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High Middle Ages Gothic Architecture

  • Unlike with past and future styles of art, like the Carolingian style as noted by French art historian Louis Grodecki in his work Gothic Architecture, Gothic's lack of a definite historical or geographic nexus results in a weak concept of what truly is Gothic.
  • Later Benedictine projects (constructions and renovations), made possible by the continued prominence of the Benedictine order throughout the Middle Ages, include Reims's Abbey of Saint-Nicaise, Rouen's Abbey of Saint-Ouen, Abbey of St. Robert at La Chaise-Dieu, and the choir of Mont Saint-Michel in France; English examples are Westminster Abbey, and the reconstruction of the Benedictine church at Canterbury.
  • In "Contrasts," written in 1836, Puking put forth the idea that the Middle Ages, in its way of life and art, was superior to his own time and ought to be imitated.
  • As the tendency was to dramatist height in Gothic architecture, the walls typically appear as tall, thin columns set between the windows.
  • The High Gothic phase of architecture was ushered in by the Cathedral of Chartres, begun after 1194 and followed in rapid succession by the cathedrals of Bourges, Reims, Amiens, and Beauvais.
  • As we alluded to in the short introduction to the social and cultural changes of the High and Late Middle Ages, the ever more sophisticated governmental and administrative body of the new Europe led to a sizeable number of newly founded fortified towns and cities, the construction of castles, houses and administrative buildings.
  • Decorated Gothic Period : A name given specifically to a division of English Gothic architecture, which was broken into two periods: the Geometric style (1250-1290) and the Curvilinear style (1290-1350).
  • Architecture was the dominant expression of the Gothic Age.
  • Chartres Cathedral is a splendid example of French Gothic architecture as well as one of the best preserved Gothic buildings in Europe.
  • In the 19th century, there was a fascination with the Middle Ages that included a revival of interest in medieval tales like the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, Tristan and Iseult ( Tristan und Isolde in German), and the Norse tales that were famously set to music by German composer, Richard Wagner in Das Ring des Nibelungen, informally known as the Ring Cycle of four operas.

High Middle Ages Western Europe

  • In the High Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Hungary (founded in 1000), became one of the most powerful medieval states in central Europe and Western Europe.
  • The East-West Schism of 1054 formally separated the Christian church into two parts: Western Catholicism in Western Europe and Eastern Orthodoxy in the east.
  • Economic and political changes in the High Middle Ages led to the formation of guilds and the growth of towns, and this would lead to significant changes for theatre starting in this time and continuing into in the Late Middle Ages.
  • "Urban" society: In the High Middle Ages, towns and cities had several functions.
  • The Middle Ages were a period in Europe dating from the collapse of the Roman Empire in the West, around the 5th century.
  • The term High Middle Ages refers to a 300-year span of European history that lasted from approximately 1001 to 1300 A.D. It was characterized by heretical challenges to church authority and formal constraints on the monarchy in England, such as the ones that came about as a result of the Magna Carta document.
  • Western Europe emerged from the Dark Ages about the year 1000 in a spirit of enthusiasm, optimism, and cultural unity difficult for us to understand today, given our knowledge of the horrors, plagues, famine, war, and instability with which the Middle Ages came to an end nearly five centuries later.
  • Although plague had been known intermittently in Western Europe since ancient times, its reappearance in the mid-fourteenth century was dramatic and devastating.

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