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new Kingdom Egypt Cult Of Amun

  • Much later, because of the evidence of the adoration given to Amun in many regions during the height of his cult, Greek travelers to Egypt would report that Amun - who they determined to be the ruler of the Egyptian pantheon - was similar to the leader of the Classical Greek pantheon, Zeus, and therefore they became identified by the Greeks as the same deity.
  • The New Kingdom (c. 1570- c.1069 BCE) is the era in Egyptian history following the disunity of the Second Intermediate.
  • Thebes, the birth city of Ahmose, became an important city and gradually became the capital of the New Kingdom, and Amun, the local patron deity of Thebes, also became an important god.
  • After Ahmose I expelled the Hyksos from Lower Egypt, a policy of empire building began, reaching its greatest height during the reign of Thutmose III. During this time, the Amun Re cult became the state religion, and pharaohs went to war "at the command of Amun", building temples and monuments to the God.
  • The god Amun was so successful in replacing that irrepressible god of war, Montu, as the main god of Thebes during the early periods of the New Kingdom; during this interlude, he started getting his recognition as the King of Gods.
  • They also rejected the traditional form of the sun cult (the pyramid - a huge symbolic image) and dedicated their mortuary cults to Amun.
  • During the New Kingdom (c. 1570-1070 BCE), the Valley of the Kings was the burial place of Egypt's pharaohs, including such powerful and famous rulers as Amenhotep III, Rameses II, and Tutankhamen.

new Kingdom Egypt Inventions

  • While ancient Egypt is usually associated with pharaohs, mummies and pyramids, a great number of ancient Egyptian inventions are still used in our everyday lives.
  • The priests of Amun held power at Thebes in Upper Egypt and the Nubians in the south, with no central Egyptian power to hold them in check, took back the lands they had lost under Thuthmose III and the other great pharaohs of the New Kingdom.
  • According to many scholars, there is more to ancient Egypt than just these inventions, even though, they do provide a glimpse of the glorious past that made ancient Egyptians truly unique.
  • The bureaucracy of the Old Kingdom of Egypt set the paradigm for the rest of the country's history in accounting for every aspect of a building project and making sure each step was proceeding according to plan.
  • They are joined by dozens of large and small obelisks, which are pointed stone pillars that the pharaohs and other prominent Egyptians built to commemorate their great deeds, worship the sun god Ra, and provide magical protection and stability for Egypt's tombs, temples, and kingdom.
  • This empire would elevate Egypt's status on the international stage, making her a member of the coalition modern historians call the "Club of Great Powers" along with Assyria, Babylon, the Hittite New Kingdom, and the Kingdom of the Mitanni all of whom participated in trade and diplomatic relationships.
  • Between the 15th and 18th centuries, Egypt had a minor but significant position in general views of antiquity, and its monuments gradually became better known through the work of scholars in Europe and travelers in the country itself; the finest publications of the latter were by Richard Pococke, Frederik Ludwig Norden, and Carsten Niebuhr, all of whose works in the 18th century helped to stimulate an Egyptian revival in European art and architecture.
  • Did you know that the Ancient Egyptians were not just good at running their government, but were excellent inventors too?

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