Boy" (left) dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and "Fat Man" (right) dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. [2] There, scientists worked on the Manhattan Project, designing and building the atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August, 1945. [2] Orders to use Atomic Bombs on August 1945 over Hiroshima & Kokura & Niigata & Nagasaki, Japan. [2] President Harry S. Truman’s written approval, in late July 1945, to drop the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan. [2] The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945, containing only about 64 kg (140 pounds) of highly enriched uranium, released energy equaling about 15 kilotons of chemical explosive. [2] On a Thursday morning in August 1945, a few days after the atomic bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima, Don Geddes called me up in Malba, where we were spending the summer. [2]

Starting in August 1945, we officially began living in the "Atomic Age." [2] September, 1945 I N D U S T R I A L AND E N G I N E E R I N G C H E M I S T R Y 795 In view of the widespread knowledge of nuclear physics, we cannot expect th at scientists of other nations will not ultim ately discover the processes by which the atomic bomb was produced and detonated. [2] In July 1945, scientists exploded the first atomic bomb in remote New Mexico. [2] Began the final paragraph of Harry S. Truman’s first volume of memoirs, 1945: Year of Decisions. 1 Truman began his presidency knowing nothing about "S-1,’ the atomic bomb project. [2] An eerily accurate replica of the first atomic bomb sits at the base of a 100-foot wooden tower in the middle of a Santa Fe ranch standing in for the 1945 Trinity test site. [2] Trinity, the first atomic bomb, tested in 1945 in New Mexico, was the culmination of the 'Manhattan Project'. [2]

World War II: total destruction of Hiroshima, Japan Total destruction of Hiroshima, Japan, following the dropping of the first atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. [2] After the American atomic bomb had been successfully detonated on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945, the United States entered a new era of both promise and peril. [2] After ten days of no response, on August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. [2]

They’ve been around since the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945. [2] The world’s first atomic bomb, used on Aug. 6, 1945, killed 140,000 people in Hiroshima. [2] The B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay backed over a pit to be loaded with the first atomic bomb, which was released on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945. [2] Hiroshima: aftermath of atomic bomb strike Aftermath of the atomic bomb strike at Hiroshima, Japan, November 17, 1945. [2] The only Genre-SF story of any significance dealing with atomic power to be published outside Astounding before Hiroshima was Malcolm Jameson's melodrama about a "breeder" reaction, "The Giant Atom" (Winter 1943 Startling ; rev as Atomic Bomb 1945 ). [2] On August 20, 1945, two weeks to the day after Hiroshima, Stalin signed a decree setting up a Special Committee on the Atomic Bomb, under the chairmanship of Lavrentii P. Beriia. [2] "As you know, in 1945 the Atomic Bomb fell on Hiroshima, and the whole city was destroyed and thousands of citizens lost their precious lives. [2] Nagasaki, Japan on September 24, 1945, 6 weeks after the city was destroyed by the worlds second atomic bomb attack. [2] In this June 30, 2015 file photo, Sumiteru Taniguchi, a survivor of the 1945 atomic bombing of Nagasaki, shows his back with scars of burns from the atomic bomb explosion, during an interview at his office in Nagasaki, southern Japan. [2]

These photos show Nagasaki before and after the atomic blast on Aug. 9, 1945. [2] I've been watching the PBS series "The Bomb" and "Uranium: Twisting the Dragons Tale" which kind of got me thinking about the post "Atomic Age". [2]

Ever since the atomic bombs were exploded over Japanese cities, historians, social scientists, journalists, World War II veterans, and ordinary citizens have engaged in intense controversy about the events of August 1945. [2] The Manhattan Project was the code name for the American-led effort to develop a functional atomic bomb during World War II. Yet, "atomic" was what was even plastered across the official government statements in 1945 the Smyth Report was originally meant to be titled " Atomic Bombs," as I discussed on Wednesday. [2]

The first atomic bomb, "the Gadget," was created in 1945, and its first testing took place on July 16, 1946. [2] After Japanese leaders flatly rejected the Potsdam Declaration, President Truman authorized use of the atomic bomb anytime after August 3, 1945. [2] When President Harry Truman introduced the atomic bomb to the world in 1945, he described it as a Godgiven harnessing of "the basic power of the universe." [2]

The shadow of a Hiroshima victim, permanently etched into stone steps after the 1945 atomic bomb. [2] Aug. 6 and 9, 1945 -- U.S. drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. [2] Seventy years ago this Sunday, on August 9, 1945, an American B-29 dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, obliterating much of it and killing 74,000 people, mostly civilians. [2] This was followed a few days later with the destruction of Nagasaki (August 9, 1945) by the second and so-far the last atomic bomb used in war, code-named "Fat Man." [2] The next atomic bomb to be exploded was of the plutonium type; it was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, producing a blast equal to 21,000 tons of TNT. The terrain and smaller size of Nagasaki reduced destruction of life and property, but 39,000 persons were killed and 25,000 injured; about 40 percent of the city’s structures were destroyed or seriously damaged. [2] This is a mockup of "Fat Man," the atomic bomb that was dropped over Nagasaki, Japan, on Aug. 9, 1945. [2] The two were survivors of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, and killed 74,000 people. [2] Following this attack, on August 9, 1945 another atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. [2]

Led by a group of eminent scientists, engineers, and army officers, the United States produced fissionable materials and assembled them into the three atomic bombs that were detonated in the summer of 1945. [2] At the end in May 1945, the Soviets had a bigger army, but the U.S. had the atomic bomb. [2] In 1945 Orwell published an essay entitled "You and the Atomic Bomb", in which he expressed concern over living in a world which is aware of the existence of nuclear weapons capable of immense destruction. [2] In late February 1945, months before atomic bombs were ready for use, the high command selected Tinian, an island in the Northern Marianas Islands. [2] He views 1945 as the starting point of his atomic calendar, narrating in the 57th year from the atomic bomb year of 1945, when the new world began. [2] "atomic" was what was even plastered across the official government statements in 1945 -- the Smyth Report was originally meant to be titled " Atomic Bombs," as I discussed on Wednesday. [2] Primer for all the present explana- tions in the press about the new weapon is a report of some 180 pages entitled "General Account of the Development of Methods of Using Atomic Energy for M ilitary Purposes under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940- 1945", written by H. D. Smyth, chairman of the D epart- ment of Physics of Princeton University, and consultant to the M anhattan Project. [2]

Something changed forever on August 6, 1945 when, for the first time, the world witnessed the explosion of an atomic bomb. [2] Of greatest importance was the atomic bomb, developed by scientists in secrecy and first tested on July 6, 1945. [2] July 16, 1945 -- First atomic bomb explodes in Trinity test. [2] Robert Oppenheimer (left) and General Leslie Groves at the Trinity Site, Alamogordo, soon after the first atomic bomb was tested in July 16, 1945. [2] A photograph of the first atomic bomb to be tested, "Trinity," which was detonated on July 16, 1945. [2]

This is a mockup of "Little Boy," the atomic bomb that was dropped over Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945. [2] B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay The B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay took off from the Mariana Islands on August 6, 1945, bound for Hiroshima, Japan--where, with the dropping of the atomic bomb, it heralded a new and terrible concept of warfare. [2] A huge expanse of ruins left from the explosion of the atomic bomb on August 6, 1945, in Hiroshima. [2] Read the press release from President Truman on August 6, 1945 following the dropping of the atomic bomb noting important details about its production and the rhetoric used. [2]

After 1945 atomic power became one of the standard themes in sf, as the shock of revelation precipitated a wave of apocalyptic stories of Holocaust (especially in the context of World War Three ) and the Post-Holocaust aftermath. [2] APA citation style Amy Rudersdorf, (2015) The Atomic Bomb and the Nuclear Age. [3]

Yet, "atomic" was what was even plastered across the official government statements in 1945 the Smyth Report was originally meant to be titled " Atomic Bombs," as I discussed on Wednesday. [4] Located between these two poles, Atomic Age jewelry styles from the 1950s--with their fanciful representations of swirling atoms and electrons, starbursts and sunbursts--represent the domestication of the atom, mass-produced for the fashion-conscious female consumer of the time. [5] Atomic Age jewelry presents a material example of how the American fashion industry cashed in on the atom and promoted a feminine ideal that bolstered the country’s postwar conservative values. [5]

Among the flurry of news about the bombings, the cover of the New York Times Magazine from August 12, 1945, presented an aerial-view photo of the gigantic billowing atomic cloud over Hiroshima. [5]


In a 1958 handwritten document on the rise of the atomic age, he later stated, "Now we are faced with total destruction. [6] I wouldn't know, either, except that several years ago my younger brother gave me a copy of the CD "Atomic Platters: Cold War Music from the Golden Age of Homeland Security." (Thanks, Gil.) [7] The music from the age of the atomic bomb gives a snapshot of what some people were thinking at the time. [7]

Truman’s decision in August 1945 to drop the atomic bombs rather than conventional bombs on Japan was an extension of a policy of bombing civilian populations that had been in place since 1943. [8] At 5:29:45 a.m. July 16, 1945, in Alamogordo, New Mexico, the world’s first atomic bomb was detonated. [9] On August 10, 1945, radio station WNEW in New York ran a special program titled "The Atomic Bomb--The End or Rebirth of Civilization?" In the presentation, the sociologist Harvey Zorbaugh made a powerful and insightful plea to the listeners: "The problem we face is this: During the years we must wait for science to harvest atomic energy in the interests of civilization, can we prevent atomic energy. [10]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
Laurence, the only journalist the U.S. government permitted to witness the bombing of Nagasaki, is also the reporter who first coined the term "Atomic Age." [1] On May 1, 2005, 40,000 anti-nuclear/anti-war protesters marched past the United Nations in New York, 60 years after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. [1]

The phrase gained popularity as a feeling of nuclear optimism emerged in the 1950s in which it was believed that all power generators in the future would be atomic in nature. [1] One of the many eras in the game is the Atomic era where players can make ICBM's, nuclear reactors and submarines and even sci-fi style giant nuclear-powered robots. [1]

Fear of possible atomic attack from the Soviet Union caused U.S. school children to participate in "duck and cover" civil defense drills. [1] The United States Atomic Energy Commission chairman announced that the Plowshares project was intended to "highlight the peaceful applications of nuclear explosive devices and thereby create a climate of world opinion that is more favorable to weapons development and tests". [1] "Soddy also saw that atomic energy could possibly be used to create terrible new weapons". [1]

In this novel, the first novel of the Foundation series, the Foundation on Terminus, guided by Psychohistory, invents a religion called Scientism which has an atomic priesthood based on the scientific use of atomic energy to pacify, impress, and control the masses of the barbarian inhabitants of the stellar kingdoms surrounding Terminus as the Galactic Empire breaks up. [1]

While atomic power was promoted for a time as the epitome of progress and modernity, entering into the nuclear power era also entailed frightful implications of nuclear warfare, the Cold War, mutually assured destruction, nuclear proliferation, the risk of nuclear disaster (potentially as extreme as anthropogenic global nuclear winter ), as well as beneficial civilian applications in nuclear medicine. [1] One science writer, David Dietz, wrote that instead of filling the gas tank of your car two or three times a week, you will travel for a year on a pellet of atomic energy the size of a vitamin pill. [1]

POSSIBLY USEFUL That it never exceeds "atomic bomb" or "atomic weapons" or "nuclear weapons" really suprises me and may be an interesting insight into how the public perceived this weapon. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL The experience finishes at the Trinity atomic test site, where scientists detonated the first test bomb. [2] The "gadget" device that was exploded as the "Trinity" test, the first ever atomic explosion on the earth, was essentially the same design as the Fat Man bomb. [2]

She points out that French designers named their risqué new bathing suit after the site of the Bikini bomb tests; pop songs such as "Atomic Bomb Baby" conflated coital climax with nuclear explosion; Rita Hayworth's image was stenciled onto a Bikini bombshell. [2] President Truman and the Secretary of War, Henry Stimson, made a concerted effort to publish articles justifying the use of the bombs, excluding any information about what happened to the people beneath the atomic clouds. [2] Scholars debate the extent to which Truman’s mention of the bomb at Potsdam and his use of the weapon in Japan represent atomic diplomacy. [2] Should the Germans be the first to develop the envisaged "atomic bomb," Hitler would have a weapon at his disposal that would make it possible for him to destroy his enemies and rule the world. [2] Another reader passes on the insight that you can disentangle the relative weights of "atomic" and "nuclear" things quite well with the Ngrams Viewer -- "atomic energy" eclipses "atomic bomb" in the late 1950s, "nuclear weapons" is responsible for much of the "nuclear" peak, with the exception of the late-1970s and mid-1980s when the nuclear power debate was really heating up. [2] Some cynics went so far as to suggest citizens with bomb shelters secretly wished there would be an atomic war. [2] During the period between the first nuclear explosion in New Mexico and the end of America's atomic monopoly, a series of divisive events and decisions gradually established the fronts of the Cold War. [2] Several American scientists, notably Carl Sagan, argued that the smoke and dust from massive nuclear explosions in an atomic war could block solar radiation and send the climate into a severe cooling. [2] Another work popular in Japan is Paul Brians’s Nuclear Holocausts: Atomic War in Fiction, 1895-1984, which provides a comprehensive survey of nuclear literature in English. 5 A revised edition expands the bibliography, with the addition of over 450 entries. [2] The issue became more salient among the public, however, in the 1980s with the introduction of the concept of "nuclear winter" in the aftermath of an atomic war. [2] The demonstration was part of Operation Upshot-Knothole, a series of eleven nuclear test shots by varying yield nuclear artillery in conjunction with 21,000 soldiers conducting the field exercise Desert Rock V. The first firing of the Atomic Annie designated as 'Grable' possibly after actress and pin up model Betty Grable was attended by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Arthur W. Radford and the Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson. [2] Strangely, even though fusion (thermonuclear) reactors for electricity generation did not come into use, we have called them nuclear reactors too (though they were "atomic" reactors and piles first). [2] Alarmed by the use of atomic weaponry, many of the scientists responsible for the Manhattan Project organized as the Federation of Atomic Scientists, an organization that continues to work against nuclear proliferation. [2] Much as the term "pile" gradually gave way to "reactor," "atomic" was gradually replaced by "nuclear" during the later years of the Manhattan Project and afterwards. [2]

I tend to agree with Alex Wellerstein (not Wallerstein, btw) that the rise of nuclear energy power stations probably had something to do with it, as there was never such a term as "atomic reactor". [2] Campbell's first published story, "When the Atoms Failed" (January 1930 Amazing ), featured the release of energy by the destruction of matter; and one of his earliest stories as Don A Stuart was "Atomic Power" (December 1934 Astounding ). [2] Phrases such as "smashing atoms" and "splitting the atom" were already used before the war, so it was natural to refer to "atomic energy," even if that energy originated in the atomic nucleus and was not the preferred term of many scientists. [2] "Atomic" was used as a vernacular descriptor for an enormously broad range of promises of science, and was not necessarily associated with bombs. [2] While officials at the Pentagon continued to look closely at the problem of atomic targets, President Truman, like Stimson, was thinking about the diplomatic implications of the bomb. [2] I hypothesize (well, speculate because I have no real evidence for this but it is a testable idea) that the atomic and hydrogen bomb to nuclear weapon "rebranding" wasn't a concious political PR effort but came about in the nuclear weapons design labs as a consequence of weapons design. [2] Alperovitz treats this entry as evidence in support of the atomic diplomacy argument, but other historians, ranging from Robert Maddox to Gabriel Kolko, deny that the timing of the Potsdam conference had anything to do with the goal of using the bomb to intimidate the Soviets. [2] In an about face, in 1962, the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles to Cuba in order to try to force U.S. concessions on Europe became another example of atomic diplomacy. [2] Kate Brown’s Plutopia, which compares U.S. and Soviet "atomic cities," explores the ways nuclear technology harmed the landscape and public health even as it provided increased access to the benefits of consumer society for privileged groups in these communities. [2] In addition to the atomic tests conducted in the Pacific Proving Ground, the U.S. established a vast nuclear test site on mainland soil known simply as The Nevada Test Site. [2] The U.S. Department of Energy’s Nuclear Testing Archive in Las Vegas, Nevada, also has important source material pertaining to atomic testing. [2]

Laurence, the only journalist the U.S. government permitted to witness the bombing of Nagasaki, is also the reporter who first coined the term "Atomic Age." [2] While popular culture was exploiting all things atomic, the government launched its Civil Defense campaign, aimed at teaching Americans how to protect themselves from nuclear attack. [2] It had been reported by nuclear physicist Niels Bojr that German scientists had achieved atomic fission and the United States was not about to fall behind (Goldstein 5). [2] Atomic diplomacy refers to attempts to use the threat of nuclear warfare to achieve diplomatic goals. [2] An interesting wrinkle is that Smyth himself hated the use of the term "atomic" when "nuclear" was meant, but was overruled by Groves and others. [2] As it waned, "nuclear reactor" took hold, with a huge jump in usage in the 80s, by which time "atomic reactor" was a thing of the past. [2] The nukes could be used to blow up the world -- and then there’s the sticky problems of nuclear plant meltdowns and what to do with atomic waste. [2] One of the latter, Albert Einstein, sent a letter to President Roosevelt in 1939 explaining the developments in the nuclear chain reactions which would result in an atomic explosion. [2]

By the time the United States was attempting to disengage from the war in Vietnam, however, the idea of atomic diplomacy had lost credibility. [2]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(28 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (216) Atomic Age (after 1945)

2. (20) Atomic Age - Wikipedia

3. (8) American History: The Dawn of the Atomic Age

4. (8) World War II: The U.S. and the Dawn of the Atomic Age

5. (7) World War II: The Atomic Age

6. (6) US History/World War II and Rise of Atomic Age - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

7. (6) Milestones: 1945-1952 - Office of the Historian

8. (5) Beginnings of the atomic age: the 70th anniversary of the first nuclear bomb - ExtremeTech

9. (5) Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945

10. (5) The Atomic Bomb and the Nuclear Age | DPLA

11. (5) The End of the Nuclear Age | Restricted Data

12. (5) Blast from the Past: Atomic Age Jewelry and the Feminine Ideal | Science History Institute

13. (4) Hiroshima and the nuclear age - a visual guide | World news | The Guardian

14. (4) Alsos:The Atomic Age: Historical Overview

15. (3) 1945 | The Times Learns an Atomic Bomb Will Soon Fall - The New York Times

16. (3) July 16, 1945: Trinity Blast Opens Atomic Age | WIRED

17. (2) Recalling tunes of the Atomic Age | Albuquerque Journal

18. (1) The Dragon's Tail: Americans Face the Atomic Age on JSTOR

19. (1) The Dawn of the Atomic Age | The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb | History of the Atomic Age | atomicarchive.com

20. (1) Living in the Atomic Age in Nebraska

21. (1) Unconditional Surrender: The Dawn of the Atomic Age | SpringerLink

22. (1) 210 best Atomic Age America images on Pinterest | Atomic age, Nuclear family and Vintage photography

23. (1) Birth of the Atomic Age - Chicago Tribune

24. (1) Albert Einstein - Looking Back at the Dawn of the Atomic Age - Pictures - CBS News

25. (1) Trinity: the birth of the atomic age | Cosmos

26. (1) Atomic Bomb-Truman Press Release-August 6, 1945

27. (1) On Dropping Bombs: Moral Dilemmas in the Atomic Age - Off the Shelf

28. (1) McCumber column: Atomic age ushered in era of peace and prosperity | Opinion | wiscnews.com


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