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Nara Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

Nara Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784 Some of Japan's literary monuments were written during the Nara period, including the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the first national histories, compiled in 712 and 720 respectively; the Man'yōshū (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), an anthology of poems; and the Kaifūsō (Fond Recollections of Poetry), an anthology written in Chinese by Japanese emperors and princes.(More...)
  • These schools flourished mostly during the Nara Period of Japanese history (709 to 795 CE).(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • Japans contacts with the Chinese mainland became intense during the Tang period, with many exchanges, the first Japanese embassy to China is recorded to have been sent in 630, following with Japan, who adopted numerous Chinese cultural practices.(More...)
  • The first period of Japan's history is its prehistory, before the written history of Japan.(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784 Some of Japan's literary monuments were written during the Nara period, including the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the first national histories, compiled in 712 and 720 respectively; the Man'yōshū (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), an anthology of poems; and the Kaifūsō (Fond Recollections of Poetry), an anthology written in Chinese by Japanese emperors and princes. [1] The Nara Period () of the History of Japan covers the years from about 710 to 784 CE. The Empress Gemmei established the capital at Nara, also known as Heijo kyo, where it remained the capital of Japanese civilization until the Emperor Kammu established the new capital at Nagaoka (and, only a decade later, Heian, or Kyoto). [1] During the Asuka and Nara periods, so named because the seat of Japanese government was located in the Asuka Valley from 552 to 710 and in the city of Nara until 784, the first significant introduction of Asian continental culture took place in Japan The term "Asuka period" was first used to describe a period in the history of Japanese fine-arts and architecture. [1] History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period Kofun period Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period Japanese expansionism Occupied Japan Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Following the end of the Allied occupation in 1952. [1] Japan first learned of Buddhism from Korea, but the subsequent development of Japanese Buddhism and Buddhist sculpture was primarily influenced by China During the Yamato period (大和時代 Yamato-jidai), the Japanese imperial court moved its capital to Nara, then known as Yamato Province. [1] The very end of the period saw the introduction of Japan's first coinage, the Wado kaiho, in 708 CE. The Yamato period ( 大和時代, Yamato-jidai ) is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province. [1]

JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The capital at Nara, which gave its name to the new period (710-794), was styled after the grand Chinese Tang Dynasty (618-907) capital at Chang'an and was the first truly urban center in Japan. [1] Since Nara period, Japan started to write using both Chinese and a Chinese style Japanese, but Korean kingdoms did not use Chinese characters to write in Korean until 16th century. [1] The Late Nara period saw the introduction of Tangmi (Esoteric Buddhism, Japanese mikky) to Japan from China by Kkai and Saich, who founded Shingon Buddhism and the Tendai school, respectively. [1]

KEY TOPICS Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers The adoption of Japan's first military code of law--the Goseibai Shikimoku --in 1232 reflected the profound transition from court to militarized society. [1] Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"4 12.3 Feudal Powers in Japan Japanese civilization is shaped by cultural borrowing from China and the rise of feudalism and military rulers Japan's main export partners are the United States (22.9 percent), China (13.4 percent), South Korea (7.8 percent), Taiwan (7.3 percent), and Hong Kong (6.1 percent). [1]

As Sansom has suggested, it is also possible that in the visual arts Japan's aesthetic heritage was better prepared than it was in literature to stand up against Western intrusion. 26 The Jesuits had first introduced Western visual arts to Japan in the sixteenth century and had even trained Japanese artists in contemporary painting techniques The first period of Japan's history is its prehistory, before the written history of Japan. [1] The first period of Japan's history is its prehistory, before the written history of Japan Political unrest, economic turmoil and the country’s first Great Depression, as well as World War II, took the Japanese through a long period of tragedy. [1]

Azuchi-Momoyama Period (安土・桃山時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1573 to 1603 AD. During this period, the warlords Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu put an end to over a century of fighting; Ieyasu eventually established himself as shogun Kofun (Tumulus) Period (古墳時代): A period of Japanese history running from 300 AD to 538 AD. The name comes from the Kofun, large earthen burial mounds built during this period. [1] Edo period - The Edo period or Tokugawa period is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the countrys 300 regional daimyō Ancient Japanese Men's Clothing, Kofun (Yamato) Period (250 A.D. - 538 A.D.) [1] The period marks the governance of the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate which was also officially established in 1603 by the first Edo shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu " alt"How was Japan’s imperialist experience unique? The Opening of Japan The Tokugawa Shogunate had restricted Japan to foreigners and forbid Japanese travel The Kamakura period began in 1185 when Minamoto no Yoritomo seized power from the emperors and established a bakufu, the Kamakura Shogunate, in Kamakura. [1]

During this time period from 250 AD to 538 AD, the unification of the Yamato kingdom, known as Japan today, took place Edo Japan (a term describing the country's stable, economically healthy period between 1603 and 1868) saw a surge in urban cultural and artistic life, and art from the era responded with lovely depictions of townspeople and courtesans letting loose at festivals, enjoying the cherry bloom season, and generally indulging in lowercase-h hedonism. [1] After a long period of civil war Tokugawa Ieyasu completed the unification of Japan and was appointed shogun by the emperor in 1603 Divided in numerous parts, the eras are as following: Ancient Japan (-300 to 538), Classical Japan (538-1185), Feudal Japan (1185-1868), the Tokugawa Period (1603-1868), the Empire of Japan (1868-1945) and finally Post War Japan (1945-present). [1]

Yamato Period (300-550) & Asuka Period (550-710) Nara Period (710-794) 710: photo tour -- 50 photos buddhist art in early japan buddhist sculpture in asuka era 飛鳥時代 (538 - tale of two cities facts book 2 645 ce) buddhist sculpture in hakuho era 白鳳時代 (645. [1] The Capital was moved in this period from Heijo-Kyo to Nara in 710 AD. In 784 the capital was again moved Nagaoka-Kyo and then once again to Heian-Kyo, the present day Kyoto, in 794 AD. The massive chronicles, the Kojiki known as The Record of Ancient Matters and the Nihon Shoki known as Chronicles of Japan emerged and are known today as Japanese Mythology. [1] Not all scholars agree on the significant dates and the appropriate names to apply to various time periods between 552, the official date of the introduction of Buddhism into Japan, and 784, when the Japanese capital was transferred from Nara. [1] During the Yamato period (大和時代 Yamato-jidai), the Japanese imperial court moved its capital to Nara, then known as Yamato Province History of the Ancient Japanese from the Jomon (10,000 - 400 B.C.) to history of asynchronous transfer mode (atm) the Heian (794 - 1185) period 21-5-2003 Neon Genesis Evangelion (Shin Seiki Evangelion) is a 26-episode science fiction/action/drama anime series by Studio Gainax which aired on Japanese …. [1] In many other ways, the Japanese upper classes patterned themselves after the Chinese, including adopting Chinese written system, fashion, concentrated efforts by the imperial court to record and document its history produced the first works of Japanese literature during the Nara period. [1] Nara period -- (710-794) The Nara period is a relatively short period of Japanese history in which Chinese culture remained influential while, at the same time, Japan began to advance its own unique cultural identity. [1] Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly " alt"How was Japan’s imperialist experience unique? The Opening of Japan The Tokugawa Shogunate had restricted Japan to foreigners and forbid Japanese travel The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [1] JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The early Heian period (784967) continued Nara culture; the Heian capital was patterned on the Chinese Tang capital at Chang'an, as was Nara, but on a larger scale than Nara The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [1] The Heian period is preceded by the Nara period and began in 794 after the movement of the capital of Japanese civilisation to Heianky (present-day Kyoto ) by the 50th emperor Kammu. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. Both the cabinet of Japan and the Japanese military were directly responsible not to the elected legislature but to the Emperor The Fujiwara developed immense political power, and dominated Japanese politics during the late Asuka, Nara and Heian periods (645-1185 AD). [1]

Kofun period - The Kofun period is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538 AD. The word kofun is Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era, the Kofun and the subsequent Asuka periods are sometimes referred to collectively as the Yamato period. [1] The Legendary Era: Prehistoric Times (14,000 BCE - 538 CE) Most of the Japanese events and historical figures appearing in this period are derived from two primary sources: the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki " alt"How was Japan’s imperialist experience unique? The Opening of Japan The Tokugawa Shogunate had restricted Japan to foreigners and forbid Japanese travel The Kofun period ( 古墳時代, Kofun-jidai ? ) is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538. [1]

The period between 1603 to 1868 in the history of Japan when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. [1] Edo period (1603 - 1867) 1603 Ieyasu is appointed shogun and establishes the Tokugawa government in Edo (Tokyo). 1614 Ieyasu intensifies persecution of Christianity. 1639 Almost complete isolation of Japan from the rest of the world. 1854 Commodore Matthew Perry forces the Japanese government to open a limited number of ports for trade. [1] In 1603, which is the beginning of the Edo period, the interaction between the Japanese and Europeans was extremely intense, and that, however, exposed Japan to Christianization waves, which lead Japan to enter a period of isolation in order to avoid such religious waves. [1]

From 1641 to 1845, Deshima served as the sole conduit of trade between Europe and Japan, and during the period of self-imposed Japanese seclusion (approximately 1639-1854) was Japan's only major link to the European world." [1] The Ryukyuan languages and Japanese most likely diverged during this period, the Kofun period is an era in the history of Japan from around 250 to 538. [1] As a result of the imperial court's effort to record and document its history two of the most famous works of Japanese historical literature were produced during the Nara period. [1] The Japanese of the Nara period were the eager pupils of Chinese civiliza- 36 The Introduction of Buddhism tion, and T'ang China was then the greatest empire in the world. [1] After some fumbling starts in the Nara period, the Japanese in the ninth century finally evolved a syllabary of approximately fifty symbols (derived from Chinese characters) called kana. [1] Influenced by Chinese painting styles introduced in the Nara period, it developed a distinctly Japanese style by the Heian period. [1] In the Asuka Period, Japanese clothing closely mimicked Tang Chinese fashion, and Chinese fashions continued to influence Japanese dress into the Nara Period. [1] During the Nara Period (710-794 CE) the Japanese imperial court was beset by internal conflicts motivated by the aristocracy battling each other for favours and positions and an excessive influence on policy from Buddhist sects whose temples were dotted around the capital. [1] Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and against several other countries on December 7, 1941, the United States, United Kingdom and the other Allies declared war; the Second Sino-Japanese War became part of the global conflict of World War II. In nearly all of the ways that matter, the Nara period was the beginning of Japanese culture becoming what we today think of as Japanese. [1] During the Nara period (710-784) and the Heian period (784-1185), Japanese culture flourished with the development of art, literature, theatre, and philosophy. [1] During the Nara period, numerous Japanese missions (outside link) were dispatched to China as well, and the Japanese monks on these journeys brought back innumerable texts and images, which were then copied endlessly for the provincial temples. [1] The power vacuum that ensued launched a century of anarchy, the Japanese contact with the Ming dynasty began when China was renewed during the Muromachi period after the Chinese sought support in suppressing Japanese pirates in coastal areas of China The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara-jidai ) of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered around an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō (平城京), or modern day Nara. [1] The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara-jidai ) of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered around an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō (平城京), or modern day Nara It is during the Kofun period that the first Japanese emperors begin to appear The lyrics of the modern Japanese national anthem, Kimigayo, were written in the Heian period, as was The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu, one of the first novels ever written. [1] This and other events led to the Meiji Restoration, a period of frantic modernization and industrialization accompanied by the re-ascendence of the Emperor, making the Imperial Japanese Navy the third largest navy in the world by 1920, and arguably the most modern at the brink of World War II. The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [1] The Nara period of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered on an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō, or modern-day Nara The Kamakura period (1185-1333) marks the transition to the Japanese "medieval" era, a nearly 700-year period in which the emperor, the court, and the traditional central government were left intact but were largely relegated to ceremonial functions. [1] JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The Nara period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a strong Japanese state. [1]

The Great Kantō earthquake, the Sino-Japanese war, and World War II, Japanese art objects had been collected in the Shōsōin of shrines and temples from the Nara Period on. [1] During the Yamato period (大和時代 Yamato-jidai), the Japanese imperial court moved its capital to Nara, then known as Yamato Province. [1] Nara (710-794), also known as the Tempyō period, marks the apex of concentrated Japanese efforts to emulate Chinese cultural and political models. [1] AS 2502 Intro to East Asia; Japan November 20, 2012 Governmental Structures and Ideology between Nara and Meiji Period In the history of Japanese political system, governmental structures were changed and revised several times. [1]

By the beginning of the Kofun Period (AD 300 - 538), a center of power had developed in the fertile Kinai plain, and by about 400 AD the country was united as Yamato Japan with its political center in and around the province of Yamato (about today's Nara Prefecture). [1]

KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. Despite these exchanges, the lack of regular missions between the two states from the 10th century CE meant that the Heian Period overall saw a diminishing in the influence of Chinese culture, which meant that Japanese culture began to find its own unique path of development. [1] This and other events led to the Meiji Restoration, a period of frantic modernization and industrialization accompanied by the re-ascendence of the Emperor, making the Imperial Japanese Navy the third largest navy in the world by 1920, and arguably the most modern at the brink of World War II. The results of this period continue to be influential in Modern Japan's view of the tenno seika (Emperor System). [1] Probably the most important issue approached by Japanese architects during the period of World War I and its aftermath was how Japan's tra- ditional tastes in building could be combined with the modern architec- tural values of the West. [1]

By the mid-17th century, Neo-Confucianism was Japan's dominant legal philosophy and contributed directly to the development of the kokugaku, a school of Japanese philology and philosophy that originated during the Tokugawa period. [1] Regrettably, the great bulk of such pictures by Japanese artists, as well as those brought from Europe, was destroyed in the Christian persecutions of the seven- teenth century, and we have only a relatively few works remaining from which to judge Japan's "Christian art" during and after the period of unification. [1] The cause for the end of this period is controversial but is recounted as the forcing of Japan's opening to the world by Commodore Matthew Perry of the U.S. Navy, whose armada (known by Japanese as " the black ships ") fired weapons from Edo Bay. [1] Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. The Japanese military played a key role in Japan's expansion abroad. [1] KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. [1] Sengoku Period (戦国時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1467 to 1603 AD. Sengoku literally means "warring states," and during this period Japan was fractured into feuding domains which fought one another on and off The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo. [1] The Edo period, or Tokugawa period, is the period between 1603 and 1867 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional Daimyo The Sengoku period ( 戦国時代, Sengoku jidai, "Age of Warring States"; c. 1467 - c. 1603) is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. [1]

Azuchi-Momoyama Period (安土・桃山時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1573 to 1603 AD. During this period, the warlords Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu put an end to over a century of fighting; Ieyasu eventually established himself as shogun. [1] Nara Period (奈良時代): A period of Japanese history running from 710 to 794 AD. During this period the Emperors set their capital at Nara and began many of the reforms which lay the basis for the ritsuryō system. [1] The Nara Period (710-84) -- Before the 700s, the site of Japan's capital changed every time a new emperor came to the throne. [1] The Nara Period saw the establishment of Buddhism as the religion of the court and, by extension, of the state, and a new height in intellectual and cultural achievements as exemplified in the building of the Great Hall of the Tōdaiji temple, as well as the compilation of Japan's first chronicles, the Kojiki (古事記, 712) and the Nihon Shoki (日本書紀, 720). [1] The Chishiki ideal came to prominence with Emperor Shomu 聖武 (Shōmu; reigned +724 to 749) in Japan's Nara period. [1]

The forces have been recently used in peacekeeping operations and the deployment of Japanese troops to Iraq marked the first overseas use of its military since World War II. The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [1] The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara-jidai ) of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered around an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō (平城京), or modern day Nara. [1] During Nara Period (710 AD to 794) was when the first strong central Japanese state emerged. [1] The Nara period of the 8th century marked the emergence of a strong Japanese state and is often portrayed as a golden age In the Asuka Period, Japanese clothing closely mimicked Tang Chinese fashion, and Chinese fashions continued to influence Japanese dress into the Nara Period. [1] In 710 a new capital, Nara, was built, modelled on the Tang capital of Chang-an, and this period in Japanese history is known as the Nara period. [1] Because these schools flourished mostly during the Nara Period of Japanese history (709-795 CE), they are sometimes today lumped together into one category, Nara Buddhism. [1] Upcoming Events; Latest News; Access to ASUKA; about ASUKA. The mechanical and Piping Department Asuka writing the perfect college essay Engineering Indonesia, PT was formed by the year 2008 because of the increasing of clients’/partners. (ad 710-784), in Japanese history, period in which the imperial government was at Nara, Early civilizations on the world and Sinicization and Buddhism were most highly developed. [1] Nara Period: The Nara period, from 710 AD to 794 AD, is often referred to as the Golden Era of Japanese history. [1] Nara period -- (710-784) Period of Japanese history during which the emperor resided in Nara. [1] The Asuka period, as a sub-division of the Yamato period ( 大和時代, Yamato-jidai ), is the first time in Japanese history when the Emperor of Japan ruled relatively uncontested from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province. [1] Meiji Period (明治時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1868 to 1912 AD during which Japan was ruled by Emperor Meiji (personal name Mutsuhito) These earliest Japanese writings do not refer to a unified Shinto religion, practitioners express their diverse beliefs through a standard language and practice, adopting a similar style in dress and ritual, dating from around the time of the Nara and Heian periods. [1]

JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. The early Heian period (784967) continued Nara culture; the Heian capital was patterned on the Chinese Tang capital at Chang'an, as was Nara, but on a larger scale than Nara. [1] In the year 710, the first permanent Japanese capital was established in Nara Most of Japanese society during this period was agricultural in nature and centered on villages Most of the villagers followed a religion based on the worship of natural and ancestral spirits called kami. [1]

In contrast to its 58 The Court at Its Zenith cosmopolitanism in the Nara period, the court in the tenth century be- came isolated to an extraordinary degree from the rest of Japanese society. [1] The Nara period (710-784) marked an emergence of the centralized Japanese state centered on the Imperial Court in Heijō-kyō (modern Nara ). [1] The Nara period of the 8th century marked the emergence of a strong Japanese state and is often portrayed as a golden age. [1]

The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784 The Heian period was preceded by the Nara period and began in 794 A.D. after the movement of the capital of Japan to Heian-kyō (present-day Kyōto ), by the 50th emperor, Emperor Kanmu. [1] Buke first appeared during the Heian Period, and came to dominate Japan from 1185 to 1868 AD. Kamakura period: AD 1192 - 1333  1192- Minamoto Yoritomo becomes first shogun.  1274/1281- Mongols fail to invade Japan (monsoon storm) The Nara period ( 奈良時代, Nara jidai ) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. [1] The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784 During the Asuka period (538-710 AD) Emperor Yomei and Crown Prince Shotoku Taishi were responsible for Buddhism taking a firm root in Japan. [1]

Since the Nara period, actual political power has not been in the hands of the emperor but has, instead, been exercised at different times by the court nobility, warlords, the military, and, more recently, the Prime Minister of Japan The emperor was the ruler during this period though the Soga clan held all of the political power and the emperor only acted as a symbol of the state to perform Shinto (religious) rituals. [1] The Nara Period ( Nara Jidai ) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located at Nara, then known as Heijokyo, was a short period of transition prior to the significant Heian Period. [1] Many emperors actually had mothers from the Fujiwara family, the Heian period was preceded by the Nara period and began in 794 A. D. after the movement of the capital of Japan to Heian-kyō, by the 50th emperor, Emperor Kanmu. [1] In addition to the continuing adoption of Chinese administrative practices, the Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent written literature with the completion of the massive chronicles Kojiki (712) and Nihon Shoki (720). (Nara was not the first capital city in Japan, though. [1] About the region around The Traits of Anger Asuka and Sakurai, where Japan's first capital cities were located during the 6th and 7th centuries The village of Asuka the asuka period is located in the Takaichi District of the the asuka period Nara Prefecture in Japan. [1] As historian John Whitney Hall pointed out in his book, Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, the Meiji period definitely marked "Japan's transition to modernity" and "proved to be one of the pivotal events in Japanese history." (Hall; 266). [1] Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of World War II. In the beginning of the Heisei period Japan's rapidly growing economy began to slow and by 1991, the "Japanese asset price bubble" had ended. [1]

In spite of Japan's economic difficulties, this period also saw Japanese popular culture, including video games, anime, and manga, become worldwide phenomena, especially among young people. [1] During the period, some of Japan's most representative art forms developed, including ink wash painting, ikebana flower arrangement, the tea ceremony, Japanese gardening, bonsai, and Noh theater. [1] The effects of this period are still influential in Modern Japan's view of the tenno seika (Emperor system) The ShÅwa period (Japanese: æ­å'æä£, ShÅwa-jidai, period of enlightened peace) was the time in Japanese history when Emperor Hirohito reigned over the country, from December 25, 1926 to January 7, 1989. [1]

Kofun (Tumulus) Period (古墳時代): A period of Japanese history running from 300 AD to 538 AD. The name comes from the Kofun, large earthen burial mounds built during this period. [1] Edo Period (江戸時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868 AD during which Japan was ruled by Tokugawa Ieyasu and his descendants. [1] Sengoku Period (戦国時代): A period of Japanese history running from 1467 to 1603 AD. Sengoku literally means "warring states," and during this period Japan was fractured into feuding domains which fought one another on and off. [1]

Edo period - The Edo period or Tokugawa period is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the countrys 300 regional daimyō. [1] English: Edo period was the period in Japanese history when Japan was ruled by the Tokugawa shoguns, from 1603 to 1868. [1]

KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) The Weizhi, the third dynastic history of China, is compiled in 297 CE. It contains the earliest detailed description of the Japanese islands and their practices. [1] The Fujiwara developed immense political power, and dominated Japanese politics during the late Asuka, Nara and Heian periods (645-1185 AD). [1] The Yamato period ( 大和時代, Yamato-jidai ? ) is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province. [1]

Unlike the Chinese, the Japanese never con- structed walled cities; and although the population of Nara probably reached two hundred thousand in the eighth century, making it Japan's first truly urban center, contemporary accounts describe it as a city of open spaces with many fields interspersed among the buildings. [1] JORMON PERIOD (14,000 BCE-300 BCE) Jinmu becomes the first human emperor of the Japanese islands in 660 BCE. While the Asuka period started with conflict of religious belief between clans, later in the period, the imported religions became syncretized with Japan's native folk beliefs. [1] Japanese archaeologists emphasise instead the fact that, in the first half of the Kofun period, other regional chieftainships, such as Kibi were in close contention for dominance or importance Japan's stated war aim was to establish the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, a vast pan-Asian union under Japanese domination.Henshall, 123-124. [1]

KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. The adoption of Japan's first military code of law--the Goseibai Shikimoku --in 1232 reflected the profound transition from court to militarized society. [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. After the turbulence of the Sengoku period and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603, old temples like Hieizan, Tō-ji and Tōdai-ji lost their power and the schools of Buddhism were surpassed in influence by the Nichiren-shū and Jōdo-shū. [1]

An antique Japanese comic demon mask, Edo Period (1603 - 1868) c. 19th Century. [1] My wife was looking at our desktop calendar and pointed out to me that the traditional pattern adorning the top border of September was an Edo Period (1603 1863) eggplant motif that plays on the dual meaning of the Japanese word 'nasu' (なす). [1]

There are two forms of music recognized to be the oldest forms of traditional Japanese music and they are shōmyō, or Buddhist chanting, and gagaku or orchestral court music, both of which date to the Nara and Heian periods. [1] These earliest Japanese writings do not refer to a unified Shinto religion, practitioners express their diverse beliefs through a standard language and practice, adopting a similar style in dress and ritual, dating from around the time of the Nara and Heian periods. [1] The next two periods in Japanese history were the Nara and Heian periods, which combined lasted from 710 AD through 1185 AD. To kick off the Nara Era, in 710 AD the Yamato kingdom’s first capital was built in the city of Nara, for which the time period was named for. [1] It is probable that these also were Yayoi people who resisted inclusion in the Japanese state structure of the Kofun period The Fujiwara developed immense political power, and dominated Japanese politics during the late Asuka, Nara and Heian periods (645-1185 AD). [1]

The Nara period ) of the history of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 784. [1] While it had been known that Japan in the Nara Period was divided into sixty-odd units known as kuni and each of these kuni was divided into several kori, it had not been known when the Chinese character that, during the Nara period, was used to represent kori, first came into use. [1] This period lasted from 794 AD to 1185 AD and together with Nara period were called the Classical Japan Bunraku is the traditional puppet play of Japan that has been prevalent since the Edo period, known to have started in Osaka. [1] The Nara Period (Nara Jidai) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located. [1] The Nara period ( 奈良時代, Nara jidai ) is a time in the history of Japan which lasted from 710 to 794. [1] Court ladies of the Nara Period, Japan. from book "The History of Women’s Costume in Japan. [1] Feudal Period Japan fell apart, the emperor became a figure- head, and rival Daimyo fought one another constantly During the Asuka and Nara periods sewing methods developed more, and clothing became longer and wider. [1] During the Nara period, the capitol city changed with each new reign because it was thought that the death of an emperor or empress left the city polluted ("Facts about Japan," 2012). [1] Nara period (AD The Shosoin’s collection Nara, Japan Shosoin is the oldest treasure warehouse with the largest collection of century Silk Road artefacts in existence today. [1] Buddhism had reached Japan in the 6th century but it was not until the Nara period that it was able to gain solid acceptance. [1] After the Nara period, five other schools of Buddhism emerged in Japan that remain prominent today. [1] The most famous highway in Japan, the Tôkaidô (literally Eastern Sea Road), began as a unit in the Five Provinces and Seven Circuits (gokashichidô) administrative structure adopted by one of the earliest governments in Japan, during the late Asuka period (538-710) and early Nara period (710-794). [1] During the Nara period, the state of Japan began to contact Tanegashima, according to the Nihonshoki, the imperial court banqueted islanders of Tanegashima in 677. [1] In Japan, ritsuryō was in effect during the late Asuka period, the Nara period and the early Heian period. [1] Religious paintings had flourished in Japan during the Nara period itself, however, that period is remembered more because of its sculptures than the art of painting Muromachi The period from approximately 1337 to 1573 was known in Japan as the muromachi period (室町時代). [1] Religious paintings had flourished in Japan during the Nara period itself, however, that period is remembered more because of its sculptures than the art of painting In the Edo period, the Hosokawa clan was one of the largest landholding daimyō families in Japan, in the present day, the current clan head Morihiro Hosokawa, has served as Prime Minister of Japan. [1]

The Asuka Period covers 538 to 710 CE. The name derives from the capital at that time, Asuka, located in the northern Nara prefecture. [1] JOMON - before 300 BC YAYOI - 300 BC - 300 CE KOFUN - 300 - 538 CE (or 300-552 CE) ASUKA - 538 - 710 CE (or 552-645 CE) NARA - 710 - 794 CE (or 645-794 CE) HEIAN - 794- 1185 CE KAMAKURA - 1185 - 1333 CE MUROMACHI - 1333 - 1568 CE (or 1392-1573 CE) MOMOYAMA - 1568 - 1603 CE (or 1573-1615 CE). [1]

Japan's first historical epoch-the Asuka period, named for the area near Nara where the court resided-coincides with the introduction of Buddhism into the country. [1] The Asuka period began in 538 with the introduction of the Buddhist religion from the Korean kingdom of Baekje.Since then, Buddhism has coexisted with Japan's native Shinto religion, in what is today known as Shinbutsu-shg.The period draws its name from the de facto imperial capital, Asuka, in the Kinai region. [1] The Meiji period (1868-1912) brought about the rapid modernization of Japanese economic, political, and social institutions, which resulted in Japan's attaining the status of the leading country in Asia and a world economic and political power. [1] Japanese porcelain was later exported overseas beginning in the Meiji Period as Japan's markets opened up to the West and its arts and crafts became fashionable and in demand. [1] Another Edo period craft that reflected contemporary Japan's interest in electrical phenomena and mechanical sciences was the development of wadokei, or Japanese clockwatches. [1]

Ancient Japanese Women's Clothing, Asuka Period (538 A.D. - 710 A.D.) [1] Asuka Period (飛鳥時代): A period of Japanese history running from 538 to 710 AD. Characterized by the rise and centralization of the Yamato kingdom under the ancestors of the modern Japanese ancestors, as well as the arrival of Chinese culture and Buddhism. [1] KOFUN PERIOD (250 CE- 538 CE) According to Chinese records, during this period the so-called Five Kings of Wa send tribute to China and receive titles for doing so from 421 CE to 502 CE. The genealogy of the Later Han is from the Nihon Kodaishi Daijiten ( Dictionary of Ancient Japanese History ) supplemented with information from the Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors by Ann Paludan. [1] The Asuka period is the period in Japanese history occurring from 538 CE - 710 CE The arrival of Buddhism marked a change in Japanese society and it affected the Yamato government as well. [1] The Edo Period is a span of Japanese history is characterized by a feudal system ruled over by the Tokugawa Shogunate, that lasted from 1603 to 1868 CE. After the turbulence of the Sengoku period and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603, old temples like Hieizan, Tō-ji and Tōdai-ji lost their power and the schools of Buddhism were surpassed in influence by the Nichiren-shū and Jōdo-shū. [1] The Sengoku period ( 戦国時代, Sengoku jidai, "Age of Warring States"; c. 1467 - c. 1603) is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. [1]

Documentation was starting to take place for the first time in Japanese history During the Nara and the previous Asuka periods, techniques for dyeing silk were developed. [1] The Yamato period (better known as the Kofun period ) is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern day Nara prefecture, then known as Yamato province. [1]

Nara period: AD 710 - 784  710 - Nara becomes the first permanent capital, modeled after the Chinese capital. [1] The Chinese pattern of centralized government that was first adopted in the Nara period (710-784) gradually changed as the growth of private estates ( shōen ), exempt from taxation, encroached upon the public domain and reduced the substance of state administration. [1] In the Nara period there was some opportunity for men of modest back- grounds to advance by entering the Buddhist priesthood or by specializ- ing in Chinese studies; but in Heian times the court reverted to a rigid hierarchical ordering of society determined solely by family origins. [1] The Nara Period covers 710 to 794 CE and is so called because the capital was at Nara (Heijokyo) during that time and then moved briefly to Nagaokakyo in 784 CE. The capital was built on the Chinese model of Chang-an, the Tang capital and so had a regular and well-defined grid layout, and public buildings familiar to Chinese architecture. [1]

The Buddhism of these periods, known as the Asuka period and Nara period was not a practical religion, being more the domain of learned priests whose official function was to pray for the peace and prosperity of the state and imperial house. [1] Buddhism was introduced by Baekje in the sixth century but had a mixed reception until the Nara period, when it was heartily embraced by Emperor Shōmu. [1] The centralized government based on the ritsuryo legal codes from the Nara period was fundamentally inherited the first half of Heian, though a partial correction was added. [1] Mono no aware, or simply aware, appeared as a phrase of poetry in the Manydshu of the Nara period, but did not assume its principal aesthetic connotations until the high age of Heian culture, be- ginning about the time of the Kokinshu. [1]

The Edo period that lasted from 1603 AD to 1868 AD saw the rise of Japan's isolationistic policy. [1] Between 1603 and 1868 Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate, a period known as the Edo period. [1] A brief period of vigorous international exchange with the West took place during the early Edo period (1603 to 1867), until Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu grew wary of the growing influence of Christianity on Japanese society, and stamped his policy of national seclusion on the nation. [1] This means the pieces are primarily a reflection of the Edo period (1603 - 1868), an era that defined Shizuoka’s role in Japanese history. [1]


These schools flourished mostly during the Nara Period of Japanese history (709 to 795 CE). [2] Nara period The Nara period (奈良時代, Nara jidai) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. [3]

The Asuka period began in 538 AD with the introduction of the Buddhist religion from the Korean kingdom of Baekje, since then, Buddhism has coexisted with Japan's native Shinto religion, in what is today known as Shinbutsu-shūgō. [3]

The capital at Nara was modeled after Chang'an, the capital city of Tang China. 5 The Nara period was marked by the introduction of Tang systems and culture. [4] Later burial mounds, or kofun, preserve characteristic clay haniwa, beginning in the Nara period, painting, calligraphy, and sculpture flourished under strong Confucian and Buddhist influences from China. [3] In addition to the continuing adoption of Chinese administrative practices, the Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent written literature with the completion of the massive chronicles Kojiki (712) and Nihonshoki (720). [5] The Heian period was preceded by the Nara period and began in A.D. 794 after the movement of the capital of Japan to Heian-kyō (present-day Kyōto ), by the 50th emperor, Emperor Kanmu. [6] The Nara period ( 奈良時代, Nara jidai ) of the history of Japan covers the years from AD 710 to 794. [7] In the late Nara period, financial burdens on the state increased, and the court began dismissing nonessential officials. [7]

Buddhism had been introduced in the sixth century but had a mixed reception until the Nara period, when it was heartily embraced by Emperor Shomu. [8] During the Nara period (710 to 794 AD) Signification and the development of Buddhism reached its height. [9] The Nara Period followed on from the Kofun Period (c. 250-538 CE) and Asuka Period (538-710 CE), together sometimes referred to as the Yamato Period. [10]

The Nara Period of the 8th century marked the first emergence of a good Japanese state. [11] Tanzan Shrine, located to the east of the main Asuka historical area in Nara Prefecture, is an ancient shrine that was founded first as a temple in the Asuka Period (538-710) of Japanese history. [12]

Through the Nara Period, governmental development was quite limited, since users associated with imperial family struggled for power using the Buddhist clergy plus the regents, the Fujiwara clan. [11]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
Japans contacts with the Chinese mainland became intense during the Tang period, with many exchanges, the first Japanese embassy to China is recorded to have been sent in 630, following with Japan, who adopted numerous Chinese cultural practices. [3] During this period, the first known written reference to Japan was recorded in the Chinese Book of Han in the first century AD. Between the fourth century and the ninth century, Japan's many kingdoms and tribes gradually came to be unified under a centralized government, nominally controlled by the Emperor, this imperial dynasty continues to reign over Japan. [3] Military history of Japan - The military history of Japan is characterized by a period of clan warfare that lasted until the 12th century AD. This was followed by wars that culminated in military governments known as the Shogunate. [3]

Japanese economic miracle - The Japanese economic miracle was Japans record period of economic growth between post-World War II era to the end of Cold War. [3] The Jōmon period of prehistoric Japan spans from about 12,000 BC (in some cases dates as early as 14,500 BC are given ) to about 800 BC. Japan was inhabited by a hunter-gatherer culture that reached a considerable degree of sedentism and cultural complexity, the name "cord-marked" was first applied by the American scholar Edward S. Morse who discovered shards of pottery in 1877 and subsequently translated it into Japanese as jōmon. [3]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(25 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (208) History of Japan - WikiVividly

2. (160) Nara Period (Japan, 538 - 1603)

3. (66) Japan - New World Encyclopedia

4. (29) Glossary Isaac Meyer

5. (25) History of Japan for Kids - Kiddle

6. (23) Heian period - Wikipedia

7. (22) Nara period - Wikipedia

8. (18) Nara Period - Japanese History - Wa-pedia

9. (15) Nara Period - Ancient History Encyclopedia

10. (13) History of Kimono: Classical Japan (Nara and Heian Periods) | Owlcation

11. (13) A Guide to Japanese Buddhism

12. (12) Ancient Japanese Civilization

13. (11) Japanese history overview Flashcards | Quizlet

14. (11) A Brief History of Buddhism in Japan

15. (8) The Food File | Japanese Food & Culture | Foodies Go Local | History

16. (7) Anime Project History and Culture

17. (6) Changes in the Shape of the Japanese Sword | JAPAN Forward

18. (4) Asuka and Nara Periods (538-794) | Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

19. (3) Heian period for Kids - Kiddle

20. (3) A List of Historical Time Periods to Take You Through the Past

21. (3) Search for more on Google

22. (2) Japanese Classical Period (538-1185) - IMDb

23. (2) A Brief Outline of Japanese History | Rediscover Tours

24. (2) Nara period Facts for Kids | KidzSearch.com

25. (1) Tanzan Shrine | JapanVisitor Japan Travel Guide


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