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Gilded Age (United States, Late 19th Century)

Gilded Age (United States, Late 19th Century)

C O N T E N T S:

  • In the late 19th Century, otherwise known as the Gilded Age, the United States experienced tremendous economic growth -- an important aspect of which was innovation.(More...)
  • A series of conflicts between the United States and various subgroups of the Sioux people that occurred in the latter half of the 19th century.(More...)
  • If we cannot locate a central collective concept which, for better or worse, organizes our sense of being American, then this second Gilded Age has become a unique period in American history.(More...)
  • Cheated expectations fed the violent strikes of the era, including the largest strike anywhere in the world in the 19th century, the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, which I chronicle in the book.(More...)
  • The Bank of the United States tended to stabilize currency, but it was a hot political issue for much of the early 19th century.(More...)
  • "The divisions are now deeper, even than they were in the 19th century," she observed.(More...)

  • An especially large episode of unrest (estimated at eighty thousand railroad workers and several hundred thousand other Americans, both employed and unemployed) broke out during the economic depression of the 1870s and became known as the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, which was, according to historian Jack Beatty, "the largest strike anywhere in the world in the 19th century."(More...)
  • Early textbooks couched the period in terms of wars between labor and capital, of settled Americans rising against immigrants, of outmoded ideas facing new social problems.(More...)
  • The remainder of the 19th cent. was marked by railroad building (assisted by generous federal land grants) and the disappearance of the American frontier.(More...)


In the late 19th Century, otherwise known as the Gilded Age, the United States experienced tremendous economic growth -- an important aspect of which was innovation. [1] Anger at so-called robber barron families who built up vast fortunes from monopolies in U.S. rail, oil, steel and banking in the late 19th century, an era of rapid industrialisation and growing inequality in America that became known as the Gilded Age, led to President Roosevelt breaking up companies and trusts and increasing taxes on the wealthy in the early 1900s. [1] "A Walk Through Gilded New York," guides users with an audio tour and images of 15 historic sites, transitioning from how the buildings look now to drawings and photographs taken during the period starting from the late 19th century up to World War I. We are recreating the Gilded Age, the period of the late 19th and early 20th centuries when corporations ruled this nation, buying politicians, using violence against unions, and engaging in open corruption. [1] Wall Street as we now know it, however, took hold only in the late 19th century - a period known as America’s first Gilded Age. [1] Now Glenda Gilmore and Thomas Sugrue, two influential historians, have written a textbook on this same trope, arguing, like everybody else, that we're back where we started, in another Gilded Age, because we've forgotten how the first one ended, with the Populist Revolt of the late 19th century and the long Progressive Era of the early 20th century. [1] This trend, among others, has some historians and cultural commentators comparing our era to that of the late 19th century Gilded Age. [1] The stagnation of manufacturing workers and the middle quintile of the U.S. population during the financial 1980s and the high-tech 1990s matched the pain that farmers, the declining sector of the Gilded Age, experienced in the late 19th century as manufacturing displaced agriculture. [1] According to reputable businessmen, journalists, economists, and politicians, the so-called Gilded Age of the late 19th century was one long depression, and workers rather than capitalists were the principal beneficiaries. [1] During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. [1] During the First Gilded Age, beginning in the late 19th century, the people were fortunate and wise enough to elect progressive leaders Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Roosevelt being the two big names who understood that extreme wealth inequality was not only unsustainable, it directly hurt the nation. [1] Mark Twain called the late 19th century the Gilded Age as a play on Golden Age, referring to the way people gilded things with a thin layer to make them appear as solid gold. [1] Mark Twain labeled the late 19th century the Gilded Age - its glittering surface masking the rot within. [1] The Gilded Age, a period covering the late 19th century in the U.S., began shortly after The Metropolitan Museum of Art's 1870 opening. [1] One of the most popular forms of entertainment during the Gilded Age was theater, particularly Vaudeville, which was a type of variety theater prominent in late 19th century America. [1] Read on to learn more about the late 19th century, the Industrial Revolution and the Gilded Age. [1] Northern Illinois University Libraries present "Illinois During the Gilded Age," an exploration of Illinois in the late 19th century that examines the relationship between local events and national trends. [1] It is a tourist attraction and a reminder of the so-called Gilded Age of the late 19th century. [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS The political novels of the Gilded Age represent the beginnings of a new strain in American literature, the novel as a vehicle of social protest, a trend that grew in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the works of the muckrakers and culminated in the proletarian novelists. [1] The Gilded Age--a term coined by Mark Twain--refers to a period of rapid economic growth in the United States in the late 19th century. [1] Gilded Age America Throughout the history of the United States, the Gilded Age is regarded as a period that spanned the last three decades of the 19th century. [1] Progress! Industry! Invention! Bajillions of dollars! The last three decades of the 19th century are called the Gilded Age, one of the most dynamic, contentious, and volatile periods in American history. [1] This week at ITPL, the American history podcast, we take on the last third of the 19th century, a period known as both Reconstruction and the Gilded Age. [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Richard John, Historian: The late 19th century United States was an anomaly in world history in a major way we… confronted all of the challenges that are associated with rapid industrialization, the labor conflicts, the tensions between one economic group and another within a government in which just about every white male and many African Americans, a decreasing number, but many African Americans, had the vote. [1] Whatever they think of the ideas of Chernow, Milbank, and Krugman, American historians will have to reckon with the late 19th century once again thanks to the newest contribution to the Oxford History of the United States series. [1] James Buchanan Duke built Rough Point and at one time in the late 19th century controlled 97% of all tobacco products in the United States (cigars, plug or chewing tobacco, cigarettes, snuff, and pipe tobacco) as well as being the American partner in british american tobacco company which controlled 95% of tobacco products worldwide. [1] Maggor’s current project, tentatively titled "U.S. as a Developing Nation," examines why the American economy diverged from other agrarian economies and became the world’s largest industrial economy by World War I; for the project, Maggor is rethinking American industrialization in the late 19th century in a broad global and comparative perspective. [1] The Reconstruction era and the period of economic growth it touched off remade the American nation in the late 19th century but are studied less deeply than the Civil War that preceded them and the Spanish-American War that followed. [1] Workers and their allies built significant, if highly problematic, reformist and radical movements that broke from the social Darwinism and laissez-faire ethos of the late 19th century, but most American workers did not directly share the more romantic experiences of such labor activism. [1] The labor violence and economic upheavals of the late 19th century had been horrific enough to convince many powerful Americans that reform was necessary. [1] PEN Award-winning historian Mitch Horowitz spoke broadly about the occult and metaphysical movements that swept American culture in the late 19th century, from Theosophy to mental healing, and how those earlier movements morphed into today’s alternative spirituality, particularly the "power of positive thinking." [1] Now, the obvious question here is: how did the government let this happen? It's important to remember that Americans in the late 19th century believed strongly in a federal government that stayed out of people's lives. [1] As industrialization grew in the late 19th century, more people came to American cities for jobs in the new industries. [1] It lasted from the end of the American Civil War, and up to the late 19th century. [1] American industry grew in the late 19th century due to several factors. [1] The protest movements active in the late 19th century worried that the large fortunes of men such as John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan, and Andrew Carnegie would create a new system of American "plutocracy." [1] At its outset, Americans were working many more hours a day than the eight for which they had fought hard in the late 19th century. [1] Noted historians discuss the dynamic period of the late 19th century, a time when American society was divided on ethnic, racial, religious, economic, and political lines. [1] The distribution of income in the late 19th century United States was no more predictable, and no more inevitable, than the political valence of capitalism in the 20th century -- liberal, authoritarian, fascist, statist, whatever, it all turned on the balance of social power. [1]

Many of t he mansions of the North Shore are reminders of the "Gilded Age" of the late 19th and early 20th Century, a time of concentrated wealth as well as deep poverty. [1] SOURCE: "Concepts of Society and the Practice of Fiction--Symbolic Responses to the Experience of Change in Late Nineteenth Century America," in Impressions of a Gilded Age: The American Fin de Siecle, edited by Marc Chenetier and Rob Kroes, Amerika Institut, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 1983, pp. 77-95. [1] The term "Gilded Age" for the period of economic boom after the American Civil War up to the turn of the century was applied to the era by historians in the 1920s, who took the term from one of Mark Twain's lesser known novels, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873). [2] The Gilded Age and the first years of the twentieth century were a time of great social change and economic growth in the United States. [1] While true mass culture entertainment would not arrive in the United States until the advent of movies, radio, and television in the twentieth century, the basic recipe was concocted in the Gilded Age. [1] Historians in the century following the Gilded Age have used such common themes as Social Darwinism, Christian paternalism, and a focus on the importance of the lingering effects of the Mexican War and ideas of Manifest Destiny in their analysis of American masculinity’s use of gendered rhetoric to encourage and justify territorial expansion. [1] That's when the division of wealth and income began polarizing so that, by every measure, the country has now exceeded the extremes of inequality achieved during the first Gilded Age; nor are our elites any more embarrassed by their mammon worship than were members of the "leisure class" excoriated a century ago by that take-no-prisoners social critic of American capitalism Thorstein Veblen. [1] The rambunctious world of Gilded Age politics, with its boisterous partisan rallies and three-hour long declamations on the finer points of tariff schedules and monetary policy, passed from the scene of American politics rather abruptly about a century ago. [1] The People's Party failed, and the Gilded Age world of mass politics, with its barbecues, parades, rallies that made politics a community event, and its speakers who educated, entertained, and established a personal bond with their electorate, passed from the scene of American politics at the turn of the twentieth century. [1]

Mark Twain coined the term Gilded Age to describe the last three decades of the 19th century. [1] I think you'll agree, there’s a LOT happening in the Gilded Age and Reconstruction, that last third of the 19th century. [1] Holding on to an image of the early 19th century "true woman" as a cure for the problems of modernism may not work for one very important reason: the Gilded Age is the beginning of the New Woman. [1] It's difficult to find a precise comparison between the level of inequality in the Gilded Age and that of today, because it hasn't been tracked consistently and the modern income tax did not exist in the 19th century. [1]

When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley coined the phrase "gilded age’ to describe what they saw in the late 19th century I’m sure they would agree wholeheartedly with Mr. O’Rourke. [1] There are faint outlines of a better - and often virtually forgotten - late 19th century age of reform. [1] T he late 19th century, supposedly the golden age of laissez-faire capitalism, was actually a nightmare for capitalists. [1]

Most of the people who immigrated or emigrated into the United States in the late 19th century became city dwellers because cities were the cheapest and most convenient places to live. [1] The industrialization of the United States proceeded at a frantic pace in the late 19th century. [1] In the late 19th century, the United States began to change from a rural nation to an urban one. [1] Richard John, Historian: The magnitude of the late 19th century transformation of American society is hard to exaggerate. [1] The impact of the anxiety associated with the transformation of late 19th century American society can be measured by the growth in advice literature. [1]

America at Work, America at Leisure: Motion Pictures from 1894 to 1915: Library of Congress 151 motion pictures from the late 19th and early 20th century that feature Americans at work and leisure. [1] In which John Green teaches you about the massive immigration to the United States during the late 19th and early 20th century. [1]

Gilded Age capitalists, according to Nevins, sought to impose order and stability on competitive business, and that their work made the United States the foremost economy by the 20th century. [1] In the closing decades of the nineteenth century, during what has become known as the Gilded Age, the population of the United States doubled in the span of a single generation. [1] Millions of Irish in particular, fleeing the potato famine of 1846, had inherited the blended Celtic-Roman tradition of celebrating the dead, and helped make Halloween an American tradition by the end of the nineteenth century, during the period known as the Gilded Age. [1] The American Gilded Age was, in fact, the Golden Age of amusement parks that reigned until the late 1920s. [1] As the latest offering in the Oxford History of the United States, White’s book suggests that to understand the making of modern America, the sagas of Reconstruction and the Gilded Age must be told together in a way that links the North American spaces and resources they routinely brought into collision. [1] The story of the Gilded Age is really a story of how Americans conceived of "home" following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, according to historian Richard White in The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States During Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896. [1] Even though the United States had been a predominantly agrarian country since the American Revolution, the industrialization and immigration of the Gilded Age shifted the population balance toward the cities. [1] Children had long had a place in domestic farming, unlike mill and factory work that grew out of the Industrial Revolution. 94 During the Gilded Age (period between the Civil War and World War I when the United States population and economy grew quickly), two-thirds of child labor was done on the farm. [1] They all lived in the tumult of America’s Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, an era as chaotic as our own, as vividly portrayed in Stanford historian Richard White’s new work of history, " The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States During Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896 " (Oxford University Press, 941 pp., $33). [1] In The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896, the latest installment of the multi-author Oxford History of the United States, historian Richard White delves deeply into the period. [1] Stanford historian Richard White, a former star teacher and scholar at the University of Washington, has completed a 10-year odyssey: a history of the United States during 30 tumultuous 19th-century years, from Reconstruction to the Gilded Age. [1] Far too often, United States history curricula race through the fifty years between the Civil War and Reconstruction on the one end, and the Great Depression and World War II on the other--but the tumultuous, crisis-filled, frequently violent, and wholly transformative Gilded Age (1870s-1890s) and Progressive Era (1890s-1920s) deserve our focused consideration. [1]

The term for this period came into use in the 1920s and 1930s and a history of the second industrial evolution the gilded age in the united states was. [1] The United a history of the second industrial evolution the gilded age in the united states States has a an analysis of aristotle and parmenides views on change rich history, full of tumult and transformation. [1] Professor O'Donnell's powerful use of comparisons and contrasts of the political, economic and social aspects of life in the United States during the Gilded Age is outstanding. [1] Richard White's " The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896 " maintains the high standards the Oxford series has come to be known for and offers new insight on the time period. [1] Professor White’s most recent book, The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896, was published as part of the multi-volume series, the Oxford History of the United States. [1] Richard White’s The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865 -1896 (Oxford University Press, 2017) weighs in at 941 pages, a mammoth book about an era known for its excesses. [1] The Gilded Age was also an era of abject poverty and inequality as millions of immigrants--many from impoverished nations--poured into the United States, and the high concentration of wealth became more visible and contentious. [1] In the Progressive Era that followed the Gilded Age, the United States became a world power. [3] In the United States, the corresponding political changes took place through the reforms of the Progressive era that began to bring down the curtain on the Gilded Age. [1] While the original Gilded Age inspired a wave of political change, from the first march on Washington to the rise of the Populists, its fallout did not lead to the end of inequality in the United States. [1] Prior to the Gilded Age, the time commonly referred to as the old immigration saw the first real boom of new arrivals to the United States. [2]

The working experiences of individuals and families during the Gilded Age time period in America, which refers to the late nineteenth century, are varied due to many factors. [1] Traditionally, historians have divided this period from 1877 to 1919 into two, contrasting eras: the Gilded Age of the late nineteenth century and the Progressive Era of the early twentieth century. [1] The term "Gilded Age" has largely fallen out of favor among historians who have challenged the moralizing periodization in which an unprecedented era of wealth-making by late nineteenth-century "robber barons" was ameliorated by the Progressive Era that lasted from the turn of the century through World War I. Political and social historians have emphasized continuities in reform movements from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century. [1]

A movement for social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century aka Patrons of Husbandry. organized in 1868 by oliver h. kelley as a social and educational organization for farmers and their families. organized economic ventures and took political action to defend members against the middlemen, trusts, and railroads. [1] In the late 19th century, powerful challenges to the establishment matched the concentration of economic and political power in the hands of a few. [1]

The corporate industries of late 19th Century America were the first beneficiaries of the welfare state. [1] During the late 19th century, a period when the U.S. railroad industry experienced rapid overexpansion and heated competition (the nation’s first transcontinental rail line was completed in 1869), Morgan was heavily involved in reorganizing and consolidating a number of financially troubled railroads. [1] Late 19th century industrial momentum produced new fortunes tied to railroads, steel, petroleum and investment banking that by 1900 were fully 10 to 20 times what the largest holdings had been at the start of the Civil War in 1861. [1] While this violence pales in comparison to the Civil War -- which was by far the single bloodiest conflict in the U.S. history -- it echoes the violence of the late 19th century. [1] Although independent, Hawaii already had close economic ties with the U.S. in the late 19th century, and it's economy was dominated by American-owned sugar plantations that employed native islanders and Chinese, Japanese, and Filipino laborers. [1] The largest female organization of the late 19th century, it expanded its platform from simply prohibiting alcoholic beverages (blamed for leading men to squander their wages on drink and treat their wives abusively) to a comprehensive program of economic and political reform, including the right to vote. [1] Many of the basic economic and political problems we face today are indeed far too similar to those of the late 19th century. [1]

Every Southern state and city passed Jim Crow laws that were in effect between the late 19th century and 1964, when they were abolished by Congress. [2] Workers won those strikes in the late 19th century because the local middle class -- farmers, journalists, lawyers, merchants, shopkeepers -- stood with them in defiance of what it perceived, correctly, as a threat to its own existence: the distant leviathan (usually a railroad company) that would cut any cost and gut any custom in the name of the bottom line. [1] Between the late 19th century and World War I, tens of thousands of black workers gained access to unions, some all-black but some biracial in organization. [1] Such labor unions were not notably successful in organizing large numbers of workers in the late 19th century. [1] Management and labor didn’t get along well in the late 19th century, especially during downturns like the Panic of 1873, caused by the collapse of a railroad bubble, and Panic of 1893 caused by general market saturation, or over-production. [1] In the late 19th century, America was beset with labor strife. [1] The immigrants from China started in the late 19th century and contributed cheap labor, especially on railway construction throughout California. [1] While the original purpose of these granges was economic, they expanded into dances, barbecues, and sewing bees, forming the social fabric of the rural South and Plains in the late 19th century. [1] What has fascinated me for quite some time is the obvious affinity between the aesthetic, the moral, and the social imagination in late 19th century. [1] They keep the party going. - In the late 19th century, politics was local, and you had to shape people one person at a time. [1] The development of these modern machine tools and machining practices made possible the development of modern industry capable of mass production; however, large scale industrial production did not develop in the U.S. until the late 19th century. [1] From the late 19th century into the first few decades of the 20th century, industrial big-wigs built residences in the heart of these cities. [1] The ultranationalism, militarism and tariff wars of the late 19th century spilled over into the 20th century, and ended in world war -- suggesting a return to the protectionism of old could damage far more than national economies. [1] The wars of the late 19th century on the Great Plains were often fought by starving Indians. [1] The government had a "hands-off" role in the late 19th Century economy, said Mr. Warshauer. [1] When the captains of industry and finance lorded it over the country in the late 19th century, no one dreamed of calling them rebels against an overweening government bureaucracy or an entrenched set of "interests." [1] By the late 19th century, popular criticism came to focus on the new private corporations, banks, and trusts orchestrating the nation’s shift toward large-scale industry. [1] Witness how the Progressive movement took shape in the late 19th century, fueled by alarm over the unbridled power of large corporations. [1] Steam power greatly expanded during the late 19th century with the rise of large factories, the expanded railroad network and early electric lighting and electric street railways. [1] In the late 19th century, corrupt railroad capitalists created the Panic of 1873 and Panic of 1893 through lying about their business activities, buying off politicians and siphoning off capital into their own pockets. [1] Films & series set in the late 19th century and early 20th century (North America). [1] As a title, "Apocalypse Now" could easily have been applied to a movie made about late 19th century America. [1] During the period of struggle between Indians and whites in the late 19th century, Indian leaders often traveled east to plead their case before sympathetic audiences. [1] Many of her works, including The Awakening, are set in late 19th century Louisiana, where she lived for 16 years with her husband, a Louisiana native. [1] The millionaires in Lenox, New York and the Hudson River Valley in the late 19th century were also drawn to the works of the French academic painters, specifically captivated by the work of William Adolphe Bouguereau. [1] A modern brew of evenly matched political parties, weak presidents and a conservative judiciary usually bent on diluting or eliminating the reforms that politicians do manage mimics the late 19th century. [1] Anti-railroad complaints were loudly repeated in late 19th century political rhetoric. [2] By the late 19th century, the Irish communities had largely stabilized, with a strong new "lace curtain" middle-class of local businessmen, professionals, and political leaders typified by P. J. Kennedy (1858-1929) in Boston. [2] With almost no union representation, workers won -- they were the victors in the majority of strikes and lockouts measured in the late 19th century by the BLS. Why, then, did workers win the class struggle of the late 19th century? Not because they were represented by trade unions. [1] Frederick W. Taylor was the best known pioneer in the field of scientific management in the late 19th century, carefully timing and plotting the functions of various workers and then devising new, more efficient ways for them to do their jobs. [1] Meet the titans and barons of the glittering late 19th century, whose materialistic extravagance contrasted harshly with the poverty of the struggling workers who challenged them. [1] In all confrontations of the late 19th century, workers were generally losers. [1] In the late 19th century, civil and military authorities looked down upon protesting citizens. [1] In the growing economy of the late 19th century, paper money was tied to the finite gold supply. [1] Early electrification was too limited to have a big impact on the late 19th century economy. [1] Foreign policy always connects to the domestic economy, as the late 19th century illustrates. [1] During the late 19th century, fashionable women became enchanted with the luminous, wispy, gorgeous feathers of the snowy egret. [1] The late 19th century saw the expansion of the U.S. financial system but was also beset by banking panics. [1] By the late 19th century, Britain and Western Europe were in the throes of an epidemic as people used opium for minor ailments like stomach aches and headaches. [1] In the late 19th century, the great powers of Europe were running around the world obtaining colonial possessions, especially in Africa and Asia. [1] The purpose of this site is to demonstrate, through illustrations from advice literature and art from the late 19th century, how women's roles were redefined to accommodate the need for a static moral center in the home. [1] There’s too many flowers." 92 Flowers, brushes, and clothing were the sorts of goods that began to be produced through home production in the late 19th century. [1] The original cache of Zenas Crane's exceptionally high quality art collection gifted to the Berkshire Museum in 1903 speaks directly to the collecting taste of the captains of industry, the newly minted millionaires and the wealthy gentlemen of leisure in the late 19th century. [1] The Populist movement began in the late 19th century, and its roots lay in the discontent of farmers. [1] By the late 19th Century, corporations began to grow both in size and in number. [1] An outburst of technological innovation in the late 19th century fueled this headlong economic growth. [1] In the late 19th century, however, the preferred way of dismissing that discomfiting reality was to put the blame on a culture of dependency supposedly prevalent among "the lower orders," particularly, of course, among those of certain complexions and ethnic origins; and the logical way to cure that dependency, so the claim went, was to eliminate publicly funded "outdoor relief." [1] America’s wealthiest residents of the late 19th century reveled in the area’s natural coastal beauty too, and built their summer "cottages" there to escape the hustle and bustle of New York City life. [1] Crime reporter John Moore meets with psychologist Dr. Laszlo Kreizler to investigate a serial killer in New York during the late 19th century. [1] The public mood turned against them in the late 19th century. [1] The Populists, for instance, largely failed to achieve their electoral goals in the late 19th century. [1] Turn back the clock to the late 19th century, and we find ourselves in a very different world. [1] Capitalists lost the class struggle of the late 19th century. [1] Like in the late 19th century, we need to take back our country from corporate control. [1] Today, we have the highest levels of income inequality since the 1920s and the gap is widening to late 19th century levels with great speed. [1] All of those factors outlined above were a powerful force in the late 19th century. [1] "Anti-monopolists are now largely forgotten, but they were powerful in the late 19th century. [1] Describe how industries were transformed in the late 19th century. [1]

D. a golden age, like that of the period of the American founding, in the late eighteenth century. [1] At the end of the 19th Century when the American frontier and rural America were undergoing tremendous change, urban America was also experiencing tremendous social, political, and economic transformations. [1] American economic growth in the second half of the 19th century was the fastest in its history, producing rapid rises in production, wages and personal wealth. [1] The 19th century provided fertile ground for racists and elites while American immigrants and workers suffered. [1] The "Molly Maguires" were a band of 19th century Irish immigrant laborers who struggled to survive in American industry. [1] Zenas Crane as a local Berkshires power player was drawn, much like John Jacob Astor, Jay Gould, William H. Vanderbilt, Cyrus Field, and Alexander Stewart, to the paintings by 19th century French academic painters, and to the works by nineteenth century American landscapists. [1]

From the era of Reconstruction to the end of the 19th century, the United States underwent an economic transformation marked by the maturing of the industrial economy, the rapid expansion of big business, the development of large-scale agriculture, and the rise of national labor unions and industrial conflict. [1] The largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 19th Century. [1] In the early 19th century, many Americans objected to the idea of a centralized banking system, particularly one controlled by the federal government. [1] An American Indian religious cult of the second half of the 19th century, based on the performance of a ritual dance that, it was believed, would drive away white people and restore the traditional lands and way of life. [1] Though largely ignored in literary histories until recently, the bestselling writers of the American 19th century were women. [1] Because they were an additional obstacle to further white migration, the Native Americans lost their lands despite their attempts to defend it, and their cultures were radically changed by the end of the 19th century. [1] In the early 19th century, Boston, Philadelphia, Hartford, and New York competed (along with other cities) to become the center of the American financial world. [1] The 19th century saw the great Scramble for Africa, whereby post-Napoleonic Europeans carved up an entire continental map (other than Liberia and Sierra Leone, settled by expatriated American slaves), while simultaneously ramping up colonization in the Middle East and Asia. [1] Introduction : Today, our story continues with a new chapter - a chapter that coincides with the "closure" of the American frontier which we have discussed over the past two days - and focuses on the rapid industrialization, urbanization, and immigration that occurred at the end of the 19th Century. [1] You may be surprised at how many Christian religious references there are, and how much talk about morality--not at all unusual for folks living in the American 19th century. [1] Black-Face Minstrelsy American Popular Music before 1900 Stephen Foster Songs Dreams of the Past: 19th Century Color Lithographic Sheet Music Covers Welcome to Dime Novels - the pulp fiction of the 19th century. [1] Over the second half of the 19th century, many Americans switched to low-alcohol German lager. [1] The stories he tells provide unrivaled, realistic glimpses into the lives of some typical 19th century Americans. [1]

From the late 19th to early 20th centuries, American urbanization led to job opportunity in new bustling cities, technological advancements in transportaion, sanitation, and engineering, which led to an improved standard of living. [1]

When in 1873 Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner entitled their co-authored novel The Gilded Age, they gave the late nineteenth century its popular name. [1] Whether Gilded Age contemporaries condemned or defended the social and economic forces at play, and whether historians find Twain's or Sumner's assessment of the period more compelling, almost all agree that things began to change around the turn of the century. [1] Mark Twain wrote the novel in 1873, but it wasn’t until half a century later that historians would deem this period the Gilded Age. [1] For a number of years now, leading economists such as Thomas Piketty, Joseph Stiglitz, and Paul Krugman have been comparing our own time to the late-nineteenth century decades that U.S. historians, following Mark Twain’s lead, call the Gilded Age. [1] Roughly spanning the years between Reconstruction and the dawn of the new century, the Gilded Age saw rapid industrialization, urbanization, the construction of great transcontinental railroads, innovations in science and technology, and the rise of big business. [1] Afterward, the first years of the new century that followed were dominated by progressivism, a forward-looking political movement that attempted to redress some of the ills that had arisen during the Gilded Age. [1] Republicans are deeply committed to undoing the Progressive Era reforms of the early 20 th century that curtailed the power of large corporations and the extreme inequality of the first Gilded Age. [1] These and other issues that characterize the early 21st century were also the hallmarks of the transformative periods known as the Gilded Age (1865-1900) and the Progressive Era (1900-1920). [1]

The Gilded Age has been often portrayed as one of those dark periods in American history--a period of greed and corruption, of brutal industrial competition and harsh exploitation of labor. [1] In The Age of Acquiescence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power (2015), labor historian Steve Fraser has identified a second Gilded Age, one in which Americans have failed to resist the inequalities of twenty-first-century capitalism. [1] As historian William Leach argued in Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American Culture, the Gilded Age department store was an incubator of consumer culture. [1] H.W. Brands, Historian: The American industrial economy in the Gilded Age was a bare knuckles competitive arena. [1] American farmers faced dire political and economic circumstances during the Gilded Age, as federal policy favored industry and prices fell as a result of international economic factors. [1] McSeveney was an expert on late-19th-century American history--particularly the Gilded Age and political history of New York City and the Northeast--and was the author of The Politics of Depression: Political Behavior in the Northeast, 1893-96 (1972, Oxford University). [1] Most Americans during the Gilded Age wanted political and social reforms, but they disagreed strongly on what kind of reform. [1] By the Gilded Age, saloons were places for slow, social imbibing, a beer drinker’s republic blending immigrant and American cultures. [1] During the Gilded age and the Progressive Era, this term refers to Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe who were described by native-born Americans as belonging to distinct, inferior races. [1] Americans eventually escaped the Gilded Age because they also made it a period of reform that ushered in the Progressive Era. [1] Puffed up by the boom in high-technology and finance, a select group of Americans has accumulated an even larger boodle in an even shorter period of time than the titans of the Gilded Age amassed 100 years ago. [1] Mark Twain called this period the Gilded Age because American prosperity was built on something much darker. [1] Organized labor did not fare nearly as well as big business during the Gilded Age, as most Americans looked down on labor unions during the era. [1] Some historians have dubbed the presidents of the Gilded Age the "forgotten presidents," and indeed many Americans today have trouble remembering their names, what they did for the country, or even in which era they served. [1] Some historians have suggested that these Gilded Age presidents were unexciting for a reason--because Americans wanted to avoid bold politicians who might ruin the delicate peace established after the Civil War. [1] In his classic 1982 study of gilded age society and culture, historian Allen Trachtenberg references religion only as a source of division among the working classes and an arena of oppression for native Americans except for considering it marginally as an arena within the pursuit of culture and refinement. [1] Alan Trachtenberg's The Incorporation of America describes the process of industrialization and its affects on American culture and society during the Gilded Age. [1] Episode 3 America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era: Examine the complex and fascinating story of the conquest of the American West. [1] Naomi Klein has congratulated Steve Fraser for writing yet another earnest book ( The Age of Acquiescence ) that scolds us for not learning from the pre-industrial past: "What fueled the resistance to the first Gilded Age, argues, was the fact that many Americans had a recent memory of a different kind of economic system. [1] What Americans living in the second Gilded Age can learn from the first Gilded Age. [1] In the Gilded Age, Americans feared the millions of people coming from eastern and southern Europe, the Middle East and Asia to work in the nation’s growing economy. [1] Strong partisan loyalties and massive voter turnout suggest that the political system of the Gilded Age served the American people quite well. [1] The narrative reduction of present to past -- the metaphor of a Second Gilded Age -- works nicely as an exhortation to political action or aesthetic orientation in the present, because, as Americans, we're still supposedly committed to the opening stanzas of the Declaration of Independence. [1] In the United States, writers and thinkers of the Gilded Age such as Edward L. Youmans, William Graham Sumner, John Fiske, and John W. Burgess developed theories of social evolution as a result of their exposure to the works of Darwin and Spencer. [1] During the Gilded Age, many new social movements took hold in the United States. [2] The Gilded Age was a period of economic growth as the United States jumped to the lead in industrialization ahead of Britain. [2] It’s become commonplace to describe the current economic situation in the United States as a second Gilded Age. [1] Railroads completely transformed the United States socially, politically, and economically during the Gilded Age. [1] By the end of the Gilded Age, the United States was at the top end of the world's leading industrial nations. [3] This item appears in the collections Chicago Workers during the Long Gilded Age and Immigration and Citizenship in the United States, 1865-1924. [1] During the Gilded Age, approximately 20 million immigrants came to the United States in what is known as the new immigration. [2] It's pretty great timing that, along with that No. 1 bestselling Ron Chernow biography of Ulysses S. Grant, whose presidency ushered in the Gilded Age, there's also a gigantic new history of the entire era, " The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States During Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865-1896," by Richard White. [1] Job ads now more commonly solicit applications from nineteenth-century specialists than, say, historians of the Jacksonian or Gilded Age United States. [1] I began to think that the United States in the Gilded Age was a collection of homes. [1] Farmers fell victim as well to the tariff policy of the United States during the Gilded Age. [1] His family arrived in the United States penniless, but by the end of the Gilded Age, Andrew Carnegie had amassed an unimaginable fortune. [1]

American workers kept the dream alive by taking repeatedly to the streets, which in countless Gilded Age cities and towns were transformed often into industrial battlegrounds. [1] The Second Industrial Revolution occurred during the Gilded Age between 1870-1910 when new industries employed hundreds of thousands to produce items needed for America's growing industries and goods desired by American consumers. [1] Gilded Age Americans had limited expectations for what the government could do for them, so saloon-politics rarely inspired policies that assisted needy people. [1] Most Gilded Age Americans were content to leave such matters as public health, housing, and welfare to local government and private philanthropy. [1] As discussed in this exclusive clip from the new PBS American Experience documentary The Gilded Age, premiering Feb. 6, the ball held in New York City in 1897 exemplified both sides of the period in which it was held. [1] The Gilded Age, with its compulsory education laws and high literacy rates--in 1870 about 88 percent for white Americans and 20 percent for black Americans--saw a large growth in available reading for all, whether women's parlor magazines such as Ladies' Home Journal, genteel magazines for men and women such as Harper's Weekly and Scribner's, or dime novels by authors such as Ned Buntline, available at train station kiosks for working-class readers. [1] How does the expansion of the railroads affect the American West? Explain the Gilded Age, why. [1] That trend has continued to this day, and Americans are now living in an era that has been called a new Gilded Age. [1] In The Feminization of American Culture (1977), Ann Douglas argues that the clergy became politically impotent as a result of the secularization of American life in the Gilded Age. [1] You can't ignore the fact that, during the second Gilded Age, half of all American families became investors in the stock market. [1] H.W. Brands, Historian: During the Gilded Age, capitalism gained greater and greater control of American life. [1] Rebecca Edwards, Historian: During the Gilded Age Americans feel quite certainly that they are the vanguard of civilization and progress. [1] During the Gilded Age, many Americans lived in stark poverty, in crowded tenement housing, without safe workplaces, and lacked any safety net to help lift them out of hard times. [1] "One of the hallmarks of the Gilded Age is the flaunting of great wealth," Painter tells TIME, pointing out that today's wealthy Americans may be reluctant to expose just how much they have. [1] Episode 16 No More Corsets: The New Woman The lives of American women changed in far-reaching ways during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. [1] Take a wide-ranging look at the transformation of American art and entertainment during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. [1] Rumination regarding reform was particularly prolific during the last two decades of the Gilded Age, which coincided with the Progressive Era of American politics. [1] With respect to eras of American history, historical views vary as to when the Gilded Age began, ranging from starting right after the American Civil War (ended, 1865), or 1873, or as the Reconstruction Era ended in 1877. [2]

Poverty, once turned into the cultural and moral problem of the impoverished, exculpated Gilded Age economics in both the 19th and the 21st centuries (and proved profitable besides). [1]

The Industrial Age and the Rise of Big Business: Follow America’s epic industrial ascent in the 19th century, the emergence of vast corporations and trusts, the making of industrial magnates such as John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, and the transformation of the nation into a consumer society. [1] Nineteenth-century Regional Writing in the United States Responses to Death in Nineteenth Century America Digital History - Food in America Welcome to Dime Novels - the pulp fiction of the 19th century. [1] They began to come to the United States in large numbers in the early 19th century as economic conditions, the most terrible of which was the potato famine, plagued the Irish people. [1]

In any case, the differing ratio of women to men in the small, private asylums demonstrates that gender intersected with social class in the history of late 19th and early 20th century psychiatric care. [1]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(29 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (230) Gilded Age (United States, Late 19th Century)

2. (39) Gilded Age - Wikipedia

3. (37) List of books and articles about Gilded Age (Late 1800's) | Online Research Library: Questia

4. (35) The Rise of Industrial America, 1877-1900 | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

5. (21) hist111/industrialization

6. (20) The Gilded Age | AMERICAN HERITAGE

7. (12) Economy in The Gilded Age

8. (12) "Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics"

9. (12) The Gilded Age | Boundless US History

10. (8) The Myth of a Second Gilded Age - The Chronicle of Higher Education

11. (8) When the Idea of Home Was Key to American Identity | History | Smithsonian

12. (8) The Dark Side of the Gilded Age - The Atlantic

13. (7) What 19th century politics can teach us about today | University of California

14. (7) Essay on American History: The Gilded Age America - 736 Words | Bartleby

15. (5) What were the main factors that led to the rise of industrialization in the U.S. in the late 1800s? | eNotes

16. (4) American History USA

17. (4) Watch America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era Series now | Kanopy

18. (3) Banking Panics of the Gilded Age | Federal Reserve History

19. (3) The Gilded Age []

20. (3) The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

21. (3) The Gilded Age and How American Income Inequality Changed | Time

22. (2) Politics in the Gilded Age: 1865-1900

23. (2) Reconstruction & Gilded Age: Lessons for Today’s America | National Review

24. (2) US History Gilded Age Terms Flashcards | Quizlet

25. (1) Why was the term Gilded Age given to the era of rapid industrialization and urbanization during the late 19th century in America? Was it appropriate? - Quora

26. (1) American urbanization: 19th and 20th century (The Gilded Age) - Home

27. (1) Industrial America - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress

28. (1) Civil War and Reconstruction / America in the Gilded Age | SVETN

29. (1) Gilded Age | Definition, History, & Mark Twain |

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