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Elizabethan Period Of William Shakespeare

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Elizabethan Period Of William Shakespeare

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • Elizabethan literature, body of works written during the reign of Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603), probably the most splendid age in the history of English literature, during which such writers as Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, Roger Ascham, Richard Hooker, Christopher Marlowe, and William Shakespeare flourished.(More...)
  • William Shakespeare lived more than 400 years ago during a period of English history known as The Elizabethan Age, named after Queen Elizabeth I. (More...)
  • The era is most famous for its theatre and the works of the famous playwright and poet, William Shakespeare and another playwright, Christopher Marlowe.(More...)
  • A favourite in the Elizabethan period, the pies were made with rock hard Warden (Worcester Black) pears that kept well and were popular during winter.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • In Elizabethan London, dramatists wrote in an extraordinary range of dramatic genres, from native comedy and farce to Senecan tragedy, from didactic morality plays to popular chronicle plays and tragicomedies, all before the advent of Shakespeare.(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
Elizabethan literature, body of works written during the reign of Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603), probably the most splendid age in the history of English literature, during which such writers as Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, Roger Ascham, Richard Hooker, Christopher Marlowe, and William Shakespeare flourished. [1] With William Shakespeare at his peak, as well as Christopher Marlowe and many other playwrights, actors and theatres constantly busy, the high culture of the Elizabethan Renaissance was best expressed in its theatre. [2] The Elizabethan - Era and William Shakespeare Religion William Shakespeare was a catholic, and both King James and Queen Elizabeth were protestants. [3] The works of William Shakespeare epitomize arts of the Elizabethan Epoch. [4]

The Elizabethan period is also remembered for the richness of its poetry and drama, especially the plays and poems of William Shakespeare. [5] In Elizabethan era, William Shakespeare was the first of the four sons born to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden at Henley Street of Avon. [6] Considered to be one of the greatest writers in the Elizabethan era, William Shakespeare often uses female characters to assume the roles of somewhat rebellious women in the era. [7] The works of William Shakespeare are not the only view of life in Elizabethan England that still exist today, but they are the most complete and inclusive. [4]

This popularity was helped by the rise of great playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe using London theatres such as the Globe Theatre. [2] William Shakespeare has been always speculated upon by people and literary critics. [6]

In Elizabethan theater, William Shakespeare, among others, composed and staged plays in a variety of settings that broke away from England's past style of plays. [8] William Shakespeare played an enormous role in the Elizabethan theatre; his unique writing style in "The Taming of The Shrew" influenced modern day literature. [8] The Elizabethan Age was strongly influenced by the rise of theater specifically through the play The Tempest, written by William Shakespeare. [8] Gender Roles: Shakespearean and Modern During the Elizabethan times, there were many issues facing common people and William Shakespeare. [8] Othello by William Shakespeare is a story in which the women characters are treated in the unfair way that women of the time of the Elizabethan times were treated. [8]

This period was notable for its English literature, especially drama and the works of William Shakespeare. [9] Legend has it that William Shakespeare, along with a certain Fulk Gillam, worked here as an actor for a short period in 1581. [10]

The first decisive opposing reactions by a modern and Elizabethan audience to a Shakespeare play such as Othello, is the status of women in this period. [8] This era in English cultural history is sometimes referred to as "the age of Shakespeare" or "the Elizabethan era", the first period in English and British history to be named after a reigning monarch. [8]

The Elizabethan period in England was a time of growing patriotism: a feeling of pride in being English. [5] The Elizabethan period references the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603), a time marked by England's rise as a naval and commercial power, the strengthening of the Protestant Church, and blossoming of London as the heart of the country. [9] The Elizabethan period began in 1558, when Elizabeth the First became queen and one of the most popular monarchs in English history. [5] Listen, read and learn about the Elizabethan period and get ready for the Life in the UK test. [5]

Resources include a PowerPoint on Elizabethan life pupils can make notes on, a biography of William Shakespeare's life with comprehension questions (link to PowerPoint too), A 'what is the question activity' and a question loop game. [11] A few tasks and activities linking to the Elizabethan era and William Shakespeare's life. [11]


William Shakespeare lived more than 400 years ago during a period of English history known as The Elizabethan Age, named after Queen Elizabeth I. [12] William Shakespeare lived in England while under the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. During this time (1558-1603), England saw a rebirth in national pride, an artistic explosion and appreciation in poetry, literature, and theatre, international expansion, and victories over Spain, a powerful and despised rival. [13] Culture, music, clothing, food, customs, literature, and not to mention the famous people such as William Shakespeare and explorers like Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake, have each contributed to make this era very special and memorable in the European history. [14] William Shakespeare became one the most sought after playwrights during the ruling of Elizabeth the I. But first came Christopher Marlowe then Ben Johnson. [8] The Queen supported development of art which contributed to the emergence and recognition of individuals such as William Shakespeare and Ben Johnson. [9]

In The Age of Shakespeare, Frank Kermode uses the history and culture of the Elizabethan era to enlighten us about William Shakespeare and his poetry and plays. [15] By 1613, at the tender age of 40, had written a number of plays, including the hugely popular comedy The Scornful Lady, which was published in 8 editions by 1660, more than any other Shakespeare play or Elizabethan play of the period. [16] Alone among the playwrights of the Elizabethan period, only John Fletcher was brave enough, and creative enough, to write a critical reply to one of his colleague’s popular, but deeply flawed, works. [16] Many of the great houses of the Elizabethan period, including Greenwich, Hampton Court, Richmond, Nonsuch, Whitehall, Kenilworth and Hatfield decline or disappear after Elizabeth I passes away. [15] He also questions her morality, describing her as "puzzel" (1.5.85), which in the Elizabethan period meant slut. [17]


The era is most famous for its theatre and the works of the famous playwright and poet, William Shakespeare and another playwright, Christopher Marlowe. [18] Now Christopher Marlowe reveals the truth: that his "death" was an elaborate ruse to avoid a conviction of heresy; that he was spirited across the English Channel to live on in lonely exile; that he continued to write plays and poetry, hiding behind the name of a colorless man from Stratford--one William Shakespeare. [15] Poet, playwright and actor William Shakespeare was also in the employ of the Company here and some of his his early plays, possibly including an early version of Hamlet (the so-called Ur-Hamlet) were premiered here. [19] The English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is generally acknowledged to be the greatest of English writers and one of the most extraordinary creators in human history. [20] The English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare was a popular dramatist. [20]

Traditionalists ( "Stratfordians" ) who believe that William Shakespeare was indeed the author of the plays and poems, point out that his probable education at the Stratford grammar school would have provided the required knowledge of the classics and classical civilization as well as of Latin and at least some Greek. [20] There were originally seven sharers in the reorganised theatre: Richard Burbage, William Shakespeare, Henry Condell, John Heminges, and William Sly, all members of the King's Men, plus Cuthbert Burbage and Thomas Evans, agent for the theatre manager Henry Evans. [19] In Shakespeare's Foreign Worlds, Carole Levin and John Watkins focus on the relationship between the London-based professional theater preeminently associated with William Shakespeare and an unprecedented European experience of geographic, social, and intellectual mobility. [17] I am proud to place Fletcher alongside his more famous, but no more talented, colleague of the time, William Shakespeare. [16] William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. [20] William Shakespeare, 15641616, English dramatist and poet, b. [20] As far as we know the playwright William Shakespeare never left his country. [17] In the latter part of the 18th cent. questions began to arise as to whether or not the historical William Shakespeare was indeed the author. [20]

During this period, William Shakespeare wrote the plays that caused his name to become a household word, across the world as well as across more than four hundred years. [21] This morning my maternal uncle said that William Shakespeare wrote both in Elizabethan Age as well as Jacobean Age. [22] Elizabethan times & Globe theatre - William Shakespeare Learn about the life of Shakespeare, his Globe theatre, the Elizabethan times and his wonderful works. [23] Therefore, there has been much speculation about whether William Shakespeare, one of the most recognizable figures of the Elizabethan Era, was an angler. [24]

The women he knew did much to convince Shakespeare of female equality, which he displayed in his works, using those personalities helped to form the masterpieces William Shakespeare became famous for. [21] In his works, William Shakespeare expressed resignation to the independent woman, if not outright agreement. [21] William Shakespeare was wed at the age of eighteen to the spinster Anne Hathaway (age twenty-six) on November 27, 1582. [21] It is said that he greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year as Marlowe and achieved great success after Marlowe's mysterious early death. [25] William Shakespeare wrote a series of sonnets between 1592 and 1595. [21]


A favourite in the Elizabethan period, the pies were made with rock hard Warden (Worcester Black) pears that kept well and were popular during winter. [26]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
In Elizabethan London, dramatists wrote in an extraordinary range of dramatic genres, from native comedy and farce to Senecan tragedy, from didactic morality plays to popular chronicle plays and tragicomedies, all before the advent of Shakespeare. [1] The Elizabethan age saw the flowering of poetry (the sonnet, the Spenserian stanza, dramatic blank verse ), was a golden age of drama (especially for the plays of Shakespeare), and inspired a wide variety of splendid prose (from historical chronicles, versions of the Holy Scriptures, pamphlets, and literary criticism to the first English novels). [1] Shakespeare outdid them all; he combined the best traits of Elizabethan drama with classical sources, enriching the admixture with his imagination and wit. [27] Through his use of prose, conventions, and scholarship Shakespeare wrote stories that not only appealed to the people of Elizabethan England, but are also timeless and provide a reference for life in his time for us to view today. [4]

No where else do we find such a concentrated view of the ideas of the time as we do in the plays and sonnets of Shakespeare and other playwrights. [4] Shakespeare's Peers: English Renaissance Playwrights Shakespeare was hardly the only working playwright in London back in the day. [27]

If he is known for his sad tragedies and dark allegories, Shakespeare is also well acclaimed for his romantic plays. [6] Shakespeare makes references to them all over in his plays. [4]

This timeline represents the connection between Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era. [28] It shows the how Shakespeare becomes fully intertwined in the Elizabethan Era. [28]

The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen ElizabethI (1558-1603). [2] During the Elizabethan era, people looked forward to holidays because opportunities for leisure were limited, with time away from hard work being restricted to periods after church on Sundays. [2]

The Hellmouth, and trapdoor, which had been a staple of Medieval Theatres continued to be used, and were built into the permanent theatre structures used in the performances of Elizabethan plays. [4] In Elizabethan contexts, women are often portrayed to play a peculiar and often stifled role in society. [7]

Of all the forms of Elizabethan literature, none express the energy and intellectual versatility of the era better than drama. [4] The long beginning of the Elizabethan popular theatre, like that of the Greek theatre, lay in religious ceremonials, probably in the drama in the liturgy of the two greatest events in the Christian year, Christmas and Easter. [1] In popular culture, the image of those adventurous Elizabethan seafarers was embodied in the films of Errol Flynn. [2]

The Protestant/Catholic divide was settled, for a time, by the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, and parliament was not yet strong enough to challenge royal absolutism. [2] St. Ives Historical Society This nonprofit California association has a number of good essays on Elizabethan life. [27] This, not psychology as we know it today, is why the Elizabethans believed people were the way they were: their humours were out of balance (Western Civilization, 524). [4] Later on he was said to have been travelling with an Elizabethan drama troupe to Stratford where he even entertained the Queen's Men. [6] The Elizabethan's Hornbook The Web version of Walter Nelson's fine handbook, this is a basic primer on the historical background that a participant in an Elizabethan Renaissance Faire should know or have at hand. [27] The symbol of Britannia (a female personification of Great Britain) was first used in 1572, and often thereafter, to mark the Elizabethan age as a renaissance that inspired national pride through classical ideals, international expansion, and naval triumph over the Spanish - at the time, a rival kingdom much hated by the people of the land. [2] At this time, London was the heart of England, reflecting all the vibrant qualities of the Elizabethan Age. [27]

They still contained some elements of religion, as did everyday life in Elizabethan England, but it was not the primary focus, nor did it play a particularly important part other than perhaps to serve as plot device or a place for the story to advance. [4] Elizabeth I and Elizabethan life in England An article on architecture, literature, and daily life in Elizabethan England. [27] Arguably one of the best contemporary accounts of life in Elizabethan England. [27] No other art form, including painting, could provide so much information about life in Elizabethan England. [4]

Elizabethan England was not particularly successful in a military sense during the period, but it avoided major defeats and built up a powerful navy. [2] Watching plays became very popular during the Tudor period. [2] The period coinciding with the reign of England's Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603), considered to be the literary height of the English Renaissance. [29] It was a brief period of internal peace between the English Reformation and the religious battles between Protestants and Catholics and then the political battles between parliament and the monarchy that engulfed the remainder of the seventeenth century. [2]

England during this period had a centralised, well-organised, and effective government, largely a result of the reforms of Henry VII and Henry VIII, as well as Elizabeth's harsh punishments for any dissenters. [2] It was also the end of the period when England was a separate realm before its royal union with Scotland. [2]

One must remember that sugar in the Middle Ages or Early Modern Period was often considered medicinal, and used heavily in such things. [2] In response and reaction to this hyperbole, modern historians and biographers have tended to take a more dispassionate view of the Tudor period. [2] Girl power: the European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period. [2]

On balance, it can be said that Elizabeth provided the country with a long period of general if not total peace and generally increased prosperity due in large part to stealing from Spanish treasure ships, raiding settlements with low defenses, and selling African slaves. [2] During the Tudor period, the use of glass when building houses was first used, and became widespread. [2] Child mortality was low in comparison with earlier and later periods, at about 150 or fewer deaths per 1000 babies. [2] With taxes lower than other European countries of the period, the economy expanded; though the wealth was distributed with wild unevenness, there was clearly more wealth to go around at the end of Elizabeth's reign than at the beginning. [2] Potatoes were just arriving at the end of the period, and became increasingly important. [2]

Shakespeare used ancient Celtic and Greek mythological figures such as Puck, Oberon, Theseus, and Hermione and placed them in a different time and place than their original stories, but with their ancient characteristics. [4] The cultural stories of the people were once again being told in public, and playwrights, including Shakespeare, made good use of them. [4] Many playwrights and other artists paid homage to their patrons, and Shakespeare was no exception. [4]

In this year, Shakespeare joined the acting and collaborating company, The Lord Chamberlain's Men. [28] Shakespeare penned many Tragedies, Comedies and Histories in his life span. [6] By doing so, being such an influential literary figure, Shakespeare almost undermines women in society by implying that any woman can be "fixed’ by marriage and also a stern hand, in the case of Taming of the Shrew. [7] Marriage is continuously a theme in Shakespeare and can often create a problem for older women. [7]

Some even say that this poem was written in dedication to Henry Wriothsley, the earl of Southampton who was rumoured to be much more than a platonic friend to Shakespeare. [6] Shakespeare sometimes, like in Hamlet, criticized the Monarchy, but in a way that would not be obvious or outwardly treasonous. [4]

More information than you could wish for about everyday life in Shakespeare's time. [27] Shakespeare's death occured on this date in Stratford-upon-Avon. [28] The cause of Shakespeare's death is still unclear but it is believed that he died of a fever in 1616. [6]

It was probably in Stratford that William entered the King's New School where he studied theatre, acting, Latin literature and history. [6] Williams' Life William was born on April 23, 1564, and he died on (he retired 3 yrs earlier) April 26, 1616. [3] Important composers included William Byrd (1543-1623), John Dowland (1563-1626) Thomas Campion (1567-1620), and Robert Johnson (c. 1583-c. 1634). [2] The astronomers Thomas Digges and Thomas Harriot made important contributions; William Gilbert published his seminal study of magnetism, De Magnete, in 1600. [2]

In the year 1603, the Elizabethan Era ended when Queen Elizabeth was no longer ruler and King James I took her place. [28] In the year 1558, the Elizabethan Era began when Queen Elizabeth I came to power. [28] The end of the Elizabethan Era when Queen Elizabeth I was no longer holder of the throne. [28] The start of the Elizabethan Era began when Queen Elizabeth I took the throne. [28]

English achievements in exploration were noteworthy in the Elizabethan era. [2] From this alone, the reader can tell that in the Elizabethan era women were under constant pressure to marry as soon as possible. [7] In Elizabethan times it was expected of women for them to obey and comply with their husband completely, and for a woman to be outspoken in such a way that Katarina was, was frequently looked down upon. [7]

While Elizabethan England is not thought of as an age of technological innovation, some progress did occur. [2] People in Elizabethan England were very concerned with the humours, a very time-specific form of medicine and psychology. [4]

The Elizabethan Age contrasts sharply with the previous and following reigns. [2]

This also happened to be when Elizabethan Theatre began to grow and playwrights like Shakespeare composed many plays that changed the way of the old style theatre ways. [8] The values, attitudes and beliefs that Shakespeare reveals in the opening and closing scenes of Othello, are the exact to the ones accepted by the Elizabethans of the sixteenth century. [8]

The Elizabethan Era's Effect on Shakespeare's Works If every playwright in Shakespeare's time aspired, as he did, to paint a portrait of an age in their works, his would have been the Mona Lisa, leaving the most lasting impression on generations to come and at the same time, one of the world's most baffling mysteries. [8] There’s always history behind a theater, right? Right! The Elizabethan Theater was part of an age where body of works reign while Elizabeth I was queen (1558-1603). [8] I. History of Elizabethan Theater a. forming of theater 1. medieval church 2. mystery and morality b. actors 1. rogues and thieves 2. acting guilds II. Influences and people a. commanding actors 1. [8]

The term Elizabethan refers to the period when Queen Elizabeth the First ruled England. [8] In this period, the Renaissance, or rebirth, spread throughout Europe ("Elizabethan Age"). [8] Elizabethan Food & Dining For the well-to-do, eating during the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods was a fancy affair. [8] How is Elizabethan Era music different from the music that we listen to during this period of time? The music during the Elizabethan era is different from today’s music; For example the music during the Elizabethan era is very significant to them due to the fact that it was history being made. [8] Way way back long ago there was a time period called "The Elizabethan era". [8] The Elizabethan Age is the time period associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) and is often considered to be a golden age in English history. [8] The difference between the Elizabethan Age and Renaissance is that while the Renaissance era is considered to be the transition from the middle Ages to modern history in Europe, the Elizabethan Age is considered the transition from the feudal times before Queen Elizabeth 1 ascended the throne to the more stable era during her reign in England. [9]

Elizabeth ruled in a time of religious turmoil; both the Catholics and Protestants fought to be the official religion of England. (Elizabethan World View). [8] Elizabethan Pirates Did you ever think that some pirates fought for their country? Contrary to what some might believe, Elizabethan pirates, or privateers, fought for Queen Elizabeth of England. [8] Elizabethan Theatre "In roughly built playhouses and cobblestone inn yards, an extraordinary development took place in England in the 1500s." (Yancey, 8). [8] Many people throughout England struggled to find the "correct" religion (Elizabethan World View). [8]

In the Elizabethan era, many of the issues Shakespeare included in his plays were socially accepted by the audience. [8] Elizabethan times was the era in which Queen Elizabeth I and Shakespeare lived. [8]

Names such as "Miranda" and "Olivia" were in fact used for the first time by Shakespeare as names for his characters in his plays. [14] Compared to some of the brutally short lives of his contemporaries, Shakespeare was lucky to have lived to the age of 52, having created a massive catalogue of plays, poems and sonnets. [10] Shakespeare is credited with writing more than thirty plays, 150 sonnets, two long poems, and no novels. [30] Shakespeare is most often associated with the Globe on Bankside, but we know that his plays were also performed at the nearby Rose. [10]

Many people regard Shakespeare as the greatest playwright of all time. [5] We know for sure that Shakespeare spent time in Warwickshire and London, but an intriguing theory could also place him in Lancashire for a short spell during his youth. [10] Born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, Shakespeare spent most of his working life in London, but also did a fair bit of traipsing around the provinces while on tour with his various theatre companies. [10] Most of the medieval churches in the City of London have been destroyed over the years, but if Shakespeare returned today he would surely recognise St Helen’s Bishopsgate. [10] Considering the devastation of the Great Fire of London, and later the Blitz, Shakespeare would still likely recognise a surprising number of Britain’s buildings today. [10] Middle Temple Hall in central London is a somewhat under-appreciated location on the Shakespeare trail. [10]

William was the third-born of eight children to his parents, John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. [10] Shakespeare lived and worked during a rather paranoid age, so everything he wrote needed to be passed by the official censor before it could be performed in public. [10] Shakespeare wrote in blank verse because it closely resembles the natural rhythms of speech. [30]

Shakespeare had a great influence on the English language and invented many words that are still common today. [5] Queen Elizabeth had a love for the arts, especially theater written by Shakespeare. [8] Film fans may also recognise the hall from the scene in Shakespeare in Love (1998) in which Elizabeth I enjoys a command performance of The Two Gentlemen of Verona. [10] The King’s Men (the acting company to which Shakespeare belonged most of his career) performed in the town in 1605 and 1610, and Shakespeare uses a scene in King Lear (1606) to describe in detail the dizzying heights of the clifftops. [10] This honey-coloured building on Henley Street in Stratford-upon-Avon is usually the first port of call for anyone on "the Shakespeare trail’. [10] Some scholars suggest that a young Shakespeare may have attended with his father and witnessed a spectacle that he would later recall in A Midsummer Night’s Dream (first performed in 1605). [10]

On 23 April 1616, just days after his birthday and four years after his last performance in Dover, Shakespeare died. [10] Oedipus Rex was first performed in the fifth century B.C., about two thousand years before Shakespeare's time. [30] Stratford, a village NE of London, was also the site of Shakespeare's death 52 years later. [30]

William Shakespeare's plays of this era, usually had poems accompanied by music, which were very aptly used to express all kinds of emotions. [14]

An important issue that played a part in everyday life for Elizabethans, whether rich or poor, was the difference between men and women. [8] Before the music became a big part in people life during the Elizabethan Era theatre played a really big part during this time. [8] During the Elizabethan era, people were entertained by sources of entertainment, such as plays, music, and poetry. [8] Elizabethan Poor Laws and the Unworthy Poor Tara McFadden Indiana University School of Social Work Abstract Beginning in the Elizabethan Era, unworthy poor was a label placed on able bodied people that appeared to choose to not work. [8]

No Works Cited The Elizabethan World Order was a theological, legal, scientific, and moral plan that provided the ultimate solution to unexplained aspects of the world. [8] "Elizabethan" refers specifically to the reign of Britain’s monarch, Elizabeth 1, from 1558 to 1601. [9] For Queen Elizabeth, being part of the Elizabethan Royalty was a tough and challenging task. [8] Some of the popular theaters were the Globe, the Curtain Elizabethan Theater, the Bull Ring and the Hope Elizabethan Theater, the Swan Theater, Newington Butts, and the Boars Head. [14] Elizabethan Theater Drama changed literature and theater into what it is today. [8]

The Elizabethan stage was quite different than the modern stage: no intermissions, no female actors. [30] Middle Temple Hall is a rare Elizabethan survival in the City of London. [10] Elizabethan sonnets still carried the tradition of Petrarchan conceit. [8]

The Elizabethan Age as part of the Renaissance period saw the development of Elizabethan poetry and the stability of England. [9] The Elizabethan Age also existed within the renaissance period and borrowed much of its ideals from that period. [9]

Health Issues Of The Elizabethan Time The Elizabethan era was not only a period of rations medical science, but also a time of great superstition. [8]

The Renaissance, on the other hand, refers to the awakening from the Middle Ages, the resuscitation of Greek and Roman literature, and the general enlightened social culture, roughly 1400-1800 (and Elizabeth’s reign is part of this period); its "rebirth" and development of these earlier cultures gave Europe its distinct social personality. [9] The renaissance period saw the development of art, literature, technology, invention and modern politics. [9]

This period of time is remembered for its richness of poetry and drama. [5] Historical periods, remember, are labeled for the convenience of historians (compare Age of Enlightenment, Romantic Period, Victorianism, and the like), and seldom are named during their own existence. [9] These two terms are attempts to break history up into distinct periods, although in truth the transitions from one "period" to another are amorphous. [9] Over the Medieval period, weapons were advancing and the elegant rapier began to be obsolete as the musket became popular. [8]

First, there is a minor description about the Elizabethan era and how Queen Elizabeth's rule in England influenced the music back then. [8] During the Elizabethan era, there was a mass production of inspired drama, poetry and other forms of literature, as well as growth in humanism and significantly the birth of professional theater in England. [8]

The Elizabethan era lasted from 1550-1625, it was a time of great change in English culture. [8] The Elizabethan Era, named after Queen Elizabeth I, was a time of change and discovery (Elizabethan Superstitions). [8] Did you know there was a time where infectious diseases like the common cold could kill you and your family? This was the elizabethan era probably the last time where sickness became the "grimm reaper" before modern medical advancements. [8] Elizabethan Fashion The Elizabethan Era was a time that reflect the mood and values of the 16th century though the use of fashion. [8] The Fashion in Elizabethan England at this time reflected the values and Ideals of the era. [8] The Elizabethan Age was a time of change and new ideas (Holzknecht 33). [8] It was during the Elizabethan age that England felt the complete effect of the Renaissance. [8] England prospered in culture and religion as well as establishing itself as a world power, all during Elizabethan times. [8] "According to the Elizabethan times that the play was written in and the general hierarchies within Venetian society men hold all the power and women are considered to be of low intellect" (Berggren 55). [8] Role of Women in the Elizabethan Era: The Royal Women Royal women were the most important and highest ranking women in the social class. [8] Medicine During the Elizabethan Era The medicinal practices and problems of the Elizabethan Era were very important to the people, although they are very different from those of today. [8] Have you ever wondered what people in the Elizabethan Era wore? Fashion was just as important in those days as it is to some people today. [8]

This paper contains information about people everyday life in the Elizabethan Era. [8] During the Elizabethan Era clothing, accessories, and cosmetics were all a part of daily life. [8] The Elizabethan Era really show the difference between the rich and poor, and because of that many roles that was important in their life during this era is not so important today. [8] The Elizabethan Era was from 1533 (the birth of Queen Elizabeth 1) till 1603 (her death). [8] The Elizabethan era gets its name from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. [30] Queen Elizabeth played a huge role in the Elizabethan era ("Queen"). [8]

The people who lived during the Elizabethan Era were not allowed to wear whatever they like or desired. [8] The following article provides a quick peek into the lifestyle of people during the Elizabethan era. [14] During the Elizabethan Era the people would gather together to dance and dance for hours, their stamina must have been incredible. [8] The Elizabethan Era was a significant epoch in the United Kingdom’s history. [8] Names There are many popular names today whose origins lie in the Elizabethan era. [14]

In Elizabethan Age, the sonnets had advanced into a form with new metric and rhyme scheme that was departing from Petrarchan sonnets. [8] Warfare of Elizabethan Times In the Medieval times a sword was a knight’s most important weapons. [8]

Shakespeare's Life and Times From the Internet Shakespeare Editions, this site provides information on Shakespeare's biography, Elizabethan theater, society, history, politics, and religion. [12] In Shakespeare’s Time This series of videos from Shakespeare Uncovered presents the practices and beliefs held by the Elizabethans during Shakespeare’s time. [12] Other important trends in 20th-century criticism included the Freudian approach, such as Ernest Jones's Oedipal interpretation of Hamlet ; the study of Shakespeare in terms of the Elizabethan world view and Elizabethan stage conventions; and the study of the plays in mythic terms. [20] From my perspective, the great trinity of Elizabethan playwrights includes Shakespeare, of course, but also must include Fletcher (and his uncomfortably close collaborator, Francis Beaumont, who not only, it is reported, shared a home with Fletcher, but also clothes, mistresses, and a bed for some 16 years) who was neck in neck with the greatest playwright of the age in terms of popularity; Ben Jonson. [16] Like other Elizabethan schoolboys, Shakespeare studied Latin grammar during the early years, then progressed to the study of logic, rhetoric, composition, oration, versification, and the monuments of Roman literature. [20] They also maintain that what can be assumed to be his broad reading of historical sources along with his daily involvement in the lively worlds of Elizabethan Londonartistic and intellectual, ordinary and aristocraticwould, when transmuted by his genius, have provided Shakespeare with the necessary background to create his dramatic and poetic works. [20] Shakespeare was one of three great Elizabethan playwrights and, some would argue, the least of the three. [16] The Elizabethan Stage at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, designed by Richard L. Hay, uses the dimensions from the contract but the stage's appearance and arrangements are speculation, as the original plans have never been found. [19] It is hard to believe that even Shakespeare could have shown the mastery evident in his plays without several years of apprenticeship (the period of time a person works to learn a skill). [20] Quotations from Shakespeare remain an often unwitting part of everyday speech; productions of his plays remain hugely popular, both in theatres and in the cinema; his style and verse techniques have come to define ‘literariness’; and his history plays in particular are, for many people, the only source of information readily available for a considerable period of medieval history. [20] Shakespeare wrote at a unique period in the history of the British theatre—for the range of his audiences, for the cultural resonance of theatrical institutions—and his plays cannot fairly be dismissed as ‘mere’ fiction or entertainment. [20]

Born 6 years after Queen Elizabeth I had ascended the throne, contemporary with the high period of the English Renaissance, Shakespeare had the good luck to find in the theater of London a medium just coming into its own and an audience, drawn from a wide range of social classes, eager to reward talents of the sort he possessed. [20] There is no question that Fletcher was a figure of great influence during Shakespeare’s lifetime, and his work had an enormous influence on Shakespeare, and all other writers of the period. [16] This period marked the writing of plays such as Othello, first performed 1603 – 1604 and published in the 1620s, King Lear of 1606, published in 1608, and Macbeth, again c. 1606 but first published in the collected First Folio of Shakespeare's works of 1623. [20] Dealing with the tumultuous events of English history between the death of Henry V in 1422 and the accession of Henry VII in 1485 (which began the period of Tudor stability maintained by Shakespeare's own queen), the three "parts" of Henry VI (1592) and Richard III (1594) are no tentative experiments in the form: rather they constitute a gigantic tetralogy, in which each part is a superb play individually and an integral part of an epic sequence. [20]

Among Shakespeare's most important sources, Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1587) is significant for the English history plays, although Shakespeare did not hesitate to transform a character when it suited his dramatic purposes. [20] Does the quality of Shakespeare's first plays: it is hard to believe that even Shakespeare could have shown such mastery without several years of apprenticeship. [20] Shakespeare Survey, 38 (Cambridge, 1985), a review of criticism of Shakespeare's history plays. [20] On a request from Queen Elizabeth that he write a romantic story for Falstaff, a character of the two historical plays of Henry IV, Shakespeare wrote The Merry Wives of Windsor. [20] By this time, scholars believe that the player Shakespeare had not only embarked on his English history cycle with the three Henry VI plays, but had also presented the highly successful if violent Titus Andronicus as well. [20] Shakespeare went well beyond the ordinary playwrights of his day, however, in creating epics such as Henry VI and Richard III, plays that combined theatrical dramatics with recent English history. [20]

Shakespeare wrote approximately 42 plays, in a range of genres and styles, which occupy the principal place in the canon of English literature and which are the subject of a considerable theatrical and critical industry (as well as of substantial tourist revenue). [20] For the company Shakespeare wrote The Taming of the Shrew, in which the author combines Italian and English plot devices, the fantasy play A Midsummer Night's Dream, as well as The Merchant of Venice and Much Ado About Nothing. [20]

Within a few years, his pre-eminence was beyond controversy: in 1598, Francis Meres gave Shakespeare pride of place among the English dramatists he listed in Palladis Tamia, praising the ‘sugred’ sonnets and naming twelve plays composed in ‘Shakespeares fine filed phrase’. [20] In the five years or so following, according to the conventional chronology, Shakespeare wrote eleven plays, the early sonnets, and The Lover's Complaint. [20] When the theatres reopened, Shakespeare wrote new plays, acted in some of Ben Jonson's, and, according to some traditions, in several of his own. [20] By 1594, Shakespeare was a member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and in 1599 a partner in the Globe Theatre, where many of his plays were presented. [20] Much as the royal patron of Shakespeare and Burbage was inclined to favour the players, she waxed indignant when the attractions of the bear garden paled before those of the theatre; and in 1591 an order issued from the privy-council forbidding plays to be acted on Thursdays, because bear-baiting and such pastimes had usually been practised on that day. [31] Shakespeare also may have had a small part in writing the play Double Falsehood, first published in 1727 and thought to be mainly the work of Fletcher. [20] Shakespeare himself is perhaps the greatest practitioner of the adaptive arts, having based almost every single one of his own plays on the previous works of other writers, poets and playwrights. [16] Shakespeare was familiar with classical mythology and literature and based one of his early works for the stage, The Comedy of Errors, on comic plays by the Roman writer Plautus. [20] He was a truly prolific writer, having written at least 16 full plays on his own (including The Tamer Tamed) and was well known as an affable and amiable collaborator, having written additional plays during his partnership with Beaumont, and even more works with his other favorite collaborators, including Shakespeare, Massinger, Jonson, Chapman and Middleton. [16] For the Globe, Shakespeare turned to other genres, writing his mature comedies ( As You Like It and Twelfth Night ) and his major tragedies ( Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth ), as well as his later tragicomedies or romances ( Pericles, The Winter's Tale, Cymbeline, and The Tempest )—these latter plays affected also by the company's acquisition of an additional playhouse, the smaller, indoor Blackfriars theatre—and putting his Holinshed aside. [20] Prospero, shipwrecked on an island and dominating it with magic which he renounces at the end, may well be intended as an image of Shakespeare himself; in any event, the play is like a retrospective glance over the plays of the 2 previous decades. [20]

The first collected edition of Shakespeare is the First Folio, published in 1623 and including all the plays except Pericles and The Two Noble Kinsmen (the latter play also generally not appearing in modern editions). [20]

We know this allusion is directed toward Shakespeare, not only because of the play on his name and profession as a "Shake-scene," but also because of the misquotation from one of his Henry VI plays: "O Tiger's heart wrapped in a woman's hide!" (Part III, act 1, scene 4, line 138). [20] As long as there have been plays by Shakespeare, there have been adaptations of his work. [16] Many companies, including the Royal Shakespeare Company, have produced the two works in tandem, often sharing lead roles, but I have not been able to find any record of the two plays having been adapted together into a single script. [16] The first edition of Shakespeare to divide the plays into acts and scenes and to mark exits and entrances is that of Nicholas Rowe in 1709. [20] This will be the first "Shakespearey" Shakespeare play we have ever done as a company. [16] In all, Shakespeare wrote thrity-eight plays, including many that are still considered the pinnacle of the dramatic art: Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, King Lear, and The Tempest. [20] The handful of tragedies that Shakespeare wrote between 1604 and 1608 comprises an astonishing series of worlds different from one another, created of language that exceeds anything Shakespeare had done before, some of the most complex and vivid characters in all the plays, and a variety of new structural techniques. [20] The blank verse form reached its apotheosis with Shakespeare, but a few of his early plays contain sonnet moments too. [20] During his last decade in the theater Shakespeare was to write fewer but perhaps even finer plays. [20] For this company Shakespeare produced a steady outpouring of plays. [20] For editions of individual plays the New Arden Shakespeare, in progress, is the best series. [20] Iago, the villain who drives Othello to doubt and murder, is the culmination of two distinct traditions, the "Machiavellian" conniver who uses deceit in order to subvert the order of the polity, and the Vice, a schizophrenically tragicomic devil figure from the morality plays going out of fashion as Shakespeare grew up. [20] Without their efforts, since Shakespeare was apparently not interested in publication, many of the plays would not have survived. [20] Every Shakespeare play makes concentrated use of some lexical field. [20]

SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM (1564 – 1616), English playwright, poet, and actor. [20] More than 50 other names have been put forward as the "real" Shakespeare, ranging from the implausible, e.g., Queen Elizabeth I, to the somewhat more possible, e.g., Christopher Marlowe ; William Stanley, 6th earl of Derby; and Roger Manners, 5th earl of Rutland. [20] Two of the six Globe shareholders, Richard Burbage and his brother Cuthbert Burbage, owned double shares of the whole, or 25% each; the other four men, Shakespeare, John Heminges, Augustine Phillips, and Thomas Pope, owned a single share, or 12.5%. (Originally William Kempe was intended to be the seventh partner, but he sold out his share to the four minority sharers, leaving them with more than the originally planned 10%). [19] Baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon on 26 April 1564, William was the son of John Shakespeare, a glovemaker and prominent Stratford citizen who became mayor and justice of the peace during William's childhood. [20] Some have thought these letters to be the transposed initials of Henry Wriothesley, 3d earl of Southampton, to whom Shakespeare dedicated Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece ; or they are possibly the initials of William Herbert, 3d earl of Pembroke, whose connection with Shakespeare is more tenuous. [20]

The Swan was a theatre in Southwark, London, England, built between 1594 and 1596, during the first half of William Shakespeare's career. [19] The most crucial fact about William Shakespeare's career is that he was a popular dramatist. [20]

At this time, the popular theater was gaining widespread acceptance among all classes of English society, and plays were coming to be accepted as a worthy pursuit of talented writers, including Shakespeare's contemporaries Christopher Marlowe and Ben Jonson. [20] Shakespeare's Foreign Worlds will appeal to historians, literary scholars, theater specialists, and anyone interested in Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Age. [17] Shakespeare & Beyond, a blog from the Folger Shakespeare Library, has a handful of blog posts about life in the Elizabethan Age. [12] What’s more, her favorites-William Shakespeare, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir Walter Raleigh-had made the Elizabethan era a cultural Golden Age still remembered today. [15] Entertainment in Elizabethan England Shakespeare Online. 20 Aug. 2000. (date when you accessed the information). [31]

Who among us can name any of the authors who have penned Hallmark cards? No one, and quite rightly so…But Fletcher? Fletcher was not only good, he was great, and his works were among the most popular Elizabethan plays and his notoriety far outstripped Shakespeare’s at the time. [16] A minority of Elizabethan plays, however, call for larger assemblies of actors on the higher second level -- as with the Roman Senators looking down upon Titus in the opening scene of Titus Andronicus. [19]



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(31 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

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2. (60) Elizabethan Essay | Bartleby

3. (26) Elizabethan Theatres

4. (25) Elizabethan era - Wikipedia

5. (17) The Bravest Writer In Elizabethan History: John Fletcher! | Bag&Baggage Productions

6. (16) 8 places that shaped the life of William Shakespeare - History Extra

7. (15) Shakespeare for Elizabethan England

8. (11) 10 Must Reads on the Elizabethan Age | Redwood Library and Athenæum

9. (11) Shakespeare's Foreign Worlds: National and Transnational Identities in the Elizabethan Age on JSTOR

10. (11) What is the difference between the Renaissance and Elizabethan Age? | eNotes

11. (8) Shakespeare Resource Center - Elizabethan England

12. (8) Connection between Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era

13. (8) William Shakespeare during Elizabethan Era,His works,contributin to literature

14. (7) Life During Shakespeare's Time - William Shakespeare - Research Guides at Rowan-Cabarrus Community College

15. (7) The Elizabethan Era Reading Comprehension

16. (7) The Elizabethan period | ESOL Nexus

17. (6) A Peek at the Life and Times of People in the Elizabethan Era

18. (6) SDTV: Answers - shakespeare

19. (6) Elizabethan era through the texts of William Shakespeare | Art Essay

20. (5) How Did Specific Women Of The Elizabethan Age Affect William Shakespeare And His Writings?

21. (4) Elizabethan literature | English literature | Britannica.com

22. (3) Entertainment in Elizabethan England - bear baiting, chess, and more

23. (2) William Shakespeare and Elizabethan era activities by Rhill22 - Teaching Resources - Tes

24. (2) The Elizabethan - Era and William Shakespeare by Dana Williams on Prezi

25. (1) The Elizabethan Age - Shakespeare - Digital Learning Commons at South Portland High School

26. (1) William Shakespeare, an Elizabethan or a Jacobean dramatist | WordReference Forums

27. (1) Elizabethan times & Globe theatre - William Shakespeare

28. (1) William Shakespeare - The Compleat Angler: And Other Meditations on the Art and Philosophy of Fishing, 15th Century to the Present - LibGuides at University of Pittsburgh

29. (1) Tiffany Flint

30. (1) Shakespeare and bake: Elizabethan-era food - Star2.com

31. (1) Elizabethan Age | Poetry Foundation


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