world history education resources
Research numerous resources on the world history topics!

Napoleonic Era (1799 - 1815)

Napoleonic Era (1799 - 1815)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • The Napoleonic era begins roughly with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état, overthrowing the Directory, establishing the French Consulate, and ends during the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (9 November 1799- 28 June 1815).(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. From 1803 to 1815, France was engaged in the Napoleonic Wars, a series of major conflicts with various coalitions of European nations.(More...)



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS
The Napoleonic era begins roughly with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état, overthrowing the Directory, establishing the French Consulate, and ends during the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (9 November 1799- 28 June 1815). [1] KEY TOPICS The period from 1799 to 1815 was otherwise known as the Napoleonic era which was one of great change both physically and thoughtfully. [2] Ch21 Section 5 The Napoleonic Era, 1799 1815 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. [3] The Napoleonic Era encompassed the period between November 1799 and the end of 1815. [2]

The Napoleonic era is a period in the history of France and Europe. [1] Napoleon as Dictator The period from 1799 to 1814 while Napoleon was dictator was called the Napoleonic Era Video embedded Watch video Resistance to French oppression began in space which Napoleon had seized in eighteen a Spanish nationalists hope of the Napoleonic era Internet Archive. [2] KEY TOPICS The Napoleonic era begins roughly with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état, overthrowing the Directory, establishing the French Consulate, and ends during the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (9 November 1799- 28 June 1815). [2] The end of the Napoleonic Era came with Napoleon's abdication as a result of his defeat at Waterloo in 1815. [2] KEY TOPICS During the Napoleonic era of 1803 to 1815, the Empire participated in two wars against the Allies: against Britain in the Anglo-Turkish War (1807-1809) and against Russia in the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812). [2]

On the ninth of November 1799, the day of the coup d'etat, the Napoleonic Era began. [2] The Napoleonic era begins roughly with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état, overthrowing the Directory, establishing the French Consulate, and ends during the Hundred Days and his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo. [2] Bloodiest battle of the Napoleonic era, fought in Borodino outside of Moscow; both sides had terrible losses, but the Russian army was not defeated; Napoleon gained nothing substantial and when Moscow was burned, the French forces were left completely cut off. [2] Video embedded Watch video Resistance to French oppression began in space which Napoleon had seized in eighteen a Spanish nationalists hope of the Napoleonic era Internet Archive. [2] Peace of Amiens - 1802 pact by which the British and French agreed not to fight. 1802 was the only year during all of the Napoleonic era when no European power was officially at war with another European power. [2] I've never heard any British person express any bitterness towards the French because of things that happened in the Napoleonic era. [2] This vastly improved the leadership and combat effectiveness of the French military and made it the most formidable foe to face in Europe during the Napoleonic era. [2] The Napoleonic Era is a period in the history of France and Europe. [2] The map of Europe changed dramatically in the hundred years following the Napoleonic Era, based not on fiefs and aristocracy, but on the perceived basis of human culture, national origins, and national ideology. [2] Its growth spelled the beginning of some states and the end of others, as the map of Europe changed dramatically in the hundred years following the Napoleonic Era. [2]

The French Revolution from the years 1789-1799 and Napoleonic era from 1799-1815 was a time period of radical social and political reform. [2] The Napoleonic Era 1799-1804: The Consulate In imitation of the Roman system, the Consulate had three consuls elected to office for a period of ten years. [2]

The nationalism of the revolution era was thus The Napoleonic nationalism from the napoleonic era Wars which followed should be …. 1799-1815. 14-11-2017 The Era of Napoleon Bonaparte. [2] Flashcards on Absolutism and Constitutionalism. nationalism from the napoleonic era The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars represented continuity in European diplomacy from the eighteenth to the nineteenth century, but witnessed considerable. [2] The Napoleonic era is generally classified as including the fourth and final stage of the French Revolution, the first being the National Assembly, the second being the Legislative Assembly, and the third being the Directory. [2] Theatrical metaphors, most notably Marx’s comparison of the First French Empire with a tragedy, dominate our perceptions of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era. [2]

In respect to the Napoleonic era, the emergence of nationalism effected Europe as well as the world in four major areas: warfare, the generation of new intellectual thought, the arts, and the spread of nationalistic pride in Europe, Latin Warfare was Napoleon's tool in which he obtained both his high-ranking status as well as his empire. [2] It encompasses the entire Napoleonic era in a worldwide setting, its cultural atmosphere, and the people who helped to shape this time and whose lives were touched by this giant figure of history. much information on a colorful period in history. [2]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. From 1803 to 1815, France was engaged in the Napoleonic Wars, a series of major conflicts with various coalitions of European nations. [2] Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. Fosten B Soldiers of the Napoleonic Wars, French Imperial Guard Infantry, June 1815. [2] Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. In November 1799, in an event known as the coup of 18 Brumaire, Napoleon was part of a group that successfully overthrew the French Directory. [2] Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. The Napoleonic Wars began with the War of the Third Coalition, which was the first of the Coalition Wars against the First French Republic after Napoleon's accession as leader of France. [2] Napoleonic Wars (1803–15) Campaigns by a series of European coalitions against French expansion under Napoleon I. German historiography may count the War of the Second Coalition (1798/9-1801/2), during which Napoleon seized power, as the Erster Napoleonischer Krieg ("First Napoleonic War"). [2] The wars encompassed eight separate military campaigns divided into three broader periods: 1803 to 1807, the ascendancy of Napoleonic power in Europe ; 1807 to 1812, the height of Napol é on ’ s Grand Empire; and 1812 to 1815, the decline and fall of Napol é on ’ s empire. [2] Indeed the Spanish War comes across mainly as an act of opportunism on the part of Napoleon who wanted to replace the current ruling Spanish Royal Family with a Bonaparte and properly incorporate Spain into the Napoleonic Empire. [2]

Some say the Napoleonic Wars already started in 1799 when Napoleon became First Consul of France and the French Revolution ended. [2] From 1803 to 1815, France was engaged in the Napoleonic Wars, a series of major conflicts with various coalitions of European nations. [2] The Napoleonic Wars were a series of European wars lasting from 1803 to Napoleon’s second abdication of power in 1815. [2] The Napoleonic Wars also led to the creation of a European international system established at the Congress of Vienna (1814 – 1815), which was based upon the principles of balance of power and territorial compensation. [2]

The Napoleonic Wars (1803 – 1815) were fought between the French emperor, Napol é on Bonaparte (Napol é on I; 1769 – 1821) and the European powers of Britain, Austria, Russia, and Prussia. [2] Napoleonic Wars a series of campaigns (1800–15) of French armies under Napoleon I against Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, and other European powers. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. [2] The Napoleonic Wars were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions that ran from 1803 to 1815. [2]

Along with the French Revolutionary wars, the Napoleonic Wars comprise a 23-year period of recurrent conflict that concluded only with the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon’s second abdication on June 22, 1815. [4] Battle of Waterloo, June 1815 1) Last battle of the Napoleonic Wars 2) Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo by England’s Duke of Wellington and Prussian’s Count Blucher. 3. [2] The Napoleonic Wars ended following Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815 and the Second Treaty of Paris. [2] On paper, the Napoleonic Wars ended on November 20, 1815, with the Second Peace of Paris. [2] On the battlefield, the Napoleonic Wars ended on June 19, 1815, at Wavre, today's Belgium. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL All public educational institutions and many private ones came under the supervision of a government agency known as the University of France, established in 1806 in 1802 he established the order of the honour From 1805 to 1815, the Napoleonic Wars raged. [2] The United Kingdom's army remained a minimal threat to France; the UK maintained a standing army of just 220,000 at the height of the Napoleonic Wars, whereas France's strength peaked at over 1,500,000 in addition to the armies of numerous allies and several hundred thousand national guards that Napoleon could draft into the military if necessary. [2] Britain maintained a standing army of just 220,000 at the height of the Napoleonic Wars, whereas France's strength peaked at over 2,500,000, as well as several hundred thousand national guardsmen that Napoleon could draft into the military if necessary; however, British subsidies paid for a large proportion of the soldiers deployed by other coalition powers, peaking at about 450,000 in 1813. [2]

In 1806 there were Napoleonic victories, over Prussia at Jena and Auerstedt, and in 1807 the Battle of Eylau was fought between a fourth coalition army of Prussians and Russians against Napoleon. [2] German historiography may count the War of the Second Coalition (1798/9-1801/2), during which Napoleon seized power, as the Erster Napoleonischer Krieg ("First Napoleonic War"). [2] The Napoleonic Wars began with the War of the Third Coalition, which was the first of the Coalition Wars against the First French Republic after Napoleon's accession as leader of France. [2]

Although it was a ground-breaking study, Napoleonic Propaganda, as Holtman acknowledged, was not intended to become the definitive work on the subject. 12 Indeed, Holtman examined Napoleon's use of propaganda only from the period after Bonaparte had become master of France, with all the powers of state to support his efforts. [2] By 1809, when France again found itself at war against Austria, regiments supplied by the German satellite states made up about a third of the total Napoleonic host. [2] The United States attempted to remain neutral during the Napoleonic period, but eventually became embroiled in the European conflicts, leading to the War of 1812 against Great Britain. [2] Napoleonic warfare as expounded in the writings of Baron Antoine Henri Jomini was transmitted to American officers by the teaching at the recently founded Military Academy at West Point and came to influence the generals of the Civil War. [2]

Learn exactly what Taming of the shrew petruchio happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Napoleonic Europe (1799. [2] Napoleonic imperialism in turn triggered reactions in other parts of Europe where opposition to French exploitation manifested itself amongst ordinary people. [2] Jacques-Louis David - A leading French artist of the Napoleonic Period, David painted in the Neoclassical style. [2] Napoleon stabilized French currency by creating the Bank of France, and he simplified the tangle of French law by producing the Napoleonic Code. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL Napoleon consolidated his rule by suppressing rebellions in France, normalizing relations with the Church in the Concordat of 1801, and streamlining the French law system in the Napoleonic Code. [2] As a heroic figure, Napoleon contributed positively to the Napoleonic Code, the French military, the introduction of nationalism, defending the Revolution and the revival of the economy. [2] On March 21, 1804, Napoleon instituted the Napoleonic Code, otherwise known as the French Civil Code, parts of which are still in use around the world today. [2]

Napoleon caused the organisation of the University of France and the Institute of France, as well as reforming and codifying local and regional government law and the Napoleonic Code. [2] The Napoleonic Wars comprised a series of global conflicts fought during Napoleon Bonaparte's imperial rule over France (1805-1815). [2] The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815), were a series the role of technology in todays society of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of. 22-9-2017 The period between 1870 and 1914 saw a Europe that was considerably more stable than that of previous decades. [2] Napoleonic Wars, series of wars between Napoleonic France and shifting alliances of other European powers that produced a brief French hegemony over most of Europe. [4] The Napoleonic Wars brought radical changes to Europe, but the reactionary forces returned to power and tried to reverse some of them by restoring the Bourbon house on the French throne. [2] By the end of the Napoleonic Wars, France no longer held the role of the dominant power in Europe, as it had since the times of Louis XIV. The Napoleonic Wars are wars that people fought during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte over France. [2] By the end of the Napoleonic Wars, France no longer held the role of the dominant power in Europe, as it had since the times of Louis XIV. In its place, the United Kingdom emerged as by far the most powerful country in the world and the Royal Navy gained unquestioned naval superiority across the globe. [2] By the end of the Napoleonic Wars, France no longer held the role of the dominant power in Continental Europe, as it had since the times of Louis XIV, as the Congress of Vienna produced a " balance of power " by resizing the main powers so they could balance each other and remain at peace. [2]

There are a number of opinions on the date to use as the formal beginning of the Napoleonic Wars; 18 May 1803 is often used, when Britain and France ended the only short period of peace between 1792 and 1814. [2] Science fiction and fantasy Bryan TALBOT's graphic novel Grandville is set in an alternate history in which France won the Napoleonic War, invaded Britain and guillotined the British Royal Family. [2] We take May 16, 1803 as the starting point of the Napoleonic Wars, because on that day Britain officially cancelled the Treaty of Amiens by declaring war on France. [2] In May 1803 Britain declared war on France, inaugurating the Napoleonic Wars. [2] This decree by Napoleon in 1806 was an attempt to cut Britain off from the rest of the world and also meant that American ships traveling to Britain to deposit goods would get caught in the Napoleonic War. [2] Unlike its many coalition partners, Britain remained at war throughout the period of the Napoleonic Wars. [2] The Napoleonic Wars marked a period of U.S. weakness in the face of British power. [2] As a direct result of the Napoleonic wars, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Britannica. [2] The Napoleonic Wars: 1799-1815 The Napoleonic Wars Reforming the Royal Navy The Napoleonic Wars forced the British Empire to reform the Royal Navy, resulting in an era of Naval dominance and revered British officers. [2] Our timeline shows nine key years from the revolutionary era of the Napoleonic Wars, and the fascinating stories behind them. [2] "The concept of military occupation in the era of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars." [2]

Established thus was the Napoleonic Empire that was carved out of a series of political and military victories. [2] His main goal was to try and impress Alexander I, also at Erfurt, with the power and grandeur of the Napoleonic Empire. [2] One of his main accomplishments as a ruler was the establishment of the Napoleonic Civil Law Codes, which made all men equal under the law while maintaining their legal power over women. [2] Napoleon's impact on Poland was huge, including the Napoleonic legal code, the abolition of serfdom, and the introduction of modern middle class bureaucracies. [2]

The Napoleonic constitution of Year VIII (13 December 1799) avoided general statements of principle regarding national sovereignty and the rights of citizenship. [2] The years of Napoleonic rule were also crucial years in the development of British manufacturing through the Industrial Revolution. [2] People from all walks of life and all areas of France, particularly Napoleonic veterans, drew on the Napoleonic legacy and its connections with the ideals of the 1789 revolution. [2] The irrationality is reinforced by Gros portraying army uniforms in Napoleonic Imperial guise rather than those of the revolution. [2]

William Makepeace THACKERAY's novel Vanity Fair takes place during the Napoleonic Wars—one of its protagonists dies at the Battle of Waterloo. [2] Les Misérables by Victor HUGO takes place against the backdrop of the Napoleonic War and subsequent decades, and in its unabridged form contains an epic telling of the Battle of Waterloo. [2]

Fosten B Soldiers of the Napoleonic Wars, French Imperial Guard Infantry, June 1815. [2] Already begun during the revolution, French nationalism grew during the Napoleonic wars. [2] The Duel, a short story by Joseph CONRAD, recounts the story based on true events of two French Hussar officers who carry a long grudge and fight in duels each time they meet during the Napoleonic wars. [2]

The Napoleonic Wars were instigated by France, but each nation fought to protect and expand its own national interest. [2] In France, the Napoleonic Wars are generally associated with the French Revolutionary Wars : Les guerres de la Révolution et de l'Empire. [2] The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815) were the succession of international conflicts that straddled the 18 th and 19 th Centuries and which created the basis of modern Europe. [2] No consensus exists as to when the French Revolutionary Wars ended and the Napoleonic Wars began. [2] William Pitt "The Younger": British prime minister during the French revolutionary wars and the beginning of the Napoleonic wars. [2] Coinciding with the War of the Sixth Coalition but not considered part of the Napoleonic Wars by most Americans, the otherwise neutral United States, owing to various transgressions (such as impressment), by the British Royal Navy, declared war on the United Kingdom and attempted to invade British North America. [2] The Bloody Jack book series by Louis A. MEYER is set during the Second Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars, and retells many famous battles of the age. [2] The Sharpe series by Bernard CORNWELL star the character Richard Sharpe, a soldier in the British Army, who fights throughout the Napoleonic Wars. [2] War of 1812 - During the Napoleonic Wars, the British made a policy of stopping U.S. ships from landing in European ports. [2] He also negotiated a European peace, which lasted just three years before the start of the Napoleonic Wars. [2]

Within five months of taking office the Directory initiated the first phase between March 1796 and October 1797, of what were to become the Napoleonic Wars. [2]

Execution of the 4,000 men of the garrison. - 9 March 1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte writes to the sheiks of Jerusalem to ask them to choose between peace and war. - 11 March 1799 - Bonaparte's visit to the plague victims of Jaffa. - 12 March 1799 - French Directory declares war to Austria. - 19 March 1799 - Beginning of the siege of Acre. [2] Consulate - French government from 1799 to 1804, set up by Napoleon and Sieyes after their overthrow of the Directory " alt"1769-1821 French military and political leader took control of France after the Directory was dismissed in 1799 "I found the crown of France lying on With his Egyptian campaign losing momentum, Bonaparte returned to France in 1799 and subsequently overthrew the Revolutionary government. [2] When the Ottomans decided that the French presence in Egypt could not be tolerated, Napoleon extended his military activities into Syria, successfully taking Jaffa in March 1799 but failing at Acre after a siege that lasted two months and saw British involvement in the form of a naval flotilla under the command of Sir Sidney Smith. [2] When Napoleon came to power as First Consul in 1799, much of French industry was in dire disarray, the victim of years of foreign conflict and political instability during the Revolution. [2] Napoleon was able to become the centerpiece of a plot, levering his success and power in the army to become First Consul of France in the Coup of Brumaire in 1799. [2] Napoleon, upon ascending to First Consul of France in 1799, had inherited a chaotic republic ; he subsequently created a state with stable finances, a strong bureaucracy, and a well-trained army. [2]

Napoleon ( Napoleon Bonaparte or, after 1804, Napoleon I, Emperor of the French ) (15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821) was a world historic figure and authoritarian ruler of France as First Consul from 1799 to 1804, and Emperor of the French, 1804 to 1814. [2] For most of the years from 1799 to 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte led the armies of France to victory over successive hostile coalitions. [2] When the coup of 18-19 Brumaire (November 9-10, 1799) brought Napoleon Bonaparte to power, the Second Coalition against France was beginning to break up. [4] On November 9, 1799 (the month of "Brumaire" in the French Revolutionary calendar) Napoleon Bonaparte and Abbe Sieyes pulled off a coup in France. [2]

The Consular period (1799-1803) in France began in 1799 when the Directory was overthrown in a bloodless coup and replaced by three consuls, including Napoleon. [2] An early candidate is 9 November 1799, when Bonaparte seized power in France with the coup of 18 Brumaire. 18 May 1803 is the most commonly used date, as this was when a renewed declaration of war between Britain and France (resulting from the collapse of the Treaty of Amiens), ended the only period of general peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814. [2] Possible dates include 9 November 1799, when Bonaparte seized power in France; 18 May 1803, when Britain and France ended the only period of peace in Europe between 1792 and 1814, and 2 December 1804, when Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor. [2]

Bonaparte returned from Egypt to France on 23 August 1799, and seized control of the French government on 9 November 1799 in the coup of 18 Brumaire, replacing the Directory with the Consulate. [2] In November 1799, in an event known as the coup of 18 Brumaire, Napoleon was part of a group that successfully overthrew the French Directory. [2] In November 1799 the French army’s estrangement from the nation resulted in what was arguably history’s first military coup, that propelling Napoleon Bonaparte into power. [2]

French power rose quickly, conquering most of Europe; and collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia (1812), and Napoleon's empire ultimately suffered complete military defeat, resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France in 1814 and 1815. [2] War renewed during the Hundred Days of Napoleon's return to power and ended in his final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (June 1815). [2] It ended in 1815 during the Hundred Days with his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo or a few days later when he abdicated for the second time. [2]

After the Hundred Days, when Napoleon briefly returned to power, Louis XVIII was restored a second time by the allies in 1815, ending more than two decades of war. [2] In the "Hundred Days’ campaign of 1815, Napoleon returned to France, overthrew the restored monarchy and prepared for a resumption of the wars. [2] British historians occasionally refer to the nearly continuous period of warfare from 1792 to 1815 as the Great French War, or as the final phase of the Anglo-French Second Hundred Years' War, spanning the period 1689 to 1815. [2] Historian Mike Rapport (2013) suggested to use the term "French Wars" to unambiguously describe the entire period from 1792 to 1815. [2]

Some people call all the time between April 20 1792 and November 20 1815 "the Great French War ". [2]

On June 16, 1815, Napoleon led French troops into Belgium and defeated the Prussians; two days later he was defeated by the British, reinforced by Prussian fighters, at the Battle of Waterloo. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL Waterloo - June 18, 1815 battle in which Napoleon was finally defeated by the British (under Wellington) and the Prussians (under Blucher). [2] The former Coalition members formed the Seventh Coalition and the Duke of Wellington of Great Britain defeated Napoleon again at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. [2] At a very hard and closely fought battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815, Blücher arrived at the last moment and Napoleon was finally and totally defeated. [2] Head of the British army who finally defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815. [2] By 1815, the British Army would play the central role in the final defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo. [2]

After the return of Napoleon and his defeat at Waterloo on June 18th, 1815, Louis XVII I returned to power and the Second Treaty of Paris, 1815, was signed The Second Treaty of Paris had peace terms that were now much harsher. [2] This was just after the Battle of Waterloo, a big battle that Napoleon lost, and the Second Treaty of Paris in 1815. [2] Napoleon delayed the start of fighting at the Battle of Waterloo on the morning of June 18, 1815 for several hours while he waited for the ground to dry after the previous night's rain. [2]

In 1815, after escaping from Elba, he took control of France again, raised a new army, and almost succeeded in defeating the isolated Prussian and British forces but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. [2] Napol é on returned to France in February 1815 and was welcomed by the army and the French population, who had lost their taste for kings. [2] The Corsican Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was educated at French Military Schools and was Emperor of France between 1804 and 1815. [2]

The war ended in a military stalemate and there were no boundary changes at the Treaty of Ghent which took effect in early 1815, when Napoleon was on Elba. [2] The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon; the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806-7), Fifth (1809), Sixth (1813), and the Seventh and final (1815). [2] In Dutch historiography, it is common to refer to the seven major wars between 1792 and 1815 as the Coalition Wars ( coalitieoorlogen ), referring to the first two as the French Revolution Wars ( Franse Revolutieoorlogen ). [2] These wars, which run from 1799 to 1815, emerge as an extension of the French Revolution and contributed to the wars of Independence of the Spanish colonies in America, the fall of the Spanish Empire and others in Europe, the establishment of human rights, European Industrialization and the two world wars. [2] The Age of Napoleon From 1799 - 1815, Napoleon would dominate Europe. [2] With time to think while exiled in Elba, Napoleon resolved to try again, and in 1815 he returned to Europe. [2] This lack of experience even in the senior regiment of the guard was also noted upon at the time, one officer remarking that the only similarity between the guard of 1815 and that of previous years was the name, the men on the whole having nothing in common with guardsmen of earlier years and they lacked the devotion to both Napoleon and the Guard and the self assurance (esprit des corps) this had given the guard in the past. [2] Where possible, data was obtained for four periods of the Grenadiers history: 1799-1801, 1802-1803 looking at the men who formed the Grenadiers of the Consular Guard; 1810-1812 at the height of the Empire, to show the demographics of the men who were lost in Russia, 1813 to show the men who formed the guard when it was reformed in the new year of 1813 and finally the men forming the 1e Grenadiers in 1815. [2] Joseph Bourdin entered the Guard in 1806 in the Fusilier Grenadiers, promoted as Captain of Flanquer-Grenadiers 6 April 1813, and transferred to 1e Grenadiers in the new year of 1814. 1st April 1815 he was appointed Captain of 3e Grenadiers, and dismissed from the service 21st September 1815 aged 42. [2] Of the sergeants serving in 1804,their career between 1804 and 1815, promotion was within a year to Sergeant Major for 9 Sergeants, 10 became officers in the Grenadiers, 12 were made Officers in the Line ostensibly in 1809 or 1813, 8 were made officers in the Young Guard in 1809 and 1813, 10 retired and 5 killed. [2] In 1815, the elite of the elite the first regiment of grenadiers of the old guard was as a regiment not full of veterans with over ten years service but a collection of conscripts who on the whole had been in the regiment for less than two years and had on average service of 8years. [2]

Under the decree of 13th March and 8th April 1815 the regiment was to comprise two battalions of four companies each, each company to have 1 captain, 1 first lieutenant, 1 second lieutenant, (2 in times of war), 1 sergeant-major, 4 sergeants (6 in times of war), 1 fourier, 8 corporals (12 in times of war), 2 drummers, 2 sapeurs and 131 grenadiers to be increased to 174 in times of war. [2] Meanwhile in Italy, Joachim Murat, whom the Allies had allowed to remain King of Naples after Napoleon's initial defeat, once again allied with his brother-in-law, triggering the Neapolitan War (March to May, 1815). [2]

POSSIBLY USEFUL March 20-June 22, 1815-began on March 1, 1815, when Napoleon landed in the south of France and marched with large-scale popular support, into Paris;Napoleon capitalized on the stalled talks at Vienna and left Elba for France. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL March 1, 1815: Napoleon escapes from Elba, returns to France. [2]

Louis XVIII - Bourbon king of France who held the throne after the fall of Napoleon in 1814 to 1824, with a brief interruption when he fled the country during the Hundred Days of 1815. [2] Dutch troops fought against Napoleon during the Hundred Days in 1815. [2]

White Terror : Following the return of Louis XVIII to power in 1815, people suspected of having ties with the governments of the French Revolution or of Napoleon suffered arrest and execution. [2] Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) introduced the Neo-classical style into French painting and was its foremost exponent from the French Revolution to the fall of Napoleon in 1815. [2]

It was a humiliating loss, and on June 22, 1815, Napoleon abdicated his powers. [2] The Congress made big eyes, when Napoleon was back in Paris on March 20, 1815. [2] On March 1, 1815, he landed in southern France, marched on Paris and seized power. c. [2]

For the mercantile marine France had had more than 2,000 ships employed in European and colonial trade by 1792 but possessed only 200 ships of 200 tons or more by 1800, while British strength rose by one-third in ten years to number 19,772 vessels (2,037,000 tons) in 1802 and was to reach 21,869 ships (2,447,831 tons) in 1815. [4] A group of European powers opposed to these developments was now working as the First Coalition, the start of seven such groups formed to fight France before the end of 1815. [2] The Seventh Coalition (1815) pitted Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, the Netherlands and several German states against France. [2] Seventh Coalition (1815, after Napoleon's return to power): Austria, Netherlands, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and a number of German States. [2] After Napoleon's fall in 1815, the Congress of Vienna met to redistribute the power the Grand Empire had. [2]

After Napoleon’s abdication from power in 1815, fearing a repeat of his earlier return from exile on Elba, the British government sent him to the remote island of St. Helena in the southern Atlantic. [2] After being defeated by the British in 1815, the French Emperor was exiled to St. Helena--an island in the South Atlantic Ocean. [2] On February 26, 1815, after less than a year in exile, Napoleon escaped Elba and sailed to the French mainland with a group of more than 1,000 supporters. [2] Napoleon escaped in February 1815, and reassumed control of France. [2] On February 26, 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte escaped his island prison of Elba and embarked for France. [2] Admittedly, the rhetoric outweighed the implementation, and there is even a case for saying that the revolution turned full circle, for France in 1815 in many respects resembled the France of 1789. [2] He also revived the tricolore as the flag of France in place of the white Bourbon flag that had been used since 1815, an important distinction because the tricolore was the symbol of the revolution. [2]

The economic changes, which were underway long before the revolution, had been further enhanced during the years of turmoil and were firmly entrenched by 1815. [2] The Congress of Vienna set the stage for the coming battle between liberalism and conservatism in the following period, from 1815 to the revolutionary year 1848. [2] In 1815, he tried to return to power in the period known as the Hundred Days. [2] In 1815, he briefly returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. [2]

Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. [2]

Congress of Vienna - 1814 to 1815 conference of the European powers in which they decided how to repartition Europe after defeating Napoleon. [2] This proved ephemeral as war engulfed Europe from 1792 to 1815. [2] The Treaty of Paris, signed on 20 November 1815, formally ended the war. [2]

In 1815 Jacques-Louis David met Napoleon for the last time just before the Emperor's exile to St Helena and his own to Brussels. [2] Grand Duchy of Warsaw - Name Napoleon gave to the Polish state he created in 1807, and which lasted until 1815. [2] Immigration inflows relative to the U.S. population rose to record levels (peaking at 1.6% in 1850-51) as 30 million Europeans relocated to the United States between 1815 and 1914. [2] The steep rise in national income made this possible both by providing immediate revenue and by supplying the funds from which investors lent to the state, whose debts rose from £230,000,000 at the beginning of 1793 to £507,000,000 in 1802 and to £900,000,000 in 1815. [4]

In September 1812, Russia had 900,000 enlisted men in its land forces, and between 1799 and 1815 2.1million men served in its army. [2] Britain had 750,000 men under arms between 1792 and 1815 as its army expanded from 40,000 men in 1793 to a peak of 250,000 men in 1813. [2]

When Napoleon escaped from exile at Elba and returned to France in March 1815, he led an army into Paris, causing Louis XVIII to flee and Napoleon to rule France again until Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Prussia sent troops to stop him. [2] In March 1815, Napoleon secretly landed in France and rallied his supporters. [2]

The French Revolution and Napoleon introduced a new era not only for France but also for Europe and beyond. [2] The Second French Empire was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, an era of great industrialization, urbanization (including the massive rebuilding of Paris by Baron Haussmann), and economic growth, as well as major disasters in foreign affairs. [2] Artistically the period prior to, and during the era of Napoleon, was dominated by the Neo-classicist artist-revolutionary and revolutionary artist Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825). [2]

Despite the return of the House of Bourbon to power, France was much changed; the egalitarianism and liberalism of the revolutionaries remained an important force and the autocracy and hierarchy of the earlier era could not be fully restored. [2] Despite the return of the House of Bourbon to power, France was much changed from the era of the Ancien Régime. [2]

At the institutional level, the era saw the further strengthening of the large, uniform territorial state, an entity that through its very remoteness came to depend upon nationalism as an essential legitimating prop. The French revolutionaries started this process in 1789, by eliminating intermediate corporate bodies and provincial privileges, and by asserting the (p. 143) sovereignty of the French state over "foreign’ princes in Alsace and Avignon. [2] I agree that the Consulate and Empire era (1799-1815) was definitely a time of renewal for the luxury industries that had suffered so badly during and after the Revolution. [2]

Napoleon Bonaparte is considered to be a hero of his time in regards to the formation of the Napoleonic Code, being a military genius, a defender of the Revolution, through the spread of nationalism and the growth of the economy. [2] Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy. [2]

One of his most significant accomplishments was the Napoleonic Code, which streamlined the French legal system and continues to form the foundation of French civil law to this day. [2] Institutional legacies have remained to this day: many European countries have a Civil law legal system, with clearly redacted codes compiling their basic laws--an enduring legacy of the Napoleonic Code. [2]

Europe was in the throes of the Napoleonic Wars, a conflict surpassed in bitterness only by that of our own day. [2] In more modern days its banks were the scenes of many bloody battles during the Napoleonic Wars. [2] The battle was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the Napoleonic Wars, involving more than 250,000 men and resulting in at least 70,000 casualties. [2] The most famous military organisation of the Napoleonic Wars was Napoleon's Imperial Guard. [2] Britain maintained a standing army of 220,000 at the height of the Napoleonic Wars, of whom less than half were available for campaigning. [2]

Amongst the most accessible items that have not already been cited are the following: R. B. Holtman (1967) The Napoleonic Revolution, Philadelphia, PA ; M. Lyons (1994) Napoleon Bonaparte and the Legacy of the French Revolution, Basingstoke ; G. Ellis (1997) Napoleon, Harlow ; J. Tulard (1984) Napoleon: the Myth of the Saviour, London. [2] An important social strata of new-Frenchmen and indeed non-Frenchmen (the inhabitants of the satellite states bound to the French Empire proper) were thus more easily attracted to the Napoleonic civilizing mission, and enthusiastically collaborated with it. [2]

Napoleonic Code - Napoleon's system of laws, particularly the civil code, which he first announced in 1804. [2] In the 1790s, Jacobin France briefly confronted the rest of Europe with the rhetoric and reality of the mobilized nation in arms; by 1813, Napoleonic France, in ironic contrast, condemned foreign nationalists attempting the same as revolutionary disturbers of the imperial peace. [2]

In the spring of 1799, French armies were defeated in Italy, forcing France to give up much of the peninsula. [2] After being successful on November 9, 1799, Napoleon became the leader of France. [2] Therefore, the interplay of military innovations that made Napoleon a national hero and the longing for a strong, secure government that Napoleon promised led to his seizure of power in 1799. [2] Took power on Christmas 1799 with the constitution giving supreme power to Napoleon. [2]

British sea power made possible a further success in the course of the year 1801: the defeat of the army that Bonaparte had left in Egypt in 1799. [4] After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d'état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. [2] Following the Revolution, unrest continued in France; in June of 1799, a coup resulted in the left-wing radical group, the Jacobins, taking control of the Directory. [2] Napol é on became ruler of France in November 1799 when he participated in a coup d ’ etat, overthrowing the Directory. [2]

They started after the French Revolution ended and Napoleon Bonaparte became powerful in France in November 1799. [2] As a civil leader he played a major role in the French Revolution, then ended democracy and became First Consul in 1799 and Emperor of France in 1804. [2]

He seized control of France in 1799, and then built up an empire in which the national element was increasingly diluted with each new conquest. [2] Bonaparte returned to France from Egypt on 23 August 1799, his campaign there having failed. [2]

Napoleon seized power in 1799, creating a de facto military dictatorship. [2] In 1799, during Napoleon’s military campaign in Egypt, a French soldier named Pierre Francois Bouchard (1772-1832) discovered the Rosetta Stone. [2] Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. [2] In 1799, the French government of the Thermidorean Reaction, called the Directory, was foundering. [2] In 1799, after the French Revolution had quieted into the Thermidorean Reaction, a brilliant general named Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Directory and came into power as leader of the Consulate, beginning in 1799. [2] Late in 1799, the opportunity presented itself for Napoleon Bonaparte to assume power as first consul. [2]

In 1799, he led a coup d'état and was appointed First Consul; within a few years he named himself Emperor and set out to claim an empire. [2] In early 1799, Napoleon’s army launched an invasion of Ottoman Empire -ruled Syria, which ended with the failed siege of Acre, located in modern-day Israel. [2]

At the Battle of Aboukir (July 25, 1799), his 6000 men defeated a Turkish force three times as strong. [2] Lebrun was named Third Consul following Napoleon's coup of 1799, contributing to Napoleon's ideas about national finances and central administration of the provinces. [2] Napoleon Bonaparte seized power in 1799 after overthrowing the French revolutionary government. [2]

Sieyès receives a domain worth 480,000 Francs, by way of a national reward. - 24 December 1799 - Bonaparte becomes the first consul. - 25 December 1799 - Bonaparte proclaims his intention of rendering the Republic "dear to its citizens, respectable to foreigners, formidable to enemies ". - 27 December 1799 - Installation of the Senate. - 28 December 1799 - Amnesty is granted to the Vendeen insurgents who will surrender their arms within ten days. [2] He was transferred to the 3e grenadiers as sergeant on 1st April 1815, and to the 1e Infantry Regiment of the Royal Guard on 1st January 1816, being promoted to sergeant-major three days later. [2] After Waterloo, the 1st regiment was disbanded on 11 September 1815 but a large number of grenadiers, NCO's and some junior officers transferred to the successor formation, the 1e Infantry Regiment of the Royal Guard. [2] Napoleon's attempt to exploit the central position failed because of British‐Prussian strategic cooperation at Waterloo (1815). [2] Napoleon's army was defeated by Wellington (Britain) and Blucher (Prussia) at Waterloo in June 1815. [2] In June 1815 he was defeated at Waterloo by British and Prussian armies. [2]

Napoleon raised an army and then struck at the British & Prussian armies in Belgium in June 1815. e. [2] Lacking support Napoleon abdicated again on 22 June 1815, and on 15 July he surrendered to the British squadron at Rochefort. [2]

The Allies responded with the Seventh Coalition, defeating Napoleon permanently at Waterloo in June 1815 and exiling him to St Helena. [2] In the Waterloo Campaign of June 1815, Napoleon invaded Belgium with the intention of dividing and the defeating the armies of the anti-French alliance. [2]

This brief return to power is known as the Hundred Days, but ended definitively with the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. [2]

The period known as the Hundred Days began after Napoleon escaped from Elba and landed at Cannes (1 March 1815). [2] In March 1815, Napoleon escaped the island and quickly made his way to Paris. [2]

Napoleon escaped from Elba in 1815, gathering enough support to overthrow the monarchy of Louis XVIII, triggering a seventh, and final, coalition against him. [2]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(4 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (241) Napoleonic Era (1799 - 1815)

2. (6) Napoleonic Wars | Summary, Combatants, & Maps | Britannica.com

3. (2) Napoleonic era - Wikipedia

4. (1) Ch21 Section 5 The Napoleonic Era, 1799 1815


Privacy Policy  | Terms & Conditions  | Note: Footnotes & Links provided to all original resources.

© Copyright 2017, Power Text Solutions, All Rights Reserved.