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Gupta Empire India


  • The Gupta Empire, founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, was an ancient Indian realm that covered much of the Indian Subcontinent from approximately 320-550 CE. Gupta rule, while solidified by territorial expansion through war, began a period of peace and prosperity marked by advancements in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectics, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy.
  • Despite the creation of the empire through war, the reign is remembered for its very influential style of Hindu art, literature, culture and science, especially during the reign of Chandragupta II. Some excellent works of Hindu art such as the panels at the Dashavatara Temple in Deogarh serve to illustrate the magnificence of Gupta art.
  • Although preceded by two Guptan rulers, Chandragupta I (reign 320-335 CE) is credited with establishing the Gupta Empire in the Ganges River valley in about 320 CE, when he assumed the name of the founder of the Mauryan Empire.
  • By 550 CE, the original Gupta line had no successor and the empire disintegrated into smaller kingdoms with independent rulers.
  • The Classical Age refers to the period when most of North India was reunited under the Gupta Empire (ca. A.D. 320-550).
  • The Guptas arrived in South Africa from India in the early 1990s and built up a business empire with interests ranging from mining to pay television.
  • Actually Sri Gupta and his son Ghatotkacha ruled between 240 and 319 CE. During their rule, the Guptas did not really create an empire but did lay the foundation stone.



















Religion Gupta Empire India


  • During the time of the Gupta Empire, Indians enjoyed a Golden Age in the arts, sciences and religion.
  • Prosperity in the Gupta Empire initiated a period known as the Golden Age of India, marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy.
  • The Indian numerals which were the first positional base 10 numeral systems in the world originated from Gupta India.
  • Gupta Empire was large and at its peak, covered 21 kingdoms both inside and outside Indian subcontinent.
  • Not containing the restraints demanded by Buddhism (the dominant religion in India for seven centuries before the Guptas) and Jainism, Hinduism was quickly gaining the support of the Royal Guptas.
  • The Chinese traveler Fahien, who visited India during the reign of Chandragupta II, has left a valuable account of the social, economic and religious conditions of the Gupta empire.
  • Actually Sri Gupta and his son Ghatotkacha ruled between 240 and 319 CE. During their rule, the Guptas did not really create an empire but did lay the foundation stone.
  • Although preceded by two Guptan rulers, Chandragupta I (reign 320-335 CE) is credited with establishing the Gupta Empire in the Ganges River valley in about 320 CE, when he assumed the name of the founder of the Mauryan Empire.
  • Rajaraja ruled the Cholan Empire in India's southern region from 985 to 1015 CE and, along with his son Rajendra, is credited with securing the kingdom's dominance from the 10th to the 13th centuries CE. The emperor successfully defeated his main rivals, the Pandyas and the Cheras tribes, in South India, acquiring Kerala in the process.
  • Gupta rulers acquired much of the land previously held by the Mauryan Empire, and peace and trade flourished under their rule.
















Gupta Empire Ancient India


  • The Gupta Empire stretched across northern, central and parts of southern India between c. 320 and 550 CE. The period is noted for its achievements in the arts, architecture, sciences, religion, and philosophy.
  • Chandragupta I (320 - 335 CE) started a rapid expansion of the Gupta Empire and soon established himself as the first sovereign ruler of the empire.
  • However Gupta Empire records and Chinese records provided by the later I-Tsing, furnished the names of the first three rulers of the Gupta Dynasty: Maharaja Sri Gupta, Maharaja Sri Ghatotkacha and Ghatotokacha's son, and Maharajadhiraja Sri Chandragupta, who is considered the first Gupta emperor.
  • Chandragupta married princess Kumaradevi from the Kingdom of Magadha, which was one of the Mahajanapadas (or great countries) of ancient India during the 4th century CE. With a dowry and political alliance from the marriage, Chandragupta conquered or assimilated the kingdoms of Magadha, Prayaga, and Saketa.
  • Gupta Empire Timeline Timeline Description: The Gupta Empire (320 - 550) was an ancient Indian empire that was responsible for the Indian Golden Age, an era of peace in which great advances were made in science and artistic pursuits.
  • What is significant is that these are the first written documents from ancient India.
  • The return of urban civilization to ancient India has been followed by a creative period in its history, with the founding of Buddhism.
  • Before the defeat of the Hunas by Skandagupta, the first invasions of the Hunas displaced the Gupta Empire rule from the North Western part of India.



































































Gupta Empire Classical Age in North India


  • The classical age : The classical age referred to the period when most of the north India was reunited under the Gupta Empire.
  • The Gupta Dynasty: (320 AD - 520 AD): The Gupta dynasty founded by Chandragupta I, ushered in classical age in north India with Samudragupta extending his kingdom and Chandragupta II fighting against Shakas.
  • Under Harsha Vardhana (or Harsha, r. 606-47), North India was reunited briefly, but neither the Guptas nor Harsha controlled a centralized state, and their administrative styles rested on the collaboration of regional and local officials for administering their rule rather than on centrally appointed personnel.
  • India, like all civilizations, has a classical age that defined social and cultural traditions.
  • After the fall of Gupta Empire, north India broke into smaller kingdoms and never was really united until the arrival of Moslems.
  • The famous Chinese pilgrim, Fahien visited India during the reign of Chandragupta II. Out of his nine years stay in India, he spent six years in the Gupta empire.
  • Sri Gupta founded the Gupta Empire c. 240-280 CE, and was succeeded by his son, Ghatotkacha, c. 280-319 CE, followed by Ghatotkacha's son, Chandragupta, c. 319-335 CE.
  • The military exploits of the first three rulers--Chandragupta I (ca. 319-335), Samudragupta (ca. 335-376), and Chandragupta II (ca. 376-415)--brought all of North India under their leadership.
  • The age of the Guptas in the 3rd and the 4th centuries CE is considered to be the golden and classical age of ancient civilization.
  • Chandragupta II died about 415 AD. His son Kumaragupta kept the empire going until in 455 AD the Huns invaded India from the north and destroyed the Guptan Empire.
  • This was the classical age of the history of ancient India, a time of religious ferment when two new faiths, Buddhism and Jainism, appeared.
  • The Gupta Empire was founded by Chandragupta the first (not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya who founded the Maurya empire in the 3rd century B.C.E.).
























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