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World War II (Earth, 1937 or 1939 - 1945)

World War II (Earth, 1937 or 1939 - 1945)

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • The two dates most often mentioned as "the beginning of World War II" are July 7, 1937, when the "Marco Polo Bridge Incident" led to a prolonged war between Japan and China, and September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, which led Britain and France to declare war on Hitler's Nazi state in retaliation.(More...)
  • KEY TOPICS Between 1939 and 1941, while the United States was still neutral, Marshall oversaw the army's expansion from 175,000 to 1.4 million men, and by the time the war ended in 1945 to well over eight million ". between 1937 and 1945, the Japanese military murdered from nearly 3,000,000 to over 10,000,000 people, most likely 6,000,000 Chinese, Indonesians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Indochinese, among others, including Western prisoners of war.(More...)
  • As early as January 1939 Hitler gave vent to his pathological hatred and fear of the Jews before the Reichstag: "If the international Jewish financiers…succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war the result will be the obliteration of the Jewish race in Europe."(More...)
  • Despite the victory in Europe, World War II was still not over for the Japanese were still fighting.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • As the Western Allies swept into the heart of Germany in early 1945, military investigators were careful to gather whatever records they could to expose and document the German totalitarian state and its war machine.(More...)
  • With the surrender of Japan on August 14, 1945, WW II came to an end, leaving the "Big Four" of the United States, Great Britain, the USSR and China as the powers that would play a permanent and central role in the formation of the United Nations.(More...)
  • On May 8, 1945 the Allied Powers accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany.(More...)
  • Full scale war between China and Japan began in July 1937, following an incident near the Marco Polo Bridge in Wanping, near Beijing.(More...)



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES

KEY TOPICS
The two dates most often mentioned as "the beginning of World War II" are July 7, 1937, when the "Marco Polo Bridge Incident" led to a prolonged war between Japan and China, and September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, which led Britain and France to declare war on Hitler's Nazi state in retaliation. [1] Asian historians typically cite the Japanese invasion of China in 1937 as the start of World War II. Western Europeans usually select the German invasion of Poland in 1939 as the beginning of the war, while Russians emphasize the German invasion of their nation in 1941. [1] The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937-September 9, 1945) was a major war fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan before and during World War II. World War II: Japanese invasion of Shanghai "Fighting Lines in North China and Shanghai," Pathé Gazette newsreel of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai, August 13, 1937. [1]

World War II began in 1939 as a conflict between Germany and the combined forces of France and Great Britain and eventually included most of the nations of the world before it ended in August 1945. [1] World War II (1939 – 1945) was an international conflict involving 61 countries that mobilized over 100 million people for military service in four geographic regions: Europe, Asia, Africa, and the South Pacific. [1] KEY TOPICS World War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated as WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, which involved most of the world's nations, including all of the great powers: eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. [1] World War II ( 1939 1945 ) was a conflict that spanned the entire planet of Earth. [1] The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937-September 9, 1945) was a major war fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan before and during World War II. World War II effectively stopped the world between 1939 and 1945. [1] The official date of the beginning of World War II should be advanced from Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939 to 1937, when Japan began its large-scale invasion of China, a state media report has said. [1] Though World War II is typically attributed to the 1939 German invasion of Poland, Japan had already been at war with the Republic of China since July of 1937. [1] The interwar period ended in September 1939 with the German invasion of Poland and the start of World War II. World War II: Japanese invasion of Shanghai "Fighting Lines in North China and Shanghai," Pathé Gazette newsreel of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai, August 13, 1937. [1] The interwar period ended in September 1939 with the German invasion of Poland and the start of World War II. A New York Times review of Rana Mitter’s recent book, Forgotten Ally: China’s World War II, 1937-1945 states: "World War II… started not on the plains of Europe but with an accidental firefight in 1937 at the Marco Polo Bridge, a few miles southwest of Beijing." [1] The interwar period ended in September 1939 with the German invasion of Poland and the start of World War II. Its strongly negative connotations did not solidify in the English-speaking world until after World War II (1939 – 1945). [1]

The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made - to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II. As the United States was drawn into World War II, China became an important theatre in the war against the Japanese. [1] The firebombing of Tokyo in 1945 was one of the most devastating and controversial bombing raids of World War II. The Holocaust, the German attack on the Soviet Union and occupation of much of Europe, the Japanese occupation of Manchuria and the Philippines and attack on China all contributed to well over half of the civilian deaths in World War II and the conflicts that led up to the war. [1] Nuclear weapons have only been used twice in the history of warfare, both in the closing days of World War II by the United States against Japan, the first on August 6, 1945, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, and the second on August 9, 1945, on the Japanese city of Nagasaki. [1] World War II was a military conflict from 1939 to 1945 that engulfed much of the globe. [1] World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a worldwide military conflict ; the amalgamation of two separate conflicts, one beginning in Asia, 1937, as the Second Sino-Japanese War and the other beginning in Europe, 1939, with the invasion of Poland. [1] From 1939 to 1945, the duration of World War II in Europe, every country on the continent suffered physical and economic devastation because of the conflict. [1] The firebombing of Tokyo in 1945 was one of the most devastating and controversial bombing raids of World War II. In 1939, just before the outbreak of World War II, it had an estimated 35.1 million inhabitants. [1] World War II (1 Sept. 1939 - 2 Sept. 1945) in A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.) [1] The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theater of World War II. The Allied invasion of Germany started with the Western Allies crossing the River Rhine in March 1945 before overrunning all of western Germany from the Baltic in the north to Austria in the south before the Germans surrendered on May 8, 1945. [1] The Nazi regime ended after the Allied Powers defeated Germany in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe. [1] This is a list of countries by population in 1939, providing an overview of the world population before World War II. In 1940, Japan signed a formal alliance with Germany and Italy, setting the country on a clear course to enter World War II. Nazi Germany's World War II offensive continued with a German air force bombing raid that destroyed the Basque city of Guernica. [1] Despite internal and external pressures, it continued to exist until 1939, when Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union and the Slovak Republic, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe. [1]

Vietnam, which had been colonized by the French and then by the Japanese, declared their independence from colonial rule--particularly the re-imposition of a French colonial regime--in the aftermath of Japan’s defeat in World War II. Proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in September 1945, Vietnam’s Declaration of Independence reflected back the early promises of the Allies in World War II and even borrowed directly from the American Declaration of Independence. [1] Americans rejoice in New York City's Times Square after the announcement of the Japanese surrender ending World War II, August 14, 1945. [1]


KEY TOPICS Between 1939 and 1941, while the United States was still neutral, Marshall oversaw the army's expansion from 175,000 to 1.4 million men, and by the time the war ended in 1945 to well over eight million ". between 1937 and 1945, the Japanese military murdered from nearly 3,000,000 to over 10,000,000 people, most likely 6,000,000 Chinese, Indonesians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Indochinese, among others, including Western prisoners of war. [1] World War II effectively stopped the world between 1939 and 1945. [1] Its strongly negative connotations did not solidify in the English-speaking world until after World War II (1939 – 1945). [1] The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937-September 9, 1945) was a major war fought between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan before and during World War II. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH TD FRS PC ( November 30, 1874 - January 24, 1965 ) was a British politician and statesman, best known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He was Prime Minister of the UK from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. [1] The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made - to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II. On 6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb. [1] China suffered nearly 20,000,000 deaths during WW II, second only to the USSR. Rana Mitter's new book, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937 -- 1945" helped fill many gaps in my understanding of both WW II and its aftermath. [1] Between July 1937 and February 1938, the Japanese World War II offensive campaign continued in China, and Adolf Hitler became commander-in-chief of the German armed forces as well as German war minister. [1] Although 1939 is commonly accepted as the first year of World War II, the initial phase of the war in Asia actually got under way in 1937 with the Second Sino-Japanese War. [1] The firebombing of Tokyo in 1945 was one of the most devastating and controversial bombing raids of World War II. Had World War II come in 1936 or 1937, Tukhachevsky's developments in the Red Army probably would have triumphed despite problems with materiel and training. [1] The firebombing of Tokyo in 1945 was one of the most devastating and controversial bombing raids of World War II. It’s 1937 and the storm clouds of World War II gather across Europe. [1] In the months before his untimely death in April 1945, having led the United States to the brink of victory in World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt was determined to use the catalyst of global conflict to fashion a postwar world organized not by lawless violence but by respect and cooperation among nations. [1] Chiang Kai-shek continued to receive supplies from the United States, as the Chinese conflict was merged into the Asian theater of World War II. However, in contrast to the Arctic supply route to the Soviet Union that stayed open most of the war, sea routes to China had long been closed, so between the closing of the Burma Road in 1942 and its re-opening as the Ledo Road in 1945, foreign aid was largely limited to what could be flown in over The Hump. [1] With the outbreak of World War II, SS units called Einsatzgruppen followed the army into Poland and the Soviet Union, where from 1941 to 1945 they killed more than two million people, including 1.3 million Jews. [1] World War II: Soviet army entering Berlin As Soviet troops entered Berlin, Adolf Hitler committed suicide, April 1945. [1] Emperor of Japan (1926-1989) who advocated the Japanese government's unconditional surrender that ended World War II (1945). [1] World War II: Invasion of Poland In September 1939 the Germans overrun Poland, forcing all of Europe into a state of war. [1] Although the Germans took over Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938, it was the Nazi invasion of Poland in September 1939 that triggered England and France to declare war on the Nazis, launching World War II in Europe. [1] It was the first stage of World War II, well before the German invasion of Poland in 1939 and of France in 1940. [1] The origins of Germany’s involvement in World War II, beginning with its invasion of Poland in 1939, lie mostly in the political fallout after the end of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles imposed stiff economic and military sanctions on Germany, wounding national pride and crippling the economy. [1] When Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939 touched off World War II, Roosevelt called Congress into special session to revise the Neutrality Act to allow belligerents (in reality only Great Britain and France, both on the Allied side) to purchase munitions on a cash-and-carry basis. [1]

"China was the first country to face the onslaught from the Axis Powers in 1937, two years before Britain and France, and four years before the U.S.," British historian Rana Mitter was quoted as having written in his book, Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945. [1] In 1939, as World War II got under way, the first British bomber raids on Germany dropped propaganda leaflets, which the crew were careful to untie, lest a bound bundle fall from the sky and injure or kill any civilians. [1] It was the first major victory of the Allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. September 1939: The war started soon after Germany signed -to the world's later astonishment- a non-aggression pact with its supposedly mortal enemy, the USSR. Part of the agreement included sharing of the future dismembered Poland, unfortunately placed between two powerful, traditional enemies. [1] The Second World War started in September 1939, as Poland suffered an attack by Nazi Germany and later by the USSR. Letter dated August 2 (one month before the start of World War II) from physicist Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt, warning him of the danger that Nazi Germany could develop an atomic bomb. [1] The Nazis seized the rest of Czechoslovakia in the spring of 1939 and in September 1939, invaded Poland, starting World War II. It was a turning point in the European theater of World War II Nazi forces never regained the initiative in the East and withdrew a vast military force from the West to replace their losses. [1] The interwar period ended in September 1939 with the German invasion of Poland and the start of World War II. With the outbreak of World War I and the subsequent German occupation of much of former Polish territory, the Polish section of the Bund (now cut off from the mother party in Russia) began its independent existence, and in the interwar period it became one of the major political and social forces on the "Jewish street." [1] As dictator of the German Reich, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and was central to the Holocaust. [1]

The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the theatre of the war between China and Japan which began earlier than the accepted start date of the war in Europe (1939), has often been overlooked in Western historiography concerning World War II. The conflict has not been named as such in the Doctor Who universe, but the Short Trips: The Centenarian entry, Log 384, treats World War II and the Sino-Japanese War as the same conflict. [1] Photos from 1937 to 1939 cover many aspects of the Spanish Civil War as it led into World War II. Images of Mexico show where some of the Republicans emigrated after the Nationalist's victory. [1] There are several stories that are set during or after World War II, but have their point of divergence in the period between 1937 and 1945. [1] Of the 1.25 million battle casualties incurred by the United States in World War II, including both military personnel killed in action and wounded in action, nearly one million occurred from June 1944 to June 1945. [1] In Great Britain and other countries, certain foodstuffs like bread were still being rationed as they had been during World War II. While the United States gave billions of dollars in aid to eleven European countries between July 1945 and March 1948, the economies of European nations deteriorated further. [1] The Soviets then took over Berlin which consequently sent an unconditional surrender letter by the SS Germans in May 1945, which was also the conclusion of the life-long battle of World War II. As soon as this was settled, the aforementioned superpowers were at their own war with weapons ready to fire at one another. [1] The Prague Uprising was an attempt by the Czech resistance to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation during World War II. Events began on May 5, 1945, in the last moments of the war in Europe. [1] World War II: German surrender War in Europe ending with Germany's unconditional surrender, May 1945. [1] History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Volume14: Victory in the Pacific, 1945. [1] The Yalta Conference, held from February 4 to 11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to discuss Europe's post-war reorganization. [1] Formally, Japanese rule ended on 2 September 1945 upon the Japanese defeat in World War II in 1945. [1] Now if the first seal started during the 1800’s and revealed itself as a world-wide governmental movement that brought colonization and the gospel to many nations, then we should be asking ourselves; What happened after that? Well, in 1914 we have World War I and continued with World War II from 1938 to 1945. [1] Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH TD FRS PC ( November 30, 1874 - January 24, 1965 ) was a British politician and statesman, best known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He was Prime Minister of the UK from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. [1]

The victors embodied the post-World War II settlement, in a profound faith in the ability of institutions to limit war, in the United Nations Charter of 1945, and confirmed the status of the victors in the veto power established for the great powers. [1] Even before the United States entered World War II in December 1941, he began articulating these values and setting in motion the international collaboration that would lead to the founding of the United Nations, with America as a leading member, just a few months after his death in April 1945. [1] By the end of World War II, in 1945, the Jewish population of Europe had shrunk to 3.8 million, or 35% of the world’s 11 million Jews. [1] World War II began on September 1, 1939, when 1.5 million German troops invaded Poland. [1] The development and organization of combined arms is evident throughout World War II. The evolution of the German panzer division came about during the German invasion of Poland in 1939. [1] World War II began on Sept 1, 1939, when Nazi forces invaded Poland. [1] The evacuation began on September 1, 1939, the day the Nazis sparked World War II by invading Poland. [1] Born in Gombin, Poland, Reyzl Zhikhlinski (Rajzel Zychlinsky) lived in Warsaw between 1936 and 1939, and in the Soviet Union during World War II. She returned to Poland in 1947, left for Paris in 1948, and immigrated to the United States in 1951. [1] The British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the forces of Mongolia and the Soviet Union from May to September 1939. [1] Stories document the concerns of U.S. citizens directly before America's involvement in World War II. Includes films on the political situations in North Africa and Japan, the depressed economic conditions in the Southern U.S., England's presence in the 1939 World's Fair, and social conditions which police must deal with in 1939 New York City. [1] World War II began on Sept. 1, 1939, when Germany, without a declaration of war, invaded Poland. [1] This conference was held in Potsdam, Germany so these leaders could negotiate significant terms after the end of World War II. It lasted from July 17 until August 2, 1945, and it followed the Yalta Conference that took place in February, 1945. [1] On 6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb. [1] At the end of the war, the northwest Fort Lewis staging area became a separation center and discharged its first World War II veterans in November 1945. [1] The Army Air Forces fielded a total of 318 combat groups at some point during World War II, with an operational force of 243 combat groups in 1945. [1] During World War II, he lived in the Soviet Union, returned to Poland in 1945, emigrated to Paris in 1948, and to Argentina in 1953. [1] During World War II, Bomze was in Uzbekistan, and he returned to Poland in 1945 to become the editorial secretary of the Yidishe shriftn (Łódź). [1] Bulgaria's participation in World War II ended when its soldiers met British troops in Klagenfurt, Austria in May 1945. [1] World War II: Japanese invasion of Shanghai "Fighting Lines in North China and Shanghai," Pathé Gazette newsreel of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai, August 13, 1937. [1] Some people consider that World War II actually began with the invasion of China by Japan in 1937. [1] A New York Times review of Rana Mitter’s recent book, Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945 states: "World War II… started not on the plains of Europe but with an accidental firefight in 1937 at the Marco Polo Bridge, a few miles southwest of Beijing." [1] This 1945 historical romance follows the story of Lorna and Paul, each on opposing sides of World War II. Wait For Me helps create a more 3 dimensional depiction of those who lived through this time period. [1] German soldiers breaking down a barricade at the Polish border at the outbreak of World War II, 1939. [1] The Soviet Union's participation in World War II began with the Battles of Khalkhin Gol against Japan, in Mongolia between May-August, 1939. [1] From here on begins the official World War II. September 10, 1939 Canada declares war on Germany, and the Battle of the Atlantic begins. [1] His two Yiddish collections were ready for publication in 1939 but did not appear due to the outbreak of World War II. He continued writing in the Warsaw ghetto until the Nazis murdered him in the summer of 1942. [1] The first television programming arrived in 1939, though World War II interrupted further development. [1] Shortly after the beginning of World War II, on 19 October 1939, Britain and France concluded a fifteen-year mutual assistance pact with Turkey. [1] Everything changed in the autumn of 1939, when Britain entered World War II. Suddenly gasoline was a rationed commodity, and BP, Shell and the other brands on sale in the UK were consolidated together into a generic fuel labelled "Pool’. [1] By 1939, just before the outbreak of World War II, this had grown to an estimated 35.1 million. [1] World War II began in the Far East where Japan, having invaded China in 1931, became involved in full-scale hostilities in 1937. [1] Though it was Imperial Japan that brought the United States into World War II by bombing Pearl Harbor in December 1941, FDR embraced a "Germany First" policy that made defeating the Nazis the top priority of U.S. forces. [1] In what became known as the "Greer incident," she became the first U.S. Navy ship to fire on a German ship, three months before the United States officially entered World War II. Given the mismatch between U.S. and Japanese industrial strength, this was a naval arms race that Japan was doomed to lose from the start (by the end of World War II, the United States was building sixteen naval vessels to Japan’s one). [1] In what became known as the "Greer incident," she became the first U.S. Navy ship to fire on a German ship, three months before the United States officially entered World War II. Operation Magic was the cryptonym given to United States efforts to break Japanese military and diplomatic codes during World War II. [1]

When World War II began on 1 September 1939, the Middle East consisted of independent, semi-independent, and colonial states. [1] It was signed into law on March 11, 1941, a year and a half after the outbreak of World War II in Europe in September 1939. [1] Malta was a British colony during World War II. The Legislative Council of Malta reaffirmed the people's loyalty to Britain on 6 September 1939. [1] The Nationalists won the civil war in April 1939; Franco, now dictator, remained officially neutral during World War II but generally favoured the Axis. [1] This is a list of countries by population in 1939, providing an overview of the world population before World War II. Continue to the next page for a detailed timeline on the important World War II events that occurred from September 15, 1938, to January 5, 1939. [1] The World War II timeline below highlights this event as well as other important events that took place from September 15, 1938, to January 5, 1939. [1] Continue to the next page for a detailed timeline on the important World War II events that occurred from January 12, 1939, to April 7, 1939. [1] Burston resumed full-time military service in September 1939 as soon as the 2 nd AIF began enlisting recruits for overseas service at the outbreak of World War II. Appointed as ADMS of the 6 th Division, he became the AIF’s principal medical officer. [1] It’s 1937 and the storm clouds of World War II gather across Europe. [1] After World War II began in September, the President Roosevelt pushed for another Neutrality Act that would expand the cash-and-carry policy that had been in place since 1937. [1] This island fortress stands as a memorial for the courage, valor, and heroism of its Filipino and American defenders who bravely held their ground against the overwhelming number of invading Japanese forces during World War II. World War II was initiated by blitzkrieg on Poland, but following this initial German storm, the guns fell silent as each nation mobilized for a war many hoped would not come. [1] United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Manhattan Project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II. This was the start of a decade of escalating violence that would culminate in the German assault on Poland and the start of World War II. A lot of American students have the mistaken impression that World War II was caused by the Holocaust; that's the Nazi persecution of European Jews. [1] Operation Magic was the cryptonym given to United States efforts to break Japanese military and diplomatic codes during World War II. Cienciala 2010, p.128, observes that, while it is true that Poland was far away, making it difficult for the French and British to provide support, " ew Western historians of World War II. know that the British had committed to bomb Germany if it attacked Poland, but did not do so except for one raid on the base of Wilhelmshafen. [1] It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. Why does any of this matter now? Mitter says the experience of World War II shapes Chinese attitudes today, especially between China and the United States and China and Japan, “two of the legs of a very important set of relationships in the Asiatic region. [1] In 1940, Japan signed a formal alliance with Germany and Italy, setting the country on a clear course to enter World War II. Why does any of this matter now? Mitter says the experience of World War II shapes Chinese attitudes today, especially between China and the United States and China and Japan, “two of the legs of a very important set of relationships in the Asiatic region. [1]

The Second Sino-Japanese War (July 7, 1937 - September 9, 1945) was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan In 1941, Germany stopped supporting China in the Second Sino-Japanese War and, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Second Sino-Japanese War became part of the larger conflict of World War 2. [1] The Empire of Japan aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific and was already at war with the Republic of China in 1937, but the world war is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, the day of the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. [1]

While we commonly believe that World War 2 was fought from 1939 until 1945, World War 2 facts show that it actually began in 1937. [1] In the autumn of 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt was delighted to learn that Winston Churchill had entered the War Cabinet of British prime minister Neville Chamberlain as First Lord of the Admiralty--the same position he'd held in World War I. With this stalwart anti-Nazi at the helm of the Royal Navy, FDR felt more confident that Great Britain could persevere against the Germans. [1] Historians usually consider the Winter War fought between Russia and Finland from 1939 to 1940 separate from the Second World War; in any case, it occurred well before the United States and Russia were allied, which did not occur until December 1941. (At the time of the Winter War, Russia and Germany had signed a non-aggression treaty and would remain in a state of uneasy neutrality until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in July 1941). [1] KEY TOPICS Interwar period 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 November 11 The Armistice with Germany marks the end of World War I. German troops evacuate occupied territories and Allied troops subsequently move in and occupy the German Rhineland. [1]

Officially known as the Republic of Poland ( Polish : Rzeczpospolita Polska ), the Polish state was recreated in 1918, in the aftermath of World War I. After Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union concluded their Nonaggression Pact of 1939 and Germany invaded Poland from the west, Soviet forces occupied the eastern half of Poland. [1]

World War II, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, was a war fought primarily between the Axis Powers (Nazi Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States). [2] Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vietnam, Wild West and World War II. No one historic event can be said to have been the origin of World War II. Japan's unexpected victory over czarist Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) left open the door for Japanese expansion in Asia and the Pacific. [1] Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vietnam, Wild West and World War II. While democracy was endangered in Europe, there were still many voices in the U.S. that called for America to stay out of World War II. At the same time, other Americans called for intervention in order to keep the conflict from reaching our shores. [1] Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vietnam, Wild West and World War II. African American soldiers traditionally demonstrated excellent performance in the U.S. Army through the end of World War I. However, in World War II, most large African American units performed poorly. [1]

The dichotomy between the good individual performance of African Americans and the poor performance of segregated divisions was one factor that lef to the desegregation of the Army in the years following World War II. In 2015, Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe issued a statement marking seventy years since the end of World War II. He noted that the Manchurian incident was an important turning point in modern Japanese history. [1] The official policy of rounding up and confining Japanese Americans at the outset of World War II reflected the fury of a nation at war, to be sure, but it also was the culmination of a long history of distrust and hostility toward Asian immigrants to U.S. shores. [1] The American internment of people of Japanese heritage during World War II was a response to events of the moment but also reflected a long history of treating Asian immigrants as permanent strangers in the United States. [3] Prejudice against Asians on the West Coast had been a theme of American history for generations before World War II, but the Pearl Harbor attack meant that Japanese Americans, many of whom had been citizens of the United States since birth, were suspected of being enemy agents. [1] Operation Magic was the cryptonym given to United States efforts to break Japanese military and diplomatic codes during World War II. The World War II Foundation accomplishes this mission through the production of award-winning documentary films, which are donated to American Public Television for airing on PBS affiliates and networks around the United States and globally. [1] General Benjamin O. Davis, the first African American general in the Air Force, and commanding officer of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II. Despite the victory in Europe, World War II was still not over for the Japanese were still fighting. [1] Benjamin Oliver Davis Jr. (1912-2002) led the all-black Ninety-ninth Fighter Squadron, the "Tuskegee Airmen," during World War II. The son of the U.S. Army’s first African American general, he became the first African American to become a full general in the United States Air Force. [1] American reporter tries to expose spies in Britain on the eve of World War II. It was the first major victory of the Allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. Chester William Nimitz (1885-1966) led the U.S. Navy in the Pacific during World War II. He restored the morale of the Pacific Fleet after Pearl Harbor. [1] The Filipinos were the only native people who rebelled against Japanese rule during World War II. Doolittle became the highest-ranking U.S. reserve officer of World War II. For the first time since World War I, the major European powers began mobilizing their armies. [1] As the U.S. was the world’s first superpower and only atomic power, soon to be joined by the Soviet Union, the post-World War II world evolved into a condition described as the "balance of terror." [1] The dichotomy between the good individual performance of African Americans and the poor performance of segregated divisions was one factor that lef to the desegregation of the Army in the years following World War II. Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, First Viscount of Alamein (1887-1976) was the leading British general of World War II. He led the British army to some of its greatest triumphs. [1] As part of May’s celebration of Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (APAHM), World Book today features the Purple Heart Battalion, the nickname given to a Japanese American unit in the United States Army during World War II (1939-1945). [1] Japanese cultural westernization, industrialization for the production of consumer goods, and modernization of the military happened at lightning speed during the two decades leading up to World War II. Within less than two years, his invasion of Poland would plunge Europe into World War II. Despite the victory in Europe, World War II was still not over for the Japanese were still fighting. [1] Leapfrogging, also known as island hopping, was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II. The idea was to bypass heavily fortified Japanese positions and instead concentrate the limited Allied resources on strategically important islands that were not well-defended but were capable of supporting the drive to the main islands of Japan. [1] U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell, an ULTRA intelligence officer in World War II, when asked in 1985 about the judgment of Allied military commanders that innocent Jews should not be deliberate victims of American attacks, was incredulous that anyone would even suggest that Allied forces bomb Auschwitz. [1] It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. World War II saw the rise of airpower as a key striking force in war, and the first widespread use of strategic bombing--the dropping of bombs, not against active military units such as troops, tanks, or planes in the midst of directly engaging the enemy, but as a means of weakening the enemy's ability and will to wage war in general. [1] It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. A category of legal offenses created at the Nuremberg trials after World War II to encompass genocide and other acts committed by the political and military leaders of the Third Reich (Nazi Germany). [1] It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. The destroyer had fired some of the first American shots of World War II. The resulting image, "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima," immediately became an icon of the American struggle for victory and is among the most familiar images of World War II. In: The star-spangled screen : the American World War II film / Bernard F. Dick. [1] It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. The first shots of World War II had actually been fired a few hours earlier by the battleship Schleswig-Holstein, which opened fire on Polish positions near Danzig at 4:45 a.m. At around the same time, German planes began bombing Polish border towns. [1] In what became known as the "Greer incident," she became the first U.S. Navy ship to fire on a German ship, three months before the United States officially entered World War II. The first shots of World War II had actually been fired a few hours earlier by the battleship Schleswig-Holstein, which opened fire on Polish positions near Danzig at 4:45 a.m. At around the same time, German planes began bombing Polish border towns. [1] By the time the United States entered World War II in December 1941, FDR was convinced the only way to secure America's future was to destroy Nazi Germany--that "war breeding band of German militarists"--utterly. [3] Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) was chancellor of Germany and headed the Nazi Party during World War II. Under Hitler, the German government attempted to enact the "final solution" to the "Jewish question," resulting in the mass murder of six million Jews and three million others also deemd "undesirable" by the Nazi government. [1] Both Germany and Italy maintained governments that incorporated elements of fascism during World War II. German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust. [1]

Japanese cultural westernization, industrialization for the production of consumer goods, and modernization of the military happened at lightning speed during the two decades leading up to World War II. This book examines British political warfare against Germany during World War II through so-called black propaganda. [1] Even before America entered World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized surveillance of ethnic Japanese communities, although his agents assured him that Japanese Americans were overwhelmingly loyal. [3] On a ship off the coast of Newfoundland in August 1941, four months before the United States entered World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt and British prime minister Winston Churchill agreed to commit themselves to "the final destruction of Nazi tyranny." [3] Not long before the election of 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a speech in which he asked Americans to support the United Nations (UN) Organization, which he hoped would foster peace for many years to come when at last the hostilities of World War II came to an end. [3] President Franklin D. Roosevelt and most American generals insisted through much of World War II that bombing civilians per se was unacceptable. [3]

It was feared scientists working for Adolf Hitler would develop an atomic bomb first and give Germany an upper hand in World War II. America's Postwar Problems Beyond, Part I. Documents the concerns of U.S. citizens after World War II with world food scarcity, the political situations in Czechoslovakia, Germany, Britain, Turkey, Indonesia and other issues. [1] The Soviet Union also added the eastern tip of Czechoslovakia as well as parts of eastern Poland and Germany to its territory at the end of World War II. This was the start of World War II. Two days later, Britain and France, known as the Allied Powers, declared war on Germany. [1] FDR made the decision to recognize the Soviet Union in 1933, and, in the aftermath of Russia's entry into World War II, to offer Stalin substantial American military and economic aid. [3] Recommended citation: Mary Beth Chopas et al., "World War II," Joseph Locke, ed., in The American Yawp, Joseph Locke and Ben Wright, eds., last modified August 1, 2017, http://www.AmericanYawp.com. [1] General Benjamin O. Davis, the first African American general in the Air Force, and commanding officer of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II. During World War II, the Air Force was still a branch of the U.S. Army and soldiers served in ground and air crews. [1] World War II saw the rise of airpower as a key striking force in war, and the first widespread use of strategic bombing--the dropping of bombs, not against active military units such as troops, tanks, or planes in the midst of directly engaging the enemy, but as a means of weakening the enemy's ability and will to wage war in general. [3] The provocation that finally brought America into World War II came not from a German submarine trawling the Atlantic, but from Japanese bombers winging across the Pacific to bomb Pearl Harbor. [3] As America became engulfed in World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt identified the Chinese Exclusion Act as a "mistake" and a liability even as he authorized the eviction of ethnic Japanese from the West Coast. [3] In 1992, Congress made Manzanar a National Historic Site to commemorate the experience of some ten thousand ethnic Japanese confined there during World War II and to "serve as a reminder to this and future generations of the fragility of American civil liberties," according to the National Park Service. [3] After FDR’s death and the German defeat, the secrets unlocked in the Manhattan Project would rain death on the residents of two Japanese cities, finish World War II, change the course of postwar geopolitics, and open fertile new fields for science. [3] Even before the United States entered World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt was thinking about just what kind of world the Allies hoped to secure with their fighting. [3] By the end of the 1930s and the onset of World War II, both Franklin D. Roosevelt and his secretary of state, Cordell Hull, became convinced that if there was to be any hope of establishing a more prosperous and peaceful world in the war's wake, the protectionist trend had to be reversed. [3]

The Holocaust was part of a colossal military struggle known as World War II in which sixty-seven million people were killed, where nations were decimated, where democracy’s survival was in the balance. [3] World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of which were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. [4] Statesman & Commander in Chief includes eighteen chapters, on subjects from the American home front in World War II to the post-war Nuremberg trials of Nazi officials. [3] American reporter tries to expose spies in Britain on the eve of World War II. [5] Cienciala 2010, p.128, observes that, while it is true that Poland was far away, making it difficult for the French and British to provide support, " ew Western historians of World War II. know that the British had committed to bomb Germany if it attacked Poland, but did not do so except for one raid on the base of Wilhelmshafen. [4] The Bergson/Begin/Irgun movement accepted war on the British and the Arabs even in the context of World War II as legitimate means to accomplish the need for a Jewish state. [3]

RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(30 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (427) Statesman Commander in Chief | FDR Four Freedoms

2. (170) World War II (Earth, 1937 or 1939 - 1945)

3. (95) World War II - Wikipedia

4. (76) 20th-century international relations - World War II, 1939-45 | Britannica.com

5. (62) Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945 by Rana Mitter

6. (54) 24. World War II | The American Yawp

7. (38) World War II - Wikiquote

8. (35) WWII Facts Figures | World War II Foundation

9. (35) World War II | Tardis | FANDOM powered by Wikia

10. (29) Understanding the Key Events of World War II

11. (26) The History Place - World War II in Europe Timeline

12. (26) China Lost 14 Million People in World War II. Why Is This Forgotten? - Pacific Standard

13. (20) World War II on the Radio | Old Time Radio

14. (19) Section 2: World War II | North Dakota Studies

15. (18) Land And Blood | The New Yorker

16. (13) Prelude to World War 2 - Worldwar-2.net

17. (10) World War II | HistoryNet

18. (9) World War II | Facts, Summary, Combatants, & Causes | Britannica.com

19. (9) WW2 tanks and armored vehicles (1939-1945)

20. (8) World War II | Facts, Summary, Combatants, & Causes - Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941 | Britannica.com

21. (8) World War II: Before the War - The Atlantic

22. (8) History of the Second World War 1939 -1945 (WW2) - The Map as History

23. (7) The Second Sino-Japanese War

24. (5) What Happened in 1939 including Pop Culture, Significant Events, Key Technology and Inventions

25. (5) List of World War II films - Wikipedia

26. (3) WIG Map Archive (English) - German maps 1919-1945

27. (2) World War II History: WW2 Timeline for Kids

28. (2) World War 2 - Third Way

29. (2) World War II | Facts, Summary, Combatants, & Causes - The war in Europe, 1939-41 | Britannica.com

30. (2) Europe’s Jewish population | Pew Research Center


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