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Rashtrakuta (India)

Rashtrakuta (India)

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KEY TOPICS
  • KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS India was ruled by 3 major Indian Dynasties the Pratihara, Pala and Rashtrakuta Dynasties in the 9th century.(More...)
  • The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history.(More...)
  • A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar, new Delhi, Indian Branch, Oxford University Press.(More...)

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  • At their peak the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta ruled a vast empire stretching from the Ganges River and Yamuna River doab in the north to Cape Comorin in the south, a fruitful time of political expansion, architectural achievements and famous literary contributions.(More...)
  • At their peak the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta ruled a vast empire stretching from the Ganga River and Yamuna River doab in the north to Cape Comorin in the south, a fruitful time of political expansion, architectural achievements and famous literary contributions.(More...)
  • Connections between the medieval Rashtrakuta families to the imperial family of Manyakheta, It is clear that only the family members ruling from Elichpur (Berar or modern Amravati district, modern Maharashtra) had names that were very similar to the names of Kings of the Manyakheta dynasty.(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS India was ruled by 3 major Indian Dynasties the Pratihara, Pala and Rashtrakuta Dynasties in the 9th century. [1] The Rashtrakuta Dynasty was a prominent ancient power flourished in India between the sixth and the tenth century AD. During this timeframe, the Rashtrakuta Empire was spread across a large part of the Indian Subcontinent. [1] During their rule, Jain mathematicians and scholars contributed important works in Kannada and Sanskrit.The killing of a Brahmin in medieval Hindu India had been considered a heinous crime.The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history. [1] The Rashtrakuta King Balhara of Vallabharaja was the greatest king of India and most of the Indian Ruleres accepted his sovereignty. [1] Under Rashtrakuta, who defeated a rival dynasty, the Chalukyas, the Deccan empire became the second greatest political unit in India, covering the area from Malwa in western India to Kanchi ( Kanchipuram ) in the southeast. [2] Several Rashtrakuta families ruled India during the 6th century - 7th century period. [3] These issues pertain to the origin of the earliest ancestors of the Rashtrakutas during the time of Emperor Ashoka in the 2nd century BCE, and the connection between the several Rashtrakuta dynasties that ruled small kingdoms in northern and central India and the Deccan between the 6th and 7th centuries. [4] The differing opinions mostly revolve around issues such as the home of the earliest ancestors of the medieval Rashtrakutas, a possible southern migration during the early part of the first millennium and the relationship between the several Rashtrakuta dynasties that ruled small kingdoms in northern and central India and the Deccan in the 6th century - 7th century. [3]

During their political expansion into central and northern India in the 8th to the 10th centuries, the Rashtrakutas or their relatives created several kingdoms that either ruled during the reign of the parent empire or continued to rule for centuries after its fall or came to power much later. [4]

The rise of Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta had a great impact on India, even on India's north. [4] This clan came to be known as the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta, rising to power in South India in 753. [4] Since the Rashtrakutas successfully captured Kannauj, levied tribute on its rulers and presented themselves as masters of North India, the era could also be called the "Age of Imperial Karnataka". [4] Rashtrakuta dynasty, Hindu dynasty that ruled the Deccan and neighbouring areas of India from about 755 to 975 ce. [2] The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India. [4] The Kailasanath Temple project was commissioned by King Krishna I after the Rashtrakuta rule had spread into South India from the Deccan. [4] These Rashtrakuta kings married princess from Northern and Southern India and several Rashtrakuta branches emerged in Northern India during their imperialistic expansion in the 9th century. [3]

KEY TOPICS Rashtrakuta literature ( Sanskrit :राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada : ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ) is the body of work created during the rule of the Rastrakutas of Manyakheta, a dynasty that ruled the southern and central parts of the Deccan, India between the 8th and 10th centuries. [1] KEY TOPICS Under Rashtrakuta, who defeated a rival dynasty, the Chalukyas, the Deccan empire became the second greatest political unit in India, covering the area from Malwa in western India to Kanchi ( Kanchipuram ) in the southeast. [1] Palas ruled the eastern parts of India and Pratiharas dominated western India and Rashtrakutas controlled Deccan regions of India. [1] The three powers engaged in the conflict were the Palas of Bengal, the Pratiharas of western India and the Rashtrakutas of the Deccan. [1]

E, 1., V. p. 208. 172 CENTRAL GOVERNMENT : KING AND MINISTRY invariably in the Gahadwala copper plates and his omission in our records must be due to the fact that the Rashtrakuta secretariate was not following the practice of mentioning all the ministers and their different portfolios in the copper plate charters Even though princely states do not exist in independent India, the heirs of the Gajapati Dynasty of Khurda still perform the ritual duties of the temple. [1] The earliest inscriptions referring to the construction of the temple for Shiva, according to the Archaeological Survey of India, are from Nolamba dynasty ruler Nolambadiraja and the Rashtrakuta emperor Govinda III dated c.806, and copper plates of the Bana rulers Jayateja and Dattiya of about c.810. [1] He defeated the great Gurjara King Nagabhatta II. It is said that the Pala King Dharmapala and his protégé Charayudh sought the help of Govinda III. Govinda III made the Rashtrakutas dynasty one of the most powerful dynasties of contemporary India. [5] The last powerful and effectual king of the Rashtrakutas was Krishna III. The Badami cave temples are a complex of four cave temples located at Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district in the north part of Karnataka, India. [1] Most of the information of the Rashtrakutas of Malked is gathered through inscriptions, but it is believed that they ruled almost all of South and parts of West India from this tiny town. [1] North and north west part of India after Harsha Vardhana was mostly controlled by Pratihara Kings while Central India and part of South was mostly under Rashtrakutas dynasty (753-973 AD ). [1] The rule of his son Govinda III signaled a new era with Rashtrakuta victories against the Pala Dynasty of Bengal and Gurjara Pratihara of north western India resulting in the capture of Kannauj. [1] Pratiharas, Palas of Bengal, Rashtrakutas of Deccan. and Numismatic is the study of coins.He authored Yasastilaka champu, Nitivakyamrita and other writings.At the same time the Pala Dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Gujarat gained force in eastern and northwestern India respectively. [1] At the same time the Pala dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Malwa were gaining force in eastern and northwestern India respectively, an Arabic text, Silsilat al-Tawarikh, called the Rashtrakutas one of the four principal empires of the world. [1] Within a short period of time, the Rashtrakutas became powerful in the southern part of India. [1] The dominance of the Rashtrakutas in the Deccan is the remarkable period in the history of India. [6] The leather industry and tanning flourished in Gujarat and some regions of northern Maharashtra.Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation--The Karnata Dravida Tradition 7th to 13th Centuries. (Vedams Books from India, Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd., 1995). accessdate 2006-12-19.The origin of the Rashtrakutas pertain to the origins of the ancestors of the. and evidences from relics such as coins. [1] Those issues pertain to the origins of the earliest ancestors of the Rashtrakutas during the time of Emperor Ashoka in the second century B.C.E., and the connection between the several Rashtrakuta dynasties that ruled small kingdoms in northern and central India and the Deccan between the sixth and seventh centuries. [7] The origin of the Rashtrakutas pertain to the origins of the most primitive ancestors of the dynasty under the reign of Emperor Ashoka in the second century BCE, and the alliance among several Rashtrakuta dynasties reigning diminutive territories in the Deccan and the northern and central India during the sixth and seventh centuries. [1]

Govinda III made the Rashtrakutas dynasty one of the most powerful dynasties of contemporary India. [1] Scholars debate over which of the many ethnic groups the early Rashtrakutas belonged, the north western ethnic groups of India, the Kannadiga, Reddi, the Maratha, or the ethnic tribes from the Punjab region. [7] At about the same timeframe in which the Rashtrakutas were gaining prominence, the Pratihara Dynasty of Malwa and the Pala Dynasty of Bengal were also gaining supremacy in the north-western and eastern regions of India respectively. [1] The Rashtrakutas ruled India south of the Vindhyas, even extending through Sri Lanka. [1] Towards the end of the century, and setting my sights over the rest of the subcontinent, I manage to wrangle an alliance with perhaps the second most powerful ruler in India, Maharaja of Rashtrakuta. [1] In India, they were having a conflict with the Rashtrakutas and Pala rulers. [1] Information regarding social life, the caste system, life style and recreational activities during the Rashtrakuta times comes from inscriptions and from the notes of Greek and Arab travellers to India at the time. [1] Abu Zaid, a contemporary of the Rashtrakutas, has observed that the kings of India were accustomed to wear earrings of precious stones, mounted in gold, and necklaces of great value formed of pearls and precious stones. [1] The rise of Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta had an ideal impression on India, even in India's north. [1] Towards the end, mount of the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta presented a great impact on India. [1] Though, Rashtrakutas built a couple of temples, their greatest contribution to India was their patronage to Kannada literature. [1] Scholars dispute over the ethnic groups the early Rashtrakutas belonged to, the northwestern tribal groups of India, the Maratha, the ethnic tribes from the Punjab region or the Kannadiga, Reddi. [1] During their political expansion into central and northern India in the eighth to the tenth centuries, the Rashtrakutas or their relatives created several kingdoms that either ruled during the reign of the parent empire or continued to rule for centuries after the its fall or came to power much later. [7] During their political extension into central and northern India in the eighth to the tenth centuries, the Rashtrakutas or their relatives shaped several kingdoms that either reigned during the supremacy of the parent empire or sustained to statute for centuries after the its fall or came to power much later. [1]

Throughout their political growth into central and northern India within the eighth to the 10th centuries, the Rashtrakutas or their kin created many kingdoms that both dominated through the reign of the dad or mum empire or continued to rule for hundreds of years after its fall or got here to energy a lot later. [1]

Historically, Bagalkote was the capital of the Chalukyan Empire of South India under Pulakesi I, who conquered the district in 550 CE. Bagalkot's Badami taluk remained the seat of the throne of the Chalukyas from 550 CE - 753 CE, when Chalukya king Kirtivarman II was overthrown by the Rashtrakutas. [1] The Pala kings ruled in the eastern India, the Pratiharas ruled in the north India, and Rashtrakutas ruled in the Deccan. [6] In this lesson we learn how many powerful Empires arose in north India and the Deccan between 750-1000 AD. The Palas, the Pratiharas and Rashtrakutas were the most powerful. [1]

The Rashtrakutas expand from the Deccan into South and Central India, and share control of the subcontinent with the other major powers of the period: the Gurjara-Pratiharas in the north, the Palas in the east, and the Pallavas in the far south. [1] Dharmapala, 770-781, made the Palas a dominant power of northern India, installing his own nominee on the once-prestigious throne at Kanauj. but the Palas soon were threatened by the Pratiharas of central India and gained respite from attacks only because the of a threat to the Pratiharas from another foreign power, Rashtrakutas of the Deccan. [1] From the 8th to the 10th century, three dynasties contested for control of northern India: the Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa, the Palas of Bengal, and the Rashtrakutas of the Deccan. [1]

All the revenues that were collected in our period' remained in the country and no 25, Altelcar, Village Communities, p. 70, LAND TAXATION UNDER THE RASHTRAKUTAS 223 part was exported to any country outside India in the form of pensions or recruitment charges. [1] The Rathor Rajputs of Rajsthan/North India are descendants of ancient Rashtrakutas. [1] The reign of Rashtrakuta is also remembered because of their contribution to the Art and Architecture of India. [1]

The Arab rulers attempted to extend their realm southeast, which finished in the Caliphate crusades in India battled in 730 CE. Be that as it may, the Arab trespassers were crushed and repulsed from the territories east of the Indus waterway by a Hindu cooperation between the north Indian Gurjar Emperor Nagabhata I of the Pratihara Dynasty, the south Indian Emperor Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya tradition and numerous other neighborhood little Hindu kingdoms. [1] The Unconquerable Southern Power : History of India bears evidence that usually it was the North Indian power that made all efforts to expand at the cost of the South Indian powers. [1] This evidence fits with Reich et al.’s ( 9 ) proposed model that most extant populations of India are a result of admixture between two ancestral populations--Ancestral North Indian (ANI) and Ancestral South Indian (ASI) ( 9, 10 ). [1]

There is no evidence as to the social relations between the two communities in the ports on western India during our period; as already pointed out, the Muslims in the Deccan during our period were using Indian dress and language. [1] In many ways, the period during and following the Gupta dynasty was the period of "Greater India," a period of cultural activity in India and surrounding countries building off of the base of Indian culture. [1]


The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history. [4] Although the origins of the early Rashtrakuta ruling families in central India and the Deccan in the 6th and 7th centuries is controversial, during the eighth through the 10th centuries they emphasised the importance of the Kannada language in conjunction with Sanskrit in their administration. [1] North India and the Decan : In the post Harsha period, three great centres of powers emerged in North India and Deccan: Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas. [1] The emergence of Chola power from obscurity, its rise to an imperial position and its conflicts, first with the Rashtrakutas from beyond the Tungabhadra and later with their successors, the Chalukyas of Kalyani, form the dominant features of the history of South India in the period A.D. 850 - 1200. [1] Sastri, Nilakanta K. A. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar.Eastern Eurasian Peoples: Militarily Most Powerful. including almost all Pratihara coins,.Intro Chalukya Dynasties:. the rise of the Rashtrakutas in the middle of 8th century eclipsed the. [1] In the general population men wore two simple pieces of cloth, a loose garment on top and a garment worn like a dhoti for the lower part of the body.Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.Sastri, Nilakanta K. A. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar.Prosperous kingdoms like the Cholas and Rashtrakutas flourished in the. [1] This clan came to be known as the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta, rising to power in South India in 753, at the same time the Pala dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Malwa were gaining force in eastern and northwestern India respectively. [1] In 753, this clan was able to achieve prominence in the whole of South India and was famously known as the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta. [1]

Because the Rashtrakutas captured Kannauj, levied tribute on its rulers and offered themselves as masters of North India, the period is also known as the "Age of Imperial Karnataka". [1] Some historians have called these times an "Age of Imperial Kannauj", since the Rashtrakutas successfully captured Kannauj, levied tribute on its rulers and presented themselves as masters of North India, the era could also be called the "Age of Imperial Karnataka". [1]

According to the inscriptions of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, there existed few other clans of the same thread that includes the rulers of the Achalpur which is, now, known as Elichpur situated in the state of Maharashtra and the rulers of Kannauj situated in the Northern Part of the India. [1] The Rashtrakuta Empire ruled Southern India from 753 AD to 982 AD. The earliest inscriptions of this dynasty were revealed in form of Copper Plate Grant and it determined the vastness of its lands that spread from the lands of Manpur in the Malwa region to the far Southern parts of India. [1] Rashtrakuta Dynasty ruled in the sixth and thirteen centuries in parts of the northern, central and southern India. [1]

Above image: The Jain temple (called Jain Narayana temple), at Pattadakal, a UNESCO world heritage site in Karnataka, India, was constructed by either Rashtrakuta Dynasty King Amoghavarsha I or his successor Krishna II in the 9th century. [1] Section I THE DECCAN RASHTRAKUTAS Canberra, 11 June 2014 The Rashtrakuta dynasty played an important role in the medieval history of India, from mid-6th century till their decline into irrelevance around the middle of the 13th century. [1]

Intro Chalukya Dynasties:. the rise of the Rashtrakutas in the middle of 8th century eclipsed the.Chopra, Ravindran, Subrahmanian, P.N., T.K., N. History of South India (Ancient, Medieval and Modern).This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. [1] Major dynasties that were established in South India include the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas, Pallavas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, european countries entered India through Kerala and the region was colonised by Britain and other nations. [1] Several controversies exist regarding the origin of these early Rashtrakutas,. milestone in the history of South India and a. and copper coins,. [1] The emergence of the Rashtrakutas heralded a new era in the history of South India. [1] Though he cannot be compared to Dhruva, Govinda III or Indra III he too occupies an important place in the line of the Rashtrakutas as the lord of the large part of the Deccan and parts of South India. [1] One view is that the Rashtrakutas of the Deccan originally belonged to northern India. [1] With the autumn of the Rashtrakutas, their feudatories and associated clans within the Deccan and northern India declared independence. [1] As the Rashtrakutas effectively conquered Kannauj, presented themselves as masters of Northern India and paid homage to its monarchs, the epoch could also be termed as the "Age of Imperial Karnataka". [1] This clan got here to be often called the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta, rising to energy in South India in 753. [1] As far away as in Jura in Central India, there is a Kannada record issued by the Rashtrakutas. [1] He timed his rebellion to coincide with the confusion caused by the invading Paramara of Central India to the Rashtrakutas capital in 973. [1]

Southern Gujarat was led by the south Indian Rashtrakuta tradition until it was caught by the south Indian ruler Tailapa II of the Western Chalukya Empire. [1] Amid this period the northern piece of Gujarat was administered by the north Indian Gurjara-Pratihara administration and the southern piece of Gujarat was governed by the south Indian Rashtrakuta tradition. [1] "If there was any period of the Indian history when Karnataka affected the fortunes of all India, it was during the rule of Rashtrakutas, for not even the later Vijayanagara Empire, which was powerful for three centuries in the South, wielded any influence on North India" says eminent historian S. Srikantha Sastri. [1] The last powerful and effectual king of the Rashtrakutas was Krishna III. In this can be noticed the peculiar eyes and the pointed nose in the three-quarter view which later became a distinguishing feature of the western Indian paintings from Gujarat of the fourteenth-fifteenth centuries A.D. [1] He undertook campaigns to Kanchi in 785 and again against the Western Ganga Dynasty in 788, during his reign, Rashtrakutas emerged as a true pan-India power, controlling large regions across the Indian subcontinent. [1] Rashtrakuta (IAST: rāṣṭrakūṭa) was a royal dynasty that ruled major regions of the Indian Subcontinent between the 6th and 10th centuries. [1] Rashtrakuta (IAST: rāṣṭrakūṭa) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian Subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries. [1]

The three noteworthy Indian administrations - the northwest Indian Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty, the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the east Indian Pala Empire - overwhelmed India from the eighth to tenth hundreds of years. [1] The following are the empires that dominated Ancient India: Achaemenid empire, Maurya empire, Satavahana empire, Sunga Dynasty, Saka Kingdom, Kushan empire, The Gupta empire, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Gurjara Pratiharas, Chola empire, Kakatiya dynasty, and Chauhan dynasty. [1] The evidence of more recent admixture among the Maratha (MRT) is in agreement with the known history of the post-Gupta Chalukya (543-753 CE) and the Rashtrakuta empires (753-982 CE) of western India, which established a clan of warriors (Kshatriyas) drawn from the local peasantry ( 15 ). [1] These were the Palas who dominated eastern India till the middle of the 9 th Century, the Pratiharas who dominated the western part of India and the upper gangetic valley till the middle of the 10 th century, and the Rashtrakuta empire, which dominated the Deccan and also controlled the territory in north and south India at various times. [1]

If India would have been united under one rule in 9th century it would have been hard for the Turks to conqure it in the 10 & 11th century. 9th century was actually the start of the decline of Indian civilization. [1] Observation of the Arab visitor Sulaiman (851 A.D.) : Referring to Amoghavarsha Sulaiman says that Balhara is the most eminent prince of India and Indians acknowledge his superiority and that he had the title of "King of Kings" which other contemporary Indian princes according to him did not have. [1] We can now well under- stand the apparently incredible statement of the contemporary Muslim writers. that the troops in India are not paid by Indian kings but, main tain themselves without receiving anything, from them.;’ • The Muslim writers, who make this statement, also ad^ that the members of the fighting forces of the Rashtrakuias were paid regularly by their employers. [1] The more extended horizon of the Bhagvati and the omission of all countries from Uttarapatha clearly shows that the Bhagvati list is of later origin and therefore less reliable (Political History of Ancient India, 1996, p 86; History & Culture of Indian People, Age of Imperial Unity, p 15-16). [1] India is having a glorious history of sculpture and Ellora caves are one of the best examples of Ancient Indian Sculpture. [1] Through out its history many invaders have come to India but Indian religions allowed it to adapt to and absorb all of them. [1] Regarding the commercial relation which Arab had with India during those times, Sulaiman says that extremely fine Indian cotton cloth which could pass through a small fine ring was imported by the Arabs and distributed throughout the then known world. [1] India has a coastline of over seven thousand kilometres, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east. [1] Thereafter, variants and derivatives of the Brahmi script came to be used, Sanskrit is today one of the 22 languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, which mandates the Indian government to develop the language. [1] During the first millennium, the sea routes to India were controlled by the Indians and Ethiopians that became the maritime trading power of the Red Sea. [1] His uprising was one of the earlier rebellions against the British rule in India as it was 10 years before the famous Indian Rebellion of 1857. [1] Modern day India is an image of the Mauryana, that tied all the peoples and cultures of the erstwhile separate kingdoms under one banner, and predicted a common destiny for all Indians (then mainly Hindus and Buddhists). [1] Classical India refers to the period when much of the Indian subcontinent was united under the Gupta Empire (c. 320-550 CE). [1] According to Megasthenes, one of the renowned visitors and travelers to the country of India, Patuliputra, the capital city of the Mauryan Empire in Indian history, was walled up by wooden walls with as many as 570 towers and 64 gates. [1] The first significant event that characterized modern India was the Indian rebellion (1857). [1] Art of Legend India has the distinction of being one of the best in the Indian Handicraft Industry. [1] Some of them were driven out of India and others were assimilated in the Indian society. [1] We analyzed high-quality genotype data, generated using a DNA microarray ( Methods ) at 803,570 autosomal SNPs on 367 individuals drawn from 20 ethnic populations of India ( Table 1 and SI Appendix, Fig. S1 ), to provide evidence that the ancestry of the hunter-gatherers of A&N is distinct from mainland Indian populations, but is coancestral to contemporary Pacific Islanders (PI). [1] Of the various orders largely found outside India, only two, the chistis and the Suharvardis were the first to succeed in establishing themselves firmly on Indian soil. [1] Eventually weakened both by contention with the northwestern invaders and internal strife they broke up and gave rise to several nations around Deccan and central India regions even as the Gupta Empire arose in the Indo-Gangetic Plain and ushered in a "Golden Age" and rebirth of empire as decentralized local administrative model and the spread of Indian culture until collapse under the Huna invasions. [1] The geological region called the Greater India once included the Madagascar, Seychelles, Antartica, as a geological term, Indian subcontinent has meant that region formed from the collision of the Indian basin with Eurasia nearly 55 million years ago, towards the end of Paleocene. [1] The majority of Hindus reside in India, Nepal, Mauritius, the Caribbean, the word Hindu is derived from the Indo-Aryan/Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indo-Aryan name for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. [1]

In the general population men wore two simple pieces of cloth, a loose garment on top and a garment worn like a dhoti for the lower part of the body.Preface Almost a year ago a request of the T.T.D to examine the thousands of bags of coins acquired through Srivari Hundi of Lord Sri Venkateswara reached us.Adikavi Pampa, widely regarded as one of the greatest Kannada writers, became famous for Adipurana (941).The Rashtrakuta Dynasty India. [1] The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial matter in the history of India. [1] Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled in large part of contemporary India in the 6th - 10th centuries. [1] Amoghavarsha I ( Amoghavarsha Nrupathunga I ) was a Rashtrakuta emperor, the greatest ruler of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, and one of the great emperors of India. [8] It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I. It is one of the 34 monasteries and temples known collectively as the Ellora Caves, extending over more than 2 km, that were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff in the complex located at Ellora, Maharashtra, India. [1] These branches emerged as a result of Rashtrakuta conquest of North India. [1] The last powerful and effectual king of the Rashtrakutas was Krishna III. Maharashtra is India's third largest state in terms of area. [1] The Rashtrakuta period marked the beginning of the golden age of southern Indian mathematics. [1] Ellora represents the renaissance of Hinduism under the Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties, the subsequent decline of Indian Buddhism, and a brief resurgence of Jainism under official patronage. [1] Indian History Part 30 Section III: THE GAHADAVALAS OF. there is no doubt that the kingdom of Kanauj was ruled by the Rashtrakutas from. [1] In no other period of Ancient Indian History did the Deccan enjoy the same high political prestige, which it did under the Rashtrakutas. [1] Note: Some experts suggest that the Medieval period of Indian history began at 800 CE. In that scenario, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, Chola empire, Kakatiya empire, and Chauhan dynasty would be empires of Medieval India. [1] Southern Indian influences in the architecture of Shiva temple could be explained by presence of Southern Indian artists - the state governed by the Rashtrakuta dynasty included also part of Southern India. [1] The Rashtrakuta Empire (Sanskrit: रषटरकट rāṣṭrakūṭa, Kannada: ರಷಟರಕಟ ) was a royal Indian dynasty ruling large parts of southern, central and northern India between the sixth and the tenth centuries. [1] The dynasty is called Western Chalukyas to differentiate from the contemporaneous Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, prior to the rise of these Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta empire of Manyakheta controlled most of Deccan and Central India for over two centuries. [1]

The earliest recognised Rashtrakuta inscription is a Seventh-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a metropolis in Central or West India. [1] Arab traveler, Al-Masudi, calls the Rashtrakuta king as the greatest king of India. [6] Rashtrakuta Rulers were the most powerful rulers in the medieval India. [1] It is a period the period of struggle for the control resources and area of Gangetic Plains (centered around KANNAUJ ) among the three parties i.e The Rashtrakutas of south, The Palas of east and The Pratiharas of west India during the 8th century and the 10th century AD. Krishna I after the Rashtrakuta rule had spread into South India from the Deccan. [1] King Krishna I commissioned the Kailasanath Temple project after the Rashtrakuta rule had spread into South India from the Deccan, using the Dravidian architectural style. [7]

Covering the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau, South India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the south. [1] A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. (New Delhi: Indian Branch, Oxford University Press, 2002. [7] Pala control of North India was ultimately ephemeral, as they struggled with the Gurjara-Pratiharas, after a short lived decline, Emperor Mahipala I defended imperial bastions in Bengal and Bihar against South Indian Chola invasions. [1] It borders North India and the Indian Ocean and, as Chostea and Laburia, it is part of the Asian Union. [1]

The Yadava was an important Hindu dynasty of central India that flourished in Indian subcontinent from 12th to 14th century AD. Yadava dynasty is also known as Seuna dynasty. [1] Capitalising on the destabilization of northern India by the Persian and Greek incursions, the Mauryan empire under Chandragupta would not only conquer most of the Indian subcontinent, but also push its boundaries into Persia and Central Asia, conquering the Gandhara region. [1]

Several Branches of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty were created by the kings, commanders and relatives of the Rashtrakuta family during their expansion into central and northern India in the eighth to the tenth centuries. [1] The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history, these issues pertain to the origin of the earliest ancestors of the Rashtrakutas during the time of Emperor Ashoka in the 2nd century BCE, and the connection between the several Rashtrakuta dynasties that ruled small kingdoms in northern and central India and the Deccan between the 6th and 7th centuries. [1] Amid this period the northern piece of Gujarat was administered by the north Indian Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty and the southern piece of Gujarat was managed by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty. [1] The Paramaras was a medieval Indian kingdom who were at first feudal rulers of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. [1]

Between the timeframe of the eighth and the tenth century AD, there existed a continuous struggle between the rulers of the Pratihara Dynasty, the Pala Dynasty and the Rashtrakuta Dynasty to gain prominence and exploit the rich resources in the Gagaetic plains of North India. [1] In 1963 A.D. another Rashtrakuta king Krishna III invaded north India and defeated the Pratihara ruler. [1] Another Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna III invaded north India in 963 AD and defeated the Pratihar ruler, thus leading to the rapid dissolution of the Pratihar empire. [1]

Rashtrakuta inscriptions determining the rule of other Rashtrakuta clans, at approximately the same time, in Achalpur, now known as Elichpur and situated in present days's Maharashtra, and Kannauj in the northern India have also been found. [1] The struggle for control of Kanauj and northern India between the Gurjara-Pratiharas and the Palas, as well the Rashtrakuta dynasty of the Deccan, swung this way and that throughout 9th and into the 10th centuries. [1] The number of powerful empires arose in Northern India and the Deccan between 750 to 1000 CE. In 757 CE, they overthrew the Chalukyan Kingdom and established Rashtrakuta Empire. [1] In the 769 and 867 start dates, the kingdom of Maharastra in South India is ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. [1] Did the Rashtrakuta dynasty maintain their influence over the whole of south India as Eastern Chalukya, Western Ganga, Pallava, and Chola, etc. [1]

Trade centres continued to flourish in South India Western Indian coast. [1]

Rashtrakuta Empire continued its conquest Southwards and by 753 AD they occupied most of Indian Peninsular region called the Rashtrakuta of Manyakheta. [1] During the Reign of Rashtrakuta Dynasty, history witnesses developments in many fields of political expansion, architectural achievements and contribution to the Indian literature. [1] The Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled most of the Indian subcontinent, between 753 973 CE, with their capital at Manyakheta (Modern-day Malkhed). [1] Rashtrakuta dynasty - Rashtrakuta was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian Subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries. [1] Other important contributions are the Kashivishvanatha temple and the Jain Narayana temple at Pattadakal in modern Karnataka, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history. [1] Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages.The origin of the Rashtrakuta dynasty has been a controversial topic of Indian history. [1] The Paramaras are known in the broader sweep of Indian history only for initiating the fall of the powerful Rashtrakuta dynasty. [1]

Ellora Caves - Ancient Indian Architecture Ellora is an archaeological site, 30 km from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta rulers. [1] Dhruva was the first Rashtrakuta ruler from Deccan who had intervene in the tripartite struggle of supremacy in north India. [6] At first, I thought that this was just a coincidence that they shared the same name, but they also have the same coat of arms! Then I thought that somehow, the displaced Rashtrakuta dynasty must have migrated to North India and taken power. [1] Of the three, the Rashtrakuta Empire lasted the longest; it was also the most powerful empire of the tie and acted as bridge between north and south India in economic as well as cultural matters. [1] The Rashtrakuta kings, Dhruva, Govinda III and Indra III invaded North India. [1] He was the first Rashtrakuta ruler to intervene in the tripartite struggle being wagged for the supremacy of north India. [1]

The expansion once again triggered the struggle for the control of the Indian Subcontinent, known as the Tripartite Struggle, with the Rashtrakuta Empire. [1]


A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar, new Delhi, Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. [9] The Rashtrakuta Dynasty was a prominent ancient power flourished in India between the sixth and the tenth century AD. During this time. [10] The Kailashnath Temple at Ellora (c.757-83): Sponsored by Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Kailashnath Temple is India's largest rock-cut temple--and a magnificent, astonishing achievement both technically and artistically. [11]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
At their peak the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta ruled a vast empire stretching from the Ganges River and Yamuna River doab in the north to Cape Comorin in the south, a fruitful time of political expansion, architectural achievements and famous literary contributions. [4] The sources for Rashtrakuta history include medieval inscriptions, ancient literature in the Pali language, contemporaneous literature in Sanskrit and Kannada and the notes of the Arab travellers. [4] It is clear from inscriptions, coinage and prolific contemporaneous literature that the court of these Rashtrakutas was multi-lingual, and used Sanskrit and Kannada as their administrative languages and encouraged literature in Sanskrit and Kannada. [3] It is argued that if the Rashtrakutas were originally a Marathi speaking family, then the Gujarat Rashtrakutas would not have signed their inscriptions in Kannada language and that too in far away Gujarat. [3]

Other ruling Rashtrakuta clans from the same period mentioned in inscriptions were the kings of Achalapur (modern Elichpur in Maharashtra ) and the rulers of Kannauj. [4] In 972 A.D., during the rule of Khottiga Amoghavarsha, the Paramara King Siyaka Harsha attacked the empire and plundered Manyakheta, the capital of the Rashtrakutas. [4] The Western Chalukyas annexed Manyakheta and made it their capital until 1015 and built an impressive empire in the Rashtrakuta heartland during the 11th century. [4]

The relationship of these medieval Rashtrakutas to the most famous later dynasty, the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta (present day Malkhed in the Gulbarga district, Karnataka state), who ruled between the 8th and 10th centuries has also been debated. [4] In linking possible connections between the medieval Rashtrakuta families to the imperial family of Manyakheta it has been pointed out that only the family members ruling from Elichpur ( Berar or modern Amravati district, modern Maharashtra) had names that were very similar to the names of Kings of the Manyakheta dynasty. [3] The relationship of these medieval Rashtrakutas to the most important and famous dynasty, the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta of the 8th century - 10th century time period has also been debated. [3] Matrimonial relations with the powerful Rashtrakuta family of the Deccan remained uninterrupted for some time, and the Kalachuris were at times involved in Rashtrakuta politics, as in the period of Yuvaraja I (reigned c. 915-945). [2] The Rashtrakutas And Their Times; being a political, administrative, religious, social, economic and literary history of the Deccan during C. 750 A.D. to C. 1000 A.D. [4] The former feudatories of the Rashtrakutas in western Deccan were brought under control of the Chalukyas, and the hitherto-suppressed Cholas of Tanjore became their arch enemies in the south. [4] The Rashtrakutas built well-known Jain temples at locations such as Lokapura in Bagalkot district and their loyal feudatory, the Western Ganga Dynasty, built Jain monuments at Shravanabelagola and Kambadahalli. [4] Well-known among these were the Rashtrakutas of Gujarat (757-888), the Rattas of Saundatti (875-1230) in modern Karnataka, the Gahadavalas of Kannauj (1068-1223), the Rashtrakutas of Rajasthan (known as Rajputana) and ruling from Hastikundi or Hathundi (893-996), Dahal (near Jabalpur ), Mandore (near Jodhpur ), the Rathores of Dhanop, Rashtraudha dynasty of Mayuragiri in modern Maharashtra and Rashtrakutas of Kannauj. [4] Theories about the dynastic lineage ( Surya Vamsa --Solar line and Chandra Vamsa --Lunar line), the native region and the ancestral home have been proposed, based on information gleaned from inscriptions, royal emblems, the ancient clan names such as "Rashtrika", epithets ( Ratta, Rashtrakuta, Lattalura Puravaradhiswara ), the names of princes and princesses of the dynasty, and clues from relics such as coins. [4] While the history of the early Rashtrakutas has caused much debate, the history of the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta (in present-day Gulbarga ) of the 8th-10th centuries can be accurately constructed because numerous contemporaneous inscriptions and texts refer to them. [3] The only Rashtrakuta family whose royal emblem is similar to that of the rulers of Manyakheta, the golden eagle or Garuda lanchhana (emblem) is that of the family that ruled from Amravathi district of modern Maharashtra. [3] The importance of the Rashtrakutas during this era is indicated by the fact that a Muslim traveler wrote of the king as being one of the four great rulers of the world--the others being the caliph (ruler of the Muslims) and the emperors of Byzantium and China. [2] Called Pampa Bharata, it is a eulogy of the writer's patron, King Chalukya Arikeseri of Vemulawada (a Rashtrakuta feudatory), comparing the king's virtues favorably to those of Arjuna. [4] The most extensive and sumptuous of the Rashtrakuta works at Ellora is their creation of the monolithic Kailasanath Temple, a splendid achievement confirming the "Balhara" status as "one among the four principal Kings of the world". [4]

The Rashtrakutas empire now spread over the areas from Cape Comorin to Kannauj and from Banaras to Bharuch. [4] His grandson, Indra III, who came to the throne in 914, captured Kannauj and brought Rashtrakuta power to its peak. [2]

Though these Rashtrakutas were Kannadigas, they were conversant in a northern Deccan language as well. [4] Some examples of this are the Navsari and Baroda plates of Karka I and the Baroda plates of his son Dhruva II. It has been attested by a scholar that the Gujarat Rashtrakuta princes signed their inscriptions in the language of their native home and the race they belonged to. [3] The Rashtrakuta period did not produce any Marathi inscriptions or literature (with the exception of a 981 CE Shravanabelagola inscription which some historians argue was inscribed later). [3]

During his rule there was a three way conflict between the Rashtrakutas, the Palas and the Pratiharas for control over the Gangetic plains. [4] According to Altekar and Sen, the Rashtrakutas became a pan-India power during his rule. [4]

The emergence of Rajputs in Rajasthan and Gujarat coincides with the arrival of the Rashtrakutas and Chalukyas in the region. [3] There is uncertainty about the location of the early capital of the Rashtrakutas at this time. [4] Some claim the Rashtrakutas were inclined towards Jainism since many of the scholars who flourished in their courts and wrote in Sanskrit, Kannada and a few in Apabhramsha and Prakrit were Jains. [4] It has been argued the Rashtrakutas were of Kannada origin. [3] Several controversies exist regarding the origin of these early Rashtrakutas, their native home and their language. [4]

It is well known that the Gujarat line of Rashtrakutas were from the same family as the Manyakheta line. [3]

By the 9th century, kings from all the four castes had occupied the highest seat in the monarchical system in Hindu India. [4] With the ending of the Gupta Dynasty in northern India in the early 6th century, major changes began taking place in the Deccan south of the Vindyas and in the southern regions of India. [4] At their peak they were the only south Indian empire that conquered regions in far northern India ( Kannauj ) as well as the extreme south ( Tamilakam ). [3] He led successful expeditions to Kannauj, the seat of northern Indian power where he defeated the Gurjara Pratiharas and the Palas of Bengal, gaining him fame and vast booty but not more territory. [4]

The use of the word Rattagudlu (meaning an office) has been found in inscriptions from present day Andhra Pradesh dated prior to the 8th century indicating it was a South Indian word. [3]

India, country that occupies the greater part of South Asia. [2] Possibilities include the north western ethnic groups of India, the Kannadiga, Reddi, the Maratha, or the tribes from the Punjab region. [4] The royal courts of peninsular India (outside of Tamilakam ) interfaced between the increasing use of the local Kannada language and the expanding Sanskritic culture. [4] At the same time the Pala dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Malwa were gaining force in eastern and northwestern India respectively. [4] A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. [4] Islamic contact with South India began as early as the 7th century, a result of trade between the Southern kingdoms and Arab lands. [4] During the rule of Dhruva Dharavarsha who took control in 780, the kingdom expanded into an empire that encompassed all of the territory between the Kaveri River and Central India. [4] Indra III recovered the dynasty's fortunes in central India by defeating the Paramara and then invaded the doab region of the Ganges and Jamuna rivers. [4]

One of the richest traditions in Indian architecture took shape in the Deccan during this time which Adam Hardy calls Karnata dravida style as opposed to traditional Dravida style. [4]

An inscription of King Govinda III (808) mentions "by the birth of this virtuous king, the Rashtrakuta dynasty became invincible just as the Yadava dynasty by the birth of Lord Krishna". [3] According to historian K. Pillay, one of them, King Madavarajah of the Jaffna kingdom, was an usurper from the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. [4]

The heart of the Rashtrakuta empire included nearly all of Karnataka, Maharashtra and parts of Andhra Pradesh, an area which the Rashtrakutas ruled for over two centuries. [4] Rashtrakuta inscriptions outside Karnataka are mostly in Sanskrit However this period was the very end of the classical era of literary Sanskrit and Prakrit. [3] Rashtrakuta inscriptions use both Kannada and Sanskrit (historians Sheldon Pollock and Jan Houben claim they are mostly in Kannada), and the rulers encouraged literature in both languages. [4]

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6. (18) Origin of Rashtrakuta Dynasty - Wikipedia

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8. (13) Conflict between the Rashtrakutas, Gurjara Pratihara and Palas | Indian History

9. (11) Rashtrakuta Dynasty | All About INDIA

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13. (6) The Rajputs - TimeMaps

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16. (5) AsiasWorld : Rashtrakuta Dynasty India

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18. (5) Medieval India Part 1 | CQ

19. (5) Controversies in History: Origin of Rastrakuta

20. (4) Who were Rashtrakuta? | Gurjar Samaj

21. (4) Why is Rashtrakuta Emperor Amoghavarsha called Ashoka of South India? - Quora

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24. (3) http://www.diamondtamil.com/india/india_history/south_indian_kingdoms/rashtrakutas_en.html

25. (3) Art of Legend India: Art, Paintings, Handicrafts, Jewelry, Beads, Handmade Items: Introduction on Rashtrakuta

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27. (2) About Rashtrakuta Dynasty-StudyHash

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29. (2) RASHTRAKUTA_A_MIGHTY_EMPIRE_OF_NATURAL - 1 RASHTRAKUTA A MIGHTY EMPIRE OF NATURAL WONDERS NRUPTUNGA AMOGHVARSHA A KING-ASHOKA OF SOUTH INDIA Story of an

30. (1) File:Indian Rashtrakuta Empire map.svg - Wikimedia Commons

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34. (1) Why are there two Rashtrakuta dynasties? : CrusaderKings

35. (1) Indian History: THE RASHTRAKUTAS


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