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zhou Dynasty China Map


  • Maps of Chinese Dynasties: Chou (Zhou) Dynasty Color map showing land ruled by China's Zhou dynasty relative to present-day political boundaries.
  • From the Western Zhou Dynasty, dated c. 1000 BC. The written inscription of 11 ancient Chinese characters on the bronze vessel states its use and ownership by Zhou royalty.
  • The Eastern Zhou, however, is also remembered as the golden age of Chinese philosophy: the Hundred Schools of Thought which flourished as rival lords patronized itinerant shi scholars is led by the example of Qi's Jixia Academy.
  • The Zhou Dynasty (also spelled Chou, 1045 BC - 221 BC) conquered and succeeded the Shang Dynasty and was followed by the Qin Dynasty in China.
  • Wu Zetian rose from the position of Emperor Gaozong's concubine to govern the country in various roles, first as his empress consort, later as regent for his heir, before declaring herself emperor ( Chinese : 皇帝 ) of a new Zhou dynasty in 690.
  • Map showing the geographical extension of the Tang Dynasty, China in 700 AD.
  • The dynasty ruled China from about C. 1022 BC to 221 BC. The first part of the Zhou era from C. 1022 BC to 771 BC is called the Western Zhou (because the rulers had their capital in the west of China).
  • The Ancient Chinese World by Terry Kleeman and Tracy Barrett Kleeman and Barrett provide a detailed and fascinating look at Ancient China beginning with Peking Man, remains found outside of Beijing which are believed to be about 500,000 years old, and ending with the Han Dynasty.
  • The dynasty was obliterated by Qin Shi Huang's unification of China in 221 B.C.E. The Zhou had always had a concern for unity but in the end they could not sustain the unity of their empire, and lost the mandate of heaven.








































ancient China Zhou Dynasty Facts


  • Qin Shi Huang crowned himself the first united China emperor, and the Zhou Dynasty was over.
  • The Zhou Dynasty is usually divided into the Western Zhou, which ruled from 1046 B.C. to 771 B.C., and the Eastern Zhou, which ruled from 770 B.C. to 256 B.C. The division occurred when the Zhou capital was moved to a more eastern location to help protect it from invaders in the west.
  • The Zhou coexisted with the Shang dynasty, the first Chinese dynasty for which there is archaeological evidence.
  • Originally, Zhou was an ancient tribe living in the Loess Plateau of the central plains of China; afterwards, they moved to Zhouyuan (Qishan County of Shaanxi Province today), and then rose as a new force named 'Zhou' in the early years of the Shang Dynasty.
  • Other philosophers, theorists, and schools of thought in this era were founded by Mozi (470-391 BCE, the founder of Mohism) and Shang Yang (390-338 BCE) and Han Fei (280-233 BCE), responsible for the development of Legalism, a school of thought in ancient China which would later be immensely influential.
  • The turbulent 6 dynasties period of ancient China ran from the end of the Han dynasty in CE 220 to the conquest of southern China by the Sui in 589.
  • In 771 BC, the Zhou king was killed, his son put on the throne, and the capital was moved, dividing the Zhou Dynasty into the Western Zhou and the Eastern Zhou.
  • China from space Ancient China was built along the two main rivers--first the Yellow River (Huang He) in the north, and later the Yangtze in the south.
  • Imagine yourself back in Ancient China around the Shang period, living near the Yellow River, or Yangtze, as they call it.



































































location Of Zhou Dynasty in China


  • This occurred during late 500 and early 400 B.C. The Chinese philosophers emerged during a period in the Zhou Dynasty when there was political anarchy and social turmoil.
  • The area had been the homeland of the Zhou warriors who conquered China's Bronze Age Shang dynasty, and the First Emperor of Qin had built his capital here, as did the rulers of the Han, Sui and Tang dynasties.
  • Although chariots had been introduced to China during the Shang dynasty from Central Asia, the Zhou period saw the first major use of chariots in battle.
  • Zhou dynasty, which reigned China for the longest period, came to power after the Shang dynasty.
  • In the Qing period, China's last dynasty, under the 'Canton System', Guangzhou became the only place at which westerners were allowed to trade.
  • The defeat of the Shang by the Zhou, whose homeland was in northwest China (ca. 1046 B.C.), was the first episode of several during Chinese history where outsiders invaded and conquered the Central Plain, but then adopted many of the governing and cultural practices of that region ( 12, 30 ).
  • During the Springs and Autumns Period of the Eastern Zhou dynasty, they founded the state of Zongshan (Chung-shan) in what is now Shanxi (Shan-hsi) Province. 1Baa1 "The Zhongshan (Chung-shan) state was founded by the Xianyu (Hsien Yu) tribe of Di nomadic nationality and annexed by the Marquis Wen of Wei state in 406 B.C. However, the state was restored in 378 B.C., with its capital moved to Lingshou (today's northeast Pingshan County, Hebei (Ho-pei)).













how Did the Zhou Dynasty Influence China


  • The Zhou Dynasty was the first to divide China into administrative states to better rule the country, but after approximately three centuries, central power became diffused and regional conflict and warlords reigned for over 500 years.
  • Zhou dynasty, Wade-Giles romanization Chou, dynasty that ruled ancient China for some eight centuries, establishing the distinctive political and cultural characteristics that were to be identified with China for the next two millennia.
  • The Han dynasty bestowed the hereditary title 周子南君 upon the Zhou dynasty royal descendant Ji Jia 姬嘉 and his descendants.
  • The dynasty was obliterated by Qin Shi Huang's unification of China in 221 B.C.E. The Zhou had always had a concern for unity but in the end they could not sustain the unity of their empire, and lost the mandate of heaven.
  • The Zhou justified the change of dynasty and their own authority by claiming that the dispossessed Shang had forfeited the " Mandate of Heaven " by their misrule.
  • Not only was the Zhou Dynasty China's longest dynasty, but it was also the high point of ancient Chinese civilization.
  • The Zhou period as a whole was a time of dramatic change for ancient China, in government, war, philosophy, economy and society.
  • The Song dynasty, even in its early years, could not rule all of China proper and was forced to relinquish parts of northern China to the "barbarian" Liao dynasty, paying tribute for peace.
  • This discrepancy is due to the fact that the last Zhou king's reign ended in 256, 35 years before the beginning of the Qin dynasty which ended the Warring States period.
  • Several years after King Wu succeeded to the throne, he conquered the Shang Dynasty (商朝) and established the Zhou Dynasty (周朝) (traditionally given as 1122-221 B.C.).














































ancient China Zhou Dynasty Technology


  • It has been confirmed by archaeological evidence that iron, made from melting pig-iron, was developed in ancient China in the early 5th century BC during the Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC-256 BC).
  • The period before 771 bce is usually known as the Xi (Western) Zhou dynasty, and that from 770 is known as the Dong (Eastern) Zhou dynasty.
  • The military control of China by the royal house, surnamed Ji ( Chinese : 姬 ; pinyin : Jī ), lasted initially from 1046 until 771 BC for a period known as the Western Zhou and the political sphere of influence it created continued well into Eastern Zhou for another 500 years.
  • It was in 618 AD, which was the Tang Dynasty, when numerous items were invented, and these helped improved the lives of the people in ancient China.
  • The Neolithic (neo'new' lithic'stone') Period of Ancient China lasted from about 12,000 until about 2000 B.C.
  • The Shang dynasty was, according to traditional Chinese histories, the second dynasty of ancient China, ruling from 1766 BCE to 1122 BCE. The dynasty was held to have been founded by a rebel king, Tang, who overthrew the last king of the Xia dynasty, the first of ancient China’s dynasties.
  • The Western period of Zhou dynasty had the greatest political and military effect on ancient China.
  • Zhou Dynasty bronze castings of complex bronze socketed hinges with locking slides and bolts--which could have been used for parasols and umbrellas--were found in an archeological site of Luoyang, dated to the 6th century BC. Moveable sails : By the time of the Zhou Dynasty ship technologies such as stern mounted rudders were developed, and by the Han Dynasty, a well kept naval fleet was an integral part of the military.
  • Under the Shang, ancient China emerges into the light of history.
  • In the centuries after the Zhou dynasty (11th century B.C. to 221 B.C.) replaced the Shang kings, the lords and barons seized more and more power and became more and more independent.












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