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Hoysala Empire (India)

Hoysala Empire (India)

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  • The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: ( help · info ) in Kannada) stood as a prominent South Indian empire that ruled most of the modern day state of Karnataka between the tenth and the fourteenth centuries.(More...)

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  • While the temples at Belur and Halebidu have earned fame for the beauty of their sculptures, the Hoysala art finds more complete expression in the smaller and lesser known temples.(More...)
  • Featured image: The Chennakeshava Temple built in 1117 AD by the Hoysalas at Belur Karnataka India.(More...)



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The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: ( help · info ) in Kannada) stood as a prominent South Indian empire that ruled most of the modern day state of Karnataka between the tenth and the fourteenth centuries. [1] After nearly two decades of resistance, Veera Ballala III died at the battle of Madurai in 1343 and the sovereign territories of the Hoysala empire merged with the areas administered by Harihara I in the Tungabhadra region. [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS The picture shows the monument (lion symbol) of Hoysala Empire, the south Indian kingdom the ruled parts of south India during 11th and 12th century A.D. Ruvari Malithamma was a famous architect and sculptor in the 12th century who made many important contributions to temples built by the Hoysala Empire in Karnataka state, India. [2] The picture shows the monument (lion symbol) of Hoysala Empire, the south Indian kingdom the ruled parts of south India during 11th and 12th century A.D. The temple was built by Soma, a Dandanayaka (lit, "commander") in 1268 C.E. under Hoysala king Narasimha III, when the Hoysala Empire was the major power in South India. [2] The picture shows the monument (lion symbol) of Hoysala Empire, the south Indian kingdom the ruled parts of south India during 11th and 12th century A.D. The Indian temple in The 7th Voyage of Sindbad features numeorus simliarites to the architecture and art style of the Hoysala Empire, and has many features based off of their unique art style. [2] The picture shows the monument (lion symbol) of Hoysala Empire, the south Indian kingdom the ruled parts of south India during 11th and 12th century A.D. Wikipedia on Twitter: "Around 100 temples from the Hoysala Empire, located in present-day southern India, have survived to the present day. https://t.co/HV6MoGvKSw… https://t.co/9rlUent2S3" Skip to content Home Home Home, current page. [2]

HOYSALA EMPIRE • The Hoysala empire was a prominent Southern Indian Kannadiga empire that ruled most of the modern-day state of Karnataka between the 10th and the 14th centuries. • The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu. [2] The Hoysala Empire was a Southern Indian empire that existed between the 10 th and 14 th centuries A.D. This empire ruled over much of the present day state of Karnataka. [2] Vishnuvardhana (Kannada: ವಿಠà³à²£à³à²µà²°à³à²§à²¨) (1108-1152), was a king of the Hoysala Empire in what is today the Indian state of Karnataka. [2] ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪ) is the building style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire, in the region known today as the Indian state of Karnataka, between the 11th and 14th centuries. [2] The Indian temple in The 7th Voyage of Sindbad features numeorus simliarites to the architecture and art style of the Hoysala Empire, and has many features based off of their unique art style. [2] The Hoysala Empire ( Kannada : ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ) was an Indian empire. [2] KEY TOPICS The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: ( help · info ) in Kannada) stood as a prominent South Indian empire that ruled most of the modern day state of Karnataka between the tenth and the fourteenth centuries. [2] •The Hoysala empire was prominent from Southern Indian Kannadiga empire. [2] Indian history is such a vast subject and this place is about the Hoysala Empire. [2] This carving dates from 1000-1300 A.D. The Hoysala Empire was a prominent South Indian Kannadiga empire between the 10th and 14th century. [2] Hoysala was a prominent South Indian empire which ruled most part of present day Karnataka from the 10 th to 14 th century. [2]

The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukyas and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III. During that time, peninsular India saw a four way struggle for hegemony - Pandya, Kakatiya and Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri being the other kingdoms. [1] The Seuna empire was subjugated by 1318 and the Hoysala capital Halebidu was sacked twice, in 1311 and 1327. [3] They subjugated the Seuna empire by 1318, sacking the Hoysala capital Halebidu (also called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) twice, in 1311 and 1327. [1]

The Hoysalas stood as the only remaining Hindu empire able to resist the invading armies. [1]

As in most of India, the institute of the Indian caste system prevailed in Hoysala society. [1] The Hoysalas extended their foothold in areas known today as Tamil Nadu around 1225, making the city of Kannanur Kuppam near Srirangam a provincial capital, giving them control over South Indian politics that began a period of Hoysala hegemony in the Southern deccan. [1]

From these modest beginnings, the Hoysala dynasty began its transformation into a strong subordinate of the Western Chalukya Empire. [3] The Hoysala dynasty was an important Southern Indian empire which ruled most of the Karnataka from 10th to 14th centuries. [2] KEY TOPICS Lakshminarayana temple stands on a jagati at Hosaholalu, Mandya District, Karnataka Vimana with tower at Lakshminarayana temple in Hosaholalu The Lakshminarayana Temple located in Hosaholalu, a small town in Mandya district of Karnataka, India was built by king Vira Someshwara of the Hoysala Empire in 1250 CE. The date of. [2] BELUR, INDIA - FEBRUARY 2 2016: Chennakesava Temple is a form of the Hindu god Vishnu and was built by the Hoysala Empire King Vishnuvardhana in the twelfth century. [2] Belur or Velapuri as it was earlier known was the first capital of Hoysala empire and the temple here was built in early 12 th century by King Vishnuvardhana to commemorate his victory over the Cholas of Talakad. [2]

HALEBIDU, INDIA - FEBRUARY 2 2016: Hoysaleswara temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to god Shiva and was built by the Hoysala Empire in the twelfth century. [2] SOMANATHAPUR, INDIA - FEBRUARY 1 2016: Keshava temple was built in 1268 under Hoysala Empire King Narasimha III and it is one of most complete examples of Hoysala architecture. [2] Temple was built in 1150 by king of Hoysala Empire, now Karnataka state. [2] Vishnuvardhana - Vishnuvardhana was a king of the Hoysala Empire in what is today the modern state of Karnataka, India. [2] Hoysala architecture - Hoysala architecture is the building style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries, in the region known today as Karnataka, a state of India. [2] Hoysala architecture is the distinctive building style that developed under the aegis of the Hoysala Empire in the state of Karnataka, India between the 10th and 14th century. [2]

It is the largest monument in Halebidu, a town in the state of Karnataka, India and the former capital of the Hoysala Empire. [2] Halebidu was regal capital of Hoysala Empire and that's the reason that Halebidu temples are considered as one of the best examples of Hoysala style architecture. [2] Built in the 12 th century by King Veera Ballala II, the gorgeous Veeranarayana temple in Belavadi is dedicated to Vishnu and is one of the most stunning of all the temples built by Hoysala empire. [2] Originally called Vijayanarayana Temple, it was built on the banks of the Yagachi River in Belur, Hassan district by the Hoysala Empire King Vishnuvardhana. [2] The two remote and beautiful temple sites of Belur and Halebid, at the heart of the Hoysala Empire, date from the 12th century and together form perhaps the richest repository of Hindu art and sculpture in the country. [2] HASSAN also happens to be a major international tourist destination because the district's Belur and Halebid temple complexes, belonging to the Hoysala Empire from 12th century, pull in a lot of tourists. [2] Just eighteen kilometers (and thank heavens for a good road) from Belur is Halebid, the original capital of the Hoysala Empire and famous for the Hoysaleswara Temple. [2] The town is renowned for its Chennakeshava Temple, one of the finest examples of Hoysala workmanship, Belur was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. [2] Around 25 kilometers southeast of Chikmagalur on the banks of Yagachi River, historic Belur has many glorious temples belonging to the Hoysala Empire, which had its capital there. [2] Hassan locale was the seat of the Hoysala Empire which at its pinnacle managed vast parts of south India from Belur as its initial capital and Halebidu as its later capital amid the period 1000 1334 CE. The place is called Hassan after the Goddess "Haasanamba", the goddess and directing divinity of the town. [2] The Hoysala Empire and its capital Dvarasamudra was invaded, plundered and destroyed in early 14th century by the Delhi Sultanate armies of Alauddin Khilji, with Belur and Halebidu becoming the target of plunder and destruction in 1326 CE by another Delhi Sultanate army of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq. [2] The city got the name Halebidu because it was ransacked two times during the invasion of Malik Kafur, Halebidu was the 12th-13th century capital of the Hoysala empire. [2]

The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukya Empire and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III. Veera Ballala III, the Hoysala king at the time, was killed at the battle of Madurai in 1343, and the sovereign territories of the Hoysala empire were merged with the areas administered by Harihara I in the Tungabhadra region. [2] The temple was built by Soma, a Dandanayaka (lit, "commander") in 1268 C.E. under Hoysala king Narasimha III, when the Hoysala Empire was the major power in South India. [2] The serene Nuggehalli village is known for its Sadashiva temple and Lakshminarasimha temple built in mid 13 th century by Bommanna Dandanayaka, a commander of the Hoysala empire. [2] Hassan in Karnataka is the oldest town of Hoysala Empire of 11th to 13th century AD in India.Visit the temples of Halebid which are the silent witness to the rich cultural heritage of Karnataka. [2] The place is called Hassan after the Goddess Haasanamba, the goddess, the history of Hassan district is essentially the history of two of the well known dynasties that have ruled Karnataka, the Western Ganga Dynasty of Talkad and the Hoysala Empire. [2] The historical backdrop of Hassan locale is basically the historical backdrop of two of the outstanding traditions that have ruled Karnataka, the Western Ganga Dynasty of Talkad (350 999 CE) and the Hoysala Empire (1000 1334 CE). [2]

One such pride is Hoysala Empire who ruled the land of Southern parts of India for about 300 years. [2] The Hoysala Empire was situated in the south of India and they were really prominent at that period of time. [2] The Hoysala Empire was extremely prosperous and the kings and rich individuals across the empire commissioned stone temples that have survived invasions and the ravages of time. [2] The Hoysala Empire was the dominant kingdom of Southern India in the late Middle Ages, and its rulers were passionate temple builders. [2] Halebidu temple was built in the 12th-century by the ruler of Hoysala Empire. [2] Sri Veeranarayana Temple, an ancient temple built during the rule of the Hoysala Empire in 1104 AD, is a highly revered temple located at Kolanupaka in Warangal District. [2] The main entrance of the temple consists of a Rajagopura which was built during the Hoysala Empire. [2] About 300 of the original Hoysala Empire temples survive in different states of damage, scattered around the Halebid region. [2] The difference between the temples in Hoysala empire, and those in the Pallava, Chola empires, was that in the former, you had different parts of the temple merging into a unified whole, while in the latter, each part of the temple was distinct by itself. [2] Moreover the temple walls of the Hoysala Empire are speckled with events from Hindu epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. [2] Muslim dominance in North India was increasing at unprecedant rate at this time and Hoysala empire alone held the Hindu ground in South India for first 3 decades of 14th century. [2] During the rule of Hoysala Empire and Vijayanagara Empire, they served as a feudatory chiefdom, later after the fall of the Vijayanagara empire, they ruled at times as an independent Chiefdom and at other times as a vassal of the Mysore Kingdom, Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire. [2] Finally their territories merged into the province of Mysore under the British, according to historian Barry Lewis, the earliest chieftains of the kingdom were local chiefs under the Hoysala empire, during their rule over what is today Karnataka. [2] Natives of the malnad Karnataka, the Hoysalas established the Hoysala Empire at the turn of the first millennium, the expansion of the Hoysala Empire brought large parts of modern Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu under their rule. [2] The expansion of the Hoysala Empire brought minor parts of modern Andhra Pradesh, in the early 14th century, Harihara and Bukka Raya established the Vijayanagara empire with its capital, Hosapattana, on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in the modern Bellary district. [2] Halebidu : At first Halebidu was called as Dwarasamudra which refers to a big water tank which was unearthed almost three-quarters of a century before the city being selected as the capital of the Hoysala Empire. [2] Originally Halebidu was called Dwarasamudra which refers to a large water reservoir that was excavated almost three-quarters of a century before the city being selected as the capital of the Hoysala Empire. [2] In the 12th century, Halebidu (also called Halebid) succeeded Belur as the capital of the Hoysala Empire. [2] Initially, the capital of the Hoysala Empire was located at Belur, but was later moved to Halebidu. [2] As the Hoysala Empire grew, its capital was moved from Belur to Halebidu, which was far bigger and grander than its predecessor. [2] Belur was the very first capital of the vibrant Hoysala Empire. [2]

Background and History Of Hoysala Empire The Hoysalas were the descendants of the Yadu and call themselves the Yadavas, which is evident from the inscriptions, dated 1078 and 1090, but no records of it being connected with the Yadavas of North India can be found. [2] The Hoysala empire hence was an intense blend of bravery and cultural richness, which is notable among the history of classical India. [2] Other historians propose they belonged to the Kannadigas and commanders in the army of the Hoysala Empire stationed in the Tungabhadra region to ward off Muslim invasions from the Northern India. [2] The Boyar arrived in Andhra - Orissa region during Indo-Aryan migration around 5th century BC. Boyar warriors served as military regiment between 10th century to 15th century in Chalukya, Chola, Vijayanagar and Hoysala empires. [2] Vishnuvardhana took the first steps in creating an independent Hoysala Empire in South India through a series of battles against his overlord, the Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI, and the Chola Empire to the south. [2] A King who founded Hoysala Kingdom, an empire connoisseur of a lion, a tiger specialist land of elephant abundance, a green king who dreamt about a Kannada Nadu, a virgin land of pristine nature, to develop Hoysala empire further on natural lines. [2] Vira Someshwara (Kannada: ವà³à²° ಸà³à²®à³à²¶à³à²µà²°) (1235 - 1254 CE) was a king of the Hoysala Empire. [2] Veera Ballala II Veera Ballala II (Kannada: ವೀರ ಬಲ್ಲಾಳ 2) (r.1173-1220 CE) was the most notable monarch of the Hoysala Empire. [2] In 1310, he easily conquered the Hoysala Empire, south of the Krishna River, whose ruler, Veera Ballala surrendered without a war and agreed to pay annual taxes. [2] The origins of the Vijayanagara Court have been noted to be the result of the Sangama Dynasty of 1336-1337, in which the rulers, Harihara I and Bukka Raya I, were commanders-in-chief when stationed in the Hoysala Empire to ward off the Muslims during the early invasion attempts of South India. [2] The hoysala empire was an empire of Ancient India that streched throughout South India, mostly in the modern day state of Karnataka. [2] Sala fighting the Lion, the emblem of Hoysala Empire at Belur, Karnataka. [2] Wikipedia on Twitter: "Around 100 temples from the Hoysala Empire, located in present-day southern India, have survived to the present day. https://t.co/HV6MoGvKSw… https://t.co/9rlUent2S3" Skip to content Home Home Home, current page. [2] The Hoysala Empire is known for its development of art, religion, and architecture in southern India. [2] "History of Karnataka-Religion, Literature, Art and Architecture in Hoysala Empire". 1998-2000 OurKarnataka.Com, Inc. Archived from the original on 4 November 2006. [2] The Hoysala Empire is remembered today primarily for its architecture ; surviving examples are found in the cities of Belur and Halebid. [2] Proximity of Hampi to Halebid, Belur, and the tragic death of Veera Ballala III, ensured most of the inhabitants of the Hoysala empire, would migrate to Vijayanagara. [2] These origins are not confirmed, but Stoker claims that after the death of Hoysala king, Veera Ballala III, during a battle against the Sultan of Madurai in 1343, the Hoysala Empire merged with the growing Vijayanagara empire. [2] Veera Ballala III was killed at the battle of Madurai in 1343 which marked the end of the Hoysala Empire, merging the self-governing territories of the Hoysala empire with other regions. [2] In 1343, after almost 3 decades of resistance, Veera Ballala III was killed in a battle and after that the territories of the Hoysala Empire were combined with the territories controlled by Harihara I in the Tungabhadra region. [4]

"It gets a little more personal with Chloe than we've ever gone, tying the culture and stories of the Hindu gods, even the story of the Hoysala Empire and the kings that ruled there," says creative director Shaun Escayg. [2] The Hoysala Empire was the last of the Hindu states that survived the invasion at that time. [2] By the 14th century the Hoysala Empire had eroded in the face of other Hindu realms as well as Muslim raiders from the north. [2] The Hoysala Empire became the sole remaining Hindu kingdom in the path of the Muslim invasion. [2] The Kalyani Chalukya fell with the death of Vikramaditya VI. By the end of the 12th century, the Eastern Chalukya empire was divided into three kingdoms: the Hoysala Empire, the Kakatiya Kingdom and the Yadavas. [2] Others claim that they were Telugu people, first associated with the Kakatiya Kingdom, who took control of the northern parts of the Hoysala Empire during its decline. [2] The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. [2] For two and a half centuries from the mid 13th century, the politics in the Northern India was dominated by the Delhi Sultanate; and in the Southern India by the Vijayanagar Empire, which originated as a political heir of the Hoysala Empire and Pandyan Empire.However, there were other regional powers present as well. [2] Hoysala architecture is the structural design that was developed under the reign of Hoysala Empire between 11th and 14th century. [2] The Hoysala empire collapsed in the late 14th century, after the assault first by Allauddin Khilji and later Mohd Bin Tuqhlaq. [2] The inscriptions are written in Purvahalagannada and Halegannada characters, some of these inscriptions mention the rise and growth in power of the Western Ganga Dynasty, the Rashtrakutas, the Hoysala Empire, the Vijayanagara Empire and the Wodeyar dynasty. [2] Narasimhacharya (1988), pp. 27-28 After the decline of the Hoysala empire, the Vijayanagara empire kings further supported writers in both languages. [2] From the ashes of the Hoysala Empire, arose the mighty empire which is now known as Vijayanagara Empire, similar to how a phoenix rises from its ashes. [2] Known as Dwarasamudra in the 12th and 13th centuries, Halebeedu was the capital of Hoysala Empire. [2] The name Halebeedu means ruined city, a coinage that took effect after the capital of the Hoysala empire was sacked by the Mughal sultanate twice. [2] The twin cities of Belur and Halebidu were once the crown jewels of Hoysala Empire. [2] The Hoysala Empire (1025-1343), in what is now southern India, produced a large body of literature in the Kannada and Sanskrit languages. [2]

India's trade relationships with the outside world expanded; Indian textiles, indigo, and saltpeter were in great demand, while for its part the empire imported bullion and spices. [2] India's population growth accelerated under the Mughal Empire, with an unprecedented economic and demographic upsurge which boosted the Indian population by 60% to 253% in 200 years during 1500-1700, the Indian population had a faster growth during the Mughal era than at any known point in Indian history prior to the Mughal era. [2]

The Chalukya Empire (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು ) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. [2] KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS The Pala Empire (Bengali: পাল সাম্রাজ্য Pal Samrajyô) flourished during the Classical period of India, and may be dated during 750-1174 CE. Founded by Gopala I, it was ruled by a Buddhist dynasty from Bengal in the eastern region of the Indian subcontinent. [2] The Vākāṭaka Empire (Marathi: वाकाटक ) was a royal Indian dynasty that originated from the Deccan in the mid-third century CE. Their state is believed to have extended from the southern edges of Malwa and Gujarat in the north to the Tungabhadra River in the south as well as from the Arabian Sea in the western to the edges of Chhattisgarh in the east. [2] They ruled over for about 456 years, from the 2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD, the empire included most of the southern peninsula and some southern parts of the present Indian states of Maharashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. [2] Several Indian empires based in parts of India have conquered other Indian states in other areas of the subcontinent, or even beyond. [2] He spent the greater part of his life outside India ; but though, as Lane-Poole says, his permanent place in history rests upon his Indian conquests, his earlier life (of which he has left an im- perishable record in his Memoirs ) constitutes an interest by itself not less valuable HOW THE EMPIRE WAS FOUNDED 27 little interest to the student of Indian History, except in its bearing on Babur's Indian expeditions, to which we must now turn our attention. [2] The remnants of the Mughal dynasty were finally defeated during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also called the 1857 War of Independence, and the remains of the empire were formally taken over by the British while the Government of India Act 1858 let the British Crown assume direct control of India in the form of the new British Raj. [2] KEY TOPICS Let us consider the place of India in the British Empire and the effects of the British Raj (which was technically a separate legal unit from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called the Indian Empire). [2] KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1719-1748), the empire began to break up, and vast tracts of central India passed from Mughal to Maratha hands, the far-off Indian campaign of Nadir Shah, who had priorly reestablished Iranian suzerainty over most of West Asia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, culminated with the Sack of Delhi and shattered the remnants of Mughal power and prestige. [2]

The majority of Indians lived in rural India barely above sustenance levels before, during, and after the British Raj, with little changes to their daily lives and social structure, as had been the case during the empires of previous Muslim and Hindu rulers. [2] It lasted until 1947, when the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two sovereign states, the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. [2] In 1857, however, the history of the British empire in India almost came to a sudden and violent end when many Indian troops in the Company's army rebelled against their British masters. [2] The partition of India was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Indian Empire and the end of the British Raj. [2] When Muslim leaders Muhammad Ali Jauhar and Shaukat Ali launched the Committee for the Defense of the Caliphate to show support for the Ottoman Empire during World War I, the Indian nationalist leader Mohandas Karamch and Gandhi (1869-1948) joined hands with them in an effort to undermine British authority in India. [2] Maurya Empire - The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between c. 322 and 187 BCE. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the side of the Indian subcontinent. [2] The Satavahana Empire also known as Andhra kingdom was an Indian dynasty based from Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh which is now back as Capital of Andhra Pradesh State. [2]

Study of the Hoysala architectural style has revealed a negligible Indo-Aryan influence while the impact of Southern Indian style is more distinct, some three hundred temples are known to survive in present-day Karnataka state and many more are mentioned in inscriptions, though only about seventy have been documented. [2] A lot of Indian architects and builders who didn’t want to work on Islamic mosques moved to southern India at this time, so that the Hindu temples in the Hoysala kingdom in southern India started to mix northern and southern styles, and also to develop some new ideas. [2] No wonder then, the Hoysala kingdom that flourished in these parts of ancient India between the 11th and 14th centuries is widely acknowledged as the 'crowning glory' in Indian architecture. [2] Journal of Contemporary Christian EDIT: Siga Arles; PUBL: Centre for Contemporary Christianity; DSCPT: deals with contemporary challenges to Christian faith within the Indian context; LANG: English; YEAR: 2009; CIRC: 350; FREQ: quarterly; SUBS: Rs 200; ADDR: Journal of Contemporary Christian, #47, 10th Cross, 3rd Main, Hoysala Nagar, Bangalore, 560016 India; TELE: +91-98453-90155; EMAIL: arles@sify. [2]

Some scholars believe Vishnuvardhana commissioned the temple to surpass his overlord, King Vikramaditya VI of the Western Chalukya Empire, the Hoysalas employed many noted architects and artisans who developed a new architectural tradition, which art critic Adam Hardy called the Karnata Dravida tradition. [2] Description: "HOYSALA EMPIRE" "A TIGER PROVINCE OF SOUTH INDIA" A GREEN STATE OF KING VISHNUVARDHANA Story of a green emperor of Kannada Nadu who not only loved nature but was also fascinated by natural mode. [2]

Parts of modern-day Southern Karnataka were occupied by the Chola Empire at the turn of 11th century, the Cholas and the Hoysalas fought over the region in the early 12th century before it eventually came under Hoysala rule. [2] In the 12th century, taking advantage of the internecine warfare between the Western Chalukya Empire and Kalachuris of Kalyani, Hoysalas grew in power in areas of present-day Karnataka and Northern Tamil nadu By the 13th century, they governed most of Karnataka, major parts of Tamil Nadu and parts of western Andhra pradesh. [2]

From that time onwards, till 1334 CE, Hoysalas ruled this region and after their decline, after the decline of the Vijayanagar empire, the area came under the rule of the Mysore Kingdom. [2] The Hoysalas later came into conflict with the empire of Vijayanagar Vijayanagar, ruined city, SE India. [2] The Hoysala developed elaborate temples and carvings throughout their empire, most portraying Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses. [2] During the reign, the Hoysalas built over 1500 temples throughout their empire. [2] The Seuna empire was subjugated by 1318 and the Hoysala capital Halebidu (also called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) was sacked twice, in 1311 and 1327.By 1336, the Sultan had conquered the Pandyas of Madurai, the Kakatiyas of Warangal and the tiny kingdom of Kampili. [2] By 1318 the Seuna Empire was conquered and the Hoysala capital Halebidu was captured two times, in 1311 as well as in 1327. [2] Large scale migration of people from present day Karnataka to Tamil Nadu happened during this time, with the expansion of Hoysala territory in Tamil country, these immigrants went as officers and soldiers of the empire and were given land concessions. [2] Hoysalas begin their rule as subordinates of the Chalukyas of Kalyani and gradually they established their own empire in Karnataka. [2] Like most other empires down South, one of the stellar contributions by the Hoysalas was in the field of architecture. [2] By 1336, the Sultan had conquered the Pandyas of Madurai, the Kakatiyas of Warangal and the tiny kingdom of Kampili, the Hoysalas were the only remaining Hindu empire who resisted the invading armies. [2] Some of the artists working for the Hoysalas may have been from Chola country, a result of the expansion of the empire into Tamil-speaking regions of Southern India. [2] Following the decline of the Hoysalas, the rulers of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of Belur. [2] The Hoysalas shifted their seat of power to Belur which stood proud as a powerful empire back then. [2] The Hoysalas later came into conflict with the empire of Vijayanagar and the Muslim sultans of Delhi, and the last Hoysala rule was overthrown in 1346. [2] The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukya Empire and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III. During the reign, the Hoysalas built over 1500 temples throughout their empire. [2] The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukya Empire and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III. The Vijayanagara style is a combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola styles which evolved earlier in the centuries when these empires ruled and is characterised by a return to the simplistic and serene art of the past. [2] The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukya Empire and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III. The Empire of Hoysala Dynasty rose into prominence towards the beginning of the eleventh century A.D. in the territories now represented roughly by Mysore and Madras. [2] The Hoysalas began as subordinates of the Western Chalukya Empire and gradually established their own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later Veera Ballala III, during this time, the Deccan Plateau saw a four-way struggle for hegemony - Pandyan, Kakatiya and Seuna being the other kingdoms. [2]

The construction of the of the visually stunning Chennakeshava temple was commenced in 1116 A.D. by the greatest ruler of this empire the Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana Raya, furthered by his son Narasimha Raya and later on completed by his grandson- Veera Ballala. [2]

The power of the Saka rulers started to decline in the 2nd century CE after the Indo-Scythians were defeated by the south Indian Emperor Gautamiputra Satakarni of the Satavahana dynasty, later the Saka kingdom was completely destroyed by Chandragupta II of the Gupta Empire in the 4th century. [2] Shunga Empire - The Shunga Empire was an ancient Indian dynasty from Magadha that controlled vast areas of the Indian subcontinent from around 187 to 78 BCE. The dynasty was established by Pushyamitra Shunga, after the fall of the Maurya Empire and its capital was Pataliputra, but later emperors such as Bhagabhadra also held court at Besnagar in eastern Malwa. [2] The terms Indian Empire and Empire of India were not used in legislation, the monarch was known as Empress or Emperor of India and the term was often used in Queen Victorias Queens Speeches and Prorogation Speeches. [2] The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India, the resulting political union was also called the Indian Empire and after 1876 issued passports under that name. [2] Classical India refers to the period when much of the Indian subcontinent was united under the Gupta Empire (c. 320-550 CE). [2] Acclaimed by some historians as the largest Indian Empire, the Rashtrakuta clan ruled from Manyaketha in the Gulbarga region of modern Karnataka from 735-982 AD and reached its peak under Amoghavarsha I, often hailed as " Ashoka of South India ". [2] The Pala Empire was founded by Gopala I, it was ruled by a Buddhist dynasty from Bengal in the eastern region of the Indian subcontinent. [2] Vishnukundina - The Vishnukundina dynasty was an Indian imperial power controlling the Deccan, Orissa and parts of South India during the 5th and 6th centuries, carving land out from the Vakataka Empire. [2] The Bahmani Sultanate (also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India and one of the great medieval Indian kingdoms. [2] The period effectively ended with the onset of Persian invasion, around the fifth century B.C.E., the Greek invasion, by the late fourth century B.C.E., and the subsequent rise of a single Indian empire from the kingdom of Magadha. [2] Indo-Sassanid Kingdom: The Sassanid empire of Persia, who was contemporaneous with the Gupta Empire, expanded into the region of present-day Balochistan in Pakistan, where the mingling of Indian culture and the culture of Iran gave birth to a hybrid culture under the Indo-Sassanids. [2] The Sikh Empire, ruled by members of the Sikh religion, was a political entity that governed the Northwestern regions of the Indian Subcontinent. [2] He founded the empire in 1526 when he defeated a Delhi sultan The last emperor, Bahadur Shah, who ruled from 1837-1857, was deposed by the British and exiled to Yangon (Rangoon) after the violence of 1857, commonly referred to as the Indian Mutiny. [2] Indian bureaucrats administered much of the empire, and some Indian people, especially upper-caste Hindus, like Tharoor himself are the product of an elite Indian class that thrived under the British (and continues to neglect most Indians) that really wanted to join the British elite. [2] This is partly due to the work of J. N. Sarkar, who promoted the idea that Aurangzeb built an Islamic state that discriminated against Hindus and other non-Muslims, which in turn led to a loss of unity across the Indian subcontinent, and eventually the decline of the empire. [2] This Indian state is one of the great empires of world history, with a stability that rests on a tolerance between Muslims and Hindus. [2] The Shunga Empire played an imperative role in patronising Indian culture at a time when some of the most important developments in Hindu thought were taking place. [2] Like, most of the Mughal rulers, especially Akbar and Aurangzeb, spent a considerable amount of time trying to extend Mughal control over the entire Indian subcontinent, and they created a pretty effective empire. [2] Peace was achieved over long periods of time under the Mughal administration and finally a flavor of a truly large empire instead of many small ones had gripped the Indian subcontinent. [2] Death: March 3, 1707. itself in the Indian subcontinent, becoming over time one of the largest and most dynamic empires in. the empire, competition among Mughal princes - and the. [2] Sher Shah may justly dispute with Akbar the claim of being the first who attempted to build up an Indian nation The work of Sher Shah's administrative genius did not perish with his dynasty, but lasted throughout the Mughal period with some inevitable changes due to the greater expansion of the empire. [2] The Śātavāhana Empire was a royal Indian dynasty based from Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh as well as Junnar (Pune) and Prathisthan (Paithan) in Maharashtra. [2] The Indian emperor Ashoka (rule: 273--232 BCE) established a chain of hospitals throughout the Mauryan empire by 230 BCE. One of the edicts of Ashoka (272--231 BCE) reads: "Everywhere King Piyadasi (Ashoka) erected two kinds of hospitals, hospitals for people and hospitals for animals. [2] By the time of his grandson, Kanishka the Great, the empire spread to encompass much of Afghanistan,and then the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent at least as far as Saketa and Sarnath near Varanasi (Benares). [2] It is currently stored in the Tower of London, as part of the British Crown Jewels, set the crown of Queen Elizabeth (the crown of the late Queen Mother), though many Indians have long called for it to be returned the country it was taken from during the era of the British Empire. [2] The hard-fought first Anglo-Sikh war and second Anglo-Sikh war marked the downfall of the Sikh Empire; making it among the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to be conquered by the British. [2] The passports issued by the British Indian government had the words Indian Empire on the cover, in addition, an order of knighthood, the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, was set up in 1878. [2] The Maratha Empire is also referred to as the Maratha Confederacy, the historian Barbara Ramusack says that the former is a designation preferred by Indian nationalists, while the latter was that used by British historians. [2] The British Indian Empire at its greatest extent (in a map of 1909). [2] Although the nineteenth-century Bareili and Faraizi movements, originally inspired by the Wahhabis of the Arabian peninsula, fizzled out against the might of the British Empire, some Indian Muslims adopted their puritanical doctrine. [2] He issued a firman supporting the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and was therefore tried by the British for treason, imprisoned, exiled to Rangoon and the last remnants of the empire were taken over by the British Raj. [2] As far as privileged elites go, many Indians forget that as a whole, they were the secondary elite of the British Empire. [2] Wrote Indian statesman Kautilya in his 4th century Arthashastra, a how-to guide for managing an empire. [2] The south Indian Chalukya empire under Vikramaditya II, Nagabhata I of the Pratihara dynasty and Bappa Rawal of the Guhilot dynasty repulsed the Arab invaders in the early 8th century. [2] Vijayanagar Dynasty - The Vijayanagar Empire was a South Indian dynasty based in the Deccan i.e. Karnataka. [2] An important feature of South Indian temples, the dhwaja stambha is not used for the flag of the nation, or the empire that had the temple commissioned, but for the flag of the deity housed in the temple. [2]

The Hoysala period of South Indian history began about 1000 CE and continued through 1346 CE. In this period, they built around 1,500 temples in 958 centres. [2] Hoysala artists are known for their deep, precise, and intricate carving, unique to this period of Indian art history. [2] Study of the Hoysala architectural style has revealed a negligible Indo-Aryan influence while the impact of Southern Indian style is more distinct. [2] For the first time, Uncharted: The Lost Legacy will take the series to the south-western coast of the Indian peninsula-- the home of the former Hoysala Empire--which will feature an exotic mix of urban, jungle, and ancient ruins environments. [2] Dr Adam Hardy from Cardiff University's Welsh School of Architecture, a leading authority on Indian temple architecture, has been commissioned to design a Hindu temple in the complex and ornate 12th century style of the Hoysala dynasty of south India. [2] Some of the most magnificent specimens of South Indian temples are those attributed to the Hoysala dynasty of Karnataka. [2]

The Mogul Empire (1526-1857) was the most important of the Indian Islamic states and one of the greatest of the Indian empires. [2] Maratha Empire - The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that existed from 1674 to 1818 and ruled over much of the Indian sub-continent. [2] The Mughal emperors (not to be confused with Mongols ), from the early 16th century to the early 18th century, built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. [2] The Mughal Empire gave a lot of rich architectural buildings to India and there influence over the Indian architecture is immense. [2] Succeeding his father Humayun at a critical stage, he slowly enlarged the extent of the Mughal Empire to include almost all of the Indian sub-continent. and culture to India. of his empire but also greatly influenced the artistic and cultural life. founders of the Mughal school in India at the time of Akbar the Great. [2] Central Asian tribes invaded India some time around 1500 B.C.E. The Central Asian invaders conquered India and created what is referred to as Classical Indian culture; putting and end to the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire. [2]

This was roughly equivalent to £87.5 million sterling at the time, the riches gained by the Afsharid Empire from the Indian campaign were so monumental that Nader Shah made a proclamation alleviating all subjects of the Empire from taxes for a total of three years. [2] The Mauryan Empire was one of the most powerful in Indian history. [2] They have formed the first of the great empires in Indian history to originate in central Asia. [2] India’s trade relationships with the outside world expanded; Indian textiles, indigo, and saltpeter were in great demand, while for its part the empire imported bullion and spices. [2] Following the Third Anglo-Maratha war in 1818, the Mughal emperor became a pensioner of the Raj, and the empire, its power now limited to Delhi, lingered on until 1857, when it was effectively dissolved after the fall of Delhi during the Indian Rebellion that same year. [2] The Mughals, while often employing brutal tactics to subjugate their empire, had a policy of integration with Indian culture, which is what made them successful where the short-lived Sultanates of Delhi had failed. [2] Mughals is an Empire located primarily in the Indian Subcontinent. [2]

With the fall of the Gupta empire in the 6 th century, no state has been able to win control of much of the subcontinent for any length of time; this stage in India's history has been characterised by the emergence of powerful regional kingdoms. [2] No discussion about South Indian history is complete without mentioning the Vijaynagar Empire (established 1336). [2] Titus, Indian Idam t pp. 106-9. 180 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA (b) THREE KINGS Mubariz, after the murder of his nephew, ascended the throne of Sher Shah and assumed the title of Shah Adali. [2] Originally coming from the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire, the Mughal cuisine has become an integral part of the Indian culture, especially in North India. [2] The Mughals were Muslims who created an empire in India that held power for roughly 200 years between the early 16th and early 18th centuries, although technically, the Mughal empire didn't come to an end until after the Indian rebellion against the British in 1857. [2] The Indian economy was large and prosperous under the Mughal Empire, during the Mughal era, the gross domestic product (GDP) of India in 1600 was estimated at about 22.4% of the world economy, the second largest in the world, behind only Ming China but larger than Europe. [2] The foundation of the Mughal Empire in India was laid by Zahiruddin Babur in 1526 but it was the political innovations and experiments of his grandson,. in¯uenced the idea of a poisoned khilat among Indian peoples during the. [2] An Indian gold-plated armrest, India, Mughal Empire, ca. 1800 Bronze with well preserved fire gilding. [2] KEYWORDS: Brajbhasha, early modern India, Hindi literature, historical poems, Indian historiography, Keshavdas, Mughal empire. [2] The Wodeyars of Mysore, former vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire, after Indian independence, the Wodeyar Maharaja acceded to India. [2] Despite India having its own stocks of gold and silver, the Mughals produced minimal gold of their own, but mostly minted coins from imported bullion, as a result of the empire's strong export-driven economy, with global demand for Indian agricultural and industrial products drawing a steady stream of precious metals into India. [2]

The Empire of Hoysala Dynasty rose into prominence towards the beginning of the eleventh century A.D. in the territories now represented roughly by Mysore and Madras. [5] With strong power of Vijaynagar empire and weak rulers Hoysala dynasty slowly faded. [6] Hoysala dynasty is very significant for the Kannada history since it maintains the reign of indigenous Kannada kings and plays an important role as a kingdom chronologically sandwiched between the Chalukyas and the Vijayanagara Empire. [7]

The Hoysala period is known as one of the best times in the history of Karnataka, next only to the Vijayanagara Empire. [8]

Temple was built in 1150 by king of Hoysala Empire, now karnataka state. [9] The picture shows the monument (lion symbol) of Hoysala Empire, the south Indian kingdom the ruled parts of south India during 11th and 12th century A.D. [10]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(24 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (211) Hoysala Empire (India)

2. (20) Hoysala Empire - New World Encyclopedia

3. (16) Explore the Last Surviving Temples of This Incredible Empire

4. (13) Hoysala Empire - Wikipedia

5. (12) AsiasWorld : Hoysala Dynasty India

6. (11) Hoysala Architecture (Article) - Ancient History Encyclopedia

7. (7) Hoysala dynasty | Indian dynasty | Britannica.com

8. (6) Hoysala Empire - WikiVividly

9. (6) Hoysala Dynasty (Hoysala Empire) - Important India

10. (6) Hoysala dynasty

11. (5) Hoysala+empire Stock Images, Royalty-Free Images & Vectors | Shutterstock

12. (4) The Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala | Ancient Origins

13. (4) Angadi - the origin of the Hoysala Dynasty

14. (4) Hoysala Art and Architecture

15. (4) Hoysala Empire for Kids - Kiddle

16. (3) Hoysala Art: Developed in the southern region of Karnataka!

17. (3) Hoysala Dynasty Map, Hoysala Empire

18. (2) What is so great about the Hoysala Kingdom, its kings and its influence on the future of the region? - Quora

19. (2) Kamat's Potpourri: The Hoysala Kings of Deccan

20. (1) Hoysala Empire Symbol Photo by Raghavendra Hsn National Geographic Your Shot

21. (1) Belur and Halebid temples, Karnataka - the stunning South Indian temples

22. (1) The Concrete Paparazzi: 12 Stunning But Lesser-Known Hoysala Temples of Karnataka

23. (1) Hoysala Empire | Ray Harryhausen's Creatures Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

24. (1) Hoysala Empire - Wikidata


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