world history education resources
Research numerous resources on the world history topics!





















































































































mesopotamia Bible


  • Cross Reference Bible links Mesopotamia in the NIV is listed only in Acts 2:9 and 7:2 Aram Naharaim, translated "Mesopotamia" in the Cross Reference Bible, is also mentioned in the introduction to Psalm 60:1 as well as in Genesis 24:10, Deuteronomy 23:4, Judges 3:8,10, and other links, below.
  • Dating Hammurabi in the range of c. 2250-2100 was the standard in the early twentieth century and even later (Jastrow 1915, pp. 146, 149; Rogers 1915, p. 80; Winckler 1907, p. 59). 1 Even Henry H. Halley, in his popular Bible handbook, and H. C. Leupold, in his popular commentary on Genesis, were dating Abraham and Hammurabi to the same period (Halley 1965, p. 97; Leupold 1942, p. 447). 2 Today, Hammurabi is dated to about 1792-1750 (Roux 1992, p. 506).
  • Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of Mesopotamia and the Bible by Mark W. Chavalas.
  • Christoph Uehlinger is a Hebrew Bible/Old Testament scholar who taught on Bible, iconography, and ancient religion at the University of Fribourg for many years.
  • For the purposes of this article, the region of Mesopotamia (the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers) is divided into two sub-regions: the southern region known as Sumer ( Shinar in the Bible) and the northern region known as Aram.
  • In particular the renewed interest in Eastern (or Mesopotamian) Syria has radically altered our understanding of not only the ancient Near East, but of the Bible as well.
  • The translation of ancient cuneiform tablets in the 19th century confirmed the Mesopotamian flood myth as an antecedent of the Noah story in the Bible.

























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































mesopotamia Zodiac


  • The star list makes it abundantly clear that the signs of the zodiac were measured in relation to various fixed stars, the Normal Stars used in Mesopotamia rather than from an equinox point.
  • Deities of Mesopotamia were associated with certain times, days, and months.
  • This was the "Hellenistic" period, from 323 to 31 bce, and it gives us the first surviving pictures of the Mesopotamian constellations: the Seleucid Zodiac from Mesopotamia itself and the Dendera Zodiac from Egypt.
  • In the course of the expansion of omen interpretation based on planet positions beyond the borders of Mesopotamia, the names of the gods were adapted to the various cultures and languages, but their characteristics remained for the most part unchanged.
  • The astrologer assumes 273 days between conception and birth, an assumption also used by those Greek astrologers who used the conception date./279/ The positions of the sun and the moon are given as so many "cubits" from one the "Normal Stars," and not as degrees in the zodiac./280/ This is the practice in the non-mathematical astronomical texts of later Mesopotamia, such as the "diaries
  • In _Laws_ and Epinomis, Plato went farther, even calling for the formal worship of the planet-gods./36/ By Plato's time, it had become customary to name the planets for the Olympian gods, and, generally speaking, the Greek names corresponded to their Mesopotamian equivalents./37/ The planet Mercury, for example, named for Nabu in Mesopotamia, was called "the star of Hermes," in Greek.










































































































































Privacy Policy  | Terms & Conditions  | Note: Footnotes & Links provided to all original resources.

© Copyright 2017, Power Text Solutions, All Rights Reserved.