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The Victorian Era Literature Characteristics

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The Victorian Era Literature Characteristics

C O N T E N T S:

KEY TOPICS
  • As is quite evident from the title the kind of literature that evolved during the reign of Queen Victoria is famously known as the Victorian era literature.(More...)
  • If one studies possibly, all the great writers of this period, you will mark three general characteristics, Firstly, literature in the Victorian age tended to come face to face with realism.(More...)
  • Knowing the characteristics of a particular time period - in this case, the Victorian era - can really help you to understand the motivations of the people who lived at that time and who wrote then or painted then or did whatever they were doing.(More...)
  • This criticism, although rather broadly covering as it does all English literature, is rather a fair comment on much of the fiction of the Victorian Era.(More...)
  • During this time period of course, characteristics of the culture were presented in the literature of the era.(More...)
  • The theory of evolution contained within the work shook many of the ideas the Victorians had about themselves and their place in the world and although it took a long time to be widely accepted it would change, dramatically, subsequent thought and literature.(More...)
  • The great novelists like:- Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, William Thackeray, GeorgeEliot, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and Anne Bronte filled the sky of the Victorian era with their novels.(More...)

POSSIBLY USEFUL
  • It started the famous Victorian mode of serial novels which dominated the age till the end of the century.(More...)



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KEY TOPICS
As is quite evident from the title the kind of literature that evolved during the reign of Queen Victoria is famously known as the Victorian era literature. [1] Coming down to the history of English Literature from the Romantic Age of Idealism to the Victorian era of Realism, one experiences the feeling of a return from solitude to society, from nature to industry, from concepts to issues, from spiritualism to pragmatism, from optimism to agnosticism, from lyricism to criticism and from organicism to compromise. [2]

Queen Victoria after whom the period between 1837 to 1901 has been referred to as the Victorian Era was a landmark period in the history of the Great Britain. [3] Thomas Hardy was the most important writer in the later part of the Victorian Era. [4] When looking at Victorian era characteristics, it is important to look at all aspects of Victorian Britain. [3] Many modern novels such as A Great and Terrible Beauty demonstrate that the intricate cultural mores of the Victorian era find a home in the modern cultural psyche. [1] Against the chain of thinkers, including Newman, Arnold and Ruskin, who were essentially religious, was the formidable force of utilitarian thinkers, continued by J.S. Mill and agnostic scientists like Darwin, Spencer, Huxley, etc. Although utilitarianism was propounded by Jeremy Bentham, the philosophy came into operation during the Victorian era. [2] People of the Victorian Era sought to explore and understand questions about the metaphysical world, but ultimately found no answers and were left in doubt. [2]

Despite the whimsy, in the Victorian Era, poetry and literature take a more harsh and utilitarian view of nature and philosophy.However, unlike the Romantics, the Victorian poets were more likely to deny the existence of God through scientific means("Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold is the great Victorian example). [5] Literature for children developed as a separate genre during the Victorian era, and some works became internationally known, such as Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865). [6] Hopefully, after reading, you’ll know how to identify literature written during the Victorian era and form a better understanding of it. [7] Excellent summation of the highlights of Victorian Era literature, Holle, well-written and easy to understand. [7] Victorian literature is literature, mainly written in English, during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) (the Victorian era ). [8] What are the six eras of English literature? such as Victorian era, etc. 1 educator answer [9]


If one studies possibly, all the great writers of this period, you will mark three general characteristics, Firstly, literature in the Victorian age tended to come face to face with realism. [1] The literature of the Victorian age (1837-1901) entered a new period after the romantic revival. [1] Although characterized as practical and materialistic, the literature of the Victorian age portrays a completely ideal life. [1]

The literature of this era was preceded by romanticism and was followed by modernism or realism. [1]

Victorian Literature is the literature produced during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) A.D. During this time, England was undergoing a tremendous cultural upheaval; the accepted forms of literature, art and music had undergone a radical change. [2] The reclaiming of the past was a major part of Victorian literature and was to be found in both classical literature and also the medieval literature of England. [1] Victorian literature is riddled with nostalgia: from historical novels about Robi. [10] The persistent popular embrace of Victorian literature has had a profound influence on modern literature and media. [1]


Knowing the characteristics of a particular time period - in this case, the Victorian era - can really help you to understand the motivations of the people who lived at that time and who wrote then or painted then or did whatever they were doing. [11] Charlotte and Emily Bronte wrote Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights in what would be considered the Victorian era, but those novels have much more qualities of the Romantic period. [11] It was in the Victorian era (1832-1900) that the novel became the leading literary genre in English. [6] George Eliot wrote a bunch of successful novels during the Victorian Era, including Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Middlemarch (1871-72). [11] Another notable novelist from that time, from the Victorian era, is George Eliot. [11] It's not like every poem written in the Victorian era had to be funny, skeptical and nostalgic all at the same time. [11] What I'm going to talk about are the commonly observed characteristics of poetry and prose written during the Victorian era and the probable causes for those characteristics. [11] Because the Victorian Era covers so many years, 1830 - 1900, it is usually broken down into the early Victorian, mid-Victorian, and late Victorian, each of which displays its own characteristics. [9] Another characteristic of the Victorian era are changing world views. [11] This isn't an exhaustive list of things that were happening during the Victorian era, but it's just meant to give you a sense of what was going on and why that would have inspired the writers of that time to write what they do. [11] In the UK, Philip Gosse and Sarah Bowdich Lee were two of the most popular nature writers in the early part of the Victorian era. [8] The Victorian era was an important time for the development of science and the Victorians had a mission to describe and classify the entire natural world. [8] If you’re interested in learning more about the Victorian era and the Victorians, spend some time on the Victorian Web. [7] The period from 1830 to 1900 is generally considered the Victorian Era. [9] Some of the notable poets from the Victorian era are Lord Alfred Tennyson, Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and also Matthew Arnold. [11] One of the most significant accomplishments of the Victorian Era is the appearance of female poets. [5] Anthony Trollope's (1815-82) was one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. [6] This hub is definitely helpful to me because I'm a grad student of English and am focusing my studies on the Victorian era. [7] In the later decades of the Victorian era Thomas Hardy was the most important novelist. [8] In England, the Victorian era was the era of massive empire building. [9] The Victorian era slightly overlaps with Britain's Industrial Revolution, which saw big changes to the way that people lived, worked, and traveled. [11]

He did not feel a part of the time in which he lived, and in his nonfiction works ("Literature and Dogma") sharply criticized the British Society for immorality and lack of culture, idealizing ancient civilization.Robert Browning (1812-1889), too, felt like a stranger in Victorian England. [5] The problem with the classification of "Victorian literature" is the great difference between the early works of the period and the later works which had more in common with the writers of the Edwardian period and many writers straddle this divide. [8] In this article, the different types of literature produced during the Victorian times will be discussed, including novels, poetry, and short stories. [7] Victorian writers of Canadian literature include Grant Allen, Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill. [8]


This criticism, although rather broadly covering as it does all English literature, is rather a fair comment on much of the fiction of the Victorian Era. [12] A new form of supernatural, mystery and fantastic literature during this period, often centered on larger-than-life characters such as Sherlock Holmes famous detective of the times, Barry Lee big time gang leader of the Victorian Times, Sexton Blakes, Phileas Foggs, Frankenstein fictional characters of the era, Dracula, Edward Hyde, The Invisible Man, and many other fictional characters who often had exotic enemies to foil. [12] Christopher, do you view Conan Doyle and Potter as a bridge toward new literature or more as closing an era? This is an earnest question because I am very interested, but have not been exposed to lots of viewpoints on the subject - I never studied Late Victorian formally, or early 20th either. [13]


During this time period of course, characteristics of the culture were presented in the literature of the era. [9] A number of other non-fiction works of the era made their mark on the literature of the period. [8] Literature that emerged in England during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) was diverse in many ways, and defined to a large extent by the historical era rather than any other characteristic. [14] The Vistorian era was a bridge between the romantic era in literature of the 18th century and the industrialized world of the 20th century. [9]

Novels were the most prevalent form of literature in the early Victorian period. [15] Victorian period literature includes some amazing verse, in the forms of lyric poems, dramatic monologues, narrative ballads, sonnets, and blank verse. [7] The Victorian period in history and literature was during the years of the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). [9] Towards the end of the Victorian period, themes of satire and rebellion against all the proper behavior stereotypes began to show up in literature. [9] Advances in technology, medicine, and transportation made life better for many, and some Victorian period literature expresses this. [7]

As we explore more Victorian literature, and really all of literature, it's important to keep in mind that the characteristics that I've talked about are things that people have observed in retrospect about these works and not the qualities that the writers were necessarily striving for at the time. [11] Many of the same Victorian literature themes found in novels and poems can be found in short works of fiction from the period. [7] We're talking about Victorian literature, and it's good to keep in mind that all literary periods, or movements, are really just a scholarly construct to help readers understand and classify literature from different time periods or that have been written in different styles. [11] Characteristics of Victorian literature are likely similar because the artists were inspired both by the art that came before them and the events occurring during the time that they were working. [11] Some of the main characteristics of Victorian literature continued beyond Queen Victoria’s death, too. [7] He is best known for his novel Vanity Fair (1848), subtitled A Novel without a Hero, which is an example of a form popular in Victorian literature: a historical novel in which recent history is depicted. [8] You’ll find information about politics, philosophy, technology, the visual arts, music, vocabulary, science, drama, and religion, along with great information about Victorian literature, including novels, poetry, letters, autobiography, essays, short stories, and more. [7] Victorian age literature was often a reflection or a response to historical events and social conditions. [7] Victorian literature also grapples with scientific and societal change; the publication of Charles Darwin’s "On the Origin of Species" and the growing movement for rights for laborers, women and children influenced writers such as Gaskell and Tennyson, who expressed sympathy for them in their works. [15] Writers from the United States and the British colonies of Australia, New Zealand and Canada were influenced by the literature of Britain and are often classed as a part of Victorian literature, although they were gradually developing their own distinctive voices. [8] The reclaiming of the past was a major part of Victorian literature with an interest in both classical literature but also the medieval literature of England. [8] Victorian literature is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. [11] Victorian literature is just literature written during the reign of Queen Victoria in Great Britain. [11]

Best known for the works of the Bront" sisters and Dickens, Victorian literature goes beyond the moralizing so often associated with it, in many cases combining both imagination and emotion, as well as an effort to reach the newly literate readership. [14] In general, Victorian literature represents a zenith of English language literary achievement in terms of the beauty of its language and thought, reflecting traditional values and using time-tested literary forms to express its themes. [9] How much do you know about Victorian literature? Most people are familiar with Charles Dickens, the most famous of the Victorian novelists, but Dickens is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg. [7] Some literature published before Queen Victoria’s reign, such as Jane Austen’s "Pride and Prejudice," portend the style and preoccupations of early Victorian literature and are sometimes included in Victorian canons. [15] Early Victorian literature upheld the Victorian gentleman - - morally upright, respectable, Christian, rational and middle class, as the ideal human being. [15] How did the Victorian Age play an important role in the History of English literature? How does. [9]

Some characteristics, or features, of Victorian poetry move poetry away from the Romantic era poets. [5]

Victorian literature is the body of poetry, fiction, essays, and letters produced during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) and during the era which bears her name. [12] We often also recognize the final decade of the nineteenth century (the 1890s) as an important transitional period between the Victorian era and Modernism. [16] I'm in the group that looks at the Victorian Era as that period that starts about when Victoria was crowned, and then extends to a few years after her death. [13] While Galsworthy, in The Forsyte Saga certainly has a major chunk of the novel occurring during the Victorian Era, the novel's writing style is Edwardian, even post-Edwardian in some respects. [13] Victorian era writers were mixed in their reactions to industrialization. [16] The victorian era in literature is marked by a shift in the attitude of poets from relaxed to realism-oriented, as well as a shift in popularity from poetry to novels novels were granted the title. [17] Victorian era literature characteristics influence of victorian era literature and poetry famous novelists and their works. 25-08-2016 general vic era discussions what are common characteristics of victorian literature etc--ie, not land-owners), rather than about all the classes that the victorian novel is all about the middle class is not really surprising, though, given that they were the largest section of readers primary education was not made. [17]


The theory of evolution contained within the work shook many of the ideas the Victorians had about themselves and their place in the world and although it took a long time to be widely accepted it would change, dramatically, subsequent thought and literature. [12] The interest in older works of literature led the Victorians much further afield to find new old works with a great interest in translating of literature from the farthest flung corners of their new empire and beyond. [12] Victorian writers of Canadian literature include Grant Allen, Susanna Moodie, and Catherine Parr Traill. [12] In its genesis, the Modernist Period in English literature was first and foremost a visceral reaction against the Victorian culture and aesthetic, which had prevailed for most of the nineteenth century. [18]

Such a major literary figure as Charles Dickens tended to dictate the direction of all literature of the era, not least because he edited All the Year Round a literary journal of the time. [12] I wonder though if it is effective to have such a long era designation of literature of 120 years? I haven't studied the time period in that way, so scholars may make some good points with it. [13] The slow trend in his fiction towards darker themes is mirrored in much of the writing of the century, and literature after his death in 1870 is notably different from that at the start of the era. [12]

I know that a lot of Victorians, especially early in the era, saw the Irish as a separate and inferior racial group, and I think the Welsh were included in this category as well. [13] Writers of the Victorian period tended to note more explicitly than had writers of previous ages the degree to which theirs was, for good or ill, an era of rapid transition and change. [16] The mid-Victorian era was somewhat less tumultuous than was the earlier Victorian period as the relationship between industry and government began to work itself out. [16] Despite its having been an era of great social change, the Victorian period (particularly its early and middle periods) saw little progress for women's rights. [16]

I think the reason the long 19th century comes up for people who study the Victorian period is because the dates of Victoria's coronation and death don't necessarily make it easy to talk about how influence or historical background affect literature; if you're writing about Victorian female novelists, for example, then discussing Jane Austen is practically a necessity (or, it was for a while) and the long 19th century can be helpful. [13] The educational reforms of the Victorian Age had led to a rapid increase in literacy rates, and therefore a greater demand for literature or all sorts. [18] The problem with the classification of Victorian literature is great difference between the early works of the period and the later works which had more in common with the writers of the Edwardian period and many writers straddle this divide. [12] Writers from the former colony of The United States of America and the remaining colonies of Australia, New Zealand, and Canada could not avoid being influenced by the literature of Britain and they are often classed as a part of Victorian literature although they were gradually developing their own distinctive voices. [12] He is best known for his novel Vanity Fair, subtitled A Novel without a Hero, which is also an example of a form popular in Victorian literature: the historical novel, in which very recent history is depicted. [12] Although immensely popular in his day, Edward Bulwer-Lytton is now held up as an example of the very worst of Victorian literature with his sensationalist story-lines and his over-boiled style of prose. [12] Carolyn wrote: "What do you think that Victorian Literature has in common? If someone mentions a book to you and says it is Victorian Lit, what would you expect to happen in the book? This question just occurred t [13] I think what gives them a unique twist in Victorian literature is that Victorian characters have a strong sense of their place in society. [13]


The great novelists like:- Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, William Thackeray, GeorgeEliot, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte and Anne Bronte filled the sky of the Victorian era with their novels. [19] The novels were looking like the bright stars in the sky of england during the Victorian era. [19] Through the poems from the Victorian era of both Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Matthew Arnold, the recurrent themes of shifting religious ideas, language usage, and the economy are clear. [20] Reign of Queen Victoria Early and Late Victorian Era Early economic depression, Late prosperous Rapid industrialization, wage laws Violent political upheaval and reform Pasteur publishes work on pasteurization Historical and Political Contexts Works Cited Dr.doCarmo. [21] In the course of the Victorian era there developed among the increasingly large number of literary men and women and philanthropic social reformers a humanist attitude to life which was not a matter of creed and dogmas, by recognition of the love and loyalty that the better-sensed people had for their unfortunate brethren. [22] The Victorian era was peaceful reign Englisn people made a remarkeble progress in industrial, commercial and social life. [19]

It was an era of material influence, political consciousness, democratic reforms, industrial and mechanical progress, scientific advancement, social unrest, educational expansion, empire building and religious uncertainty.The Victorian age was essentially a period of peace and prosperity for England. [22]

In one direction the literature of the Victorian age achieved a salient and momentous advance over the lecture of the Romantic Revival. [22] Characteristics of victorian literature overview the literature of the victorian age (1837 - 1901, named for the reign of queen victoria) entered in a new period. [17] Home literary criticism victorian literature characteristics serialization utilitarianism top authors timeline texts best of the web quizzes serialization in victorian literature back next it can be daunting to pick up a victorian novel the penguin edition of middlemarch weighs in at 880 pages, and it's not an exception. [17] Students of Victorian literature looking for a European context, however, will in all likelihood be most interested in France; and while many guides to English decadence tend to contain material on this, Pierrot 1981 is the strongest on the literature, while Birkett 1986 provides a wider contextual view for the French movement, which usefully supplements the broader-brush versions often given in Anglocentric works. [23] The victorian period began roughly around the time of the beginning of queen victoria’s reign in 1837 and ended around her death in 1901 some literature published before queen victoria’s reign, such as jane austen’s "pride and prejudice," portend the style and preoccupations of early victorian literature and are. [17] The Victorian age was essentially the age of prose and novel W.J.Long in his book history of English literature says Though the age produced many poets nevertheless this is emphatically an age of prose and novel. (The novel in this age fill a place which the drama held in the days of Elizabethan). [19] This period is considered as Victorian age in the history of english literature. [19]

That's why the Victorian literature is the literature of realism rather than romance like Oliver Twist, Mill on the floss, Middlemarch, In Memoriam, etc. The literature of the Victorian age, in spite of its insistence on rationality, and an order born out of reason, could not completely cut off from the main springs of Romanticism. [22] In Victorian literature we found realistic character rather than romantic character. [22] A note of pessimism, doubt and despair runs through Victorian literature and is noticed especially in the poetry of Matthew Arnold and Arthur Hugh Clough. [22]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
It started the famous Victorian mode of serial novels which dominated the age till the end of the century. [4] As a result of his strong opinions of his society and its issues, and a critical rejection of the dominant concerns found in works of other writers of the same age, Thackeray stands in isolation as an outsider to this circle due his skepticism of the changing Victorian society. [4] Mary Barton was her first novel, published in 1848 with a subtitle, 'A Tale of Manchester Life' and sticks to the Victorian concern of presenting the daily life of the middle class. [4] The Romantic Movement, which preceded the Victorian Renaissance, had often portrayed the human pursuit of knowledge and power as a beautiful thing, as in the works of Wordsworth. [2] The theory of evolution contained within the work shook many of the ideas the Victorians had about themselves. [1]

While this formula was the basis for much of earlier Victorian fiction, the situation became more complex as the century progressed. [1] The Victorians loved the heroic, chivalrous stories of knights of old and they hoped to regain some of that noble, courtly behaviour and impress it upon the people both at home and in the wider empire. [1] The Victorians were the first to confront Darwin's theory of evolution. [10] For example the character of Henry Esmond is also not a completely positive character and the negatives of his self, is perhaps Thackeray's critique of Victorian emphasis on the individual. [4] Victorians loved them some progress, whether it was one person bootstrapping their way up into the middle class, or the entire nation growing bigger and stronger. [10]

In terms of philosophical ideas, the Victorian period, unlike the earlier periods of literary history in England, was marked by conflicting movement carried on through crusades and counter-crusades, attacks and counter-attacks. [2]

The root of the word "Novel" or "Novella" signifies something "new" as it was a later conception in the history of literature. [4] A novel is a piece of literature that can be fictional or real and is written in prose. [4] In fact a single novel is often is result of play of these various strands of literature. [4]

It can be a highly serious work of literature, a didactic one with a moral, a part of children's fiction and is also open to experimentation. [4] It was the direct expression of disillusionment with the war and that art too had lost its meaning like the literature of the classical time. [4] In the hierarchy of literature it is considered to be below comedy however has remained popular in performance throughout the Western world to the present time. [4] Although it took a long time to be widely accepted, completely changed following thoughts and literature. [1] This was echoed in the Literature of the time where sentences are fragmented and deliberately left incomplete as in Waiting for Godot. [4]

It challenged the harmony and the rationality of the Enlightenment and sought to reinvent art and literature of the age. [4] It was a crucial event that changed the way of the world, impacted the psyche of the people and also the way literature was written. [4] He also asserted that it was one of the first four genres of literature apart from epics, tragedies and lyric poetry.As the genre was not given the high status as tragedies were assigned, the beginnings of comedy are obscure. [4] Genres are the distinguishing categories of drama or literature on the whole. [4]

Much of this writing was not regarded as literature but one book, in particular, Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, remains famous. [1] Drama is one of the oldest forms of literature along with the epic. [4] Dubliners published in 1914 is a part of the modernist literature along with The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Ulysses. [4] A large part of the complex of change that comes about in English Literature from early 19 th century to the later 19 th century can be measured from the kind of the change, the images of the ocean undergo when we move from Byron to Arnold. [2]

After the high tragedies of Greece, the form was developed and used in the Elizabeth era by writers like Shakespeare (Romeo and Julient, Hamlet, Othello for example), and Thomas Kyd (The Spanish Tragedy), in the Jacobean era by writers like Webster (Duchess of Malfi) and then in France in the 17th century followed by writers in Europe and America in the late 19th century and early 20th century. [4] Anthony Trollope, another writer in the second half of the era, was himself from a middle class background and wrote the Phineas Finn (1869) and The Way we Live (1874). [4] Congreve, Aphra Behn, Etherege and Farquar are other important writers of the restoration era. [4]

George Gissing, George Moore, Samuel Butler, Henry James, Robert Louis Stevenson were other novels of the era. [4] These tales often centred on larger-than-life characters such as Sherlock Holmes, the famous detective of the times, Barry Lee, big time gang leader, Sexton Blake, Phileas Fogg, and other fictional characters of the era, such as Dracula, Edward Hyde. [1] A type of play popular during the Restoration era in England, a Heroic drama is, distinguished by both its verse structure and its subject matter. [4] He was influenced by both the romanticism of the earlier era and the social commentary of Dickens. [4] It was to raise these questions that distortion became a crucial trope in the visual arts of the era. [4]

Whereas, the Romantics could afford to withdraw from the town in the initial stages of the Industrialisation, the Victorians, facing the flowering of the Industrial Revolution had no such soft option available to them.Therefore rather than living in solitude, writers of the Victorian Age had to cope with the process of change in which the old agrarian way of life had to make the place for the new individual civilisation. [2] Though the Victorian Age produced two great poets Alfred Lord Tennyson and Robert Browning, the age is also remarkable for the excellence of its prose. [1]

Victorian novels tend to be idealized portraits of difficult lives in which hard work, perseverance, love and luck win out in the end. [1]

It's not like Charles Dickens got together with George Eliot and Robert Browning and went, 'Hey, we're Victorian writers, so our work better have a strong sense of right and wrong.' That's not how it worked. [11] Major writers of short fiction from Victorian times include Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Hardy, Wilkie Collins, Joseph Conrad, and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. [7]

Robert Browning (1812-89) and Alfred Tennyson (1809-92) were Victorian England's most famous poets, though more recent taste has tended to prefer the poetry of Thomas Hardy, who, though he wrote poetry throughout his life, did not publish a collection until 1898, as well as that of Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-89), whose poetry was published posthumously in 1918. [8]

The general principles that define lyric poetry are its conventions of being a shorter poem in which the narrator expresses personal feelings that are often directly addressed to the reader.the "Victorian Lyric" adopted was more "linguistically self-conscious and defensive" than the Lyric of the Romantic era.Victorians often mixed up their genres, so the lyric became incorporated with other forms such as the dramatic monologue or "dramatic lyric". [5] H. G. Wells's (1866-1946) writing career began in the 1890s with science fiction novels like The War of the Worlds (1898) which describes an invasion of late Victorian England by Martians, and Wells is, along with Frenchman Jules Verne (1828-1905), as a major figure in the development of the science fiction genre. [6] Trollope's novels portray the lives of the landowning and professional classes of early Victorian England. [6] A Victorian realist, in the tradition of George Eliot, he was also influenced both in his novels and poetry by Romanticism, especially by William Wordsworth. [6] Other important Victorian writers who shared their adventures in remote parts of the Empire and on the continent include E.M. Forster, D.H. Lawrence, Katherine Mansfield, Olive Schreiner, Robert Browning, Wilkie Collins, William Howitt, Anthony Trollope, and Grant Allen. [7] Her works, especially Middlemarch 1871-2), are important examples of literary realism, and are admired for their combination of high Victorian literary detail, with an intellectual breadth that removes them from the narrow geographic confines they often depict, that has led to comparisons with Tolstoy. [6] Anne, Charlotte and Emily Bront" produced notable works of the period, although these were not immediately appreciated by Victorian critics. [8] While their Victorian predecessors had usually been happy to cater to mainstream middle-class taste, 20th-century writers often felt alienated from it, so responded by writing more intellectually challenging works or by pushing the boundaries of acceptable content. [6] Arguably the most well-known Victorian writer was Charles Dickens. [11] Of all the Victorian novelists, Charles Dickens was perhaps the most important. [7]

One such characteristic, or feature, is the Victorian interest in Medieval legends, myths and fables over the classical legends and mythology embraced by the preceding Romantic poets. [5] While many poets use imagery, the Victorians took this a step further. [5]

The poems' wistful evocation of doomed youth in the English countryside, in spare language and distinctive imagery, appealed strongly to late Victorian and Edwardian taste. [6] There’s a great site, The Victorian Web, that provides an insight into the period. [7] I must object to E.M. Forster, D.H. Lawrence and Katherine Mansfield being classified as Victorian authors, even if they were born during that period. [7]

Wilde's plays, in particular, stand apart from the many now forgotten plays of Victorian times and have a closer relationship to those of the Edwardian dramatists such as George Bernard Shaw, whose career began in the 1890s. [8] During Victorian times, Britain had colonies all over the world. [7]

Tennyson’s the "Lady of Shallot" is one of the most well known poems from the Victorian era.The poem gathers a sense of the dramatic once movement begins a very uncommon occurrence in lyric poetry. [5] His poetry responded to all the issues and concerns of the Victorian society and reflected moods and attitudes of the Britons.Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) has never been as popular as Tennyson. [5]

With the rapid industrialization taking place during the years 1830 - 1850, early Victorian works are characterized by attention to social issues such as child labor and poverty. [9] The theory of evolution contained within the work challenged many of the ideas the Victorians had about themselves and their place in the world. [8] In the USA, Henry David Thoreau's works and Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours (1850) were canonical influences on Victorian nature writing. [8]

Early Victorian poems were often long and sometimes followed the form of an epic -- an adventure story about a hero. [15] Some early Victorian poems carry a nostalgic tone, such as in Thomas Hood’s "I Remember, I Remember." [15] Many early Victorian poems, such as Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s "Lady of Shalott" and Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s "How Do I Love Thee?" follow rigid structures in terms of rhyme and rhythm. [15]

Many Victorian protagonists struggle with right actions in given situations and move in a world populated by Christians, governed by God and organized by the Church of England. [15] Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Victorian fiction outside Victoria's domains. [8] Another great among the Victorian novelists is Thomas Hardy. [7] Some class him as Victorian, while others classify him as a modernist. [7] The views of early Victorian protagonists and narrators often reflected pervasive stereotypes about class, race and gender. [15] The Victorians were often fascinated by the furthest realms of the British Empire. [7] Roberts, Adam Charles, ed. Victorian culture and society: the essential glossary (2003). [8]

The most popular British writer of the early years of the 20th century was arguably Rudyard Kipling, a highly versatile writer of novels, short stories and poems, and to date the youngest ever recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature (1907). [6] Irish writers have played an important part in the development of literature in England and Scotland, but though the whole of Ireland was politically part of the United Kingdom between January 1801 and December 1922, it can be controversial to describe Irish literature as British. [6] As children began to be able to read, literature for young people became a growth industry, with not only established writers producing works for children (such as Dickens' A Child's History of England ) but also a new group of dedicated children's authors. [8] The Union of the Parliaments of Scotland and England in 1707 to form a single Kingdom of Great Britain and the creation of a joint state by the Acts of Union had little impact on the literature of England nor on national consciousness among English writers. [6]

Largely disconnected from the major streams of the literature of the time, Blake was generally unrecognised during his lifetime, but is now considered a seminal figure in the history of both the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. [6] She teaches college writing and ESL courses and has several years experience tutoring all ages in English, ESL and literature. [15] Lessing soon became a dominant presence in the English literary scene, publishing frequently, and won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2007. [6] Works were still written in Latin and include Gerald of Wales's late-12th-century book on his beloved Wales, Itinerarium Cambriae, and following the Norman Conquest of 1066, Anglo-Norman literature developed in the Anglo-Norman realm introducing literary trends from Continental Europe, such as the chanson de geste. [6] In Parenthesis, an epic poem by David Jones first published in 1937, is a notable work of the literature of the First World War, that was influenced by Welsh traditions, despite Jones being born in England. [6] In the late 1890s, the first novel of Polish-born immigrant Joseph Conrad, (1857-1924), an important forerunner of modernist literature, was published. [6] Novelists include: Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), who was also a successful poet; H. G. Wells (1866-1946); John Galsworthy (1867-1933), (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1932), whose novels include The Forsyte Saga (1906-21); Arnold Bennett (1867-1931) author of The Old Wives' Tale (1908); G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936); E.M. Forster (1879-1970). [6] Australian literature has the poets Adam Lindsay Gordon and Banjo Paterson, who wrote Waltzing Matilda, and New Zealand literature includes Thomas Bracken and Frederick Edward Maning. [8] There is also some brief discussion of major figures who wrote in Scots, but the main discussion is in the various Scottish literature articles. [6]

Stacy has taught college English and has a master's degree in literature. [11] With the invention of British literature came the development of the first British novels, in contrast to the English novel of the 18th century which continued to deal with England and English concerns rather than exploring the changed political, social and literary environment. [6] The situation in Scotland was different: the desire to maintain a cultural identity while partaking of the advantages offered by the English literary market and English literary standard language led to what has been described as the "invention of British literature" by Scottish writers. [6]

Literature Wales is the Welsh national literature promotion agency and society of writers, which administers the Wales Book of the Year award. [6] Although it took a long time to be widely accepted, it would dramatically change subsequent thought and literature. [8] From the sphere of literature of the United States during this time are some of the country's greats including: Emily Dickinson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Henry James, Herman Melville, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry David Thoreau, Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, and Oscar Wilde. [8]

"Anglo-Saxon literature" in Dictionary of the Middle Ages, v. 1, pp. 274-88. [6] Popular Questions Why is the study of literature important? What skills do students learn through reading. [9] All of these elements showed up in the popular forms of literature. [9]

The multilingual nature of the audience for literature in the 14th century can be illustrated by the example of John Gower (c. 1330 - October 1408). [6] The article Literature in the other languages of Britain focusses on the literatures written in the other languages that are, and have been, used in Britain. [6] Idealized behavior written in literature helped to create what it meant to be a "proper Englishman". [9] Latin literature, mostly ecclesiastical, continued to be written in the centuries following the withdrawal of the Roman Empire at the beginning of the fifth-century, including Chronicles by Bede (672/3-735), Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, and Gildas (c. 500-570), De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae. [6]

British recipients of the Nobel Prize in Literature include Rudyard Kipling (1907), John Galsworthy (1932), T. S. Eliot (1948), Bertrand Russell (1950), Winston Churchill (1953), William Golding (1983), V. S. Naipaul (2001), Harold Pinter (2005) Doris Lessing (2007), and Kazuo Ishiguro (2017). [6] Subsequently, the impact of Irish nationalism led to the partition of the island of Ireland in 1921, which means that literature of the Republic of Ireland is not British, although literature from Northern Ireland is both Irish and British. [6]

Much of this writing does not rise to the level of being regarded as literature but one book in particular, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, remains famous. [8] Anglo-Saxon ( Old English ) literature is included, and there is some discussion of Latin and Anglo-Norman literature, where literature in these languages relate to the early development of the English language and literature. [6] Nadine holds a Master of Arts in English language and literature from McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, where she led seminars as a teaching assistant. [15]

Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England ( Jutes and the Angles ) c. 450, after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in 1066; that is, c. 1100-50. [6] Various dates are given for the Romantic period in British literature, but here the publishing of Lyrical Ballads in 1798 is taken as the beginning, and the crowning of Queen Victoria in 1837 as its end, even though, for example, William Wordsworth lived until 1850 and William Blake published before 1798. [6] The linguistic diversity of the islands in the medieval period contributed to a rich variety of artistic production, and made British literature distinctive and innovative. [6]

Charles Dickens (1812-70) emerged on the literary scene in the late 1830s and soon became probably the most famous novelist in the history of British literature. [6] Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English author who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. [6] Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 - 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to have been buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey. [6] The early Romantic Poets brought a new emotionalism and introspection, and their emergence is marked by the first romantic manifesto in English literature, the "Preface" to Lyrical Ballads (1798). [6] Through works such as the "Dictionary, his edition of Shakespeare, and his Lives of the Poets in particular, he helped invent what we now call English Literature". [6] Piers is considered by many critics to be one of the early great works of English literature along with Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight during the Middle Ages. [6] Francis Godwin's 1638 The Man in the Moone recounts an imaginary voyage to the moon and is now regarded as the first work of science fiction in English literature. [6] This was the first ever complete translation of either poem into the English language and it had a profound influence on English literature. [6]

The late 17th, early 18th century (1689-1750) in English literature is known as the Augustan Age. [6] Highly popular and influential in its time, The Spanish Tragedy established a new genre in English literature theatre, the revenge play or revenge tragedy. [6]

A popular style of theatre during Jacobean times was the revenge play, which had been popularised earlier in the Elizabethan era by Thomas Kyd (1558-94), and then subsequently developed by John Webster (1578-1632) in the 17th century. [6] While Arthur Clough (1819-61) was a more minor figure of this era, he has been described as "a fine poet whose experiments in extending the range of literary language and subject were ahead of his time". [6] After Shakespeare's death, the poet and dramatist Ben Jonson (1572-1637) was the leading literary figure of the Jacobean era. [6]

Works written in the Elizabethan era include the comedy Twelfth Night, tragedy Hamlet, and history Henry IV, Part 1. [6] A number of monumental reference works were published in this era, most notably the Oxford English Dictionary which would eventually become the most important historical dictionary of the English language. [8] Charles Darwin's work On the Origin of Species affected society and thought in the Victoria era, and still does today. [8]

These tales often centred on larger-than-life characters such as Sherlock Holmes, famous detective of the times, Sexton Blake, Phileas Fogg, and other fictional characters of the era, such as Dracula, Edward Hyde, The Invisible Man, and many other fictional characters who often had exotic enemies to foil. [8] Important developments occurred in genre fiction in this era. [6]

While in the preceding Romantic period poetry had been the dominant genre, it was the novel that was most important in the Victorian period. [8] Victorian poetry resembles the works of the Romantics, as such Romantic writers as William Blake, Keats, W. Wordsworth and Shelley had an immense impact on the Victorian poets. [5] Another is a change of emphasis on what types of common people and common language is emphasized in poetry: whereas for Romantics it was the country rustic, for the Victorians it is more often the common urban dweller.also One of the main defining characteristics of Victorian poetry is that it is pictorial, which means it uses detailed imagery to convey thoughts and emotions. [5] Victorian poetry is characterized by both religious skepticism, inherited from the Romantic Period, but contrarily also devotional poetry that proclaims a more mystical faith. [5] Victorian poetry also employs more humor and whimsy than the prior Romantic Period. [5]

Victorian Poetry was a very crucial period in the history of poetry, as it linked Romanticism and Modernism of the 20th century. [5] Victorian poetry is the poetry written during the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837-1901). [5]

One of the most popular Victorian novels to comment on the culture of the time is Vanity Fair, written by William Makepeace Thackeray. [7]



RANKED SELECTED SOURCES(27 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)

1. (54) British literature - Wikipedia

2. (40) Victorians! - General Vic Era Discussions: What are common characteristics of Victorian Literature? (showing 1-50 of 52)

3. (30) Victorian Literature - New World Encyclopedia

4. (29) How to Identify Literature Written During the Victorian Era | Owlcation

5. (28) Victorian literature - Wikipedia

6. (25) Characteristics Of Victorian Age Literature

7. (20) Volume E: The Victorian Age | The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Ninth Edition: W. W. Norton StudySpace

8. (20) What are characteristics of Victorian poetry? - Quora

9. (19) Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com

10. (16) Characteristics of Victorian era literature, novels and poetry

11. (15) What are the salient features of the Victorian Age in English literature? | eNotes

12. (13) Characteristics of Early Victorian Literature | Pen and the Pad

13. (10) Modernism - Literature Periods & Movements

14. (8) Victorian Era Literature Characteristics | English Notes

15. (6) Nidhi Jasani's Assignment: Characteristics of Victorian age

16. (5) Victorian novel characteristics College paper Service

17. (5) Vala Jyotsna Assignment: Characteristics of Victorian age

18. (3) Victorian Literature Characteristics

19. (2) Definition of Victorian Literature | Chegg.com

20. (2) SAMPLE READING LIST: The Victorian Novel | Department of English and Comparative Literature

21. (2) Victorian era characteristics. Key & distinctive features of Britain

22. (1) An Analysis of Common Themes in Victorian Poetry

23. (1) Victorian Literature, Realism, and Naturalism by Annalise Eberhard on Prezi

24. (1) Decadence - Victorian Literature - Oxford Bibliographies

25. (1) Characteristics of the Victorian age

26. (1) Victorian literature | English literature | Britannica.com

27. (1) Victorian | Poetry Foundation


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