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Romantic Era (1850 - 1920)

Romantic Era (1850 - 1920)

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  • The Romantic Era is from 1810 - 1920, it is then separated into two different periods called 'Early Romantic Period' (1810 - 1850) and 'Late Romantic Period' (1851 - 1920).(More...)

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  • In music such works from after about 1850 are referred to by some writers as "Late Romantic" and by others as "Neoromantic" or "Postromantic", but other fields do not usually use these terms; in English literature and painting the convenient term "Victorian" avoids having to characterise the period further.(More...)
  • Modern players can relate to the difference between a flamenco and a classical guitar; the romantic guitar is also a different instrument with different character suited to the music of the period.(More...)



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The Romantic Era is from 1810 - 1920, it is then separated into two different periods called 'Early Romantic Period' (1810 - 1850) and 'Late Romantic Period' (1851 - 1920). [1] The Romantic era Introduction: Romantic era in a nut shell The romantic era was active during 1850 - 1920 and was different from the other eras. [2] I got to thinking, why don't we hear much about Romantic performance practice? (For the purposes of this discussion, let's say the Romantic era is roughly from 1850 to 1920, or through the early recording era.) [2] Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era ) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. [2] Romantic Era Romanticism was brought to life around 1780 and thinned out around 1850. [2] People of the Romantic Era (1790s to 1850s) Romantic poets (Blake, Keats, Coleridge, Wordsworth and Shelley) and the Romantic artists, composers and writers. [2]

The Romantic Era was between1850 - 1920 C.E. The Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipation. [2] Romantic Era 1820-1920 Steam-powered elevator invented, 1850 Typewriter and air brakes invented, 1868 Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone, 1876 Edison. [2]

The Baroque Era was between 1850 - 1920 C.E. The term Baroque era describes the style or period of European music. [2] Summary : Romanticism cached similar romanticism (also the romantic era or period) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in europe toward end of 18th century, most. [2] The Romanticism Essay. sentence essays good starters for abortion on persuasive In 1789, William Lisle Bowles (1762-1850) wrote an influential sonnet sequence, Fourteen Sonnets, a sign of brighter times ahead for the form Romanticism (also the Romantic era or the Romantic period) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of. [2] Woman Writers of the Romantic Period Romanticism (also called Romantic Era or Romantic period) was a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe, and developed in reaction to the Industrial Revolution. [2]

Romanticism Introduction The Romantic era began in the late eighteenth century as a reaction against the Age of Enlightenment and was a period of great change and emancipation. [2] The Romantic era and the Baroque era both have composers to compose music. they both also have there own periods of times in which they were in. [2] He is viewed by many as the most influential figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western music. [2] The Romantic Era of music is "music with intense energy and passion. (Classical FM)" The Classical period, which came before this era, had many strict rules. [2] The romantic preference for expressive, songlike melody also grew out of the Classical Essay about Music and the Romantic Period 1000 WordsThe Romantic Period (1825-1900) History The Romantic era developed from the social and political disorders that were post the French revolution. [2] The end of the Romantic era is marked in some areas by a new style of Realism, which affected literature, especially the novel and drama, painting, and even music, through Verismo opera. [2] In his long musical career Wagner created thirteen operas including the most notable Rienzi, Der fliegende Hollände, Tristan und Isolde, and Der Ring des Nibelungen. It was clear that Wagner was changing the way operas were being preformed, and he continued to push the music further into the Romantic era by viewing operas as "total art works". [2] By the end of the Romantic era, opera had become a combination of many art forms including the theatre, dance and orchestra oriented music. [2]

Ho Chi Minh, the enemy of the United States in the Vietnam War, was initially a friend. 23-3-2015 The Romantic Era was a period in music writing case study papers in which there was much of era romantic essay change of era romantic essay during the 1850’s to the 1920’s in the theory and compositional. [2] He was classified as both a composer from the Classical period but also - and mainly - a composer from the Romantic era. [2] Coppélia has many of the vestiges of the romantic era along with the fantastic elements of the classical period. [2] His Violin Concerto No. 1 in G Minor -- a beautiful, virtuosic, and sweetly satisfying composition -- is one of the greatest works of the Romantic era and one of the most enduringly popular pieces in the classical music repertoire. [2] MATRIC MUSIC 2014 SET WORK Franz Schubert Der Erlkönig The Romantic Era The romantic period in music extended from about 1820 to 1900. [2] An essay or paper on the romantic era the romantic period, lasting from about 1825 to 1900, saw the beginning of great individualism in music styles the era. [2] MUS 3030 Music History/Literature III An examination of music history and literature in Western culture from the Enlightenment into the Romantic eras. [2] Summary : This is a video about the history of music during the Romantic Era. [2] Most composers were also virtuoso performers; it was inevitable that the music they wrote would be extremely challenging to play.THE ROMANTIC ERA VOCAL SECTIONThe Romantic Era brought further changes in the world of vocal music. [2] Gioachino Rossini was the first composer to initiate an opera in the Romantic era, which started in the early 19th century. [2] All Answers ltd, 'The Romantic Era Of Opera Music Essay' (UKEssays.com, April 2018) accessed 2 April 2018 Copy to Clipboard Reference Copied to Clipboard. [2] Some styles of music during the Romantic era are Program music, Character pieces, and Verismo. [2] Compared to eras where the dating of dresses can be confusing the Romantic Era has quite definite periods of style variations that make it fairly easy to date garments to within a few years. [2] The early period of the Romantic Era was a time of war, with the French Revolution (1789-1799) followed by the Napoleonic Wars until 1815. [2] The works of the Romantic Era also differed from preceding works in that they spoke to a wider audience, partly reflecting the greater distribution of books as costs came down and literacy rose during the period. [2] Included in the Regency period is the Romantic era, influenced by a new romantic sensibility typified by writers like Lord Byron and Sir Walter Scott. [2] In the twentieth century, Russian-American writer Ayn Rand called herself a romantic, and thought she might be a bridge from the Romantic era to an eventual esthetic rebirth of the movement. [2] Women Romantic Era Writers Links to the works in full-text of many women authors of the Romantic period. [2] Romantic Period Essays Only on StudentShareRomantic Period The music from the Romantic era was recognized as a rebellion ical music. [2] By the early twentieth century, the sense that there had been a decisive break with the musical past led to the establishment of the nineteenth century as "The Romantic Era," and as such it is referred to in the standard encyclopedias of music. [2] In the Romantic Era, virtuosity became a main focus in music, challenging every musician who performed the composition. [2] Through his writings Hugo became one of the key leaders in the Romantic era of literature which is characterized by nature, darkness and the supernatural. [2] The Romantic era was one that focused on the commonality of humankind and, while using emotion and nature; the poets and their works shed light on people's universal natures. [2] The work and influence of people from the romantic era created a bridge to classicism and contributed to the development of classical ballet. [2] I did not know that during the romantic era there were so many different kinds of pianos with varying ranges and timbre, which actually effected the works of pianist-composers like Chopin greatly since each composer had a preferred make. [2] Last night I had a fantastic time dressing up with a large group of other ladies wearing Romantic Era gowns (and crazy 1830s hair) at the Gaskell Ball in Oakland, CA. (I will be posting photos of everyone in my next entry!) I finished my dress with a few days to spare, but did not have time to work on the hair until the last day. [2] During this time, literature began to. of era romantic essay The Romantic Era. [2] Romanticism, The Supernatural, and Human Existence Throughout the 18th century the Romantic era dominated Western cultural thought. [2] The Romantic Era was a cultural movement originating in Europe near  the end of the 18th century, and lasting through the middle of the  19th century. [2] This in turn led historians such as Alfred Einstein to extend the musical " Romantic Era " throughout the 19th century and into the first decade of the 20th. [2] Although Romantic era music contained classical era roots, the instruments used in the Romantic era were changing and brass and woodwind instruments were being improved in the quality of sound, as well as in how they were played. [2] In the romantic era all the romantic composers play romantic music.In classical era all the composers play classical music. [2] When historians study the Classical era (1750-1820) and the Romantic era (1850-1920) they lasted for significantly large amount of times; however rock and roll is still new, but has changed its styles numerous times. [2] Really? I would never have guessed THAT. The romantic era is the development of the classical era; while the baroque era depended on dissonance and complicated contrasting melody lines, the classical era has a more simple style to it, and depends on harmony instead of dissonance. [2] Many new instruments were added, Beethoven was responsible for bridging the gap between the Classical and Romantic eras, many followed his style. [2] Beethoven (actually he was a composer in both the classical and romantic eras)   3. [2] Most romantic era poets like Tennyson did conform to classical form in the matter of rhyme and metre. [2] Haydn and Mozart were content to follow pre-existing forms such as the symphony,string quartet, concerto, etc.  In the Romantic era, composers such as Berlioz invented new forms almost for every composition they wrote - Berlioz wrote a "Fantastic" symphony, for instance, a symphony which included solos for singers, "Romeo et Juliette". [2] Composers are d definite with part of the Romantic era into pushing boundaries. two schools of composers. [2] The kings during the early romantic era would have been George III (at least arguably), George IV, and William IV, and the ruler during the late romantic era, and perhaps the last part of the early romantic era, would have been Victoria. [2] FRQ 2002 B 5 Describe and analyze the differences in the ways in which artists and writers portrayed the individual during the Italian Renaissance and the Romantic era of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. [2] Essays in rhyme on morals and manners clerihews on the romantic-period women poets cultural and visual resources for women romantic era writers the age of. [2] Women writers in the romantic term paper or essay i will focus on the problems of female authorship during the romantic era therefore i will explain women. [2] "This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison" written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a great example of a literary work of the Romantic era because of the various themes that compose it. [2] In the Romantic Era, however, provided structure, but would be considered in Classical times as reaching the boundaries as further exploration would be needed to have it published. [2] Romantic era poetry : critical essays on poetry from the Romantic era aka the Romantic period. [2] This web site covers only the "early romantic guitar" or "pre-Segovia" era, because the late Romantic era which starts with Segovia to today, has been widely covered elsewhere. [2] Gender roles in the romantic era during the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century men and women were socially and legally expected to behave to a. [2] The romantic era takes the same style of simple melodies and harmonic line, and lengthens and smooths the line, making for the rich beautiful melody that we associate with romantic music. [2]

History The Romantic period occurred after the Classical period from 1850 - 1920. [2]

Romantic Era The Romantic Era lasted from 1850 to 1920. so it lasted 70 years. [3] One of the most popular media of the Romantic era, thanks to the rapid technical development of the instrument, was piano music. [4] Ludwig van Beethoven is considered to be the composer who bridged the transition from the Classical to the Romantic era. [3] Larger orchestras and greater musical forces also were used in the Romantic era than in the classical one. [3] Because the Romantic Era roughly corresponds with the Industrial Revolution, there were many technical developments in musical instruments. For brass players, the invention of the piston valve and improved metallurgy revolutionized trumpet playing. [3]

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In music such works from after about 1850 are referred to by some writers as "Late Romantic" and by others as "Neoromantic" or "Postromantic", but other fields do not usually use these terms; in English literature and painting the convenient term "Victorian" avoids having to characterise the period further. [5] Although the term "Romanticism" when applied to music has come to imply the period roughly from 1800 until 1850, or else until around 1900, the contemporary application of "romantic" to music did not coincide with this modern interpretation. [2]

After this period, with Chopin and Paganini dead, Liszt retired from the concert platform at a minor German court, Wagner effectively in exile until he obtained royal patronage in Bavaria, and Berlioz still struggling with the bourgeois liberalism which all but smothered radical artistic endeavor in Europe, Romanticism in music was surely past its prime--giving way, rather, to the period of musical romantics. [2] Our traditional intellectual histories of the period (encouraged by Coleridge, DeQuincey, and Carlyle) typically move from Hume to Kant to post-Kantian German Romanticism and idealism; we read Romantic literary production in light of these continental developments. [2] Topic: Changing characteristics of poetry from Romantics to Modern Abstract: The characteristics of poetry changed with the changing of eras and literary periods. [2] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The fashion plates in this collection span from the Empire through Art Deco periods, and are strongest in the Romantic, Crinoline, and Bustle eras. [2] This era was a transitional era between the "Classical" period and the "Romantic" period. [2] There have been many "classic" and many "romantic" eras, but the labels have come to refer most specifically to the last half of the 18th century and the 19th century, respectively, because those periods represent most vividly the two tempers. [2] Modern opinion has tended to regard Ingres and the other Neoclassicists of his era as embodying the Romantic spirit of his time, while his expressive distortions of form and space make him an important precursor of modern art. [2] Generally everyone agrees that Tarrega and his followers are considered a different era, the start of the late romantic / modern era, but I find that Tarrega is very similar to his predecessors like Arcas, Vinas, Broca, and others, and indeed Tarrega continued a tradition which originated earlier, was carried on by Llobet, Manjon, Sagreras, Barrios and others, and still exists today. [2] From the early 1830s until the late 1840s, Her Majesty's Theatre played host to the heyday of the era of the romantic ballet, in which the ballet company, known as the Ballet of Her Majesty's Theatre, was the most renowned troupe in Europe, aside from the Ballet du Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique. [2] If we include Mertz and Coste as "early romantic" - then we must accept the 1860s's are part of this era, and it makes sense to include Arcas who also published the majority of his works in the 1860's. [2] It's not coincidental that the romantic landscape era of painting faded with end of the Western frontier, as the two were intertwined in the American imagination. [2] Greatly influenced by the idyllic marriage and courtship of Queen Victoria, the styles of this era reflected this romantic sensibility. [2] Essay competitions high school students 2015 zip Lucas: Below are some suggestions for possible course creative writing summer programs california project topics, Romantic-era poetry and the of era romantic essay environment;. [2]

Edgar Allan Poe's tales of the macabre and his balladic poetry were more influential in France than at home, but the romantic American novel developed fully with the atmosphere and melodrama of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter (1850). [2] The romantic American novel developed fully with Nathaniel Hawthorne's (1804-1864) The Scarlet Letter (1850), a stark drama of a woman cast out of her community for committing adultery. [2]

French Romantic poets of the 1830s to 1850s include Alfred de Musset, Gérard de Nerval, Alphonse de Lamartine and the flamboyant Théophile Gautier, whose prolific output in various forms continued until his death in 1872. [5] Stendhal is today probably the most highly regarded French novelist of the period, but he stands in a complex relation with Romanticism, and is notable for his penetrating psychological insight into his characters and his realism, qualities rarely prominent in Romantic fiction. [2] In other fields and other countries the period denominated as Romantic can be considerably different; musical Romanticism, for example, is generally regarded as only having ceased as a major artistic force as late as 1910, but in an extreme extension the Four Last Songs of Richard Strauss are described stylistically as "Late Romantic" and were composed in 1946-48. [2] The concept of absolute originality is a contemporary one, born with Romanticism; classical art was in vast measure serial, and the "modern" avant-garde (at the beginning of this century) challenged the Romantic idea of "creation from nothingness", with its techniques of collage, mustachios on the Mona Lisa, art about art, and so on. [2] Gothic horror and Romanticism informed and influenced one another over the century of their development, and many Romantic writers dabbled in horror or incorporated supernatural elements into their work. [2] Literary and visual art theorists tend to consider romanticism in terms of the alienation of the artist and the value of art for art's sake, concepts only gradually creeping into musicology, where there is still considerable confusion between "music of Romanticism" and the less definable, (perhaps somewhat redundant) category of "music of the Romantic Era." [2] Romanticism in Music Romantic: of, characterized by, or suggestive of an idealised, sentimental, or fantastic view of reality… concerned more with feeling and emotion than with form and aesthetic qualities. [2] In contrast to Germany, Romanticism in English literature had little connection with nationalism, and the Romantics were often regarded with suspicion for the sympathy many felt for the ideals of the French Revolution, whose collapse and replacement with the dictatorship of Napoleon was, as elsewhere in Europe, a shock to the movement. [2] After the Bourbon Restoration, French Romanticism developed in the lively world of Parisian theatre, with productions of Shakespeare, Schiller (in France a key Romantic author), and adaptations of Scott and Byron alongside French authors, several of whom began to write in the late 1820s. [2]

The Poisonwood Bible as a Catalog of Romanticism In The Poisonwood Bible, by Barbara Kingsolver, the romantic standards that are associated with literature during the American Renaissance are evident. [2] From Adler's viewpoint, found in books like Der Stil in der Musik (1911), composers of the New German School and various late-19th-century nationalist composers were not Romantics but "moderns" or "realists" (by analogy with the fields of painting and literature), and this schema remained prevalent through the first decades of the 20th century. [2] Reason, and Romantics Works Cited Missing The first three time periods in American literature had distinguishing characteristics in their subject matter and writing styles. [2] Some guitarists speak of Sor's "Classical Period" to describe his early works, compared to his more romantic works of the 1830's. [2] His lack of interest in dramatic vocal music reflects the classical side of his nature, though the expressive changes apparent in his instrumental works are evidence of his being the springboard to the Romantic epoch. [2] Music sometimes also had sudden, dramatic contrasts and mood changes, especially in Beethoven's works (although he was on the border between Classical and Romantic). [2] This romantic tragedy is Wagner's most radical work and one of the most revolutionary pieces in music history. [2] A Romantic Natural History "A website designed to survey the relationships between literary works and natural history in the century before Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859)". [2] Romantic style would be revived in the beginning of the 20th century, notably through the works of poets linked to the Portuguese Renaissance (Renascença Portuguesa), such as Teixeira de Pascoais, Jaime Cortesão, Mário Beirão, among others, who can be considered Neo-Romantics. [5] Some authors cite 16th century poet Isabella di Morra as an early precursor of Romantic literature. [5]

The term romantic originated in German literature of the late 18th century, illustrating once again the overlapping of classical and romantic attitudes and ideals. [2] The early German romantics strove to create a new synthesis of art, philosophy, and science, largely by viewing the Middle Ages as a simpler period of integrated culture, however, the German romantics became aware of the tenuousness of the cultural unity they sought. [2] The Romantics had an idealised view of the Renaissance and Baroque period and, in particular, a belief that since earlier times the arts had become corrupt, frivolous and irreverent. [2] Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) is often cited as being in the "Romantic" genre, by some of the same sources who claim that the classical period lasted until 1825, e.g. his entire life! Likewise, there is no consistent description of Vienna's Franz Schubert (1797-1828) - sometimes considered "classical" and other times "romantic". [2] As the pendulum swung from the predominantly romantic Baroque period toward the Classical period, there was an inevitable overlapping of the old and the new. [2]

The poetry which Americans wrote and read was all romantic or heavily influenced by it until the rise of modernism in 1920s. [2] The poetry of Emily Dickinson --nearly unread in her own time--and Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick can be taken as epitomes of American Romantic literature. [5] The application of the term to literature first became common in Germany, where the circle around the Schlegel brothers, critics August and Friedrich, began to speak of romantische Poesie ("romantic poetry") in the 1790s, contrasting it with "classic" but in terms of spirit rather than merely dating. [2]

Romanticism does not only mean romantic love, it is a literary term characterized by elements. [2] His publications include a collaborative digital edition of William Wordsworth’s Guide to the Lakes (Romantic Circles, 2015), a monograph on Literary Advertising and the Shaping of British Romanticism (Johns Hopkins UP, 2013), and the six-volume scholarly edition Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, 1817-1825 (Pickering and Chatto, 2006). [2] The Dark Side of Romanticism Romantic literary texts focus on the expression of emotion. [2] Oppaper Romanticism in American Literature, Getting to Know Thoreau & Poe Within this paper will be an explanation of the ideals of Romantic writers in Early American Literature. [2] The Legacy of Romanticism in The Great Gatsby The development of American Literature, much like the development of the nation, began in earnest, springing from a Romantic ideology that honored individualism and visionary idealism. [2]

Romanticism has very little to do with things popularly thought of as "romantic," although love may occasionally be the subject of Romantic art. [2] Among the key themes of Romanticism, and its most enduring legacy, the cultural assertions of romantic nationalism have also been central in post-Enlightenment art and political philosophy. [2]

Instrumental Music: Ideal Romantic Art Unlimited expressive range Unlimited expressive range Schopenhauer: instrumental One of Romanticism's key ideas and most enduring legacies is the assertion of nationalism, which became a central theme of Romantic art and political philosophy. [2] It formed a bridge between the music of the late Romantics and that of the twentieth century. [2] One of most prominent composers of impressionist music. late romantic to modernist. [2] Labels like "Late Romantic" and "Post-Romantic" are sometimes used to link disparate composers of various nationalities, such as Giacomo Puccini, Jean Sibelius, Richard Strauss, Samuel Barber and Ralph Vaughan Williams, all of whom lived into the middle of the twentieth century. [2] Some of these large paintings had contemporary settings and staffage, but others had small figures that turned the work into history painting in the manner of Claude Lorrain, like Salvator Rosa a late Baroque artist whose landscapes had elements that Romantic painters repeatedly turned to. [2] Théodore Géricault (1791-1824) had his first success with The Charging Chasseur, a heroic military figure derived from Rubens, at the Paris Salon of 1812 in the years of the Empire, but his next major completed work, The Raft of the Medusa of 1821, remains the greatest achievement of the Romantic history painting, which in its day had a powerful anti-government message. [2]

A new generation of the French school, developed personal Romantic styles, though still concentrating on history painting with a political message. [5] His Liberty Leading the People (1830) remains, with the Medusa, one of the best-known works of French Romantic painting. [2]

New Books in Nineteenth-Century British Studies (" This site offers complete publication information for scholarly works on the British Romantic and Victorian periods. [2] 'Romanticism' does not necessarily imply romantic love, though the theme was prevalent in many works composed during the period. [2] Other ballet masters who created works for the ballet of Her Majesty's Theatre throughout the period of the romantic ballet included Paul Taglioni and Arthur Saint-Léon. [2] Other romantics were Ivan Klinger - in the style of Coste, Regondi, and Mertz - died 1897, while most of Tarrega's compositions were published in the latter part of the 19th century in the same period. [2] A romantic comedy with music drawing on the opera buffa style of Rossini. [2] Within four years, Weber's romantic depiction of truly German music was charming packed opera houses in Vienna, New York and London. [2] In the contemporary music culture, the romantic musician followed a public career depending on sensitive middle-class audiences rather than on a courtly patron, as had been the case with earlier musicians and composers. [2] This poses problems for the "early romantic" versus the "Tarrega school" because music by Arcas and Tarrega is very similar in style. [2] Mendelssohn substantially re-scored Bach's music to produce a wholly Romantic performance, a tradition established by Mozart when he re-scored Handel's Messiah to suit the tastes of an earlier time. [2] In each poetic period, the representation of romantic love has been informed by the social and cultural values of the time. [2] Some Romantics looked back nostalgically to the sensibility of the Middle Ages and elements of art and narrative perceived to be from the medieval period. [2] Dates: 1825-1870 American art movement from 1825 to 1870, typified by landscape paintings of the Hudson River Valley in New York state with a Romantic aesthetic. [2]

POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Romanticism Era In the European and American movement, Romanticism art, extended from about 1800 to 1850. [2] The term neo-romanticism is used to cover a variety of movements in philosophy, literature, music, painting, and architecture, as well as social movements, that exist after and incorporate elements from the era of Romanticism. [2] The era was characterized Romanticism movement, which marked a reaction in art, literature, philosophy, politics and religion from the formal orthodoxy and…. [2] The later half of the Victorian age roughly coincided with the first part of the Belle. poque era of continental Europe, culturally there was a transition away from the rationalism of the Georgian period and toward romanticism and mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and arts. [2] KEY TOPICS Pablo Bronstein: Conservatism, or The Long Reign of Pseudo-Georgian Architecture opened September 21, and documents the architectural style that developed during Britain’s Georgian era (1714 to 1830), a period marked by the reign of four King Georges, upheavals of industry and class, and an emergence in the arts of romanticism and gothic-revival architecture. [2] Generally, fine art of the Georgian Era may be categorized within the art historical periods of Neoclassicism or Romanticism. [2] Ideologically, the Victorian era witnessed resistance to the rationalism that defined the Georgian period and an increasing turn towards romanticism and mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and arts. [2]

The period between 1850 and 1870 or the mid-Victorian era has been referred to as the "Golden Years" by historians. [2] The Romantic Movement, known for its emphasis on the emotional aspect of literature, was a period when such novels as Frankenstein; or the Modern Prometheus were written, being very different than novels written before this era. [2] Summary : A brief look at the Romantic Era's effect on Art and Literature. [2] That forced many women writers to start publishing anonymously their works of literature (Susan Wolfson and Peter Manning, The Romantics and Their Contemporaries). [2] The lyrics of Robert Burns in Scotland and Thomas Moore, from Ireland reflected in different ways their countries and the Romantic interest in folk literature, but neither had a fully Romantic approach to life or their work. [2] Gothic literature goes beyond the melancholy evident in most romantic works, however, and enters into the areas of horror and decay, becoming preoccupied with death. [2] The concert overture, a direct development of overtures to dramatic works, was an attempt to reconcile the old classical demands for form with Romantic desire for programmatic content. [2] For some, Shelley appeared to be a Romantic philosophical poet with beautiful works of art. [2] The image of deep-reaching laziness offered by 'orientalist' art therefore provided some attraction to the anti-capitalist instincts of a wide variety of people suspicious of work as understood by the bourgeois: aristocrats, the large numbers of semi-rich who lived on interest income and were known in France as rentiers, dandies, romantics, bohemians, and artists themselves." [2] Like all literary or artistic movements, there were a series of unspoken rules about what could and could not be included in a Romantic work. [2] Note that this list is purely chronological, and also includes a substantial number of composers, especially those born after 1860, whose works cannot be conveniently classified as " Romantic ". [2] Stylistically, the guitar's early composers are "inbetween" classical and romantic - thus "late classical" or "early romantic" would be suitable descriptions. [2] "Romantic" is not entirely accurate either, given the Classical elements of early 19th century composers. [2]

The first section will outline a range of scholarly definitions of Romantic sublime and its main purpose of use in Romanticism. [2] Romanticism The start of the Romantic Age coincided with the start of the French Revolution in 1789. [2] Romanticism "In spite of its representation of potentially diabolical and satanic powers, its historical and geographic location and its satire on extreme Calvinism, James Hogg's Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner proves to be a novel that a dramatises a crisis of identity, a theme which is very much a Romantic concern." [2] Romanticism When we think of romance or romantic we often associate the term with love. [2] The term romantic first appeared at sometime during the latter half of the 18th Century, meaning in quite literal English, "romance-like", usually referring to the character of mythical medieval romances. [2] The group of words with the root "Roman" in the various European languages, such as "romance" and "Romanesque", has a complicated history, but by the middle of the 18th century "romantic" in English and romantique in French were both in common use as adjectives of praise for natural phenomena such as views and sunsets, in a sense close to modern English usage but without the amorous connotation. [2]

Many Romantic ideas about the nature and purpose of art, above all the pre-eminent importance of originality, remained important for later generations, and often underlie modern views, despite opposition from theorists. [2] Translator and prominent Romantic August Wilhelm Schlegel argued in his Lectures on Dramatic Arts and Letters that the most phenomenal power of human nature is its capacity to divide and diverge into opposite directions. [2] In contrast to the usually very social art of the Enlightenment, Romantics were distrustful of the human world, and tended to believe a close connection with nature was mentally and morally healthy. [2] Displays of intense emotion in art remained prominent, as did the exotic and historical settings pioneered by the Romantics, but experimentation with form and technique was generally reduced, often replaced with meticulous technique, as in the poems of Tennyson or many paintings. [2] Painted by the American landscape artist Cole, The Voyage of Life series depicts four stages of a man’s life and serves as a Christian allegory set in a Romantic backdrop. This image,Childhood, is the first of four paintings representing birth when the baby exits the dark canal and begins his new life. [2] Elsewhere in Europe, leading artists adopted Romantic styles: in Russia there were the portraitists Orest Kiprensky and Vasily Tropinin, with Ivan Aivazovsky specializing in marine painting, and in Norway Hans Gude painted scenes of fjords. [5] He, more than any other artist of the period, exemplified the Romantic values of the expression of the artist's feelings and his personal imaginative world. [5] They first differed in rule: the Romantic Age didn’t have a king or queen, but the Victorian Period did. [2] Another difference between the Romantic Age and the Victorian Period is the way that the writers wrote and in what they believed. [2] Wordsworth’s Romantic Values The Enlightenment, a period of reason, intellectual thought, and science, led some writers to question those values over emotion. [2] The novel has Romantic and gothic elements and truly revolutionized the period. [2] This line of jewellery appealed to the romantic nature of the Victorians who were in love with a perceived lost history, the novels of Sir Walter Scott and the notion of honour and courtly love. [2] Washington Irving, American Writer and Historian : Washington Irving's writings, such as the Legends of Rip Van Winkle and Sleepy Hollow, contained romantic elements such as the celebration of nature and romantic virtues such as simplicity. [2] American Romantic Gothic literature made an early appearance with Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820) and Rip Van Winkle (1819), followed from 1823 onwards by the Leatherstocking Tales of James Fenimore Cooper. [2] Gothic horror functions as an extension of the Romantic notion of literary pleasure, that literature should inspire deeply felt emotional responses. [2] In literature, "much of romantic poetry invited the reader to identify the protagonists with the poets themselves". [2] The poet Fyodor Tyutchev was also an important figure of the movement in Russia, and was heavily influenced by the German Romantics. [2] Summary : This is an audiobook recording of the "Romantic Movement" chapter from Bertrand Russell's "The History of Western Philosophy" (1945). [2] Summary : http://www.tomrichey.net/euro An introduction to Romantic Art for AP European History students. [2] In northern Europe, the Early Romantic visionary optimism and belief that the world was in the process of great change and improvement had largely vanished, and some art became more conventionally political and polemical as its creators engaged polemically with the world as it was. [5] One of Romanticism's key ideas and most enduring legacies is the assertion of nationalism, which became a central theme of Romantic art and political philosophy. [5] Romantic nationalism formed a key strand in the philosophy of Hegel (1770-1831), who argued that there was a "spirit of the age" or zeitgeist that inhabited a particular people at a particular time, and that, when that people became the active determiner of history, it was simply because their cultural and political moment had come. [2] Now we also appreciate the work, time and effort that is required to make the romantic tutu. [2] Many prominent Romantic writers rendered works of gothic horror. [2] Romantic works such as the poetry of William Blake and Alfred, Lord Tennyson displayed a fascination with the supernatural also apparent in gothic horror. [2] Why did England not produce any major 19th century romantic dramatists? Because the actor-managers rediscovered the works of Shakespeare. [2] What position does it hold in dramatic literature? It is probably the best example of a 19th century romantic drama. [2] Romantic nationalism had a largely negative effect on the writing of history in the 19th century, as each nation tended to produce its own version of history, and the critical attitude, even cynicism, of earlier historians was often replaced by a tendency to create romantic stories with clearly distinguished heroes and villains. [5] All of his poetry and prose are (unlike Almeida Garrett's) entirely Romantic, rejecting Greco-Roman myth and history. [5]

Romantic styles, now often representing the established and safe style against which Realists rebelled, continued to flourish in many fields for the rest of the century and beyond. [5] In the first two decades of the 20th century, Romantic Nationalism as an idea was to have crucial influence on political events. [2] Rossini's opera William Tell (1829) marked the onset of the Romantic Opera, using the central national myth unifying Switzerland; and in Brussels, a riot (August 1830) after an opera that set a doomed romance against a background of foreign oppression ( Auber's La Muette de Portici ) sparked the Belgian Revolution of 1830-31, the first successful revolution in the model of Romantic nationalism. [2] Thomas Chatterton is generally considered the first Romantic poet in English. [5] Arguably, the most distinguished Romantic poet of this part of Europe was Adam Mickiewicz, who developed an idea that Poland was the Messiah of Nations, predestined to suffer just as Jesus had suffered to save all the people. [5]

The view that fairy tales, unless contaminated from outside literary sources, were preserved in the same form over thousands of years, was not exclusive to Romantic Nationalists, but it fit in well with their views that such tales expressed the primordial nature of a people. [2] The English scientist Sir Humphry Davy, a prominent Romantic thinker, said that understanding nature required "an attitude of admiration, love and worship, a personal response." [5]

If not realist, late 19th-century art was often extremely detailed, and pride was taken in adding authentic details in a way that earlier Romantics did not trouble with. [5] Romantic art addressed its audiences with what was intended to be felt as the personal voice of the artist. [5]

The delicacy and harmony associated with Georgian style reflects the mood of the time: romantic, poetic and pretty. [2]

Romantic Period Characteristics Romantic Period It is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. [2] The era of Romanticism spans from the late 1700's to the mid 1800's following the French Revolution; therefore, "Romanticism" encompasses characteristics of the human mind in addition to the particular time in history when these qualities became dominant in culture. [2] It is vitally important to be clear on whether something is actually of the era or just of the style (for example, if something is described as 'Art Deco', is the meaning that it was produced between the years of 1920 1940 or does it mean simply that it is Art Deco in style? If it is the latter, then it could feasibly have been produced in contemporary times. [2] Manet's paintings are considered among the first works of art in the modern era, due to his rough painting style and absence of idealism in his figures. [2] White’s classic opening move of King’s Pawn to e4 dominated up until the 1920s (i.e. the advent of the hypermodern era), but it remains a staple first move to this day; the strategy of directly working to control the center has never really fallen out out style. [2]

Pisani's essay on "Natural Resources and the American State, 1900-1940," in Morton Keller and R. Shep Melnick, editors, Taking Stock: American Government in the Twentieth Century (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999), went beyond the traditional focus on the Progressive era to consider the conservation efforts of the 1920s and 1930s. [2] The medieval period in history was the era in European history - from around the 5th to the 15th century, coming after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and preceding the start of the early modern era. [2] Art from the era still offers a lasting sense of this remarkable period in our history in way that early photography or writing from the period don't fully capture. [2] Jacobean era - The Jacobean era refers to the period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James VI of Scotland, who also inherited the crown of England in 1603 as James I. The practical if not formal unification of England and Scotland under one ruler was an important shift of order for both nations, and would shape their existence to the present day, in 1609 the Parliament of Scotland began the Plantation of Ulster. [2] Caroline era - The Caroline or Carolean era refers to the era in English and Scottish history during the Stuart period that coincided with the reign of Charles I, Carolus being Latin for Charles. [2] Elizabethan period The Elizabethan era (1558-1603) is generally recognized as a time of English greatness. in 1588 English was established as the lone sea power and opened up possibilities for economic development that came from international trade and, eventually, colonialism. [2] The period is sometimes referred to as the era of Viennese Classicism (German: Wiener Klassik), since Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert all worked at some time in Vienna, comprising the First Viennese School. [2] The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle. poque era of continental Europe. [2]

Scotland was also the location of two of the most important literary magazines of the era, The Edinburgh Review (founded in 1802) and Blackwood's Magazine (founded in 1817), which had a major impact on the development of British literature and drama in the era of Romanticism. [5] This is a list of composers of the Classical music era, roughly from 1730 to 1820. [2] During the 19th Century, a new era was taking place; the industrial period, the most innovative period in history. [1] The last of the Georges, George IV took over as Prince Regent in 1811, when his father George III became unfit to rule, and the "Regency Era" generally covers the period 1811 until 1837. [2]

Composers began exploring the lengths of forms from the previous era and challenge its potentials and limitations, resulting to new harmonic practices and tonal relationships. [1] In the Classical Era, composers were much interested in forms, harmonies and melodies that provided an easy-audible structure in music. [2] The classical era in music ranged from the second half of the 18th century through the first two decades of the 19th century. [2]

Dr. Bianca Tredennick English 102-10 February 14, 2007 "But Sorrow Only Increased with Knowledge:" A Critique on Romantic Ideals in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein Romantics, individuals living during 1789-1830, expressed their ideas and imaginations in attempt to escape the conformity and imitation of the past Neo-Classical era. [2] An alternative strategy is therefore to compare innovators and/or transitional figures with composers of the music period from which they progressively diverged, for example, by comparing Monteverdi to all Renaissance composers, Gluck versus all Baroque composers, Beethoven versus all Classical composers, Debussy and Schoenberg versus all Romantic composers. [2] It was only toward the end of the 19th century that the newly emergent discipline of Musikwissenschaft ( musicology )--itself a product of the historicizing proclivity of the age--attempted a more scientific periodization of music history, and a distinction between Viennese Classical and Romantic periods was proposed. [5] Beethoven (1770 - 1827) German composer and pianist of the classical and romantic period. [6]

The Romantic movement affected most aspects of intellectual life, and Romanticism and science had a powerful connection, especially in the period 1800-40. [5] The requiem mass, with its vividly dramatic content, was attractive to Romantic composers, and Berlioz’s and Verdi’s settings remain as emotionally telling today as most operas of the period. [2]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(10 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (217) Romantic Era (1850 - 1920)

2. (32) Romanticism - Wikipedia

3. (11) What ended the romantic era

4. (11) Western music - The tonal era and after: 1600 to the present | Britannica.com

5. (10) Early Romantic Guitar Time Period

6. (10) Romanticism - New World Encyclopedia

7. (6) The Emergence of American Literature | Boundless US History

8. (3) Romantic Era - The Great History of Art

9. (2) Famous people of the Nineteenth Century | Biography Online

10. (1) Women's Hairstyles From the Romantic Period | Dating Tips


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