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Kakatiya Empire (India)

Kakatiya Empire (India)

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  • KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Kakatiya Empire, Kakatiya Empire in India, Legendary Kings of KakatiyaFind, save ideas about Kakatiya dynasty on Pinterest.(More...)
  • For over a century, the two empires of Southern India, the Western Chalukyas and the Chola dynasty of Tanjore fought many wars to control the fertile region of Vengi.(More...)
  • The demise of Kakatiya dynasty resulted in confusion and anarchy under alien rulers for sometime.Musunuri Nayaks, who served as army chiefs for the Kakatiya kingdom, united the various Telugu clans and recovered Warangal from the Delhi Sultanate and ruled for half a century.Three new fledgling kingdoms arose out of the ruins of the Kakatiya empire: the Reddy kingdom, Padma Nayaka Velama kingdom and the Great Vijayanagara empire.(More...)

  • Even before the arrival of the dynasty, there were large, well-established and well-endowed Hindu places of worship in the relatively populous delta areas; however, the temples of the uplands, which were smaller and less cosmopolitan in origin and funding, did not exist until the Kakatiya period.(More...)
  • The dynasty reached its zenith under the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni, the kingdom fragmented into smaller states by the early 3rd century CE. The Satavahanas were early issuers of Indian state coinage struck with images of their rulers and they formed a cultural bridge and played a vital role in trade and the transfer of ideas and culture to and from the Indo-Gangetic Plain to the southern tip of India.(More...)
  • Gundaya (950 CE) was the first known historical figure among the Kakatiyas He sacrificed his life in the service of the Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna II while fighting against the Eastern Chalukyas.(More...)


KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Kakatiya Empire, Kakatiya Empire in India, Legendary Kings of KakatiyaFind, save ideas about Kakatiya dynasty on Pinterest. [1] KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS The Pala Empire (Bengali: পাল সাম্রাজ্য Pal Samrajyô) flourished during the Classical period of India, and may be dated during 750-1174 CE. Founded by Gopala I, it was ruled by a Buddhist dynasty from Bengal in the eastern region of the Indian subcontinent. [1] KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1719-1748), the empire began to break up, and vast tracts of central India passed from Mughal to Maratha hands, the far-off Indian campaign of Nadir Shah, who had priorly reestablished Iranian suzerainty over most of West Asia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, culminated with the Sack of Delhi and shattered the remnants of Mughal power and prestige. [1]

Kakatiyas of Warangal were one of the mighty empires in India. [1] Kakatiya Dynasty was an empire of Southern India that dominated over those areas, during 1083CE to 1323CE., which constitutes of present day Andhra Pradesh Rani Rudrama Devi, was coronated as the Queen of Kakatiya Dynasty, assumed the male nameRudradeva". 2 Early History of Andhra Pradesh. [1] Kakatiya Dynasty was an empire of Southern India that dominated over those areas, which constitutes of present day Andhra Pradesh, during 1083CE to 1323CE. Kakatiya Dynasty has been acclaimed to be one of the great Telegu empires that had survived for several centuries. [1]

In 1857, however, the history of the British empire in India almost came to a sudden and violent end when many Indian troops in the Company's army rebelled against their British masters. [1] He spent the greater part of his life outside India ; but though, as Lane-Poole says, his permanent place in history rests upon his Indian conquests, his earlier life (of which he has left an im- perishable record in his Memoirs ) constitutes an interest by itself not less valuable HOW THE EMPIRE WAS FOUNDED 27 little interest to the student of Indian History, except in its bearing on Babur's Indian expeditions, to which we must now turn our attention. [1] The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India, the resulting political union was also called the Indian Empire and after 1876 issued passports under that name. [1] Let us consider the place of India in the British Empire and the effects of the British Raj (which was technically a separate legal unit from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called the Indian Empire). [1] Classical India refers to the period when much of the Indian subcontinent was united under the Gupta Empire (c. 320-550 CE). [1] Gupta Empire (Golden Age of India): The Gupta Empire, was a notable Indian era due to the Indian contribution to engineering, arts, science, technology, philosophy, as well as religion. [1] The partition of India was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Indian Empire and the end of the British Raj. [1] The Mughals were Muslims who created an empire in India that held power for roughly 200 years between the early 16th and early 18th centuries, although technically, the Mughal empire didn't come to an end until after the Indian rebellion against the British in 1857. [1] The Bahmani Sultanate (also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India and one of the great medieval Indian kingdoms. [1] Maurya Empire - The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between c. 322 and 187 BCE. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the side of the Indian subcontinent. [1]

Central Asian tribes invaded India some time around 1500 B.C.E. The Central Asian invaders conquered India and created what is referred to as Classical Indian culture; putting and end to the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire. [1] The foundation of the Mughal Empire in India was laid by Zahiruddin Babur in 1526 but it was the political innovations and experiments of his grandson,. in¯uenced the idea of a poisoned khilat among Indian peoples during the. [1] The Mughal Empire gave a lot of rich architectural buildings to India and there influence over the Indian architecture is immense. [1] KEYWORDS: Brajbhasha, early modern India, Hindi literature, historical poems, Indian historiography, Keshavdas, Mughal empire. [1]

Despite India having its own stocks of gold and silver, the Mughals produced minimal gold of their own, but mostly minted coins from imported bullion, as a result of the empire's strong export-driven economy, with global demand for Indian agricultural and industrial products drawing a steady stream of precious metals into India. [1]

Kakatiyas are descendants of Karikala Chola King of Durjaya clan, who initially started as vassals of the Chalukyas in India, and later emerged as a ruling dynasty, with their capital at Kakatipura (probably named after the village diety, Kakatamma) or present day Warangal, in the state of Telangana, India. [1] Kohinoor is a large,colourless diamond that was found near Guntur District in Andhra Pradesh state of India in 13th century.It weighed 793 Carats and was first owned by kakatiya dynasty.The stone was taken before ending up in the possession of "Queen Victoria" after the british conquest of 1849. [1] By analysing the material evidence of two temples--the Svayambhu Shiva temple and the Panchaliraya temple--an inscription that he issued, and a narrative religious tradition then current in India, this chapter reconstructs how Shitab Khan revived Kakatiya memories, thereby legitimizing his own claims to sovereign rule. [1]

Maurya Dynasty - The Mauryan Empire was the first major empire in the history of India and ruled the land from 322 BC to 185 BC. Important rulers of this dynasty were Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, and King Ashoka.Almost all of the subcontinent was conquered by the Mauryan Empire. [1] Classical period begins after the decline of the Maurya Empire, and the corresponding rise of the Satavahana dynasty, beginning with Simuka, from 230 BCE. The Gupta Empire (4th-6th century) is regarded as the "Golden Age" of Hinduism, although a host of kingdoms ruled over India in these centuries. [1] Middle kingdoms of India - Middle kingdoms of India refers to the political entities in India from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE. This period begins after the decline of the Maurya Empire, the Middle period lasts for some 1500 years, and ends in the 13th century with the rise of the Delhi Sultanate and the end of the Later Cholas. [1] The Scythians' power has been eclipsed by that of the Kushana, another central Asian people who invaded north west India in the first century AD. The Kushans have created one of the great empires of the time, and their kings have presided over a period of commercial expansion, urban growth and artistic achievement. [1] Many empires other than the British have conquered India from elsewhere, such as the Ghorid Empire (from Ghor in Afghanistan; Mahmud of Ghazni invaded India 17 times, each time demolishing Hindu temples and carting away gold and jewels while the British, more archaeologically oriented, actually renovated long decaying temples) and Nader Shah of Persia in the 18th century. [1] During the Mughals time of ruling India, the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb conquered the fort and it then started serving for the Mughals after whom the British Empire took it. [1] Mughals Mongols, who invaded India Backdrop of crumbled Gupta Empire by 600 CE and subsequent invaders Rajputs rulers of the small kingdoms in India. [1] Spending half of his reign at war, he consolidated Mughal power and expanded the empire to Gujarat, Bengal and Kabul--not since Ashoka's reign nearly 2,000 years earlier was so much of India united under one ruler. [1] Considered as one of the finest Mughal emperors, Babur succeeded in securing the dynasty's position in Delhi after a series of sultanates failed to consolidate their seats and his empire went on to rule for over 300 years in India. [1] The Marathas were a Hindu warrior group who established an empire that existed from 1674 to 1818 in the present day Maharashtra that rose to prominence by establishing "Hindavi Swarajya’.They ended the Mughal rule in India and united India after creating biggest empire like Great Ashoka.Thanjavur was their capital. [1] Mughal India was one of the richest empires in the world and after its defeat and under British rule India became one of the poorest. [1] The last emperor of the dynasty Bahadur Shah II ruled the empire till 1857 AD before British East India Company defeated and exiled him to Burma after the Sepoy Mutiny. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL B. SECONDARY : (i) Erskine, A history of India under the First two Sovereigns of the House of Taimur, Baber and Humayun? vol. I. Longmans (1854). (ii) Lane-Poole, Babur, Rulers of India Series, O. U. P. (1899). (iii) Rushbrooke Williams, An Empire Builder of the Sixteenth Century? Longmans (1918). (iv) Edwardes, S.M., Babur : Diarist and Despot, Philpot, (London). [1] By the 3rd century, their empire in India was disintegrating and their last known great emperor was Vasudeva I. Various parts of India were ruled by numerous dynasties for the next 1,500 years, among which the Gupta Empire stands out. [1] During a reign of nearly fifty years, he built up a powerful Empire which could vie with the strongest, and es- tablished a dynasty whose hold over India was not contest- ed by any rival for about a century. [1] The sickh empire which was mainly concentrated in northern India(was actually very tiny in comparison to other states in India at that time) only lasted for less then 45 years and was defeated by the British too. [1] In time, the state thus founded by Babur far exceeded the bounds of the Delhi Sultanate, eventually encompassing a major portion of India and earning the appellation of Empire. [1] Known as Chatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle, Shivaji (1630-1680) was a great Hindu patriot and war leader who founded the Maratha empire in western India in 1654 and who has become a great hero in post-Independence India, especially in the western state of Maharashtra. [1]

The last known king of kakatiya empire in andhra committed suicide, and after that kakatiyas moved out of andhra and established a kingdom in present day chattisgarh, and andhra lost one of. [1] Rudrama Devi defeated Mahadeva Raja, the Seuna Yadava ruler of Devagiri (Daulatabad in Aurangabad District at present in Maharashtra) who invaded Warangal (earlier known as Orugallu or Ekasilanagaramu) Fort, the capital of the Kakatiya empire, and chased him away. [1] An imposing structure of Warangal Fort was built in the century by the rulers of Kakatiya Empire. [1] After the decline of the Kakatiya Empire, this diamond remained near Muhammad bin Tughluq from 1325 to 1350 AD. By the middle of the 16th century, this diamond remained with various Mughal sultanates. [1] The presentation will focus on material drawn from two periods of Deccan history, the late medieval Kakatiya Empire, and the early modern Deccan Sultanates. [1] Period : 1083 AD-1323 AD Capital : Orugallu (Warangal) map kakatiya empire. [1] Image Courtesy: link: author: description: Warangal was once the capital of the great Kakatiya Empire that. [1] The Kakatiya empire came to an end in 1323 after the army of the Delhi sultanate invaded Warangal, Warangal fell to the invaders and Ulugh Khan commanded Warangal and Telangana. [1] By the early 14th century, the Kakatiya empire attracted the attention of the Delhi Sultanate under Allauddin Khilji. [1] From 1303 to 1323 the Muslim rulers of Delhi invaded five times and finally annihilated the Kakatiya Empire. [2] While the Kakatiya empire reached its greatest extent under Prataparudra, his main achievement was his stubborn opposition to the Turkic rulers of Delhi. [1]

Three new fledgling kingdoms arose out of the ruins of the Kakatiya empire namely the Reddy kingdom, Padma Nayaka Velama kingdom and the great Vijayanagara Empire.This is a collection of the Kakatiya era Gateways and Temples. [1] After the death of Pratapa Rudra II and the subsequent fall of the Kakatiya Empire, the Reddy chiefs became independent and the Reddy Kingdom emerged. [1] Nataraja Ramakrishna was the person who revived this art form recently.Perini Dance form was developed at the time of Ganapathi deva, the king of Kakatiya Empire. [1]

The time between the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BCE and the end of the Gupta Empire in the 6th century CE is referred to as the "Classical" period of India. [1] Later the Saka kingdom was completely destroyed by Chandragupta II of the Gupta Empire from eastern India in the 4th century. [1] The first Mughal emperor to rule over India was Babur, who descended from the Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur and the founder of the Mongol Empire, Ghenghis Khan. [1] The Mughal rule over India is called an Empire because it stretched over a large area. [1] At the height of their empire in the early 1700s, the Mughals ruled 150 million people in an area that covered nearly all of modern India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. [1] Although they were Muslims from Central Asia, the Mughals ruled a largely Hindu empire in India. [1] Mughal India: Art, Culture and Empire, the major fall exhibit at the British Library in London, which runs until April, is rare in spanning the entire arc of the empire. [1] The British ruled British India as one large colony, which becoming the most valuable part of the British Empire. [1] The long history of India and South Asia has entered a new chapter with the replacement of the British empire by independent republics. [1] The British empire now dominates most of India, marking the most radical change in the long history of the subcontinent. [1] The history of the British empire in India reaches its height - but it will shortly come to an end. [1] India has entered a new chapter in its history with the expansion of the British empire in the subcontinent. [1] Weakened by the Maratha wars, dynastic struggles, and invasions by Persian and Afghan rulers, the empire came to an effective end as the British established control of India in the late 18th and early 19th cent. [1] He visited India at the time of Devaraya I of Vijayanagar empire (Sangam dynasty). [1] At Akbar’s death in 1605 the empire extended from Afghanistan to the Bay of Bengal and southward to what is now Gujarat state and the northern Deccan region (peninsular India). [1] The sultanate was a break-away province of an older Muslim Empire in the Punjab and Afghanistan border regions of India. [1] The instability of the empire became evident under his son, Humayun (reigned 1530-1556), who was driven out of India and into Persia by rebels, the Sur Empire (1540-1555), founded by Sher Shah Suri (reigned 1540-1545), briefly interrupted Mughal rule. [1] The six Great Mughals, viz Babar, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb built a fully consolidated powerful empire and gave India a gift of Mughal art, architecture, literature and food. [1] Mughal Conquest of India 1526-56. • Akbar's Tolerant Empire 1556-1605. • Jahangir and Shah Jahan 1605-58. • Aurangzeb's Intolerant Empire 1658-1707. [1] Agenda 1.Bell Ringer: What is an achievement of the Ottoman Empire? 2.Lecture: Mughal India 3.Taj Mahal and Mughal Art, an interpretation. [1] Babur (1480-1530), whose grave pictured here, was the founder of the Mughal (also spelled Mogul) Empire in India. [1] He was the Prime-Minister or Chancellor of the Empire, and under the later Mughals he exercised dictatorial authority, like the Mayors of the Palace in medieval France, or the Peshwas in India. [1] Cotton textile production in India,. banking firms of Mughal India played a key role in the decline of the empire. [1] Mughal (mgl) or Mogul (mgl, mgl), Muslim empire in India, 15261857. [1] The Kushanas invaded north-western India about the middle of the first century C.E., from Central Asia, and founded an empire that eventually stretched from Peshawar to the middle Ganges and, perhaps, as far as the Bay of Bengal. [1] Initially the government owned no shares and had only indirect control, during its first century of operation the focus of the Company was trade, not the building of an empire in India. [1] The empire was founded by the Mongol leader Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Afghan Lodi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat, where they used gunpowder for the first time in India. [1] The Nandas are described as the first empire builders in the recorded history of India. [1] Expanded to included almost all of India; his policies contributed to the decline of the empire; to get rid of debt he did away with gov't sponsored art, architecture and history; attacked Hindus and Sikhs and reinstated non-Muslim tax. [1] In ancient Mesopotamia, many rulers of Assyria, Babylonia and Sumer were absolute monarchs as well, in ancient and medieval India, rulers of the Maurya, Satahavana, Gupta and Chalukya Empires, as well as other major and minor empires, were considered absolute monarchs. [1] The Delhi Sultanate is the only Indo-Islamic empire to enthrone one of the few female rulers in India, Razia Sultana (1236-1240). [1] Generally regarded as the greatest ruler of the Mogul Empire, he assumed personal control in 1560 and set out to establish Mogul control of the whole of India, extending his authority as far S as Ahmadnagar. [1] He counted his wake- fulness at night as so much added to his life.' Col. Malleson : " Akbar's great idea was the union of all India under one head.His code was the grandest of codes for a ruler, for the founder of an empire. [1] India was ruled by many kings of various empires and dynasties. [1] Maratha Empire - The Maratha empire is located in the south west of India, which ruled from 1674 - 1818, founder of Maratha empire was Shivaji Bhosale. [1] He moved the empire into India, where he ruled with religious tolerance from 1526 to 1530. [1] Babur was the great-grandson of Timur Lenk (Timur the Lame, from which the Western name Tamerlane is derived), who had invaded India and plundered Delhi in 1398 and then led a short-lived empire based in Samarkand (in modern-day Uzbekistan ) that united Persian-based Mongols (Babur's maternal ancestors) and other West Asian peoples. [1] Source: World Encyclopedia Muslim Empire in India founded by Babur, who conquered Delhi and Agra in 1526. [1] The empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers to ward off Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century.The empire is named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, whose ruins surround present day Hampi, now a World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India. [1] The empire, named after its capital city of Vijayanagara, has impressive ruins surrounding modern Hampi, declared a World Heritage Site in modern Karnataka, India. [1] The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath has been made the national emblem of India, the Maurya Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, with help from Chanakya, at Takshashila. [1] After the Kalinga War, the Empire experienced nearly half a century of peace, Mauryan India also enjoyed an era of social harmony, religious transformation, and expansion of the sciences and of knowledge. [1] This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day India, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day India. [1] India boasts one of the great world civilizations, a glorious history replete with empires, commercial and cultural wealth, exceptional achievements in the arts, music and architecture, a complex and distinctive cuisine, and superb textiles. [1] It is interesting to know the history of Islamic empires.No doubt Turkey was the greatest of all with science and technologies.I India mogul empire also was great. [1] Technically, the title "Emperor" as used by British monarchs referred only to India, but popularly the term "empire" applied to all the British overseas territories and protectorates. [1] The Russian Federation has inherited a similar system, Nigeria, Pakistan, India and Malaysia became federations on or shortly before becoming independent from the British Empire. [1] The empire fragments into the many small principalities whose existence will greatly help the British in India to gain control, by playing rival neighbours off against each other. [1] The British and French, who had initially come as traders, took full advantage of the weakening empire and soon became masters of the whole of India. [1] Muslim sultanates ruling from Delhi, beginning in the eleventh century, and the great Mughal Empire (1526-1857) that followed created a substantive Islamic legacy before India fell under British colonial rule. [1] He invaded India multiple times during Mughal Empire between 1748 AD and 1767 AD. Besides these empires, there existed other dominions such as the Rajput princely states, Bahmani sultanate etc. When the Mughal Empire finally arrived, it swept over greater India and united it under one political entity Textile fragment, Mughal empire (1526-1857), India, 17th century. [1] He and his successors ruled as hereditary Nizams, and their state, known as Hyderabad after the capital, outlasted the Mughal empire, persisting until it was incorporated into newly-independent India in 1948. [1]

The typically positive historian's view of Akbar, who ruled from 1556 until 1605, can be summed up in this quote from Asher and Talbot's India Before Europe, "Through his reforms of administration and taxation, Akbar created a sound and enduring foundation for Mughal governance, while his tolerant attitude and inclusive policies toward Hindus and Jains helped create a state that was more Indian in character." [1] The Beginning of Mughal Rule in India. the Indian kings, Babar's soldiers wanted to return. [1] Probably the most important aspect of the Mughals, at least as far as the contemporary world is concerned, is that they consolidated Muslim rule over much of India and they're largely the reason that today there are so many Indians who are also Muslims. [1] The Mughals were the most successful Muslim conquerors of India reaching its apex under Aurangzeb Almagir (1658-1707), The last Mughal emperor was deposed by the British for his complicity in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. [1] His uprising was one of the earlier rebellions against the British rule in India, as it was 10 years before the famous Indian Rebellion of 1857. [1] The Kuru kingdom was the first state-level society of the Vedic period, corresponding to the beginning of the Iron Age in northwestern India, around 1200 - 800 BCE,as well as with the composition of the Atharvaveda (the first Indian text to mention iron, as śyāma ayas, literally "black metal"). [1]

The Andhra Pradesh Government, the Archaeological Survey of India and a group of experts have come together to help revive some of the Kakatiya era monuments ahead of the Eighth Centenary celebrations of Ramappa temple in 2013. [1] The Kakatiyas were thus able to emerge victorious over their neighbors in the 1290s, and assert themselves as one of the major powers of peninsular India. [1] Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple is located 77 km from Warangal, the ancient capital of the Kakatiya dynasty, 157 km from Hyderabad in the state of Andhra Pradesh - India. [1] The Kakatiya dynasty ( Telugu : కాకతీయ సామ్రాజ్యము) was a Telugu dynasty that ruled most of current day Andhra Pradesh, India, from 1083 CE to 1323 CE, with Warangal (Telugu: వరంగల్), as its capital, that lasted for centuries until conquest by the Delhi Sultanate. [1]

With the establishment of Kakatiya Dynasty at Warangal in the 11 th century, civilization., Andhra got one of its major dynasties to shape its history She was one of the very few women to rule as monarchs in India, promoted a male image in order to do so. [1]

The accession of Rudrama to the Kakatiya throne was a remarkable and memorable event of medieval South India as she was the first woman ruler of Andhra region. [3]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Nanda Empire - The Nanda dynasty originated from the region of Magadha in ancient India during the 4th century BCE and lasted between 345-321 BCE. At its greatest extent, the empire ruled by the Nanda Dynasty extended from Bengal in the east, to the Punjab region in the west, the rulers of this dynasty were famed for the great wealth which they accumulated. [1] Durrani Empire - The Durrani Empire at its maximum extent encompassed present-day Afghanistan, northeastern Iran, eastern Turkmenistan, most of Pakistan, and northwestern India, including the Kashmir region. [1] Mogul Empire 1526 - 1857 Location The Moguls came into India from the mountainous region north of the Indus River Valley. [1] He conquered southward into India from Afghanistan. and Fall The empire began to fall apart during the rule of Muhammad Shah. [1] The burial places of the Emperors illustrate their expanding empire, as the first Emperor Babur, born in Uzbekistan is buried in Afghanistan, his sons and grandsons, namely Akbar the Great and Jahangir in India and Pakistan respectively and later descendants, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb in Hindustan. [1] The empire emerged among the first in India to use long range artillery commonly manned by foreign gunners. (Gunners from present day Turkmenistan had been considered the best). [1] His noble tomb at Sasaram still brings home to the mind of the beholder the grandeur of the Empire, severe yet graceful ; externally Muslim, but Hindu inside." 1 V. A. Smith observes : " The mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram, built on a lofty plinth, in the midst of a lake, is one of the best designed and most beautiful buildings in India unequalled among the earlier buildings in the northern provinces for grandeur and dignity. [1] Religions already present in India: Hindus, Muslims (Schia and Sunni), Jews (. came from Afghanistan (Afga,ainastana), built a huge empire. [1] The Maratha Empire (orange) was the last Hindu empire of India. [1] Satavahana Empire: (230 BCE): The Satavahana Empire was large and extended to many parts of India. [1] Before his reign, the empire had a completely different look with the southern part of India left untouched. [1] By 1700 the empire reached its peak under the leadership of Aurangzeb Alamgir with major parts of present day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and most of Afghanistan under its domain. [1] The last remnants of the empire were formally taken over by the British, and the Government of India Act 1858 let the British Crown formally assume direct control of India in the form of the new British Raj. [1] The preoccupation with wars and military campaigns, however, did not allow the new emperor to consolidate the gains he had made in India, the instability of the empire became evident under his son, Humayun, who was driven out of India and into Persia by rebels. [1] As I reckoned the countries that had belonged to the Turks as my own territories, I admitted of no plundering or pillage.' 3 The Empire of Babur extended from Badakhshan to Bengal, from the Oxus to the Ganges : in India (3) Babur as a. [1] The author offers a broad overview of the environmental, social, cultural, economic, and political diversity in India and underscores the challenges and opportunities that this diversity presented to Babur and to the empire he was trying to build. [1] The establishment of Muslim empires in India was a tedious process. [1] The empire was invades by Muslims, which contributed to the spread of Islam in India. [1] The invaded Asia in two groups: one extending towards India while the counterpart extended towards the Roman Empire. [1] The Rashtrakuta Empire was the largest in contemporary India and one of the four great contemporary empires of the world. [1] The territory of the empire covered much of India from 230 BCE onward. [1] By 316 BCE the empire had fully occupied Northwestern India, defeating and conquering the satraps left by Alexander, Chandragupta then defeated the invasion led by Seleucus I, a Macedonian general from Alexanders army, gaining additional territory west of the Indus River. [1] When the Moghul emperor Aurangzeb is in his eighties, and the empire in disarray, an Italian living in India (NiccolaoManucci) Predicts appalling bloodshed on the old man's death, worse even than that which disfigured the start of Aurangzeb's reign. [1] These empires were vast, centered in Persia or the Mediterranean ; their satrapies (provinces) in India were at their outskirts. [1] They dissolved the empire in 1857, having already gained control of substantial territory in India, winning the competition against the French and Dutch. [1] They were a prosperous and powerful empire located in India. [1] In the long march of centuries, India has witnessed the rise and fall of several empires and conquerors. [1] Europeans had discovered a sea route for trading with India, while previously they had to pass from the empire and pay ransom. [1] Ibid., p. 62. 298 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA started with a Charter from Elizabeth, and two years later sent John Newbury, a London merchant, on the first British mercantile adventure to India Qanungo, op. cit, p. 343, M.10 146 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA reigned for six months as King of Bengal and Jaunpur, and for five years as the Emperor of Hindustan. [1] 'It is possibly the largest and strongest hill -fort in 136 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA Sher Khan was the first Muslim conqueror of this fort ; he not only secured in it a safe retreat for the Afghan families but also came into possession of the vast treasures which had been accumulated there for ages by the Hindu kings. [1] M. 6 82 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA Humayun, before marching south against Bahadur Shah r but after the defeat of Mahmud Lodi at Dauroh, encountered Sher Khan for the first time. 1 The Tarikh-i Sher-Shaht of Abbas Khan gives the following account of this event : ' When Humayun had overcome Sultan Mahmud, and had put the greater number of his opponents to death, he sent Hindu Beg to take Chunar from Sher Khan, but Sher Khan declined to give it up to him. [1] The first leader of the mughal empire. a.Babur b.Birbal. elucidate the significance of Literary sources for the study of Mughal History. • Know how Foreign. namah- came in to vogue in india under Persian influence. invaders of South Asia--the Mughals--invaded India under the leadership of Zahir-ud-. and then led a short-lived empire based in Samarkand (in modern-day. [1]

Thesis: The Mughal Empire had very little chances of surviving due to its foreignism in India, a degradation of good statesmanship which lead to bad policies, invasions from both outside and inside the kingdom, and the advent of the British rule. [1] Cities and towns boomed under the Mughal Empire, which had a relatively high degree of urbanization for its time, with 15% of its population living in urban centres, this was higher than the percentage of the urban population in contemporary Europe at the time and higher than that of British India in the 19th century; the level of urbanization in Europe did not reach 15% until the 19th century. [1] The worm gear roller cotton gin, which was invented in India during the early Delhi Sultanate era of the 13th-14th centuries, came into use in the Mughal Empire some time around the 16th century, and is still used in India through to the present day. [1] The Mughal empire The Mughals ruled for 300 years in india (1526-1858) The Mughal empire ruled over hundreds. The Mughal Empire, descendants from the Mongol Empire of Turkestan in the 15th Century, ruled the majority of India and Pakistan during the 16th and 17th Centuries. [1] Mughal era -- The Mughal era is the historic period of the Mughal Empire in India, it ran from the early sixteenth century, to a point in the early eighteenth century when the Mughal Emperors power had dwindled. [1] The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. [1]

The Mughal Empire was a time period of peaceful religious and cultural flourishing between the Hindus and Muslims of India, culminating in a golden age of Islamic-Hindu cross cultural pollination. [1] He invaded India multiple times during Mughal Empire between 1748 AD and 1767 AD. Textile fragment, Mughal empire (1526-1857), India, 17th century. [1] Besides these empires, there existed other dominions such as the Rajput princely states, Bahmani sultanate etc. When the Mughal Empire finally arrived, it swept over greater India and united it under one political entity. [1] It remained in the Khilji dynasty and later passed to the succeeding dynasties of the Delhi Sultanate, until it came into the possession of Babur, a Turco-Mongol warlord, who invaded India and established the Mughal Empire in 1526. [1] The dynasty was founded by Babur Babur, 14831530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. [1] At the height of the Mughal Empire, the whole of subcontinent was under its rule except the Kingdom of Mysore, at the southern tip of modern day India. [1] Babur had invaded India at the behest of Daulat Khan Lodi and won the kingdom of Delhi by defeating the forces of Ibrahim khan Lodi at Panipat in 1526 AD. Thus, was laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire. [1] In 1526 Babur from central Asia invaded India he defeated the last sultan of Sultanate of Delhi Ibrahim Lodhi in the Battle of Panipat and Established the Mughal Empire. [1] Another innovation, the incorporation of the crank handle in the cotton gin, first appeared in India some time during the late Delhi Sultanate or the early Mughal Empire. [1] These are presented in tabular forms and divided into two parts: the Delhi Sultanate (1200-1526 AD) and the Mughal Empire (1526-1761 AD). 2Percival Spear, India: A Modem History, new and rev. ed. (Ann Arbor: University. [1] Elphinstone, History of India, p. 753. 4 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA a glory that was already past A hundred years after the third battle of Panipat, the last of the house of Babur and Akbar, died in exile in Rangoon, in 1862, at the age of eighty-seven, having been arrested in 1857 by Lieutenant Hodson of the Intelligence Department, tried and convic- ted like an ordinary felon in January 1858, and sent to Calcutta and thence to Rangoon. [1] Then there was rebellion in Farghana, which cost him both the kingdoms: 'Thus for the sake of Farghana I had given up Samarkand, and now found I had lost the one without securing the other '. 24 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA After this, Babur became a wanderer for two years. [1] Kutb Khan escaped from Humayun when he was busy in Gujarat Erskine, op. cit, p. 12. 84 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA Emperor on receipt of Hindu Beg's letter, deferred his journey that year. (iii) 'Sher Khan meanwhile detached Jalal Khan, Khawas Khan senior, and other chiefs, to conquer Bengal and the city of Gaur. [1] He conferred on them, at the same time all the wealth of Hindal, and appointed Akbar to the command of his uncle's troops, and to the Government of Ghazni.' 106 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA captive to Humayun Rushbrooke Williams, op. cit, p. 162. 122 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA We have already followed a substantial part of Sher Shah's career, in his triumphant duel with Humayun. [1] He conferred on them, at the same time all the wealth of Hindal, and appointed Akbar to the command of his uncle's troops, and to the Government of Ghazni.' 106 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA captive to Humayun Memoirs of the Races of the N. W. Provinces, II, p. 97; cited by Qanungo. 154 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA ' For an elaborate treatment of Sher Shah's administration the reader is directed to Prof. Qanungo's exhaustive study (Sher Shah, chapter xii, pp. 346-406). [1]

With 5 rulers namely, Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb the Mughal Empire reached its peak and the famous architecture India enjoys today was built under their reign. [1] The Mughal Empire's 300-year Rule of India - About India's Mughal Empire ruled the subcontinent from 1526 to the beginning of the British Raj in 1858. [1] The Mauryan Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age power in ancient India, ruled by the Mauryan dynasty from 322 to 185 BCE. He conquered southward into India from Afghanistan. and Fall The empire began to fall apart during the rule of Muhammad Shah. [1] Ancient India was ruled by the Maurya Dynasty from 322-185 BCE. Chandragupta Maurya founded the Empire in 322 BCE after overthrowing the Nanda Dynasty. [1]

The Pandya King, along with Chera King and Chola King, were referred to as the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, the dynasty ruled parts of South India from around 600 BCE to first half of 17th century CE. They initially ruled their country Pandya Nadu from Korkai, a seaport on the southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula, fish being their flag, Pandyas were experts in water management, agriculture and fisheries and they were eminent sailors and sea traders too. [1] West Bengal became part of India, and a similar partition of the Punjab province became West Punjab (later the Pakistani Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory) and East Punjab (later the Indian Punjab, as well as Haryana and Himachal Pradesh). [1] The means of achieving the proposed measure were later enshrined in the Government of India Act 1919, which introduced the principle of a dual mode of administration, or diarchy, in which elected Indian legislators and appointed British officials shared power. [1] There is nothing wrong in saying that India inherited the mantle of British imperialism in the Indian Ocean while also saying that it needed to go its own way; it is a great power that deserves to throw its weight around but also a unique and deep civilization that suffered humiliation. [1] During the first millennium, the sea routes to India were controlled by the Indians and Ethiopians that became the maritime trading power of the Red Sea. [1] The Mughals came to India as conquerors but remained as Indians not colonists. [1] India under its Muslim rulers inherited a new style of architecture, a new style of cuisine, a new language etc (Sarkar 233-34).Pakistanis and a large portion of Indians speak Urdu today. [1] Not all the infrastructure built in India hurt Indians (and yes, Indians could have built their own railways had they been independent but not every British-build railway is the product of malice; even in Britain itself, railways were laid out where it made sense economically) and the British secured the strategic space around the subcontinent in a way so as to end the constant deprivations originating from Central Asia. [1]

It lasted until 1947, when the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two sovereign states, the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. [1] The majority of Indians lived in rural India barely above sustenance levels before, during, and after the British Raj, with little changes to their daily lives and social structure, as had been the case during the empires of previous Muslim and Hindu rulers. [1] The power of the Saka rulers started to decline in the 2nd century CE after the Indo-Scythians were defeated by the south Indian Emperor Gautamiputra Satakarni of the Satavahana dynasty, later the Saka kingdom was completely destroyed by Chandragupta II of the Gupta Empire in the 4th century. [1]

He was also known as Rudra Deva, Kakatiya Rudradeva, Venkata, and Venkataraya He was the son of Prola II, who had made efforts to assert greater Kakatiya influence on territories in the western parts of the declining Western Chalukyan empire and who died in a battle fought against the Velanati Choda ruler Gonka II around 1157/1158 while doing so. [4] Warangal or Ekasilanagaram as it was called then, was the ancient capital of The Great Kakatiyas who ruled the Andhra province from approximately 1110 AD to 1321 AD. The Kakatiya reign is said to be the brightest period of the Telugu land with the Kakatiya rulers extending the empire beyond Warangal all th way upto Raichur, Karnataka. [5]

Captured much of north India and became the first Padisha (emperor) of the Mughals. 13 yrs old when took throne - Empire ruled by regent Bayram Khan. [1] In the North India, the Muslim rule started with the defeat of the last Hindu and Buddhist empires in Afghanistan in early 7 th century, while Vijayanagar (1336-1678) was the last Hindu empire to fall in the South. [1] After the downfall of the prior Gupta Empire in the middle of the 6th century, North India reverted to smaller republics and monarchical states. [1] According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India, archaeological evidence from places such as Amaravati, Dharanikota and Vaddamanu suggests that the Andhra region was part of the Mauryan Empire. [1] There was a shop-tax, chiefly in towns ; and, in parts of the country where the Muhammadans 60 MUGHAL EMPIRE IN INDIA had a confirmed and safe ascendency, the jiziya or poll-tax was levied on all who were not Musalmans.' Babur was, with all his virtues, a Musalman Emperor. [1] Babur was the founder of the Mughal empire, and his successful raid into India in 1526 established what would become one of the most fabled dynasties in the history of the subcontinent and the world. [1] The decisive victory of the Timurid forces is one reason opponents rarely met Mughal princes in pitched battle over the course of the empire's history; in India, guns made of bronze were recovered from Calicut (1504) and Diu (1533). [1]

India has a coastline of over seven thousand kilometres, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east. [1] The last emperor of India, Bahadur Shah, was forced into exile in Burma by Britain during the so-called " Sepoy Rebellion," or First Indian War of Independence. [1] The Gulf rupee was legal tender until 1966, when India significantly devalued the Indian rupee, in East Africa, Arabia, and Mesopotamia, the rupee and its subsidiary coinage was current at various times. [1] IndiTales - an award-winning travel blog from India covering Indian & International tourism destinations. [6]

Kakatiya Dynasty ruled in Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. [7] It was during his reign that the Delhi Sultans, first Allauddin Khilji and later Muhammad bin Tughlak turned their attention towards South India and began to invade the Kakatiya territories. [3] By this time, South India and the Deccan was essentially under the aegis of four Hindu monarchies, of which the Kakatiyas were one. [4] The kakatiyas are Erukalas who were a variant of bhil- koli dravidians of North India and to be precise from Sindh & Gujarat. [5]

The Kakatiya dynasty(1175 - 1324) was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal. [8] Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083CE to 1323CE. The Kakatiya's ascent to power can be traced to the reign of the Western Chalukyas. [5] These Kakatiyas ruled over Bastar until the Indian Union was born in 1947. [5]

The Erikala tribals, part of India's Scheduled Tribes (ST) -- Indian communities that are accorded special status by the Constitution of India --, earn their livelihood mainly by making bamboo products, such as bamboo baskets, fences or hand fans. [5] Mahajanapada - A Mahājanapada is one of the sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth centuries BCE to fourth centuries BCE. Two of them were most probably ganas i. e. republics, the 6th century BCE is often regarded as a major turning point in early Indian history. [1]

The Kushana empire of ancient India is important to world history as a centre for the spread of Buddhism. [1] Sher Shah Suri - Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. [1] In 1761, the Maratha Army lost the Third Battle of Panipat to Ahmad Shah Abdali of the Afghan Durrani Empire which halted their imperial expansion into Afghanistan, ten years after Panipat, the young Peshwa Madhavrao Is Maratha Resurrection reinstated Maratha authority over North India. [1]

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8. (8) Kakatiya dynasty Goody Tips

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19. (2) Personalities: Prataparudra | Andhra Cultural Portal

20. (2) The Historic Fight over the "Mountain of Light"

21. (2) Kakatiya Dynasty - The Famous Telugu Dynasty | RitiRiwaz

22. (1) 8 best Architecture images on Pinterest | Kakatiya dynasty, Buddhist temple and Temples

23. (1) User:Northamerica1000/Sandbox - Travel guide at Wikivoyage

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