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Space Age (after 1957)

Space Age (after 1957)

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KEY TOPICS
  • T he Space Age began in earnest fifty years ago, with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik on October 4, 1957.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The Soviets launched the first satellite ("Sputnik") - and also the first man into space ("Yuri Gagarin"). and the first to make a complete orbit.(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
T he Space Age began in earnest fifty years ago, with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik on October 4, 1957. [1] Sixty years ago, on October 4, 1957, the Space Age began when a Russian rocket lofted the first satellite into orbit around the Earth. [1] Bottom line: On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik 1 satellite into Earth orbit, and the Space Age began. [1] The Space Age is thought to have officially begun on October 4th, 1957, with the launch of Sputnik 1 by the Soviet Union the first artificial satellite to be launched into orbit. [1] In the first space age, from the launch of the first human-made satellite in 1957 through the fall of the Soviet Union, the United States and the USSR were responsible for over 90 percent of all satellites. [1] Most people will answer that the Space Age began in 1957, with the launch of the first man-made object to orbit the Earth: Sputnik 1. [1] On October 4th, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik I into a low earth orbit, and the space age began. [1] Space Age imagery entered the cold war design vocabulary after the Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik in 1957. [1] Sputnik, any of a series of 10 artificial Earth satellites whose launch by the Soviet Union beginning on Oct. 4, 1957, inaugurated the space age. [1] Space debris has been increasing rapidly since the start of the Space Age, which began in 1957 with the launch by the Soviet Union of the first satellite--Sputnik 1. [1] NASA History Office on Twitter: "#Today in 1957, the Space Age officially began when the Soviets launched Sputnik http://t.co/RR5alCysIu http://t.co/t6FXLlVm4c" Skip to content Home Home Home, current page. [1] OCTOBER 2007 MACHINE CANCEL FORUM 222 TECHNOLOGY REACHES A NEW HEIGHT FIFTY YEARS AGO THE SPACE AGE BEGAN A REVOLUTION IN PROCESSING MAIL ALSO PARALLELED THIS EVENT A J Savakis, Editor Fifty years ago, on October 4, 1957, officials in Moscow announced that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) successfully launched an artificial satellite into orbit.1 Technology and rocketry were advancing over a very long period of time. [1] O n October 4, 1957, a Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) launched Sputnik and the Space Age. [1]

On Oct. 4, 1957, the Soviet Union put the world's first artificial satellite, Sputnik I, into Earth orbit and ushered in the modern space age. [1] According to the conventional history of spaceflight, the Space Age began in 1957 with the launch of a small metallic sphere with radio antennae into orbit around the Earth. [1] The United States attempted to enter the space age with the launch of a Vanguard satellite in December 1957. [1] The Space Age began with the development of several technologies that converged with the October4, 1957 launch of Sputnik1 by the Soviet Union. [1] OCTOBER 2007 MACHINE CANCEL FORUM 222 In the 100 years that would span the period from the introduction of the first machine cancel in 1857 to the Space Age in 1957, machines can be divided into two categories by process: 1. [1] Plus, as a bonus, a few images from the very early days of the Space Age, right after Sputnik launched in 1957. [1] The winner of our Space Age challenge, Santiago "Metalsan" Sarquis, perfectly captured the vibe of the time by celebrating the weird lookin' little Satellite that started it all in 1957: Sputnik 1. [1] The Space Age is generally considered to have begun with Sputnik (1957). [1] The final chapter brings us to the popular conception of the Space Age: 1957 (Sputnik) and beyond. [1]

The Space Age might also be considered to have begun much earlier than October 4, 1957, because in June 1944, a German V-2 rocket became the first man-made object to enter space, albeit only briefly. [1] The space age officially began on October 4, 1957, when Russia launched Sputnik 1 into space. [1] On Oct. 4, 1957, the Space Age officially began when the Soviets lofted a 183-pound shiny sphere from their Baikonur cosmodrome in Central Asia. [1] If you ever wondered where the Space Age really began, it didn't start with Sputnik on Oct. 4, 1957. [1] Sixty years after it officially began on October 4, 1957, we still often refer to the era we live in as the Space Age. [1]

From the liftoff of the Space Age with the Earth-orbital beeps of Sputnik 1 on 4 October 1957, through the videotaped tragedy of space shuttle Columbia's reentry disintegration on 1 February 2003 and its aftermath, critically acclaimed CBS News televised well more than 500 hours of special events, documentary, and public affairs broadcasts dealing with human and robotic space exploration. [1] When the Space Age blasted off with Sputnik 1 in 1957, pop culture desperately followed the smoke. [1] By 1957, at the start of the Space Age, these three Post Office categories were 100% of the mail cancelling systems in the United States, with but a few trial and experimental trials to speak of. [1]

KEY TOPICS KEY TOPICS In January 1958, Sputnik's orbit deteriorated, as expected, and the spacecraft burned up in the atmosphere.On this day in 1957, the Soviet Union inaugurates the "Space Age" with its launch of Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite. [1] With the launch of a basketball-size satellite on October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union ushered in the "Space Age" and changed the world. [1]

October 4, 1957 marks the beginning of the Space Age, the modern world in which we live today. [1]

Oliver defines the "space age" roughly as the Mercury-Apollo years, although he acknowledges that it began with Sputnik in 1957 and, arguably, never really ended. [1] The Weekly Standard 2017 Washington, DC Politics 2017-10-03 http://www.weeklystandard.com/sputnik-at-60-how-elon-musk-and-jeff-bezos-started-a-new-space-age/article/2009928 2017-10-03T20:25 2017-10-04T10:48 Sputnik at 60: How Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos Started a New Space Age On this day, six decades ago, the old Space Age began with the launch of the first orbital satellite. [1] Sputnik, the Russian word for satellite, was a simple object designed to demonstrate that the USSR had become the first to master Nazi German rocket technology and was prepared to lead the world into the Space Age. [1] The Space Age, generally considered started by the launch of the Russian satellite Sputnik, is defined by the events surrounding space exploration and development of space technology. [1]

On Oct. 4, 2007, the Space Age celebrated the 50th anniversary of the historic launch of Sputnik, the first artificial satellite, by the former Soviet Union. [1] In addition to starting the Space Age, the launch of Sputnik 1 by the former Soviet Union marked the beginning of the Cold War space race with the United States that continued through the first crewed landing on the moon by American astronauts in 1969. [1] The first man-made satellite to orbit the Earth, Sputnik 1, is launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, marking what is now considered the beginning of the Space Age. [1] John Glenn, a freckle-faced son of Ohio who was hailed as a national hero and a symbol of the space age as the first American to orbit Earth, then became a national political figure for 24 years in the Senate, died on Thursday in Columbus, Ohio. [1] John Glenn, a symbol of the space age as the first American to orbit Earth, sat down with John Schwartz in 2012 -- the 50th anniversary of his flight -- to talk about making history and that "beautiful view." [1]

After the Sputnik Flight of 1957, when the Soviet Union launched the first man-made satellite into space, pressure exploded from United States politicians and the American public demanding that the country catch up and increase investment in rocket technology and aeronautics. [1] As Spilhaus tells it, he was inspired to start the comic strip in October of 1957 after the Soviets launched Sputnik the first human-made satellite into space. [1] The first artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. [1]

While Sputnik continued to orbit silently in space, the United States’s first attempt to launch its civilian mission for IGY failed with the Vanguard launch vehicle and the crash of the Vanguard TV-2 satellite in December 1957. [1] Working in obsessive secrecy, the Soviets propelled the Sputnik satellite into space on Oct. 4, 1957, making it the first man-made object to reach the limits of the earth s gravity. [1]

This year, the first children of the Space Age, those born into the possibility created by humanity's satellites and spacecraft, will begin to celebrate their sixty trips around the sun. [1] Having put an artificial satellite and the first man and woman into space, the Soviets maintained their edge during the early years of the Space Age (late 50s and early 60s). [1] The first 15 years of the Space Age proved to be some of the most exciting of my lifetimethough I was probably four or five years old before I realized that rockets were not supposed to explode during launch. [1] At the beginning of the space age, in the late 1950s, the U.S. Army initiated development of the first weather satellite. [1] Models of Sputnik commemorating this daring mission hang at the United Nations building in New York City, the Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C., the World Museum in Liverpool, England, the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center in Hutchinson, the California Science Center in L.A., the Russian Embassy in Madrid, Spain, and several other museums in the U.S. They are gleaming reminders of the earliest days of the Space Age. [1] The event happened just a short while after the Soviet Union kicked off the Space Age and the Cold War with the U.S. Sputnik 2 was launched just one month after Sputnik 1 successfully went into orbit, although unmanned, on October 4. [1] The milestone came less than a month after the Soviets kicked off the Space Age, and the Cold War space race, with the launch of Sputnik 1 on Oct. 4. [1] The launch of the Sputnik 1 satellite marked the start of the Space Age. [1] While the Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race. [1] The launch of Sputnik opened the space age and became a major victory for the Kremlin that highlighted its military might and technological abilities. [1] This October, we commemorate the 50th anniversary of Sputnik, and fifty years of scientific and technological innovation in the Space Age. [1] It’s been 60 years since the Soviet Union fired the first salvo of the space age. [1] At the beginning of this post, I mention that today is the 60th anniversary of the space age, so next year we will be remembering the 60th anniversary of the beginning of this competition between the Soviets and the Americans to achieve particular goals in space exploration. [1] Sixty years after the old government space age began, a much more vibrant, fast-paced and competitive one promises to finally give us lunar bases and Mars missions thanks to American ingenuity, private enterprise, and good old competition. [1] In recent years, the Space Age has once again picked up speed, with interest in space exploration and missions growing. [1] When Sputnik heralded the Space Age 60 years ago, it set the world off on a journey without end across the ocean of the cosmos. [1] Yes…the Space Age (and the "Space Race") began with Sputnik. [1] The Space Age was characterized by rapid development of new technology in a close race mostly between the United States and the Soviet Union. [1] After an agonizing hour and a half, a JPL tracking station in California finally picked up the signal from the 31-pound, javelin-shaped satellite, proving that the United States had officially entered the Space Age. [1] The SDI "Laser Battle Station" satellites are a bit of a cynical contrast to these 60's designs which are all about the scientific optimism of the space age. [1] Man entered the Space Age yesterday when Russia rocketed an Earth satellite - a man-made "moon" - into outer space. [1] The most dramatic aspect of the IGY was, of course, the satellite program—developed by the National Academy and carried out by the Department of Defense—which ushered in the Space Age. [1] Ascent in hot air balloons, the inventions of the telephone and telegraph, and the flight of the first airplanes and blimps all foreshadowed communication and exploration in the space age. [1] Some even considered that the Space Age started in March 1926, when American rocket pioneer Robert H. Goddard launched the world's first liquid fuel rocket, though his rocket did not reach the outer space. [1] The Long Space Age examines the economic history of American space exploration and spaceflight, from early astronomical observatories to the International Space Station, and argues that the contemporary rise of private-sector efforts is the re-emergence of a long-run trend not a new phenomenon. [1] Our premier public screening of the new documentary Explorer 1: Beginnings of the Space Age, almost exactly 50 years after the launch of Explorer 1, will be followed by discussion and Q&A with writer, producer, and director Blaine Baggett, JPL's Executive Manager of Communications. [1] With the launch of Sputnik 1, the Space Age had been born and the world would be different ever after. [1] Oct. 4, 2007: The Space Age turns 50, five decades after the historic launch of Sputnik 1. [1] The launch of Sputnik1 ushered a new era of political, scientific and technological achievements that became known as the Space Age. [1] The earth’s moon, long a topic for popular song, assumed a significant position in the space age after the Soviets landed a probe on it in 1959 and took photographs of its dark side. [1] At the end of the war, half of the German scientists wound up in the USA, the other half in the Soviet Union…where both groups worked to get the space age properly started. [1] Top 10 Revelations of the Space Age SPACE.com explores the follow-on effects Sputnik has had on science. [1] In his political history of the space age, "…The Heavens and the Earth," the author Walter A. McDougall described Mr. Glenn’s space mission as a "national catharsis unparalleled." [1] Here are our tidbits for today, October 4, 2017: recaps of an event celebrating the 60th anniversary of the Space Age and a congressional hearing on production of Pu-238 for NASA missions. [1] The mission was a major shock to the world, especially in the United States, and it triggered the start of the Space Age. [1] Together these articles paint a coherent picture of events in the U.S. and the Soviet Union leading up to the start of the Space Age. [1] It was a Cold War propaganda machine, launched for reasons of pride, territoriality, greed, and a passel of other human failings, but it also separated all of history into Pre Space Age and Post Space Age. [1] After the origin of space exploration as a government enterprise during the Cold War Space Age, entrepreneurs and individuals have become a new force on the scene and are increasingly the drivers behind some of the most prominent space activities. [1] Describes the growth of machine marking of mail in the last 50 years, paralleling the Space Age that started in that time. [1] John Glenn, American Hero of the Space Age, Dies at 95 - The New York Times NYTimes.com no longer supports Internet Explorer 9 or earlier. [1] The Space Age (at least to me) has certain connotations that include the styles of the time, the Space Race, and so forth. [1] With space as such a topic of fascination and fear, a number of jazz artists began producing works that invoked the space race and space age in their titles, from progressive composers such as George Russell with his album Jazz in the Space Age to hardbop and West Coast musicians such as Shorty Rogers and Curtis Counce. [1] I'd say the space age ended with the space race in the mid-70s sometime, after attention waned a bit and authors no longer wrote about the glory of exploration (as much). [1] The fact that after such a development nowhere on the planet was safe from a nuclear warhead is why the orbit standard is used to define when the space age started. [1] While the Space Age unquestionably peaked with the Apollo program, it didn't end until information technology surpassed it as a driver of economic growth, technological innovation, and social change. [1] Think of it this way: In the rush of the early days of the Space Age, school children were told that there would be moon bases by the 1970s and Mars landings by the 1980s. [1] Both came out in the early 50's after the war and just as the world was entering the space age and the arms race. [1]

From the launch of the first artificial satellite in 1957, to the sending of the first human into space just four years later, Soviet scientists were pioneers in space travel in the 20th century. [1] As the first tangible effort to counter the apparent Soviet leadership in space technology, the White House announced that the United States would test launch a Project Vanguard booster on 6 December 1957. [1] After the Soviet Union’s display of advanced space technology with the surprise launch of its Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile "Sputnik" in 1957, the United States immediately set forth to ensure the safety of the nation. [1]

From the launch of the first dog into space in 1957 to the successful attempt at circumnavigating the moon in 1959, Soviet science helped transform space travel. [1] On January 5, 1957, he formally proposed reducing the weight of the first Soviet satellite to improve its chances of being first in space. [1] More U.S. concern arose in early November 1957 when the 1,000-pound Sputnik II carried the dog Laika into space, Neufeld said, which appeared to legitimize the Soviet claim that they could launch intercontinental ballistic missiles. [1] The illustrated postcard below celebrated the launch of both Sputnik I and Sputnik II, which on 3 November 1957 carried Soviet space dog into Laika into space. [1] When the Soviets sent Sputnik into space in 1957, the U.S. public was shocked. [1]

Just in the past year, there’s been a significant shift in the breakdown of those orbiting objects, says Maj. Steve Boylan, chief of media relations for the U.S. Space Command and NORAD. On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first human-made object to orbit the Earth. [1] …The first spectacular step was Sputnik 1, a sphere with an instrument package weighing 184 pounds (83 kilograms), launched into space by the Soviets on Oct. 4, 1957, to become the first artificial satellite. [1]

Top 10 Soviet and Russian Space Missions Russia, formerly the Soviet Union, has long been at the forefront of the space frontier, beginning 50 years ago with the historic Oct. 4, 1957 launch of Sputnik - the world's first artificial satellite. [1] The United States was profoundly shaken, therefore, by the Russian announcement on October 4, 1957, that its Sputnik had been successfully launched into orbit, was circling the earth every ninety-six minutes at a maximum of 584 miles out in space, and would be visible over Washington, D.C., at 1:00 A.M., October 5. [1] The dog Laika, the first living creature to be put into Earth orbit, being launched into space on Sputnik 2, November 3, 1957. [1] Artist's impression of Sputnik 1 ( Wikimedia ) On this day in 1957, humans sent their first satellite into space. [1] The period from the about the time of the launch of Sputnik in 1957 to the present day, during which man ventured into space. [1] Though millions of Americans were taken by surprise when Sputnik beat this nation in the first lap of the Space Race, a story in the Oct. 7 edition of The New York Times said that the Central Intelligence Agency had expected a Russian satellite launch in the fall of 1957. [1]

During the 1957 to 1962 timeframe, the U.S. made 101 successful satellite and space probe launches, including two planetary missions. [1] It is therefore no accident or coincidence that the technology that would drive a rocket into space to launch an artificial satellite in October 1957 would also drive advances in mail processing that would culminate in an integrated mail processing and cancelling system in 1959. [1] Laika Laika, the dog who became the first living creature sent into space, aboard Sputnik 2, November 1957. [1] The True Story of Laika the Dog On November 3, 1957, the U.S.S.R. stunned the world with a space sensation -- the launch of Sputnik 2 with a live dog on-board. [1]

Our Space story begins "The story begins in 1952, when the International Council of Scientific Unions decided to establish July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958, as the International Geophysical Year (IGY) because the scientists knew that the cycles of solar activity would be at a high point then. [1] "In addition to the cogent scientific arguments advanced in support of the development of earth satellites, there is little doubt but what the nation that first successfully launches the earth satellite, and thereby introduces the age of space travel, will gain incalculable international prestige and recognition," Dulles wrote in January 1955. [1] The United States likely could have put a satellite into Earth orbit before the Soviets, whose October 1957 launch of Sputnik 1 shocked America and set the space race in motion. [1] The little lab at BC reaped dividends after the 1957 Soviet Sputnik satellite launch sparked U.S. investments in the space race. [1] The 1957 Sputnik launch is regarded as the start of the US-Soviet space race, but the American public's concern about a Soviet space program wasn’t high at the time. [1] At this early stage of the worlds space programs Sputniks 1 and 2 had been launched only a little over a year earlier, on Oct. 4 and Nov. 3, 1957 the primary objective of the mission was simply to place the body of the missile into low earth orbit, and AFBMDs primary role was to provide the missile and the launch. [1]

In November 1957 Sputnik 2 was launched with a dog - Laika, or "Little Lemon," which the Express, with tabloidish bathos, dubbed "the beating heart in outer space" - aboard. [1] The world took a giant leap forward on Oct. 4, 1957, when a silver sphere the size of a basketball launched into space atop a Soviet Union rocket. [1] On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union secretly fired Sputnik 1 into space, making it the world's first artificial satellite. [1] The country sent Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, into space on Oct. 4, 1957. [1]

Up until 1957 most people thought space flight wouldn't happen until someone could build a atomic-powered superrocket. [1] In the fall of 1957 man conquered outer space in a far more spectacular manner than had been predicted by experts. [1] In the fall of 1957, what is historically important changed dramatically: the Soviet Union showed up the United States by launching the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, into low Earth orbit, and the Space Race was on. [1] The period after 1957, the year in which a spacecraft was first placed in orbit around Earth, marking the beginning of space exploration. [1]

The launch of the satellite Sputnik I in 1957 precipitated the space race. [1] After the launch of Sputnik by Russia in 1957, America began to take the Space Race seriously. [1]

This was what is popularly known as the "Space Age", an era that was born of the advent of nuclear power, advances in rocketry, and the desire to be the first to put men into space and on the Moon. [1] Although films like The Day the Earth Stood Still, It Came From Outer Space, and Invasion of the Body Snatchers grew a little campy with age, Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, is now considered one of the greatest films every made. [1] "Food Timeline: popular American foods by decade: Tang, The "Space Age" Drink". foodtimeline.org. [1] Playing your bass in outer space? Getting some Martians to groove to a West Coast beat? Landing your orchestra on a distant planet? This week on Night Lights it's "Space Age Jazz"the story of how some 1950s and 60s jazz adventurers were influenced by the Cold War race for space. [1]

CIA, Information Report, "Announcement of the Soviet Satellite and Comments on the Satellite and the Soviet Space Program," 28 November 1957. [1] After the Soviet Union launched the world's first artificial satellite in 1957, Americans riveted their attention on the U.S. space program. [1] He opened hearings by a subcommittee of the Senate Armed Services Committee on 25 November 1957 to review the whole spectrum of American defense and space programs in the wake of the Sputnik crisis. [1]

New Scientist goes even further by suggesting that the changes that happened directly after 1957 advocate for a new space race. [1] Sputnik 1 was launched by the USSR on October 4, 1957, starting the space race. [1]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The Soviets launched the first satellite ("Sputnik") - and also the first man into space ("Yuri Gagarin"). and the first to make a complete orbit. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Less than a month after the first Sputnik launch, the Soviet Union launched a second Sputnik satellite, this time carrying the first living passenger in space, a dog named Laika. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL The first U.S. satellite, Explorer 1, was launched on Jan. 31, 1958, almost three months after the Soviet Sputnik 2 with the first living animal in space, a dog named Laika. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL Americans' concerns about the technological capabilities of their own nation relative to those of the USSR didn't fully bloom until two months later, after the Soviets had launched a dog to space and the United States' first attempt to loft a satellite had failed spectacularly, said former NASA Chief Historian Roger Launius. [1]

In 2011, President Obama stated the following in his State of the Union address: "Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the launch of a satellite called Sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat them to the moon. [1] According to Russian Space Web, Sputnik was actually a scaled-back versionof the satellite the Soviets had hoped to launch. [1] The Kremlin gave Sergei Korolev, the Soviet space chief designer, permission to fabricate a simple vehicle to ensure that the U.S.S.R. would be the first country to launch a satellite. [1] According to Siddiqi, Korolev convinced the Soviet media to publish articles about the future of space travel and creation of a commission to study interplanetary space, which got the attention of the U.S. CIA, which considered it evidence that the Soviets were getting ready to launch something into space, which led to the U.S. announcement in 1955 that we would launch a satellite as part of the 1957-1958 International Geophysical Year. [1] On January 31, 1958, the U.S. made it into space with the successful launch of satellite Explorer I. Explorer I made one of the most important scientific discoveries of the international geophysical year, the Van Allen radiation belts, and the discovery was soon confirmed by Explorer-III, launched on March 26, 1958. [1]

The Sputnik 2 Satellite is successfully launched into orbit around the Earth by the USSR on November 3rd, The spacecraft was the second spacecraft successfully launched into Earth's orbit and the first spacecraft to carry a biological being into space. [1] Jan. 31, 1958: Explorer 1, the first satellite with an onboard telemetry system, is launched by the United States into orbit aboard a Juno rocket and returns data from space. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL Before the planned Vanguard satellite ever met its rocket, on October 4th a persistent beeping from orbit revealed that the Soviet Union had orbited the world’s first satellite, Sputnik 1, and in doing so had won the first leg of what would become a race to space. [1] With the availability of the German V-2 rocket technology at the end of World War II, scientists and engineers not only in the Soviet Union but in America and Europe as well soon realized that the first step into space - an Earth-orbiting satellite - was within reach. [1]

In 2016, an exhibition at the Science Museum in London documented this unique period in Soviet history, with artefacts such as a cosmonaut-flown spacecraft, a dog ejector seat, and Sputnick - the first ever satellite to be sent into space. [1] Korolev used the U.S. announcement to convince Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and the Politburo to approve his use of an ICBM to place a satellite into space first. [1] Only after the launch of Sputnik 2 in November carrying a dog (Laika) and the "humiliating" failure of the first U.S. space launch (Vanguard) in December did the public grow increasingly worried that the United States had fallen behind the Soviets technologically. [1] The public was afraid that since the Soviets could launch a satellite into space, then they could also launch missiles with nuclear warheads that could reach the U.S. Some people even believed that the satellite was spying on us, or that its meaningless beeps were actually some sort of code. [1] The facts surrounding the launch of Explorer 1 are well-known: The Soviets had beaten the U.S. into space with not just one but two satellites, the latter of which carried a dog named Laika. [1]

POSSIBLY USEFUL The launch of Sputnik and further Soviet successes, such as the launching of moon orbiters and solar system probes before the end of the decade, and the strong American national interest in space it helped spark, occurred just as rising Cold War tensions began to reach their most fevered pitch. [1] The Sputnik launch dispelled notions that the Soviet Union was progressing more slowly than their American counterparts and provided vivid evidence, beeping and blinking across the American night sky, that the United States would have to rededicate itself in order to lead the world into space with a new national mission, placing more emphasis on science in schools and through broad national policy. [1] The planned scientific payload (which later became Sputnik III) was not yet ready, but Korolev, hearing plans for Vanguard, was determined to beat the Americans into space, so he decided to proceed with the launch of a smaller satellite with no scientific instruments. [1] Both Cold War adversaries had pledged to launch satellites into space during the IGY. However, the plans for the sophisticated Soviet satellite fell by the wayside, while the Americans persisted in their determination to launch an exclusively civilian satellite system. [1] Just four months after the Americans sent Explorer 1 into space, the Soviets launched their biggest and most scientifically important satellite yet. [1] As for the two men behind the first satellites, Wernher Von Braun became an American hero, joined NASA in 1960, and went on to direct the Marshall Space Flight Center where he was the architect of the giant Saturn V booster that lifted the Apollo and Skylab missions. [1] From the tentative first steps into space with satellites and suborbital astronaut flights through the breathtaking orbital missions of Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo, the 1960s offered a vicarious thrill ride igniting the imagination of millions. [1]

During a trip to Washington, DC in May 1984 to attend a Society of Physics Students conference, I had a chance to make my first visit to the National Air and Space Museum and saw hanging in one of the display halls a replica of the satellite which started it all: Sputnik. [1] Man, it would be amazing to own one of the two or three remaining sputnik satellites which sat along side the one that went into space and ended up being arbitrarily chosen not to be the one for the first attempt. [1] They launched the first successful satellite, put the first man and woman in space, performed the first space walk, and sent the first satellites out of earth’s gravitation and to the moon. [1] April 3, 1966: The Soviet Luna 10 space probe enters lunar orbit, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit the Moon. [1] In June 1963, Soviet astronaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space, but it was another twenty years before the American astronaut Sally Ride orbited Earth. [1] In addition to being an accomplished test pilot, he became the first American to orbit the Earth and the fifth person to go into space in 1962 aboard the Friendship 7 spacecraft. [1] We'll also hear a snippet of the countdown sequence for astronaut John Glenn's 1961 rocket ride into space that made him the first American to orbit the earth. [1] The car, a 2008 Tesla Roadster, hitched a ride to space on what is now the most powerful rocket in operation, the Falcon Heavy, built by Elon Musk’s company SpaceX. The goal of the Falcon Heavy’s first flight --aside from not blowing up--was to put the Tesla into an elliptical orbit between Earth and Mars, a car and two planets joined together in an endless loop around the sun. [1]

April 24, 1970: The People's Republic of China launches its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong-1, on a Long March 1 rocket, becoming the fifth nation capable of launching its own satellites into space. [1] Working with a group of German rocket engineers who had built the V-2 rocket program that threw missiles at London, the Soviets spent about a decade after the Second World War plotting how to lob a satellite into space. [1] The Soviets quietly launched bigger and more powerful satellites, demonstrating they were in space to stay. [1] During her six-day mission aboard the Challenger (she launched from the Kennedy Space Center on June 18, 1983), Mission Specialist Ride helped launch two communications satellites and retrieve another. [1] In order to launch satellites, achieve manned space flight, and explore space the United States would have to rapidly increase the development of training and manufacturing facilities, as well as foster its own flowering of advanced science and math study and resurgence of technological innovation. [1] In June 1962, the United States and U.S.S.R. agreed to bilateral cooperation in four areas of space science: geomagnetic mapping, communication satellite experimentation, biomedical data sharing, and weather satellite image exchange. 24 By 1963, in response to a skyrocketing budget, politicians and the general public alike questioned the judiciousness of investing major financial resources into Moon missions. [1] By examining the U.S. and U.S.S.R. investment in cooperative space missions, the application of satellites for rural development, and space-themed public diplomacy events, which targeted practitioners and public audiences on each continent, this new globally oriented scholarship offers insight into the superpowers’ strategies of attaining economic, cultural, and political hegemony in the emerging world order. [1] Eisenhower liked to point out the difference between the two nations’ approaches to space, and by the time he left office, he had an impressive record of accomplishment: The U.S. had launched 31 satellites, while the Soviet Union had just nine. [1] The Soviet Union immediately announced plans to orbit an IGY satellite, virtually assuring that the United States would respond, and this, coupled with the military satellite program, set both the agenda and the stage for most space efforts through 1958. [1] Over the next decade, the two superpowers of the planet, the governments of the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, would compete with each other to be the first to exhibit increasingly impressive, complex, and costly abilities in space in what became popularly known as the. [1] In 1965, Alexei Leonov became the first man to perform extra-vehicular activity (EVA) in space, after exiting the Soviet spacecraft Voskhod 2. [1] The Soyuz MS-06 launch vehicle has been decorated with a logo celebrating Sputnik being the "First In Space, 1957- 2017." [1] The Soviets were very surprised about the response in the western world to the launch of Sputnik I and only then they realised that space probes could be used as propaganda tools. [1] Sputnik influenced the 1960 presidential election, with the "missile gap" between America and the USSR becoming a key part of the debate between Nixon and JFK. It was after the Soviets beat us again, this time by putting a man into space in early 1961, that Kennedy announced that America would send a man to the moon and safely return him to earth before the end of the decade. [1] Successful launching of the 3000-lb Soviet Sputnik III should dispel most of the wishful thinking that has hung over the U.S. space policy since the fiery plunge of Sputnik II into the Caribbean. [1] Author Ivan Semeniuk explains that after Sputnik launched into space and the U.S. government realized they were threatened from space, Eisenhower signed into law the National Defense Education Act, which funneled close to $1 billion over four years towards education, particularly science education. [1] Sputnik was the first artificial satellite ever to be launched into space. [1] This audio file is a recording of the telemetry signals transmitted by Sputnik from orbit - the first artificial signals ever delivered from space. [1] Sputnik was the world's first satellite launched into outer space. [1] A year later NASA had successfully launched four more satellites and hurled one space probe past the Moon and on to the Sun. [1] When the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created in 1958, they took over the fledgling program (in cooperation with the U.S. Weather Bureau) and named it TIROS. Under a NASA contract, RCA designed and manufactured the satellite, intended as an experiment to test the feasibility of space-based weather observation. [1] October 2008 marked the 50th Anniversary of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA. The launch of that program began the new American drive to take the lead in the world's study and exploration of space. [1] The Sputnik launch also led to the creation of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). [1]

The launch of Sputnik 1, Earth's first artificial satellite, paved the way for Moonwalking astronauts, robotic exploration of the planets, and space tourism. [1] A brief history of Martian exploration - as the InSight Lander prepares to launch The InSight Lander, will be the first Mars mission to investigate the planet’s "inner space". [1] "The launch of Explorer 1 marked the beginning of U.S. spaceflight, as well as the scientific exploration of space, which led to a series of bold missions that have opened humanity's eyes to new wonders of the solar system," said Michael Watkins, current director of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), in a press release. [1] During the mission over three thousand students filled Tokyo’s streets, protesting the U.S. government while Ralph Abernathy, successor to Martin Luther King Jr. as chairman of the Southern Christian Leadership Council, along with 500 representatives from the Poor People’s Campaign, arrived at Kennedy Space Center to protest the launch and raise awareness of America’s poor. [1]

For many years, the Soviets claimed that she survived a week in space before being put to sleep humanely, but post-Cold War records show that the temperature regulating system failed soon after launch and Laika died a slow and unpleasant death as temperatures rose to 43° C (109° F) in the capsule over the next four days. [1] After two launch aborts that made observers nervous that the United States might never duplicate the Soviet successes in space flight, the Juno 1 booster carrying Explorer 1 lifted off from the Cape Canaveral, Florida, launch site at 10:55 p.m. on 31 January 1958. [1] The concerns of John Hagen and others, raised on Sputnik Night, exacerbated by later Soviet accomplishments in space flight, enjoyed a long gestation period. [1] Most of the other Soviet launches were dedicated to the development of manned space flight, the rest were failed lunar or planetary missions. [1] March 23, 1965: Gemini 3, the first of the manned Gemini missions, launches with a two-person crew on a Titan 2 rocket, making astronaut Gus Grissom the first man to travel in space twice. [2] Sept. 27, 2007: Dawn, the first ion-powered probe to visit two celestial bodies in one go, launches on an eight-year mission to the asteroid Vesta and dwarf planet Ceres, the two largest space rocks in the solar system. [2]

TIROS (Television and Infra-Red Observation Satellite) was one of the first planned uses of the new technology of satellites was to observe and study the Earth's weather from space. [1] Many Americans feared more sinister uses of the Soviets' new rocket and satellite technology, which was apparently strides ahead of the U.S. space effort. [1] Many Americans feared more sinister uses of the Soviets’ new rocket and satellite technology, which was apparently strides ahead of the United States' space effort. [1]

Von Braun had been working hard to develop a line of launch vehicles based on Jupiter missiles, and by 1956 his team was close to building a rocket that could carry a satellite to space. [1] Oct. 28, 1971: The United Kingdom successfully launches its Prospero satellite into orbit on a Black Arrow rocket, becoming the sixth nation capable of launching its own satellites into space. [1] The blast destroyed approximately one third of satellites in orbit and poisoned the most used region of space with radiation that lasted for years. [1] The agency's creation was a product of post-Sputnik fears, but was shaped also by cautious Eisenhower administration space policies established in the early 1950s, soon after launching a satellite first emerged as a serious possibility. [1] Apollo 4 pictured as it exits the vehicle assembly building and moves towards Launch Complex 39, Pad A. Apollo 4 was the first space vehicle in NASA's Apollo/Saturn V program. [1] On April 20, he asked Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to lead a National Aeronautics and Space Council review to find a "space program which promises dramatic results in which we could win." 19 Johnson response to Kennedy’s request arrived on May 8, 1961, three days after Alan Shepard became the first American human in space. [1] June 3, 1965: Ed White, during the Gemini 4 mission, becomes the first American to walk in space. [2]

The Soviet Voskhod 1 carried three cosmonauts into space in October 1964, accomplishing the first multi-person spaceflight. [1] Along with numerous unmanned tests, and a few using dogs, six Soviet pilots were selected by 1960 to be the first men to go into space. [1] The U.S. and Soviet governments were eager to fund military ventures for national security; both countries poured billions of dollars into space and rocket agencies. [1] By the 1980s, the technological gap between the NASA and its international partners narrowed, and Soviet space achievements were no longer the chief challenge to U.S. space leadership. [1] Another part of the Space Command’s mission has to do with traffic control: Ironically, the military command that once stood on guard against Soviet threats now advises Russian space officials, through NASA, to look out for wayward space junk. [1] The following year, President Nixon and Soviet Premier Kosygin signed the Summit Agreement Concerning Cooperation in Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes, which led to the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), a joint human spaceflight mission between the two superpowers. [1]

Where was Von Braun during all this? Throughout the 1950s, he had been working nonstop as an evangelist for not only putting a satellite into space, but also a manned station that would act as a jumping off point for missions to set up outposts on the Moon and Mars - missions he had every intention of joining. [1] The Sputnik satellites showed that humanity was capable of reaching space, and able to do science in it. [1] The "space race" began in the when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik into outer space. [1] Sputnik signaled a perceived inferiority of American technological know-how, and fear prompted all manner of actions deemed necessary to "catch up" to the Soviet Union in space. [3]

Space czar Sergei Korolev won fame for the launch of Sputnik, but a more modest genius deserves the credit. [4]

May 28, 1959: The United States launches the first primates in space, Able and Baker, on a suborbital flight. [2]

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4. (11) Sputnik started space race, anxiety - Technology & science - Space | NBC News

5. (10) The Academy in the Fifties -- Beginnings of the Space Age - The National Academy of Sciences - NCBI Bookshelf

6. (10) Sputnik and the Origins of the Space Age

7. (7) Florida Memory - NASA Turns 50: Florida's Half Century on the Space Age Frontier

8. (6) Sputnik moments: Trio of spaceflight events shook US in 1957 | Fox News

9. (6) Early Space Age

10. (6) It All Started with Sputnik | Space | Air & Space Magazine

11. (4) How Sputnik 1 launched the space age | Cosmos

12. (4) Goin Up: Space Age Jazz | Night Lights Classic Jazz - WFIU Public Radio

13. (4) 60 Years Since Sputnik | Space | Air & Space Magazine

14. (3) Falcon 9 attains Eisenhower vision for Space Age - Orlando Sentinel

15. (3) Space Age - Wikipedia

16. (3) Sputnik

17. (3) Launching The Space Age

18. (2) In pictures: Soviet cosmonauts and the birth of the space age - History Extra

19. (2) Sputnik - 60 years of the space age / ESA history / Welcome to ESA / About Us / ESA

20. (2) Archive Gallery: How the Space Age Influenced Design | Popular Science

21. (2) Catching Up To Soviets: Explorer 1 Launched U.S. Into Space Age | Space content from Aviation Week

22. (1) On This Day in 1957, Soviet Union Launched First Satellite into Space - The Atlantic

23. (1) How the Space Age Changed Everything | WIRED


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