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Muromachi Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

Muromachi Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • Han Dynasty (漢朝, Japanese Kan-chō, Chinese Hàn cháo): A Chinese dynasty which reigned from 206 BC to 220 AD. The first recorded written record of Japan dates from the Han Dynasty, and was written in 54 AD. The years from 1465 to the end of the Muromachi period are also known as the Sengoku period or Warring States period.(More...)
  • His rule began in 1338, beginning the Muromachi period of Japan and he was a descendant of the samurai of the Seiwa Genji line who had settled in the Ashikaga area of Shimotsuke Province, in present-day Tochigi Prefecture.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • In this period Kyoto was the center of Japanese culture.It was also in this period that the first known novel was published.It's author was a woman.Poetry was very popular in Heian-kyo at the time The Japanese revisionists have attempted to deny and hide the true history of Japan in the first half of the 20th century from the public as it was an infamous one in which Japan launched aggressive wars against other nations and committed numerous atrocities.(More...)
  • During this period, in the first century AD, the first known written reference to Japan was recorded in the Chinese Book of Han.(More...)



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS
Han Dynasty (漢朝, Japanese Kan-chō, Chinese Hàn cháo): A Chinese dynasty which reigned from 206 BC to 220 AD. The first recorded written record of Japan dates from the Han Dynasty, and was written in 54 AD. The years from 1465 to the end of the Muromachi period are also known as the Sengoku period or Warring States period. [1] The Nanboku-cho period (Japanese: å - å - ææä£, nanbokuchÅ-jidai, South and North courts period), also known as the Northern and Southern Courts period, spanning from 1336 to 1392, was a period that occurred during the early years of the Muromachi period of Japans history. [1] History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period Kofun period Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period Japanese expansionism Occupied Japan Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Following the end of the Allied occupation in 1952. [1] Muromachi Period (室町時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1336 to 1573 AD. During this period Japan was nominally ruled by the Ashikaga family, whose palace was located on Muromachi Avenue in Kyoto Muromachi Period: The Kenmu Restoration was a brief period following the Kamakura Period during which Emperor Go-Daigo tried to restore the powers of the Imperial House of Japan but failed in the attempt. [1] Both the cabinet of Japan and the Japanese military were directly responsible not to the elected legislature but to the Emperor Muromachi Period (室町時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1336 to 1573 AD. During this period Japan was nominally ruled by the Ashikaga family, whose palace was located on Muromachi Avenue in Kyoto. [1]

Azuchi-Momoyama Period (安土・桃山時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1573 to 1603 AD. During this period, the warlords Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu put an end to over a century of fighting; Ieyasu eventually established himself as shogun Kofun (Tumulus) Period (古墳時代): A period of Japanese history running from 300 AD to 538 AD. The name comes from the Kofun, large earthen burial mounds built during this period. [1] Edo period - The Edo period or Tokugawa period is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the countrys 300 regional daimyō Ancient Japanese Men's Clothing, Kofun (Yamato) Period (250 A.D. - 538 A.D.) [1] The period marks the governance of the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate which was also officially established in 1603 by the first Edo shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu " alt"How was Japan’s imperialist experience unique? The Opening of Japan The Tokugawa Shogunate had restricted Japan to foreigners and forbid Japanese travel The Kamakura period began in 1185 when Minamoto no Yoritomo seized power from the emperors and established a bakufu, the Kamakura Shogunate, in Kamakura. [1] KEY TOPICS Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers The adoption of Japan's first military code of law--the Goseibai Shikimoku --in 1232 reflected the profound transition from court to militarized society. [1] Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers Japan's main export partners are the United States (22.9 percent), China (13.4 percent), South Korea (7.8 percent), Taiwan (7.3 percent), and Hong Kong (6.1 percent). [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Ancient Japanese Men's Clothing, Kofun (Yamato) Period (250 A.D. - 538 A.D.) " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [1] The power vacuum that ensued launched a century of anarchy, the Japanese contact with the Ming dynasty began when China was renewed during the Muromachi period after the Chinese sought support in suppressing Japanese pirates in coastal areas of China The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara-jidai ) of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered around an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō (平城京), or modern day Nara. [1] The term Asuka period was first used to describe a period in the history of Japanese fine-arts and it was proposed by fine-arts scholars Sekino Tadasu and Okakura Kakuzō around 1900 The Japanese contact with the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) began when China was renewed during the Muromachi period after the Chinese sought support in suppressing Japanese pirates in coastal areas of China. [1]

Japanese mon (currency) - The mon was the currency of Japan from the Muromachi period in 1336, until 1870. [1]

Early Modern Edo or Tokugawa period (1603 1867) An era of peace, where power was centralized by hereditary shogunate in a class society The later years of the Muromachi period, 1467 to 1573, are also known as the Sengoku period (Period of Warring Kingdoms), a time of intense internal warfare, and correspond with the period of the first contacts with the West--the arrival of Portuguese " Nanban " traders. [1] During this time period from 250 AD to 538 AD, the unification of the Yamato kingdom, known as Japan today, took place Edo Japan (a term describing the country's stable, economically healthy period between 1603 and 1868) saw a surge in urban cultural and artistic life, and art from the era responded with lovely depictions of townspeople and courtesans letting loose at festivals, enjoying the cherry bloom season, and generally indulging in lowercase-h hedonism. [1]

As Sansom has suggested, it is also possible that in the visual arts Japan's aesthetic heritage was better prepared than it was in literature to stand up against Western intrusion. 26 The Jesuits had first introduced Western visual arts to Japan in the sixteenth century and had even trained Japanese artists in contemporary painting techniques The first period of Japan's history is its prehistory, before the written history of Japan. [1] The first period of Japan's history is its prehistory, before the written history of Japan Political unrest, economic turmoil and the country’s first Great Depression, as well as World War II, took the Japanese through a long period of tragedy. [1]

From 1641 to 1845, Deshima served as the sole conduit of trade between Europe and Japan, and during the period of self-imposed Japanese seclusion (approximately 1639-1854) was Japan's only major link to the European world." [1]

The Legendary Era: Prehistoric Times (14,000 BCE - 538 CE) Most of the Japanese events and historical figures appearing in this period are derived from two primary sources: the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki " alt"How was Japan’s imperialist experience unique? The Opening of Japan The Tokugawa Shogunate had restricted Japan to foreigners and forbid Japanese travel The Kofun period ( 古墳時代, Kofun-jidai ? ) is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538. [1] Kofun period - The Kofun period is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538 AD. The word kofun is Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era, the Kofun and the subsequent Asuka periods are sometimes referred to collectively as the Yamato period. [1] The Ryukyuan languages and Japanese most likely diverged during this period, the Kofun period is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538. [1]

Edo period (1603 - 1867) 1603 Ieyasu is appointed shogun and establishes the Tokugawa government in Edo (Tokyo). 1614 Ieyasu intensifies persecution of Christianity. 1639 Almost complete isolation of Japan from the rest of the world. 1854 Commodore Matthew Perry forces the Japanese government to open a limited number of ports for trade. [1] In 1603, which is the beginning of the Edo period, the interaction between the Japanese and Europeans was extremely intense, and that, however, exposed Japan to Christianization waves, which lead Japan to enter a period of isolation in order to avoid such religious waves. [1]

The power vacuum that ensued launched a century of anarchy, the Japanese contact with the Ming dynasty began when China was renewed during the Muromachi period after the Chinese sought support in suppressing Japanese pirates in coastal areas of China. [1] Japanese archaeologists emphasise instead the fact that, in the first half of the Kofun period, other regional chieftainships, such as Kibi were in close contention for dominance or importance By the end of the Muromachi period (late 16th century), Japanese Buddhist architecture had reached its apogee. [1] Although the exquisite aromas of incense have wafted through our land for well over 1,400 years, kodo was first established as a refined Japanese art during the Muromachi period (1336-1573 AD). [1] Muromachi Period (室町時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1336 to 1573 AD. During this period Japan was nominally ruled by the Ashikaga family, whose palace was located on Muromachi Avenue in Kyoto Ashikaga Yoshiteru - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. [1] Interestingly, this was the first major school of Chinese painting to be emulated by the Japanese since painters of the early Muromachi period, some four centuries earlier, had succumbed to the beauty of Sung monochrome landscapes. [1] The Muromachi Period (1336-1573) Japanese Buddhist culture flourished in the 14th century, and Buddhist influence was reflected in art, poetry, architecture, gardening and the tea ceremony. [1] Muromachi art Main article: Higashiyama period Art of Miyabi, Kitayama Culture (Kinkaku-ji, Kyoto, 1397) Art of Wabi-sabi, Higashiyama Culture (Ginkaku-ji, Kyoto, 1489) During the Muromachi period (1338-1573), also called the Ashikaga period, a profound change took place in Japanese culture. [1] In spite of the social and political disorder, important cultural developments took place during the Muromachi period under the influence of Zen Buddhism, such as the Japanese arts of tea ceremony, flower arranging, and noh drama. [1] By the end of the Muromachi period (late 16th century), Japanese Buddhist architecture had reached its apogee. [1] The Kamakura period is also said to be the beginning of the Japanese Middle Ages which also includes the Muromachi period and the beginning of the Japanese Feudal Period which lasted until the Meiji Restoration. [1] The term "Japanese Middle Ages", which also included the Muromachi period and lasted until the Meiji Restoration, started with the Kamakura period. [1] The "Japanese center Ages", which also range from the Muromachi period and lasted before the Meiji Restoration, began with all the Kamakura period. [1]

Muromachi period -- In Japanese history, period of military government (bakufu, or shogunate) from the 14th to the 16th century. [1] The United States, with the consent of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of World War II. The Muromachi period ( 室町時代, Muromachi jidai ?, also known as the Muromachi era, the Muromachi bakufu, the Ashikaga era, the Ashikaga period, or the Ashikaga bakufu ) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. [1] The Kenmu (or Kemmu) restoration is the three year period of Japanese history between the Kamakura period and the Muromachi period and the political events that took place in it. [1]

The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784 Some of Japan's literary monuments were written during the Nara period, including the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the first national histories, compiled in 712 and 720 respectively; the Man'yōshū (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), an anthology of poems; and the Kaifūsō (Fond Recollections of Poetry), an anthology written in Chinese by Japanese emperors and princes. [1] Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. The Japanese military played a key role in Japan's expansion abroad. [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. [1] The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo The Sengoku period ( 戦国時代, Sengoku jidai, "Age of Warring States"; c. 1467 - c. 1603) is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. [1] Sengoku Period (戦国時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1467 to 1603 AD. Sengoku literally means "warring states," and during this period Japan was fractured into feuding domains which fought one another on and off The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. [1]

Azuchi-Momoyama Period (安土・桃山時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1573 to 1603 AD. During this period, the warlords Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu put an end to over a century of fighting; Ieyasu eventually established himself as shogun. [1]

This and other events led to the Meiji Restoration, a period of frantic modernization and industrialization accompanied by the re-ascendence of the Emperor, making the Imperial Japanese Navy the third largest navy in the world by 1920, and arguably the most modern at the brink of World War II. The results of this period continue to be influential in Modern Japan's view of the tenno seika (Emperor System). [1] The cause for the end of this period is controversial but is recounted as the forcing of Japan's opening to the world by Commodore Matthew Perry of the U.S. Navy, whose armada (known by Japanese as " the black ships ") fired weapons from Edo Bay. [1] In spite of Japan's economic difficulties, this period also saw Japanese popular culture, including video games, anime, and manga, become worldwide phenomena, especially among young people. [1] Regrettably, the great bulk of such pictures by Japanese artists, as well as those brought from Europe, was destroyed in the Christian persecutions of the seven- teenth century, and we have only a relatively few works remaining from which to judge Japan's "Christian art" during and after the period of unification. [1] Probably the most important issue approached by Japanese architects during the period of World War I and its aftermath was how Japan's tra- ditional tastes in building could be combined with the modern architec- tural values of the West. [1] During the period, some of Japan's most representative art forms developed, including ink wash painting, ikebana flower arrangement, the tea ceremony, Japanese gardening, bonsai, and Noh theater. [1] In the beginning of the Heisei period Japan's rapidly growing economy began to slow and by 1991, the "Japanese asset price bubble" had ended. [1]

"North and South courts"), spanning from 1336 to 1392, was a period that occurred during the early years of the Muromachi period of Japan's history. [1] In spite of the war, Japan's relative economic prosperity, which had begun in the Kamakura period, continued well into the Muromachi period. [1] Japan's Medieval Age: The Kamakura & Muromachi Periods An in-depth look at political, economic, cultural, and religious life during the Kamakura and Muromachi periods. [1] Butsudan appeared in the private homes of Japan's aristocracy at an early date, and became widespread among upper-class families during Japan's Kamakura (+1185-1333) and Muromachi periods (+1392-1568). [1]

That in turn was replaced by the Kemmu restoration which lasted until 1338 and which was followed by the Muromachi period (1338 1573), Azuchi-Momoyama period (1568 - 1603) and the Edo or Tokugawa period (1603 - 1868). [1] Azuchi-Momoyama period -- (1573 1603) A thirty year period following the Muromachi and preceding the Tokugawa. [1] Kōwa (Muromachi period) -- Kōwa (弘和) was a Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts lasting from 1381 to 1384. [1] The Nanboku-cho period ("South and North courts period", also known as the Northern and Southern Courts period), spanning from 1336 to 1392, was a period that occurred during the formative years of the Muromachi bakufu of Japan's history. [1] The Nanboku-cho period ("South and North courts period", also called the Northern and Southern Courts period), spanning from 1336 to 1392, ended up being an interval that took place through the formative several years of the Muromachi bakufu of Japan's history. [1]

The Asuka period was a time of transformation for Japanese society By the end of the Muromachi period (late 16th century), Japanese Buddhist architecture had reached its apogee. [1] Muromachi period -- (1336-1572) The late medieval period of Japanese history (1336-1572) is generally called the Muromachi age, named after the district of Kyoto where the seat of power lay. [1] The Kenmu (or Kemmu) renovation could be the three 12 months amount of Japanese history between the Kamakura period plus the Muromachi period plus the governmental events that took place in it. [1]

Kofun (Tumulus) Period (古墳時代): A period of Japanese history running from 300 AD to 538 AD. The name comes from the Kofun, large earthen burial mounds built during this period. [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. Despite these exchanges, the lack of regular missions between the two states from the 10th century CE meant that the Heian Period overall saw a diminishing in the influence of Chinese culture, which meant that Japanese culture began to find its own unique path of development. [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) The Weizhi, the third dynastic history of China, is compiled in 297 CE. It contains the earliest detailed description of the Japanese islands and their practices. [1]

As historian John Whitney Hall pointed out in his book, Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, the Meiji period definitely marked "Japan's transition to modernity" and "proved to be one of the pivotal events in Japanese history." (Hall; 266). [1] Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of World War II. In the beginning of the Heisei period Japan's rapidly growing economy began to slow and by 1991, the "Japanese asset price bubble" had ended. [1]

The very end of the period saw the introduction of Japan's first coinage, the Wado kaiho, in 708 CE. The Yamato period ( 大和時代, Yamato-jidai ) is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province. [1] The effects of this period are still influential in Modern Japan's view of the tenno seika (Emperor system) The ShÅwa period (Japanese: æ­å'æä£, ShÅwa-jidai, period of enlightened peace) was the time in Japanese history when Emperor Hirohito reigned over the country, from December 25, 1926 to January 7, 1989. [1]

English: Edo period was the period in Japanese history when Japan was ruled by the Tokugawa shoguns, from 1603 to 1868. [1] Edo Period (江戸時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868 AD during which Japan was ruled by Tokugawa Ieyasu and his descendants. [1] Sengoku Period (戦国時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1467 to 1603 AD. Sengoku literally means "warring states," and during this period Japan was fractured into feuding domains which fought one another on and off. [1]

After a long period of civil war Tokugawa Ieyasu completed the unification of Japan and was appointed shogun by the emperor in 1603 Divided in numerous parts, the eras are as following: Ancient Japan (-300 to 538), Classical Japan (538-1185), Feudal Japan (1185-1868), the Tokugawa Period (1603-1868), the Empire of Japan (1868-1945) and finally Post War Japan (1945-present). [1]

Muromachi Period (1333 - 1573) During the chaotic Era of Warring States (sengoku jidai, 1467-1573), Japan consisted of dozens of independent states which fought each other constantly The later years of the Muromachi period, 1467 to 1573, are also known as the Sengoku period (Period of Warring Kingdoms), a time of intense internal warfare, and correspond with the period of the first contacts with the West--the arrival of Portuguese " Nanban " traders. [1] Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. In the viewpoint of a cultural history, Kitayama period (end of 14th - first half of 15th century ) and Higashiyama period (second half of 15th - first half of 16th century ) exist in Muromachi period. [1] Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. The majority of chōnin were merchants, but some were craftsmen, daimyo - a feudal lord during the later Muromachi period, Sengoku period, Azuchi-Momoyama period and Edo period. [1]

During the Muromachi period regional warlords called daimyō grew in power at the expense of the shogun, eventually, Japan descended into a period of civil war " Momoyama-jidai " in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 656; excerpt, ". a historical and artistic period from 1568 or 1573 to 1615, during which Japan was controlled by military ditators Various military clans rose to power near the end of the Heian period. [1] During the Muromachi period regional warlords called daimyō grew in power at the expense of the shogun, eventually, Japan descended into a period of civil war Ashikaga Yoshiteru - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. [1] Muromachi period (1338-1573) 1334 Kemmu restoration: the emperor restores power over Japan. 1337 The emperor flees and establishes the Southern court in Yoshino. 1338 Takauji establishes the Muromachi government and a second emperor in Kyoto (Northern court). 1392 Unification of the Southern and Northern courts. 1542 Portuguese introduce firearms and Christianity to Japan. [1] Muromachi Period: The Kenmu Restoration was a brief period following the Kamakura Period during which Emperor Go-Daigo tried to restore the powers of the Imperial House of Japan but failed in the attempt. [1]

The Nanboku-chÅ period, South and North courts period, also known as the Northern and Southern Courts period), spanning from 1336 to 1392, was a period that occurred during the early years of the Muromachi period of Japans history. [1] During the Muromachi period regional warlords called daimyō grew in power at the expense of the shogun, eventually, Japan descended into a period of civil war. [1] While the Ashikaga Shogunate nominally ruled Japan during the Muromachi Period (1336-1573), outside of Kyoto the real power came to be held by local daimyo, leaving the nation regionally fractured. [1] In the Muromachi period, Zen, particularly the Rinzai school, obtained the help of the Ashikaga shogunate and the Emperor of Japan, and accomplished considerable development. [1] Ashikaga Yoshiteru - Ashikaga Yoshiteru, also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. [1] Religious paintings had flourished in Japan during the Nara period itself, however, that period is remembered more because of its sculptures than the art of painting Muromachi The period from approximately 1337 to 1573 was known in Japan as the muromachi period (室町時代). [1] Muromachi Period (1333 - 1573) During the chaotic Era of Warring States (sengoku jidai, 1467-1573), Japan consisted of dozens of independent states which fought each other constantly. [1] Figure Dry cascade and pools, upper garden, Saihoji temple, Kyoto, Japan, modified in Muromachi period, 14th century. [1] Negoro ware ewer, Negoro workshop, Muromachi period (1392-1573) to Momoyama period (1573-1615) second half of 16th century, lacquered wood, Wakayama prefecture, Japan (Portland Art Museum). [1] Hosokawa Sumimoto - Hosokawa Sumimoto was a samurai commander in the Muromachi period during the 16th century of Japan. [1]

An antique Japanese comic demon mask, Edo Period (1603 - 1868) c. 19th Century. [1] My wife was looking at our desktop calendar and pointed out to me that the traditional pattern adorning the top border of September was an Edo Period (1603 1863) eggplant motif that plays on the dual meaning of the Japanese word 'nasu' (なす). [1]

KEY TOPICS Some of Japan's literary monuments were written during the Nara period, including the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the first national histories, compiled in 712 and 720 respectively; the Man'yōshū, an anthology of poems; and the Kaifūsō, an anthology written in Chinese by Japanese emperors and princes. [1] Some of Japan's literary monuments were written during the Nara period, including the Kojiki and Nihongi, the first national histories compiled in 712 and 720, respectively; the Man'yosh (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), an anthology of poems; and the Kaifuso (Fond Recollections of Poetry), an anthology written in Chinese by Japanese emperors and princes. [1]

JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. While the Asuka period started with conflict of religious belief between clans, later in the period, the imported religions became syncretized with Japan's native folk beliefs. [1] Japanese archaeologists emphasise instead the fact that, in the first half of the Kofun period, other regional chieftainships, such as Kibi were in close contention for dominance or importance Japan's stated war aim was to establish the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, a vast pan-Asian union under Japanese domination.Henshall, 123-124. [1] The Meiji period (1868-1912) brought about the rapid modernization of Japanese economic, political, and social institutions, which resulted in Japan's attaining the status of the leading country in Asia and a world economic and political power. [1] Japanese porcelain was later exported overseas beginning in the Meiji Period as Japan's markets opened up to the West and its arts and crafts became fashionable and in demand. [1] By the mid-17th century, Neo-Confucianism was Japan's dominant legal philosophy and contributed directly to the development of the kokugaku, a school of Japanese philology and philosophy that originated during the Tokugawa period. [1] Another Edo period craft that reflected contemporary Japan's interest in electrical phenomena and mechanical sciences was the development of wadokei, or Japanese clockwatches. [1]

KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. The adoption of Japan's first military code of law--the Goseibai Shikimoku --in 1232 reflected the profound transition from court to militarized society. [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. After the turbulence of the Sengoku period and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603, old temples like Hieizan, Tō-ji and Tōdai-ji lost their power and the schools of Buddhism were surpassed in influence by the Nichiren-shū and Jōdo-shū. [1] The Edo Period is a span of Japanese history is characterized by a feudal system ruled over by the Tokugawa Shogunate, that lasted from 1603 to 1868 CE. After the turbulence of the Sengoku period and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603, old temples like Hieizan, Tō-ji and Tōdai-ji lost their power and the schools of Buddhism were surpassed in influence by the Nichiren-shū and Jōdo-shū. [1] The Edo Period is a span of Japanese history is characterized by a feudal system ruled over by the Tokugawa Shogunate, that lasted from 1603 to 1868 CE. A brief period of vigorous international exchange with the West took place during the early Edo period (1603 to 1867), until Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu grew wary of the growing influence of Christianity on Japanese society, and stamped his policy of national seclusion on the nation. [1]

Ancient Japanese Women's Clothing, Asuka Period (538 A.D. - 710 A.D.) [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. The genealogy of the Later Han is from the Nihon Kodaishi Daijiten ( Dictionary of Ancient Japanese History ) supplemented with information from the Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors by Ann Paludan. [1] Asuka Period (飛鳥時代): A period of Japanese history running from 538 to 710 AD. Characterized by the rise and centralization of the Yamato kingdom under the ancestors of the modern Japanese ancestors, as well as the arrival of Chinese culture and Buddhism. [1] The Asuka period is the period in Japanese history occurring from 538 CE - 710 CE The arrival of Buddhism marked a change in Japanese society and it affected the Yamato government as well. [1]

The Asuka period began in 538 with the introduction of the Buddhist religion from the Korean kingdom of Baekje.Since then, Buddhism has coexisted with Japan's native Shinto religion, in what is today known as Shinbutsu-shg.The period draws its name from the de facto imperial capital, Asuka, in the Kinai region. [1] The Edo period that lasted from 1603 AD to 1868 AD saw the rise of Japan's isolationistic policy. [1] The Sengoku period ( 戦国時代, Sengoku jidai, "Age of Warring States"; c. 1467 - c. 1603) is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. [1] This means the pieces are primarily a reflection of the Edo period (1603 - 1868), an era that defined Shizuoka’s role in Japanese history. [1] The Edo period is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1867 The Meiji Period (1868-1912) is the 45-year division of Japanese history that directly followed the Edo Period. [1] Between 1603 and 1868 Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate, a period known as the Edo period. [1] A brief period of vigorous international exchange with the West took place during the early Edo period (1603 to 1867), until Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu grew wary of the growing influence of Christianity on Japanese society, and stamped his policy of national seclusion on the nation. [1] Today, Senhime figures prominently in jidaigeki ("period dramas", a genre of film, television, and theatre most often set during the Edo period of Japanese history, from 1603 to 1868) and taiga dorama ("Big River Drama", the name NHK gives to the annual, year-long historical fiction television series it broadcasts). [1]

While in the initial years the supporters of Emperor Go-Daigo resisted the growing powers of the shogunate, the latter part of the Muromachi Period was marked by much inter state strife and is also known as the Warring State period. [1] The later years of 1467 to the end of the Muromachi period is also known as the Sengoku period, the "Warring States period", a time of intense internal warfare, and corresponds with the period of the first contacts with the West, with the arrival of Portuguese "Nanban" traders. [1] The later years of 1467 to the end associated with Muromachi period normally referred to as Sengoku period, the "Warring States period", an occasion of intense internal warfare, and corresponds aided by the period of the first associates utilizing the West, aided by the arrival of Portuguese "Nanban" traders. [1]

The beginning of the Muromachi Period (1333 - 1573) was dominated by a political standoff between Emperor Go-Daigo, who briefly restored imperial power and overthrew the Kamakura Bakufu, and former supporter Ashikaga Takauji. [1] Following roughly fifty years of bitter fighting over control of the Imperial succession, the Muromachi period, under the Ashikaga shogunate, saw a brief period of peace as the power of the traditional systems of administration by the Court gradually declined. [1] The early years from 1336 to 1392 of the Muromachi period are known as the Nanboku-chō or Northern and Southern Court period and this period is marked by the continued resistance of the supporters of Emperor Go-Daigo, the emperor behind the Kenmu Restoration. [1] The first years of 1336 to 1392 of this Muromachi period is also known as the Nanboku-cho or Northern and Southern Court period, due to the fact Imperial court had been split in 2. [1] The first ruling shogunate arose with the 150-year Kamakura period, 1192-1333, followed by another during what is known as the Muromachi Period, from 1338-1573. [1] In the viewpoint of a cultural history, Kitayama period (end of 14th - first half of 15th century ) and Higashiyama period (second half of 15th - first half of 16th century ) exist in Muromachi period. [1] By the end of the Muromachi period, the first Europeans had arrived, the Portuguese landed in Tanegashima south of Kyūshū in 1543 and within two years were making regular port calls, initiating the century-long Nanban trade period. [1] The structure was one of the symbols of Kitayama Culture in Muromachi Period, still proudly showing off the power of shogun at that time more than 600 years later. [1] The time a quarrel of the North and South Dynasties ends and when power of the Shogunate is failing, Muromachi period. [1] After seizing power, Yoritomo set up his capital in Kamakura, in 1274 and 1281, the Kamakura shogunate withstood two Mongol invasions, but in 1333 it was toppled by a rival claimant to the shogunate, ushering in the Muromachi period. [1] During the late Heian period, the governing elite centered around three classes, the traditional aristocracy shared power with Buddhist monks and samurai, though the latter became increasingly dominant in the Kamakura and Muromachi periods. [1] The Kamakura shogunate fell in 1333 and, from the period of the Northern and Southern Courts ("Nanboku-chou") to the Muromachi period, the center of politics moved to Kyoto. [1] In 1274 and 1281, the Kamakura shogunate withstood two Mongol invasions, but in 1333 it was toppled by a rival claimant to the shogunate, ushering in the Muromachi period. [2]

During Ashikaga era in The Muromachi period ( 室町時代 Muromachi jidai) (1336-1573) unrest between the Daimyō ( 大名) are stronger and cause Civil War. [1] The Ashikaga had their headquarters in the Muromachi district of Kyoto, and the time during which they ruled is also known as the Muromachi Period. [1] MUROMACHI PERIOD (1336-1573) In 1500, the ceremony of Gion Matsuri, a ceremony to appease the gods thought to start fire, floods, and earthquakes, is performed for the first time in Kyoto since 1467. [1] Unlike the Tendai and Pure Land sects, the Zen denomination rose to prominence and political power during the Muromachi period, with many warriors turning to Zen Buddhism for release. [1] Certain daimyos, such as the Ouchi, had managed to weather the Onin War and its aftermath; but most of the other great daimyo houses of the early Muromachi period were destroyed in the final decades of the fifteenth century. [1] Kamakura Period (1185 CE - 1333 CE) : Nembutsu Odori http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ippen Karesansui, Ryoan-ji (late 15th century) Muromachi Period (1392 CE - 1573 CE) Karahafu style gable Rakuchu-rakuga-zu http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/細川氏 Shoin-zukuri 1. [1]

JOMON - before 300 BC YAYOI - 300 BC - 300 CE KOFUN - 300 - 538 CE (or 300-552 CE) ASUKA - 538 - 710 CE (or 552-645 CE) NARA - 710 - 794 CE (or 645-794 CE) HEIAN - 794- 1185 CE KAMAKURA - 1185 - 1333 CE MUROMACHI - 1333 - 1568 CE (or 1392-1573 CE) MOMOYAMA - 1568 - 1603 CE (or 1573-1615 CE). [1] During the Muromachi period, the Ashikaga shogunate ruled for 237 years from 1336 to 1573 During the early Heian period, the imperial court successfully consolidated its control over the Emishi people of northern Honshu. [1] The early years from 1336 to 1392 of the Muromachi period is also known as the Nanboku-chō (Northern-and-Southern court) period, as the Imperial court was split in two. [1] The Azuchi-Momoyama period began out of the late Muromachi period, known also as the Sengoku period, in 1568 when the armies of Nobunaga entered Kyto and reestablished the Ashikaga Shogunate under the 15th and last shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki. [1] Muromachi period starts with the establishment of Ashikaga shogunate domination over imperial Northern Court. [1] The years of the Ashikaga shogunate are called the Muromachi period. [1] The Late Hōjō clan (後北条氏 Go-Hōjō-shi) were powerful regional lords at the end of the Muromachi Period (1333-1568) and in the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1568-1600) and must not be confused with the warrior family by the same name who were hereditary regents (執権 shikken) of the Kamakura shogunate in the Kamakura Period (1185-1333). [1] This style continued till the Kamakura period; however, the Muromachi period introduced an austere monochrome style of ink painting known as Suibokuga. [1] The majority of chōnin were merchants, but some were craftsmen, daimyo - a feudal lord during the later Muromachi period, Sengoku period, Azuchi-Momoyama period and Edo period. [1]

English: Asuka period is from 538 to 710 in Japanese history. [1] Clothing oriented outline of Japanese history from 538 to 1603. [1]


His rule began in 1338, beginning the Muromachi period of Japan and he was a descendant of the samurai of the Seiwa Genji line who had settled in the Ashikaga area of Shimotsuke Province, in present-day Tochigi Prefecture. [3] The early years from 1336 to 1392 of the Muromachi period are known as the Nanboku-chō or Northern and Southern Court period, this period is marked by the continued resistance of the supporters of Emperor Go-Daigo, the emperor behind the Kenmu Restoration. [3] Each was a member of the Ashikaga clan and this period is also known as the Muromachi period. [3]

The Muromachi period (1338-1573) is named for the Muromachi district in Kyoto, where Ashikaga Takauji, established his administrative headquarters. [4]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
In this period Kyoto was the center of Japanese culture.It was also in this period that the first known novel was published.It's author was a woman.Poetry was very popular in Heian-kyo at the time The Japanese revisionists have attempted to deny and hide the true history of Japan in the first half of the 20th century from the public as it was an infamous one in which Japan launched aggressive wars against other nations and committed numerous atrocities. [1] JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The Japanese revisionists have attempted to deny and hide the true history of Japan in the first half of the 20th century from the public as it was an infamous one in which Japan launched aggressive wars against other nations and committed numerous atrocities. [1] Well known figures: this is when a lot of Japanese mythology is set; for example, Japan was supposedly founded by Emperor Jimmu, a descendant of the Shinto sun goddess Amaterasu, in 660 BC. During the pre-World War II period, Jimmu era ( Kōki ) is also used in common that the year of enthronement of first Tennō ( Jimmu-Tennō ) is defined as First Year. ( 660 BC) For example, 2010 is 2670 Jimmu era. [1] Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers "Red Hair" by the Japanese, first arrived in Japan in 1600, onbard the Liefde. [1] JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The Meiji Restoration, and the resultant modernization of Japan, also influenced Japanese self-identity with respect to its Asian neighbors, as Japan became the first Asian state to modernize based on the European model, replacing the traditional Confucian hierarchical order that had persisted previously under a dominant China with one based on modernity. [1] For the Japanese, "Harmony is the most precious value," according to the first article of the Seventeen-Article Constitution by Prince Shotoku around 700 C.E. As the only country that was struck by nuclear weapons in history, Japan is showing its desire to play a role for peace and harmony in the world, by reconciling with Korea and by appreciating the help of the Uinted States after World War II. The Showa period had been the longest reign of most Japanese emperors. [1]

POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Han Dynasty (漢朝, Japanese Kan-chō, Chinese Hàn cháo): A Chinese dynasty which reigned from 206 BC to 220 AD. The first recorded written record of Japan dates from the Han Dynasty, and was written in 54 AD. The period thence to the year 1867--the Tokugawa, or Edo, era--constitutes the later feudal period in Japan. [1] Han Dynasty (漢朝, Japanese Kan-chō, Chinese Hàn cháo): A Chinese dynasty which reigned from 206 BC to 220 AD. The first recorded written record of Japan dates from the Han Dynasty, and was written in 54 AD. The capital city was modeled on the capital of Tang dynasty China, Chang an, from whom the Japanese borrowed extensively in this period. [1] Han Dynasty (漢朝, Japanese Kan-chō, Chinese Hàn cháo): A Chinese dynasty which reigned from 206 BC to 220 AD. The first recorded written record of Japan dates from the Han Dynasty, and was written in 54 AD. Among cultural developments, the immediate post-occupation period became a golden age for Japanese cinema. [1]

POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL While the courtly culture of this period was modelled on Chinese culture, the mid-Heian period saw it flourish based on Japanese aesthetics " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers Due to the efforts of certain art critics, traditional Japanese art saw a revival during this period especially the Nihonga art. [1]

During this period, the first known written reference to Japan was recorded in the Chinese Book of Han in the first century AD. Between the fourth century and the ninth century, Japan's many kingdoms and tribes gradually came to be unified under a centralized government, nominally controlled by the Emperor. [2] During this period, the first two books produced in Japan appeared: the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, which contain chronicles of legendary accounts of early Japan and its creation myth, which describes the imperial line as descendants of the gods. [2] Edge-ground axes dating to 32-38,000 years ago, found in 224 sites in Honshu and Kyushu, are unlike anything found in neighbouring areas of continental Asia, and have been proposed as evidence for the first Homo sapiens in Japan; watercraft appear to have been in use in this period. [2] The Tokugawa (or Edo) period brought 250 years of stability to Japan. [5] Most wars of the period were short and localized, although they occurred throughout Japan. [6] These men, known as the Meiji oligarchs, oversaw the dramatic changes Japan would experience during this period. [2] Craftsmen and scholars from China and the Three Kingdoms of Korea played an important role in transmitting continental technologies and administrative skills to Japan during this period. [2] Only China, the Dutch East India Company, and for a short period, the English, enjoyed the right to visit Japan during this period, for commercial purposes only, and they were restricted to the Dejima port in Nagasaki. [5] During the period, Japan studied Western sciences and techniques (called rangaku, "Dutch studies") through the information and books received through the Dutch traders in Dejima. [5] During this period, Japan became the world's largest manufacturer of automobiles and a leading producer of electronics. [2] Social stratification in Japan became pronounced during the Yayoi period. [2] The Jōmon period of prehistoric Japan spans from about 12,000 BC (in some cases dates as early as 14,500 BC are given ) to about 800 BC. Japan was inhabited by a hunter-gatherer culture that reached a considerable degree of sedentism and cultural complexity. [2]

During this period the Japanese military was responsible for such war crimes as mistreatment of prisoners of war, massacres of civilians, and the use of chemical and biological weapons. [2] Among cultural developments, the immediate post-occupation period became a golden age for Japanese cinema. [2] Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, described as "perhaps the most versatile literary figure of his day" by the historian Conrad Totman, produced many works during the Taishō period influenced by European literature, though his 1929 novel Some Prefer Nettles reflects deep appreciation for the virtues of traditional Japanese culture. [2]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(21 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (160) Muromachi Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

2. (140) Muromachi period - WikiVividly

3. (73) History of Japan - Wikipedia

4. (38) Ancient Japanese Civilization

5. (29) Japan - New World Encyclopedia

6. (16) Edo period - Wikipedia

7. (13) Japan: History

8. (11) Japanese history overview Flashcards | Quizlet

9. (11) A Guide to Japanese Buddhism

10. (10) Glossary Isaac Meyer

11. (9) A Brief History of Buddhism in Japan

12. (9) Muromachi period - Wikipedia

13. (4) History of Kimono: The Edo Period | Owlcation

14. (4) Changes in the Shape of the Japanese Sword | JAPAN Forward

15. (4) Azuchi-Momoyama period | Japanese history | Britannica.com

16. (4) Edo period Facts for Kids | KidzSearch.com

17. (3) A List of Historical Time Periods to Take You Through the Past

18. (3) A Brief Outline of Japanese History | Rediscover Tours

19. (2) Azuchi-Momoyama Period - Japanese History - Wa-pedia

20. (1) Japanese eras - Japanese Prints

21. (1) Clothes of the Kamakura era / Muromachi era in Japan. Kimono. | war | Pinterest | Kamakura era


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