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Khúc Family (Vietnam)

Khúc Family (Vietnam)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • Khúc Thừa Dụ launched a rebellion against the Chinese Tang dynasty in In 906 an autonomous region in Vietnam was established under the Khúc family.(More...)
  • The famous bearers the Khúc family were a group of leaders who challenged Tang rule over Vietnam.(More...)
  • In 1075, when word reached Vietnam of an imminent invasion by the Chinese Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), Kiet, followed by 50,000 Vietnamese Marines, launched a surprise assault, on Qinzhou.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • In CE 938, the Vietnamese lord Ngô Quyền defeated the forces of the Chinese Southern Han state, and achieved full independence of Vietnam.(More...)
  • Ngô Quyền was a Vietnamese prefect and general during the Southern Han Dynasty occupation of Vietnam.(More...)
  • In AD 938, the Vietnamese lord Ngô Quyền defeated the forces of the Chinese Southern Han state at Bạch Đằng River and achieved full independence for Vietnam.(More...)



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS
Khúc Thừa Dụ launched a rebellion against the Chinese Tang dynasty in In 906 an autonomous region in Vietnam was established under the Khúc family. [1] By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy under the Khúc family. [2]

Discussion during the remembrance event covered an array of topics, moving from personal stories of family members escaping the Vietnam War, to pho, to the American representation of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians in pop culture like Francis Ford Cappola’s "Apocalypse Now." [3]

The Khúc family is very important to the history of Vietnam as they paved way for a total independence from China. [4] From 618 to 905, the Tang Dynasty became the new Chinese rulers of Vietnam.This began when the king of Early Lý dynasty ( Lý Nam Đế II ) surrendered to Emperor Wen of Sui in Sui-Former Lý War until Khúc clan seized the capital Đại La and install the autonomous state in Vietnam in 905.At that moment, the Emperor Ai of Tang lost the power to Zhu Wen and stayed as the figurehead. [5] "I grew up knowing nothing about the Vietnam War," Khúc, an Asian American studies lecturer at the University of Maryland, read aloud. [3] Khúc said she grew up feeling disconnected from the narrative of the Vietnam War that she had been taught growing up. [3]

\n Vietnam (Vietnamese: Vit Nam), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost nation on the Indochinese Peninsula. [6] In July of 1989, the United States and Vietnam signed an agreement allowing former re-education camp prisoners and their families to resettle in the U.S. Funded by a grant from Amnesty International, the organization developed a list of the 100 longest held Vietnamese political prisoners and worked for their release. [7]

An outreach program sought to establish a case file for every prisoner and his or her immediate family in order to assist the eligible persons with their immigration from Vietnam to the United States or other countries in the world. [7] By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy, but not independence, under the Khc family. [6]

Nguyen Van Be, a former Vietnamese political prisoner, is applying for his family to immigrate to the U.S. through the ODP. His list of family members includes his wife Pham Thi Phuong, his son Nguyen Ngoc Be, and his father Nguyen Ngo Be. [7]


The famous bearers the Khúc family were a group of leaders who challenged Tang rule over Vietnam. [8] By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy, but not sovereignty, under the Khúc family. [9]


In 1075, when word reached Vietnam of an imminent invasion by the Chinese Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), Kiet, followed by 50,000 Vietnamese Marines, launched a surprise assault, on Qinzhou. [4] On Tet holiday, each Vietnamese family usually has a dish of sweet ginger rice on altar depending on family’s tradition as well as regional custom. [10] Vietnamese pop star who was first recognized for his 2002 album, Phôi Pha - T"nh Khúc Trịnh Công Sơn. [11]

The disparity in wealth between urban and rural Vietnam is wide and some Communist Party leaders worry that too much economic liberalisation will weaken their power base and introduce "decadent" ideas into Vietnamese society. [12] North Vietnam's war with U.S. and South Vietnamese forces was intensifying. [13]

By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy, but not independence, under the Khúc family. [12] Chinas province of Zhejiang around the 940s was the origin of the Chinese Hồ/Hú family from which Hồ Dynasty founder in Vietnam, during these 7 years the two Hồ emperors asserted Vietnamese culture and language and banned use of Chinese language and writing in government. [14] Early in the 10th century, as China became politically fragmented, successive lords from the Khúc family, followed by Dương Đ"nh Nghệ, ruled Giao Ch u autonomously under the Tang title of Tiết Độ Sứ (Virtuous Lord), but stopping short of proclaiming themselves kings. [15]

China was divided into several smaller kingdoms, and one, the Southern Han, decided to increase its power by invading Vietnam in 930 CE. The Vietnamese fought back, but the decisive battle didn't occur until 938 CE. The Vietnamese military commander Ngô Quyen defeated the Chinese forces at the Battle of Bach Dang River and secured independence for Vietnam, or as they called it, Annam. [16] It was the result of the conquest of the region in 1406 to 1407, the previous periods of Chinese rules, collectively known as the Bắc thuộc periods in Vietnam, were longer-lasting, constituting much of Vietnams history from 111 BC to 939 AD. The fourth Chinese occupation of Vietnam was eventually ended with the establishment of the Lê dynasty, there was several revolts among the Vietnamese people against the Ming authorities, only to be crushed by the Ming army. [14] It is the first of four periods of Chinese domination of Vietnam, Vietnamese resistance to Han rule culminated in the rebellion of the Trưng Sisters, who expelled the Han in 40 AD and briefly ruled Vietnam until being defeated by the returning Han army in 43 AD. The Vietnamese paid heavy tributes and taxes to the Hans, the Han mandarins tried to occupy large areas of land and changed them into Chinese style farms and brought Chinese peasants to work them. [14] Military history of Vietnam - Army and warfare made their first appearance in Vietnamese history during the 3rd millennium BC. Throughout thousands of years, wars played a role in shaping the identity. [14] After the reunification in 1975 this Vietnam suffered more further than China, internal repression and isolation from the international community due to the Cold War, Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia and an American economic embargo. [14] Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the Vietnam War, the war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975. [14] The name Vietnam is thus known to be used since Emperor Gia Long's reign (but recently historians have found that this name had existed in older books in which Vietnamese called their country Vietnam). [15] Between 1804 and 1813, the name was used officially by Emperor Gia Long and it was revived in the early 20th century by Phan Bội Ch us History of the Loss of Vietnam, and later by the Vietnamese Nationalist Party. [14] After the defeat of the Trung sisters, the Eastern Han dynasty strengthened its control over the region in 43, as the Han dynasty weakened, the prefect of Giao Chỉ, Shi Xie, ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors. [14] In January 1946, the Viet Minh held an election to establish a National Assembly, when France declared Cochinchina, the southern third of Vietnam, a separate state as the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina in June 1946, Vietnamese nationalists reacted with fury. [14] The northern part of Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, an independent Vietnamese state was formed in 939, following a Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. [14] In the north, Chiang Kaishek's army entered Vietnam, also to disarm the Japanese, followed by the forces of the non-Communist Vietnamese parties, such as Việt Nam Quốc D n Đảng and Việt Nam Cách Mạng Đồng Minh Hội. [15] Most groups attempted to infiltrate Vietnam but eventually were eliminated by Vietnamese security and armed forces. [15] Alright, bun bo Hue is not actually from Saigon, it originates in Hue a city on the coast of central Vietnam, which unfortunately I haven't been able to visit yet but I included it on this Vietnamese street food guide because it's one of the most beloved noodle soups in Saigon as well. [17] The reunified Vietnam suffered further internal repression and was isolated internationally due to the continuing Cold War and the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia. [15] When the Southern Han re-conquered Vietnam in 930, the Vietnamese people were getting organized and starting to set up their own kingdoms, so they were prepared for a fight. [16] The founders and rulers of these governments, however, were not native to Vietnam, from the 10th century onwards, the Vietnamese, emerging in their heartland of the Red River Delta, began to conquer these civilizations. [14] In English, the two syllables are usually combined into one word, Vietnam, however, Viet Nam was once common usage and is still used by the United Nations and by the Vietnamese government. [14] Copy at www.vietnambiketours.com, To this day, the Trung Sisters are revered in Vietnam as the national symbol of Vietnamese women. [15] What I really love most about eating pho in Vietnam is the fresh plate of herbs, typically including sawtooth herb, mint, and Vietnamese coriander, along with house-made chili sauce, that’s on your table for self-service when you eat it. [17] Today, Vietnam is less than 10% Christian, but Christmas festivities are serious (video in Vietnamese), especially in Ho Chi Minh City. [18] Pho is not only the most popular breakfast in Vietnam but is also internationally renowned as a symbol of Vietnamese gastronomy. [19] Copy at www.vietnambiketours.com, Although the American-led troops succeeded in containing the advance of Communist forces, the presence of foreign troops, the widespread bombing over all of Vietnam, and the social vices that mushroomed around U.S. bases upset the sense of national pride among many Vietnamese, North and South, causing many to become sympathetic to North Vietnam and the NLF. [15] In 1968, the NLF launched a massive and surprise Tết Offensive (known in South Vietnam as "Biến Cố Tết Mậu Th n" or in the North as "Cuộc Tổng Tấn Công và Nổi Dậy Tết Mậu Th n"), attacking almost all major cities in South Vietnam over the Vietnamese New Year (Tết). [15] During the existence of South Vietnam, nevertheless, South Vietnamese learned many American practices that became useful for the country even many decades later, such as in the fields of economics, business and public management, and infrastructure management. [15]

By the time Nguyen's family left the country, the cake was a specialty item in Vietnam (certainly not for everyday consumption). [18] To keep the people under control in Vietnam, the Ming government issued, whenever there was a change in a family, a change in the book was recorded and approved. [14] This was great for Vietnam, but what was even better was the fact that no single imperial family immediately rose to replace the Tang. [16]

"Chè khúc bạch" is very familiar to people in Southern Vietnam but it has been young people's favourite dish in Hanoi since this summer. it also has another name that is "chè đậu hũ hạnh nh n". [20]

Nguyen left with her family in 1975 like so many other refugees fleeing the imminent fall of South Vietnam. [18]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
In CE 938, the Vietnamese lord Ngô Quyền defeated the forces of the Chinese Southern Han state, and achieved full independence of Vietnam. [2] The VPA is further subdivided into the Vietnamese People's Ground Forces (including Strategic Rear Forces and Border Defense Forces), the Vietnam People's Navy, the Vietnam People's Air Force and the coast guard. [6] These files contain various periodicals, journals, including: Vietnamese-American beauty magazines, Vietnamese newspaper articles, American newspapers in English and Vietnamese, Congressional Records, Vietnam Human Rights Watch, and even The National Enquirer. [7] Notes about Vietnamese namesThe names of the applicants are written in the Vietnamese order, which is opposite the American order. [7] The American President John Quincy Adams would be written Adams Quincy John in the Vietnamese order. [7] The remembrance of the 40th anniversary of the Fall of Saigon was hosted by the Vietnamese Students Association, the Asian American Studies Department and the Asian American Student Union. [3]

\n The legendary Hng Bng Dynasty of the Hng kings is considered by many Vietnamese as the first Vietnamese state, known as Vn Lang. [6] The Hồng Bàng dynasty is considered the first Vietnamese state. [2]

In 207 BC, a Chinese general named Zhao Tuo defeated the Vietnamese monarchy, consolidating u Lạc as a part of Nanuye, which itself was later absorbed into the Han dynasty after the Han-Nanyue War. [2] Following a war with the Ming Dynasty, Vietnamese independence was briefly interrupted by China, but it was restored by Lê Lợi, who founded the Lê dynasty. [2] Following the brief H Dynasty, Vietnamese independence was briefly interrupted by the Chinese Ming Dynasty, but was restored by L Li, the founder of the L Dynasty. [6] \n In 939 CE, a Vietnamese lord named Ng Quyn defeated Chinese forces at the Bch ng River and gained independence after 10 centuries under Chinese control. [6]

North Vietnamese forces unsuccessfully attempted to overrun the South during the 1968 Tet Offensive and the war soon spread into neighboring Laos and Cambodia, both of which the United States bombed. [6] Often, the Vietnamese government groups the various provinces into eight regions:Northwest, Northeast, Red River Delta, North Central Coast, South Central Coast, Central Highland, Southeast, Mekong River Delta. [6] The disputed Gulf of Tonkin Incident was the immediate reason the U.S. cited for its military assault on North Vietnamese military installations and the gradual deployment of more than 500,000 troops into South Vietnam. [6] \n With its own casualties mounting, the U.S. began transferring combat roles to the South Vietnamese military in a process the U.S. called Vietnamization. [6] \n Upon taking control, the Vietnamese communists banned other political parties, arrested people believed to have collaborated with the U.S. and sent them to reeducation camps. [6]

They led ancient Vietnamese people fought aganist the Chinese invaders for many decades ago. [1] This artwork illustrates his famous battle in defeating the much larger Chinese Qing army during Vietnamese New Year at Đống Đa (close to today’s Hanoi). [1] For fifteen years the Orderly Departure Program helped over 500,000 Vietnamese refugees immigrate to the U.S. before its closure in 1994. [7]

A sense of nationalism and rebellion started shortly before the Indochina and Japanese Imperial wars, with Vietnamese rebels playing a large part in the anti- French, anti- Japanese sentiment being shown in the rest of Indochina. [2] The French administration imposed significant political and cultural changes on Vietnamese society. [6]

You can curate your own perfect selection of Vietnamese sweet desserts - from chè đậu xanh ( mung bean sweet soup ) to chè bà ba (a heavy, starchy combination of sweet potato, cassava, and taro in a rich coconut milk soup) and so on. [21] In Saigon, varieties of sweet soups are served in small portions on a tray (" m m " in Vietnamese); up to 16 options are available. [21] If you can’t decide which Vietnamese sweet soup to try, order a bit of everything. [21]

"Being Vietnamese American, my family’s story has always been largely ignored regarding the Vietnam War," said Nguyen. [3] On April 30, 1975, the People’s Army of Vietnam captured Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam -- effectively marking the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a long road to reconstruction in the country. [3] New information reveals that Cambodia was bombed far more heavily during the Vietnam War than previously believed and that the bombing began not under Richard Nixon, but under Lyndon Johnson.\" Maps and a database of bombing by the U.S. Air Force of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam was created from data the United States provided in an effort to help locate unexploded ordnance left behind during the U.S. carpet bombing of the region. [6] After her life was tragically affected by the war in Vietnam, Khuc Minh Tho dedicated herself to those hoping to start a new life, as she did, in the United States. [7]

Vietnam joined the World War hoping to relinquish French control over Indochina and to wrest Chinese influence in Asia. [2] Emperors Emperors Minh Mạng, Thiệu Trị and Tự Đức were opposed to French involvement in Vietnam, though numerous wars broke out between the two. [2]

"I thought this was just going to be a group of people hating on the result of the war or about the current state of Vietnam, but it was just people sharing stories about their lives," said Luu. [3] \n The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a single-party state. [6] In 1989, Robert Lloyd Funseth, Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary of State and Acting Director of the Bureau for Refugee Programs, negotiated with the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to allow immigration of former re-education camp prisoners to the United States. [7] I also advocate for the prompt release of political prisoners from the re-education camps in Vietnam and assist them in reuniting with their families and loved ones in the United States or in other countries. [7]

After the fall of Saigon in 1975, her second husband, Nguyen Van Be, a colonel in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, was sent to a re-education camp, where he would spend the next 13 years. [7] \n For the next thousand years, Vietnam was mostly under Chinese rule. [6] \n The area now known as Vietnam has been inhabited since Paleolithic times, and some archaeological sites in Thanh Hoa Province reportedly date back several thousand years. [6] Nguyễn Phúc Ánh united Vietnam for the second time in 300 years. [2]

Buddhism also flourished during this time, becoming the state religion of Vietnam. [2] The President of Vietnam is the titular head of state and the nominal commander in chief of the military of Vietnam, chairing the Council on National Defense and Security. [6] \n The Vietnam People's Army is the official name for the three military services of Vietnam, which is organized on the lines of China's People's Liberation Army. [6] \n The National Assembly of Vietnam is the unicameral legislature of the government, composed of 498 members. [6] \n Towards the end of the L Dynasty, civil strife engulfed much of Vietnam. [6] He is also known as Emperor Quang Trung - the second emperor of the T y Sơn Dynasty of Vietnam. [1] Feudalism in Vietnam reached its zenith in the L Dynasty of the 15th century, especially during the reign of Emperor L Thnh Tng. [6] However in 618, Emperor Gaozu overthrew the Sui dynasty and established the Tang dynasty, and Qiū He (丘和) submitted to the new Emperor, causing Vietnam to become a colony of the Tang dynasty. [5] Nanzhao invaded the area of Jiaozhi modern day Vietnam multiple times in the 9th century until the Cao Bian (Cao Biền) was ordered by the Tang dynasty to defeat Nanzhao and restored Tang rule to Jiaozhou. [5]

Vietnam also produced a lot of the Allied food supply, contributing over 336,000 tons of food to the war effort. [2] Between the 11th and 18th centuries, Vietnam gradually expanded southward in a process known as nam tiến, resulting in numerous wars against the kingdom of Champa and Cambodia. [2]

\n Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate, with humidity averaging 84% throughout the year. [6] \n The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi (it had served as the capital of French Indochina and North Vietnam), and the largest and most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City (formerly known as Saigon). [6] \n The communist-held North Vietnam was opposed by the United States which had sided with the French colonists in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. [6]

The countries that fought the Vietnam War divided the country at the 17th parallel into North Vietnam and South Vietnam during the Geneva Accords. [6] South Vietnam briefly became the Republic of South Vietnam, under military occupation by North Vietnam, before being officially reunified with the North under communist rule as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 2, 1976. [6]

U.S. forces were soon embroiled in a guerrilla war with the Viet Cong, the insurgents who were indigenous to South Vietnam. [6] Nguyen Trung Truc was the leader of the uprising against French colonial forces in the Mekong Delta in south Vietnam in the This artwork illustrates Nguyễn Trung Trực and his men burning the French ship - L'Esperance at Nhật Tảo. [1]

\n Vietnam's independence ended in the mid-1800s, when the country was colonized by the French. [6]

The Tang Dynasty quelled three revolts in northern Vietnam between 722 and 728, using an army of natives pressed into service under the leadership of Chinese generals. [5] Khúc Thừa Dụ launched a rebellion against the Chinese Tang dynasty in 905. [1] Khuc Thua Du's son, Khúc Hạo, tried to set up a national administration; in 930 the Southern Han dynasty, which had taken power in southern China, again invaded the country and defeated Khúc Thừa Mỹ. [5] The Jiedushi Khúc Thừa Mỹ (Qu Changmei) chose to recognize the Later Liang in Northern Central China as the legitimate rulers and acknowledged themselves as part of the Later Liang and resisted and fought against the Southern Han. [5]

Khúc Thừa Dụ was a rich man who was admired by people, and he pushed out the Tang from the region, but later worked with the Tang to establish himself as the first local self-appointed governor who ended the practice of governors sent by the Imperial court from other regions. [5] Taking advantage of the disturbances in the Tang Empire, a notable from Cuc Bo (in the present-day Hải Dương Province ), Khúc Thừa Dụ, made himself Jiedushi (military governor) in 905, and in 906 the Tang court had to recognize this fait accompli. [5]

" Chè khúc bạch " is very familiar to the Southern variety but it first originated in Hanoi. [21] It was introduced to Saigon long ago, but chè khúc bạch became a hit with Saigon youngsters in 2013. [21] Saigon shops offer a plentiful array of options for chè khúc bạch lovers. [21]

The FVPPA worked with the American government, international humanitarian organizations, and other volunteer agencies to achieve its goals of family reunification and humane treatment of prisoners. [7] Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên, Nguyễn Hoàng's son, started the Nguyễn Phúc family name. [2] The applicant's sponsor or family member wrote a letter but did not name the applicant. [7] The files are arranged by the name of the sponsor or family member of the unnamed applicant. [7]

If, however, Nguyen Van Be's wife was also a Vietnamese political prisoner or a U.S. employee, her name will also appear on the file, for she too has status and qualifies as a principal applicant under ODP. The order of the two names on the file is determined alphabetically. [7] Up to 20 volunteers met at Tho's house each night after a full day's work at their day jobs, and worked for the release of Vietnamese political prisoners and for their immigration to the U.S. through the ODP. They petitioned Congress and lobbied the State Department on behalf of Vietnamese political prisoners. [7] By writing and petitioning U.S. government officials and agencies, along with those of other nations, fundraising, and raising public awareness of the plight of Vietnamese political prisoners, the FVPPA gave voice to thousands of Vietnamese political prisoners, former U.S. allies and employees, and their families who might otherwise have been forgotten. [7] The Resettlement Files Series consists of one linear foot of records of former Vietnamese political prisoners and their families that the FVPPA helped resettle in the U.S. The files are arranged alphabetically and cover the 1990s. [7]

These records document the FVPPA's assistance to former Vietnamese political prisoners and their families in obtaining housing, employment, transportation, medical care, and state assistance. [7] In 1977, in order to win the release of her husband and other Vietnamese political prisoners, Tho co-founded the Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association (FVPPA) in Arlington, Virginia, along with Trinh Ngoc Dung and other spouses, children, relatives, and friends of Vietnamese political prisoners. [7] By helping these Vietnamese refugees immigrate and resettle in the U.S., the Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association became a vital key to the understanding of the Vietnamese American immigration experience. [7]


Ngô Quyền was a Vietnamese prefect and general during the Southern Han Dynasty occupation of Vietnam. [4] What people dont know about the emperor, is that he was a very stern advocate of Vietnamese independence from the Han Dynasty. [4] What was different this time, was that Quang Trung demanded that China give back the provinces of Guangxi and Gunagdong, which had belong to Emperor Trieu Da (up the top remember), before the Han Dyansty took over, thereby reaffirming Vietnamese sovereignty. [4] Around the Roman Emperor Caligulas reign (approximately 40 AD), but in East Asia, the Vietnamese were getting wary of Han rule. [4]

The government was very corrupt, and favored Chinese people over Vietnamese, when it came to governance for example. [4] In 1077, the Imperial Vietnamese Navy fought the Battle of Cau River against the Chinese Song forces. [4]

When the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) invaded in 1407, they destroyed the country, burnt all Vietnamese books on history and culture. [4]

After the mighty Han Dynasty collapsed, China entered an age called the "Three Kingdom" Period (220-280 AD), where China was controlled in the north by "Cao Wei ", in the west by Shu Han and in the south by the Eastern Wu, the last kingdom, controlled Vietnam. [4] Lê Lợi was Emperor of Vietnam and founder of the Later Le dynasty. [4] Whilst he was alive, the Han never invaded Vietnam, as the Emperor, had been very successfully diplomatic. [4]

The Vietnam War ended over 40 years ago, but in many ways, the country is still feeling its effects. [22] This year, Isenberg had the opportunity to explore Vietnam and perform across the country. [22]

The year was 1279, the Mongols, having decimated China, now set their sights on tiny Vietnam. [4] This somehow explains why "chè" is one of the first "must-try" foods when you visit Vietnam. [10] Got a sweet tooth? Vietnam has one of the world’s greatest traditional desserts: a sweet soup called "chè" that is as customizable and variant as your imagination can handle. [23]

The French brought some new ideas during the time they controlled Indochina, including Vietnam. [24]

The term "chè" refers to a Vietnamese sweet beverage or dessert soup. [10] Vietnamese chè, within its sweet gruel or soup, can contain a wide range of traditional dessert ingredients, often featuring various types of peas, beans, tubers, or fruits, cooked in water and sweetened with sugar. [23] Chè is very common and a favorite among Vietnamese people of any age. [23] As one of the most favorable dish, sweet black bean soup is an indispensable dessert in summer for Vietnamese people. [10]

"Chè khúc bạch" resembles panna cotta in some way, but is distinguished with its lychee soup, mildly sweet and very refreshing. [23]


In AD 938, the Vietnamese lord Ngô Quyền defeated the forces of the Chinese Southern Han state at Bạch Đằng River and achieved full independence for Vietnam. [9] Vietnamese names are used in the country of Vietnam in southeastern Asia. [8] The legendary Hồng Bàng Dynasty of the Hùng kings is considered by many Vietnamese as the first Vietnamese state, known as Văn Lang. [12] Following the brief Hồ Dynasty, Vietnamese independence was momentarily interrupted by the Chinese Ming Dynasty, but was restored by Lê Lợi, the founder of the Lê Dynasty. [12] In 938 CE, a Vietnamese lord named Ngô Quyền defeated Chinese forces at the Bạch Đằng River and gained independence after 10 centuries under Chinese control. [12] TRỊNH Vietnamese Vietnamese cognate of Zheng, often used by Vietnamese people of Chinese origin. [8] The North Vietnamese government only wanted songs that encouraged people to fight for the nation. [13]

With its own casualties mounting, the U.S. began transferring combat roles to the South Vietnamese military in a process the U.S. called Vietnamization. [12] Despite reduced losses -1/3 ratio of Expeditionary Corps casualities compared to the China-backed Viet Minh- during the whole war, the U.S. backed-French and Vietnamese loyalists eventually suffered a major strategic defeat at the Siege of Dien Bien Phu that allowed Ho Chi Minh to negotiate the ceasefire with a favorable position in the ongoing Geneva conference of 1954. [12]

CONG TANG TON NU Vietnamese Often written with the middle two words uncapitalized when with a full name; example: Con tang ton Nu Hue Hue. [8]

This was the name of a dynasty that ruled parts of China and Vietnam in 207 BC. [8] Nguyễn Ánh unified Vietnam, and established the Nguyễn dynasty, ruling under the name Gia Long. [9] Feudalism in Vietnam reached its zenith in the Lê Dynasty of the 15th century, especially during the reign of Emperor Lê Thánh Tông. [12]

Colonial administration ended as French Indochina was dissoluted, and the contested State of Vietnam ceased to exist. [12] Vietnam, a one-party communist state, has one of south-east Asia's fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. [12]

For the next thousand years, Vietnam was mostly under Chinese rule. [12] A visit to Vietnam by U.S. President Bill Clinton in November 2000 was presented as the culmination of American efforts to normalise relations with the former enemy. [12] During this time, the Nguyễn expanded southern Vietnam into the Mekong Delta, annexing the Central Highlands and the Khmer lands in the Mekong Delta. [9] He says he wants to "lift people from poverty and hunger" and to turn Vietnam into a developed, industrialised country. [12] According to the Geneva Agreements the country was divided at the 17th parallel into Ho Chi Minh's North Vietnam and Ngo Dinh Diem's South Vietnam in the model of Korea. [12] South Vietnam briefly became the Republic of South Vietnam, under military occupation by North Vietnam, before being officially integrated with the North under communist rule as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 2, 1976. [12]

In 1946, the Chinese troops withdrew from north Vietnam and following the Haiphong incident ensued the First Indochina War that lasted until 1954. [12] During its war with the United States, North Vietnam wasn't just concerned with how the frontline battles were going, or the U.S. air raids on its capital city. [13]

Vietnam's independence ended in the mid-1800s, when the country was colonized by the French Empire. [12]

PPD can happen anytime shortly after the birth of a baby or begin anytime during the child’s first year, with possible harmful long-term effects on the child and the family. [25] When Mimi Khúc, 33, had her first child four years ago, she had an easy pregnancy and home birth. [25]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(25 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (28) Vietnam OpenCourseWare

2. (21) Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association (FVPPA) Collection Vietnamese American Heritage Foundation

3. (17) Vietnam More

4. (13) List of monarchs of Vietnam - WikiVividly

5. (13) Vietnam (Franco-American War) | Alternative History | FANDOM powered by Wikia

6. (13) Who are the figures of independance throughout the history of Vietnam? - Quora

7. (9) Vietnam history

8. (8) Third Chinese domination of Vietnam - Wikipedia

9. (7) 40 years later, Vietnamese community remembers fall of Saigon

10. (6) Khúc Thừa Dụ launched a rebellion against the Chinese Tang dynasty in 905. In 906 an autonomous region in Vietnam was established under the Khúc fa… | Pinteres…

11. (6) Top 5 chè - sweet soups must try in Saigon| Vietnamese Food lovers

12. (5) Behind the Name: Vietnamese Submitted Surnames

13. (4) Che in Vietnam - From Fruit Sweet Soup to Roasted Pork Fillings - Maze Vietnam

14. (4) Vietnamese Chè: Top 8 tasty "Chè" of Saigon and best places to try them

15. (4) Facts & Info. - Lovely Vietnam

16. (3) Vietnamese blues singer Nguyen Van Loc spent a decade in prison, including time at the notorious Hanoi Hilton, for singing songs about love

17. (3) How Vietnam Gained Independence from China | Study.com

18. (3) Buche de Noel: the colonial legacy of France's most popular Christmas cake -- Quartz

19. (2) Vietnamese Food: 25 Must-Eat Dishes in Saigon (and Where To Try Them)

20. (2) Alumni Spotlight: 2016 Grad Tours Vietnam with Juniata College Choir Tyrone Eagle Eye News

21. (2) Don't Call It Baby Blues | Hyphen Magazine

22. (1) Dam Vinh Hung - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous Birthdays

23. (1) 9 foods that Vietnamese eat for breakfast

24. (1) "Chè Khúc Bạch"- A new and strange sweet gruel in Hanoi | Vietnam Travel Magazine

25. (1) Vietnamese family culture


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